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Encyclopedia > Chernivtsi
Chernivtsi
Чернівці
The square in front of the Chernivtsi Theatre.

Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine (blue) with Chernivtsi highlighted (red).
Map of Ukraine (blue) with Chernivtsi highlighted (red).
Detailed map of Chernivtsi Oblast (yellow) with Chernivtsi.
Coordinates: 48°18′0″N 25°56′0″E / 48.3, 25.93333
Country Flag of Ukraine Ukraine
Oblast Chernivtsi
City Municipality Chernivtsi
First mentioned 1408
City rights 14th century
Government
 - Mayor Mykola Fedoruk
Area
 - City 153 km²  (59.1 sq mi)
Population (2001 census)
 - City 242,300
 - Density 1,625/km² (4,208.7/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 58000
Area code(s) +380 372
Website: http://www.city.cv.ua/

Chernivtsi (Ukrainian: Чернівці; German: Czernowitz or Tschernowitz; Romanian: Cernăuţi; Russian: Черновцы́, translit. Chernovtsy; Yiddish: טשערנאוויץ, translit. Tshernovits; Hungarian: Csernovic; Polish: Czerniowce) is a city located in the administrative Chernivtsi Oblast (province) and historic Northern Bukovyna region of western Ukraine. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 955 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Chernivtsi_gerb. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x798, 79 KB) Summary Description = Chernivtsi geographical position Source = own work, Skluesener Date = 20. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1153x558, 41 KB) Summary Raions of Chernivtsi Made by me, based on ukrainian road map Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Administrative center Chernivtsi Governor Volodymyr Kalish (?) Oblast council  - Chairperson  - Council seats ? (?) ? Subdivisions  - Raions  - Cities of oblast subordinance  - Cities   -Towns  - Villages 11 2 11 8 398 Area Total  - Land  - Water (% of total)  Ranked 24th 8,097 km² ? km² ? km² (?%) Population  - Total (2006)  - Density  - Annual Growth Ranked ? 904,423 113/km² ?% Average... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Image File history File links Chernivtsi-Oblast-flag. ... Administrative center Chernivtsi Governor Volodymyr Kalish (?) Oblast council  - Chairperson  - Council seats ? (?) ? Subdivisions  - Raions  - Cities of oblast subordinance  - Cities   -Towns  - Villages 11 2 11 8 398 Area Total  - Land  - Water (% of total)  Ranked 24th 8,097 km² ? km² ? km² (?%) Population  - Total (2006)  - Density  - Annual Growth Ranked ? 904,423 113/km² ?% Average... A raion (or rayon) (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Belarusian раён; Azeri: rayon, Latvian: rajons, Georgian: , raioni) is one of two kinds of administrative subdivisions in languages of some post-Soviet states: a subnational entity and a subdivision of a city. ... Image File history File links Sin_bandera. ... This article is about the year. ... Town privileges was an important feature of European towns during most of the 2nd millenium. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The first Ukrainian Census after the dissolution of the Soviet Union was carried out by State Statistics Committee of Ukraine on December 5, 2001, twelve years after the last All-Union census in 1989. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The romanization of the Russian alphabet is the process of transliterating the Russian language from the Cyrillic alphabet and into the Latin alphabet, such as the English alphabet and other Latin alphabets in particular (and sometimes non-Latin alphabets). ... Yiddish (Yid. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Administrative center Chernivtsi Governor Volodymyr Kalish (?) Oblast council  - Chairperson  - Council seats ? (?) ? Subdivisions  - Raions  - Cities of oblast subordinance  - Cities   -Towns  - Villages 11 2 11 8 398 Area Total  - Land  - Water (% of total)  Ranked 24th 8,097 km² ? km² ? km² (?%) Population  - Total (2006)  - Density  - Annual Growth Ranked ? 904,423 113/km² ?% Average... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Bukovina (Ukrainian: , Bukovyna; Romanian: Bucovina; German and Polish: Bukowina; see also other languages) is a historical region on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. ...


Chernivtsi is the administrative center of Chernivtsi Oblast, and is also designated as a "city of oblast subordinance," thus being directly subordinate to the oblast authorities rather than the city administration housed within the city. This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ...


With the city of Lviv, Chernivtsi is considered to be a cultural centre of western Ukraine. Many famous Ukrainians were born or lived in the city ranging from the poet Ivan Franko to the first President of Ukraine Leonid Kravchuk. Chernivtsi is also considered as one of Romania's greatest cultural and educational centres in history. As cultural centre Chernivtsi was dubbed as Little Vienna, Jerusalem upon the Prut and the European Alexandria. Lemberg redirects here. ... Ivan Franko Ivan Franko (Іван Франко) (August 15, 1856 – May 28, 1916) was a Ukrainian poet and writer, social and literary critic, journalist, economist, and political activist. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Leonid Kravchuk in Kiev, August 1992 Leonid Makarovych Kravchuk (Ukrainian: Леонід Макарович Кравчук born 10 January 1934) is a Ukrainian politician. ...


Chernivtsi has only one sister city, Salt Lake City, Utah. Chernivtsi is also a major point of railway and highway crossings in the region, and also houses an airport. Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Utah. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


History

Archeological evidence discovered in the area of Chernivtsi indicates that a local population existed in that area since the neolithic era. Later settlements included those of the Trypillian culture (Cucuteni), the Corded Ware culture; artifacts from the Bronze and Iron ages were also found in the city. Remains of the early Slavic tribes in the area date back to the 2nd5th centuries, with the artifacts of Chroatian and Tiverian peoples from the 9th11th centuries being also present. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Reconstruction of a Trypillia hut, in the Trypillia museum, Ukraine. ... Approximate extent of the Corded Ware horizon with adjacent 3rd millennium cultures (after EIEC). ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... The 2nd century is the period from 101 - 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Tivertsi, a. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was the century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ...


A fortified settlement, located on the left shore of Prut River, dates back to the time of the Principality of Halych and is thought to have been built by Grand Prince Yaroslav Osmomysl, who ruled from 1153-1187. Legendary accounts refer to this fortress-city as "Chern’", or "Black city", and it is said to owe its name to the black colour of the city walls, built from dark oak layered with local black-coloured soil.[1] This stronghold was unfortunately destroyed during the Mongol invasion of Rus' by the Burundai in 1259. However, the remaining ramparts of the fortress were still used for the defense purposes; they were augmented with several bastions, one of which is still extant, in the seventeenth century. Following the destruction of the fortress, later settlements in the area centered to the right of the Prut river, at a more strategically advantageous, elevated location. Length 953  km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge -  m³/s Area watershed 27,500  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Danube Basin countries Ukraine, Romania, Moldova The Prut, or Pruth river (Ukrainian: Прут) is 953 km long, originating in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and flowing southeast to join the Danube... Coat of arms The Halych-Volhynian Kingdom. ... Kniaz’ or knyaz (князь in Russian and Ukrainian; cneaz in Romanian fem. ... Yaroslav Osmomysl (Ukrainian: ) was the most famous Prince of Halych (now in Western Ukraine) from the first dynasty of its rulers, which descended from Yaroslav Is eldest son. ... Events January 6 - Henry of Anjou arrives in England. ... // Events May 1 - Battle of Cresson - Saladin defeats the crusaders July 4 - Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem, at the Battle of Hattin. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Chernozem, or Black Earth (from Polish czarnoziem which means black soil), a kind of soil. ... Redirect page ... Burundai was a notable Mongol general of the middle XIII century. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Length 953  km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge -  m³/s Area watershed 27,500  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Danube Basin countries Ukraine, Romania, Moldova The Prut, or Pruth river (Ukrainian: Прут) is 953 km long, originating in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and flowing southeast to join the Danube...

The city's coat of arms during 19181940.

Beginning in 1359, the city and its surroundings came under the control of the neighboring Principality of Moldavia. Chernivtsi is mentioned in business correspondence between Prince Alexandru cel Bun and merchants from Lviv (then a part of Poland) on October 8, 1408. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (692x911, 50 KB) Descriere fiÅŸier stema municipiului cernauti in perioada 1918 - 1940 Licensing This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (692x911, 50 KB) Descriere fiÅŸier stema municipiului cernauti in perioada 1918 - 1940 Licensing This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Orhan I (1326-1359) to Murad I (1359-1389) Berlin joins the Hanseatic League. ... It has been suggested that Moldavia (historical region) be merged into this article or section. ... Alexandru cel Bun Alexandru cel Bun on a Moldovan coin Alexandru cel Bun (Alexandru I MuÅŸat, Alexander the Kind) was the ruler of Moldavia 1400-1432, son of Roman I MuÅŸat. ... Merchants function as professionals who deal with trade, dealing in commodities that they do not produce themselves, in order to produce profit. ... Lemberg redirects here. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


The city became a part of the Duchy of Bukovina, a crownland of the Austrian Empire, in 1775 and received Magdeburg rights soon thereafter.[2] During the 19th and early 20th century, Chernirvtsi became a center of the Ukrainian nationalist movement. Bukovina (Ukrainian: , Bukovyna; Romanian: Bucovina; German and Polish: Bukowina; see also other languages) is a historical region on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. ... Lanškroun is a town and municipality in the Czech Republic, on the border between former provinces of Bohemia and Moravia. ... Anthem: Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) Capital Vienna Language(s) German Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Disestablished 1867 Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was an empire centred on what is modern day Austria that officially lasted from 1804... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Magdeburg Rights (or Magdeburg law) were a set of city laws regulating the degree of internal autonomy within cities and villages granted with it by a local ruler. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Chernivtsi was the site of the first Yiddish language conference in 1908; this was coordinated by Nathan Birnbaum. Yiddish (Yid. ... Nathan Birnbaum Nathan Birnbaum (16 May 1864 – 2 April 1937), a. ...


When Austria-Hungary dissolved in 1918, the city and its surrounding area became a part of the Kingdom of Romania. In 1940, Red Army forces claimed the area and it subsequently became a part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic of the USSR. Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... From 1859 to 1877, Romania evolved from a personal union of two vassal principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia) under a single prince to a full-fledged independent kingdom with a Hohenzollern monarchy. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ...


Romania re-took control of the city and much of southern Ukraine in 1941 as part of the Axis attack on the Soviet Union during World War II. When Axis forces were driven out by the Soviet Army, the city rejoined the Ukrainian SSR (1944). For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Combatants Germany, Romania, Finland, Italy, Hungary, Slovakia  Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Fedor von Bock Gerd von Rundstedt C.G.E. Mannerheim Giovanni Messe, CSIR Italo Gariboldi, ARMIR Joseph Stalin Kliment Voroshilov Semyon Timoshenko Fyodor Kuznetsov Dmitry Pavlov Ivan Tyulenev Ivan Konev Semyon Budyonny Georgy Zhukov... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Axis Powers is a term for the loose alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Since 1991, Chernitvtsi has been a part of independent Ukraine. In May 1999, Romania opened a consulate general in the city. Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... A consulate (or consular office) is a form of diplomatic mission in charge of matters related to individual people and businesses, in other words issues outside inter-governmental diplomacy. ...


Demographics

In 1930, according to the Romanian census, the population of the city was 26.8 % Jewish, 23.2% Romanians, 20.8% Germans, 18.6% Ukrainians, and 1.5% Russians. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 511 KB) Chernivtsi (Ukraine). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 511 KB) Chernivtsi (Ukraine). ... Olha Kobylyanska was a Ukrainian modernist writer. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ...


The Romanian population in Chernivtsi started decreasing rapidly after 1950. Many Romanians fled to Romania or were deported to Siberia (where most of them died), and the remaining Romanian population quickly became a minority and assimilated with the majority.[3] Nowadays, the Romanian minority in Chernivtsi is still decreasing as a result of cultural assimilation and emigration to Romania. Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Siberian” redirects here. ... Cultural assimilation (often called merely assimilation) is an intense process of consistent integration whereby members of an ethno-cultural group, typically immigrants, or other minority groups, are absorbed into an established, generally larger community. ...


Chernivtsi once had a Jewish community of 50,000, about half of whom survived WWII thanks to the intercession of a Romanian lawyer and reserve officer, Theodor Criveanu. [4]


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chernivtsi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (774 words)
Chernivtsi is a major point of railway and highway crossings in the region, and also has an airport.
The Romanian population in Chernivtsi declined rapidly beginning in 1950.
The population of the city, estimated in January 1, 1998, was approximately 295,000 residents.
Chernivtsi Oblast - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1345 words)
At the disintegration of Austro-Hungary in 1918, General Congress of Bukovina, a local Romanians-dominated legislative body passed in Chernivtsi a decision of "an indissoluble union with the Kingdom of Romania", which was swiftly used by Romania to send in the troops and occupy the area.
Between September 17 and November 17, 1940, by a mutual agreement between USSR and Germany, 43,641 "ethnic Germans" from the Chernivtsi region were moved to Germany.
In the Hertsaivskyi Raion, the Romanian population is over 95%, while in the city of Chernivtsi (Cernauti), 14 400 or 6% of the 250 000 total are Romanians, the rest being mostly Ukrainians (80%) and Russians (11%).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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