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Encyclopedia > Cheraw, South Carolina
Cheraw, South Carolina
Location of Cheraw, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°41′48″N 79°53′42″W / 34.69667, -79.895
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Chesterfield
Area
 - Total 4.6 sq mi (12.0 km²)
 - Land 4.6 sq mi (11.9 km²)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km²)
Elevation 167 ft (51 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 5,524
 - Density 1,197.6/sq mi (462.4/km²)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 29520
Area code(s) 843
FIPS code 45-13600[1]
GNIS feature ID 1247267[2]
Historic Town Hall in downtown Cheraw.

Cheraw (officially pronounced /tʃʌrɔː/ chuh-raw, often also /ʃʌrɔː/ shuh-raw[citation needed]) is a town in Chesterfield County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 5,524 at the 2000 census and center of an urban cluster with a total population of 9,069. It has been nicknamed "The Prettiest Town in Dixie". Image File history File links SCMap-doton-Cheraw. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... This is a list of the counties of South Carolina. ... Chesterfield County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area Code 843 is an area code in South Carolina that covers Florence, Myrtle Beach, Charleston, Hiton Head Island and other parts of eastern South Carolina. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1932x2580, 1192 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cheraw, South Carolina Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1932x2580, 1192 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cheraw, South Carolina Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Chesterfield County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83...

Contents

Geography

Cheraw is located at 34°41′48″N, 79°53′42″W (34.696573, -79.895087)[3].


The town is at the fall line of the Pee Dee River. The fall line has meanings in both geographical features and the sport of alpine skiing. ... Shad Fishing in February Pee Dee River, Yauhanna, South Carolina The Pee Dee River, also known as the Great Pee Dee River, is a river in South Carolina. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12.0 km²), of which, 4.6 square miles (11.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.65%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,524 people, 2,290 households, and 1,470 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,197.6 people per square mile (462.7/km²). There were 2,568 housing units at an average density of 556.7/sq mi (215.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 52.21% African American, 45.76% White, 0.36% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 2,290 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 25.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.96. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 78.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 70.7 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $21,897, and the median income for a family was $31,136. Males had a median income of $27,405 versus $22,003 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,801. About 27.3% of families and 32.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.1% of those under age 18 and 21.9% of those age 65 or over. Per capita income means how much each individual receives, in monetary terms, of the yearly income generated in their country. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cheraw is the center of an urban cluster with a total population of 9,069 (2000 census).


History

Town Origins

The original inhabitants of Cheraw were the Cheraw and Pee Dee tribes. The Cheraw tribe lived near the river hill, near present day Cheraw, but by the 1730s they had been devastated by disease. They joined the Catawba Confederacy leaving behind their name. Only a few scattered families were left by the time of the Revolution. There were a few settlers that came in the 1730s, forced up river when the Welsh came to claim the Welsh Baptist lands granted by the British government in the area around Society Hill. Many of the early settlers around the 1740s in Cheraw were English, Scots, French, or Irish. The Pee Dee tribe (also spelled Pedee and Peedee) are a tribe of Native Americans of the southeast United States. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... Scots may refer to: people from Scotland (i. ...


By 1750, Cheraw had become an established village with a growing river trade and was one of only six places in South Carolina that appeared on English maps. In the 1760's, Joseph and Eli Kershaw were granted the part of Cheraw that is now the downtown historic district. The Kershaws laid out a formal street system, and by 1830 all the streets were lined with rows of elms. The Kershaws originally called the town Chatham but people never accepted this name, continuing to call it Cheraw or Cheraw Hill. It was incorporated as a town in 1820. In 1819, the first steamboat came up river, and along with it a burst of prosperity. The main crops from the Cheraw area were corn, cotton, tobacco, rice and indigo. Cheraw was the largest cotton market between Georgetown and Wilmington. It boasted the largest bank in South Carolina outside of Charleston before the Civil War. Despite a serious fire in 1835, by 1850 the town was prosperous center of trade. Binomial name L. Corn (Zea mays L. ssp. ... For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... Indigo is the color on the spectrum between about 450 and 420 nm in wavelength, placing it between blue and violet. ... Location of Georgetown in South Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State South Carolina County Georgetown Government  - Mayor Lynn Wood Wilson Area  - City 7. ... Wilmington is a city in New Hanover County, North Carolina, United States. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ...


The American Revolution

The grave marker for a British solider in St. David's Cemetery.

There was a lack of organization and rule during the beginning of the 1740s in the backcountry of South Carolina. This lack of organization and unrest was an underlying cause of the resentment people of these areas felt toward the British crown. In the Pee Dee area, planters organized a group called the Regulators to help bring order to the area. In 1768 the St. David’s Parish, the last Anglican Church built in South Carolina under King George III, was established to help serve the civic and religious needs of the Cheraw area. Later a Judicial District and courthouse were established to help deal with the problem of order. However, there was still much discontent with the ruling authority and in May of 1776 the grand jury of the Cheraws District Two declared its independence from Great Britain. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2580x1932, 1173 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cheraw, South Carolina Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2580x1932, 1173 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cheraw, South Carolina Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... The Anglican Communion is a world-wide organisation of Anglican Churches. ... George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738–29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain, and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ...


Many area men played prominent roles in the American Revolution. These men included Claudius Pegues, General Henry W. Harrington, the Ellerbe brothers, Keader Keaton, Philip Pledger, and Eli Kershaw. There was much unrest in the area during this time because Cheraw fell into part of the British strategic line of defense. This British strategic line of defense was where garrisons were built to control revolutionaries and to encourage loyalists. Other towns in this line of defense included Camden and Augusta. It also became a strategic point for the Americans. Military activity was especially heavy in Cheraw and surrounding counties from 1780-1781. During the Revolutionary war St. David’s Church was used as quarters for the South Carolina militia and as a hospital for the British troops under Major McArthur, who under Lord Cornwallis’s command. In December of 1780, just across from Cheraw, American commander General Nathanael Greene set up a “camp of repose" to rest and train his men. John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... Camden is a city in Kershaw County, South Carolina, United States. ... // Augusta as a place name Augusta, derived from Augustus the emperor, is also part of the original Latin names of many ancient places. ... Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 31, 1738-October 5, 1805) was a British general and colonial governor. ... This article is about the American Revolutionary War hero. ...


The Civil War

[[Image:Cheraw Confederate Monument.jpg|thumb|right|The Confederate Monument in Cheraw is the oldest in the country.


Leading up to the American Civil War, Cheraw citizens played a key role in South Carolina’s Secession from the Union. On November 19, 1860 the first call for secession in a public meeting was made at the Chesterfield County Courthouse. John A. Inglis of Cheraw was in attendance. He later introduced the resolution for South Carolina to secede. Inglis was also named the chairman of the committee that wrote the document for South Carolina’s secession. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83...


From the beginning of the war, Cheraw was known as a place for refuge and a storehouse for valuables. In March of 1865, General William T. Sherman brought his Union troops to Cheraw for several days. One Union solider said that they found Cheraw to be “a pleasant town and an old one with the Southern aristocratic bearing.” Sherman used this as a time to gain more control over his men. No private dwellings or public buildings in Cheraw were destroyed by Sherman and his troops. However, an accidental explosion of captured gunpowder at the river hill burned the Cheraw business district. The county courthouse in Chesterfield was burned. Thus, it is difficult to date many of the properties. During the Civil War, St. David’s Church was used as a hospital by both the Confederate and Union armies. Some troops from both armies were buried there. The first Confederate Monument was erected there in 1867. Originally, the monument did not mention the Confederate soldiers because the area was still occupied by Federal troops. Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. ... This article is about the English town. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia...


The Civil War caused great economic hardship in Cheraw, as it did in the entire South. However by the early 1900s, prosperity began to return to Cheraw. The Great Depression again brought change. Cheraw State Park and Sandhills State Forest were both founded in the 1930's. By the 1950's and 1960's the groundwork was laid for industrial growth. By the end of the 20th century, Cheraw had a balanced industrial base while maintaining it's historic charm, architectual treasures and natural resources.

Notable Figures from Cheraw

Dizzy Gillespie: Tribute Statue to Native Son
  • Dizzy Gillespie was born in Cheraw on October 21st, 1917.
  • Fisher DeBerry- Legendary Air Force Academy Football Coach
  • David Bennett - Coastal Carolina University Head Football Coach
  • Dale Hatcher - NFL Punter
  • Harry Newsome - NFL Punter
  • Chris Ard - Editor/Owner of Tigerillustrated.com
  • David Thornton - Actor, Husband of Rock-n-roll artist Cyndi Lauper
  • Zachery Michael - Avid Humanitarian/ Philanthropist

Dizzie Gillespie, Statue,Cheraw, South Carolina. ... Dizzie Gillespie, Statue,Cheraw, South Carolina. ... For the Australian cricketer nicknamed Dizzy, see Jason Gillespie. ... Fisher DeBerry is the former head football coach at the United States Air Force Academy, a position he held for 23 years. ... David Thornton is an actor. ... Cynthia Ann Stephanie Cyndi Lauper (born June 22, 1953) is an American Grammy Award-winning singer, songwriter, and MTV VMA-winning video and Emmy Award-winning film, television and Theater actress. ...

Schools

Cheraw's schools are part of the Chesterfield County School System.

  • Cheraw HeadStart Pre-School(preschool)
  • Cheraw Primary School (Grades K-2)
  • Cheraw Intermediate School (3-5)
  • Long Middle School (6-8)
  • Cheraw High School (9-12)

Private Schools and Colleges

  • Faith Christian Academy (P3-8)
  • Saint David's School (P3-K)
  • Maranatha Christian School (P3-12)
  • Northeastern Technical College

References

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Cheraw Visitors Bureau. Confederate War Sites: Cheraw, South Carolina. Cheraw Visitors Bureau, 2000.
  • Cheraw Visitors Bureau. Old St. David's Church. Cheraw Visitors Bureau, 2000.
  • Cheraw Visitors Bureau. A Guide to the Cheraw Historic District. Cheraw Visitors Bureau, 2006
  • Spruill, Sarah. Cheraw and the American Revolution. Cheraw Visitors Bureau, 2003.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
City of Cheraw South Carolina | Chesterfield County SC | Schools, Government, Utilities | 05-30-2008 (400 words)
The population was 5,524 at the 2000 census and center of an urban cluster with a total population of 9,069.
By 1750, Cheraw had become an established village with a growing river trade and was one of only six place South Carolina in So that appeared on English maps.
John A. Inglis of Cheraw was in attendance and introduced the resolution for South Carolina to secede.
Cheraw South Carolina Resource Guide, City or community of Cheraw, South Carolina Facts, Information, Relocation, Real ... (541 words)
The population of Cheraw is approximately 6,000 (2000).
Cheraw is positioned 34.69 degrees north of the equator and 79.89 degrees west of the prime meridian.
Cheraw average temperature is 60.0 degrees F. The average low temperature is 49.4 degrees F. The average high temperature is 70.5 degrees F. The average winter temperature is 40.5 degrees F. The average summer temperature is 78.5 degrees F. Return to Index
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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