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Encyclopedia > Chera
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Chera dynasty. (Discuss)

The Cheras(Tamil: சேரர்) were one of the three ancient Tamil dynasties who ruled the southern peninsula of India at the beginning of its recorded history. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Chera Dynasty is the 1st known powerful dynasty in Kerala. ... Tamil (தமிழ் ) is a classical language and one of the major languages of the Dravidian language family. ... The Tamil people are an ethnic group from South Asia with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ...


The Cheras ruled over the Malabar Coast in southwestern India, which now forms part of the modern day state of Kerala in the Indian Union. The other two major dynasties were the Cholas in the eastern Coromandel Coast and Pandyas in the south central peninsula. These dynasties held sway in the later centuries BCE, called the Sangam era, in which period the Tamil language, arts and literature flourished. Malabar Coast, Kerala Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala The Malabar Coast also known as the Malabarian Coast, is a long and narrow south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. ... Kerala ((?); Malayalam: കേരളം — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... The Cholas were the most famous of the three dynasties that ruled ancient Tamil Nadu. ... The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ... The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient state at the tip of South India, founded around the 6th century BCE. It was part of the Dravidian cultural area, which also comprised other kingdoms such as that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara. ... The Common Era (CE), sometimes known as the Christian Era or Current Era, is the period of measured time beginning with the year 1 (the traditional but probably erroneous birthdate of Jesus) to the present. ... The Sangam is a collection of Tamil literature composed between 1,500 and 2,000 years ago. ...


The Chera capital was Vanchi, whose exact location is still a matter of conjecture. Possibilities range from Karur [ Vanjimanagar, R.Raghava Iyengar , ], near Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, to areas closer to Kochi, the most probable of which being Thiruvanchikulam near Kodungallur. Records of the reigns of as many as twenty-five Cheran kings are available, including the dates of their reigns and the record of their accomplishments. They typically maintained large armies, warred with neighboring kingdoms and actively suppressed piracy on the high seas. In attempts to restore harmony, they sometimes inter-married with the families of their rivals. Throughout the reign of the Cheras, trade continued to bring prosperity to Kerala, with spices, ivory, timber and gems being exported to the Middle East and to southern Europe. Karur is a city in Tamil Nadu state of southern India. ... Coimbatore (Tamil: கோயம்புத்தூர்) also referred to as Kovai is one of the major industrial cities in South India is the Second largest city in Tamil Nadu. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Kochi (Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []), formerly known as Cochin, is the largest city in the state of Kerala, India, and one of the principal seaports in the country. ... Cranganore (modern day Kodungallur) and known in ancient times as Shinkli, Muchiri (anglicised to Muziris), Muyirikkodu, Muchiripattinam was a famous and prosperous sea-port at the mouth of the Periyar (also known as Choorni Nadi) river in the southern Indian state of Kerala. ... Datateknologerna vid Ã…bo Akademi r. ...


While Hinduism has ever been the principal way of life of this region, many other religious traditions came to this area during the period of the Chera kings. Both Buddhism and Jainism came to Kerala by the 3rd-2nd century BCE. Trade with the Middle East established early contact with Judaism; indeed, some accounts speak of King Solomon’s court receiving spices, ivory and peacocks from the ports of Overy(Ophir) in Pandyan kingdom and Tondi in Chera kingdom. Fleeing the ravages of the sack of Jerusalem, Jewish settlers may have arrived as early as c.70 CE. Christianity may also have made early inroads. Malabar Christian folklore and some Eastern Christianity writings claim Thomas the Apostle visited this region in 52 CE. Hinduism {Sanskrit/Hindi - HindÅ« Dharma, also known as Sanātana (eternal) Dharma, and Vaidika (of the Vedas) Dharma} is a religion originating in the Indian subcontinent, based on the Vedas and the beliefs of other people of India. ... Buddhism is a religion and philosophy focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who probably lived in the 5th century BCE. Buddhism spread throughout the ancient Indian sub-continent in the five centuries following the Buddhas death, and propagated into Central, Southeast, and East Asia... Jaina redirects here. ... Kerala ((?); Malayalam: കേരളം — ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people with around 15 million followers as of 2006 [1]. It is one of the first recorded monotheistic faiths and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. ... It has been suggested that Sulayman be merged into this article or section. ... Jerusalem (; Hebrew: Yerushalayim; Arabic: al-Quds; Greek Ιεροσόλυμα) is an ancient Middle Eastern city on the watershed between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea at an elevation of 650-840 meters. ... Centuries: 1st century BC - 1st century - 2nd century Decades: 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s - 70s - 80s 90s 100s 110s 120s Years: 65 66 67 68 69 - 70 - 71 72 73 74 75 Events The building of the Colosseum starts (approximate date). ... Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, known by Christians as Jesus Christ, as recounted in the New Testament. ... The Syrian Kuriz also known as Nasrani Menorah or the Mar Thoma Kurish The Syrian Malabar Nasrani people are an ethnic community in Kerala, South India. ... It has been suggested that Eastern Church be merged into this article or section. ... Thomas was one of the 12 apostles of Jesus. ... For other uses, see number 52. ...


List of Ancient Chera Kings

Name of King Year of accession Capital
Maavali Chera a.k.a Mahabali c.1150 B.C.E. VAANAGA PADI
Parasuramar Aadan c.1050 B.C.E. CELLOOR
Utiyan CEral-Aatan , Perun-CORRu c.900 B.C.E. NARAVU
Nedun-Ceral-Aadan -I , Imaya-Varamban 680 B.C.E.
Vaenganai Ceral Poanthu IrumboRai 225 B.C.E. VANJI(in his later years)
Antuvan-Ceral IrumboRai 180 B.C.E.
PoRaiyan Kadun-Ko 115 B.C.E.
Perun-Ceral Irumborai , OLvaaL 100 B.C.E.
Aadu-koatpattu Ceral-Aadan 51 B.C.E.
Kuttuvan Koadhai 45 B.C.E.
KaruvoorAeriya ELvAtkOpperuNCEral IrumpoRai 20 B.C.E.
Kuda-Ko Ilan-Ceral-Aadan 10 C.E.
Perun-Ceral-Aadan 40 C.E.
Kuda-ko Nedun-Ceral-Aadan 99 C.E.
Cen-Kuttuvan;

Kadal piRakkoattiya This article is in need of attention. ... Redirect page ...

Vaelkezhu Kuttuvan
99 C.E.
Selva-Kadun-Ko Vaazhi-Aadan

Paalai paadiya;

Sikkarpalli tunciya;
120 C.E.
Perum-Kadun-Ko Vaazhi-Aadan

thagadoor erindha; ...

marutham paadiya;
137 C.E.
Maari VeN-Ko 165 C.E.
Irumborai , KaNai-kaal 198 C.E.
CHERA KINGS FROM THON'DI
Kodhai Maarban

a.k.a Kuttuvan Kodhai

(2nd son of Cen-kuttuvan)
120 C.E. THON'DI
Yanaikat-sey Mantaran Cheral IrumboRai 124 C.E.
Maakkoadhai , Kottambalaththu tunciya 143 C.E.



The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ...

MIDDLE KINGDOMS OF INDIA
Timeline: Foreign Kingdoms Northern Empires Southern Kingdoms

 6th century BCE
 5th century BCE
 4th century BCE

 3rd century BCE
 2nd century BCE

 1st century BCE
 1st century CE


 2nd century CE
 3rd century CE
 4th century CE
 5th century CE
 6th century CE
 7th century CE
 8th century CE
 9th century CE
10th century CE
11th century CE Middle kingdoms of India refers to the political entities in India from the 6th century BCE through to the Islamic invasions and the related Decline of Buddhism from the 7th century CE. // Kingdoms and Empires The Aryans had invaded India from the Northwest, according to the Aryan Invasion Theory, and... Coin of the Western Kshatrapas Bhratadaman (278 to 295 CE). ...


(Persian rule)
(Greek conquests)


The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... In ancient times, trade between India and Greece flourished with silk, spices and gold being traded. ...

  • Indo-Greek kingdom



(Islamic invasion of India)
The Indo-Greek Kingdom (or sometimes Greco-Indian Kingdom) covered various parts of northwest and northern India from 180 BCE to around 10 CE, and was ruled by a succession of more than thirty Greek kings, often in conflict with each other. ... Early anepigraphic coinage of the Indo-Scythians (c. ... Coin of Gondophares (20-50 CE), first and greatest king of the Indo-Parthian Kingdom. ... Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... Approximate territory of the Western Kshatrapas ( 35- 405 CE). ... Coin of the Indo-Sassanian king Varahran I (early 4th century). ... Coin of Kidara (reigned circa 360-380 CE), founder of the Kidarite Kingdom Obv: King Kidara standing. ... Billon drachm of the Hephthalite King Napki Malka (Afghanistan/ Gandhara, c. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Islamic conquest of South Asia. ...

(Islamic empires in India) Coin of the Shahi king Spalapati Deva, circa 750-900. ... During the middle ages, several Islamic regimes established empires in South Asia. ...






Magadha was an ancient kingdom of India, mentioned in both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. ... Nanda dynasty was established by an illegitimate son of the king Mahanandin of the previous Shishunaga dynasty. ... Chandragupta Maurya (ruled 322–298 BC), known to the Greeks as Sandracottus, was the first emperor of the Mauryan empire. ... Approximate extent of the Satavahana Empire, circa 150 CE. The Sātavāhanas, also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled in Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates... Approximate greatest extent of the Sunga empire (185 BCE-73 BCE) For other uses of the term Sunga see Sunga (disambiguation) The Sunga empire (or Shunga empire) controlled the eastern part of India from around 185 to 73 BCE. It was established after the fall of the Indian Mauryan empire. ... Silver coin of the Kuninda Kingdom, c. ... Kalinga in 265 B.C.E. Kalinga was an ancient kingdom of central-eastern India, in the province of Orissa. ...



The Gupta Empire in 400 CE (not including vassal states) The Gupta Empire was one of the largest political and military empires in ancient India. ... Buddha and Bodhisattvas, 11th century, Pala Empire. ... For the English cricketer, See Vikram Solanki The Solanki or Chalukya is a Hindu Gurjar,Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... The Sena dynasty ruled Bengal through the 11th and 12th centuries. ... The Pandyan kingdom was an ancient Tamil state in South India of unknown antiquity. ...

  • Chera



The Cholas were a South Indian Tamil dynasty, antedating the early Sangam literature (c. ... Kalabhras were the South Indian dynasty who between the 3rd and the 6th century C.E. ruled over entire Tamil country, displacing the ancient Chola, Pandya and Chera dynasties. ...



Pallava, were a South Indian dynasty who established their capital at Kanchipuram in the 4th cent. ...


The Chalukya Dynasty was a powerful Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century C.E. They began to assert their independence at the decline of the Satavahana empire and rapidly rose to prominence during the reign of Pulakesi... Jain cave in Ellora The Rastrakutas were a dynasty which ruled the southern and the central parts or the deccan India during the 8th - 10th century. ...


See also

Perumpadapu Swaroopam (also know as Madarajyam, Gosree Rajyam, Kuru Swaroopam) was the name of the Kingdom of Kochi. ...

External links

sEE Vanjimanagar BY Mahavidwan R.Raghava iyengar [1918, 1932] Univ.Madras BA Text.

  • Inscriptions of India -- Complete listing of historical inscriptions from Indian temples and monuments

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chera dynasty (1955 words)
Throughout the reign of the Cheras, trade continued to bring prosperity to Kerala, with spices, ivory, timber, pearls and gems being exported to the Middle East and to southern Europe.
Perum Cheral Irumporai was the son of Azhiyathan and Ilam Cheral Irumporai was the son of a chera ruler Kuttuvan Irumporai of unknown decent.
The name of the Chera king is not known, however from the details of the battles between the Pandya and the Chera, the Chera territory seems to have included the entire Malabar coastand the southern Pandya country from Kanyakumari to Thirunelveli.
Chera History | ema_01_package.xml (421 words)
Chera (or Kerala) is the name of a Tamil dynasty that for over eleven centuries ruled most of the area of the modern state of Kerala as well as western districts of what is now the state of Tamil Nadu in southern India.
The Chera capital was originally Vanji, on the Periyar River near Cochin; later Tiru-vanjikkalam near the mouth of that river became the capital.
Today the modern population in the area of the former Chera kingdom is probably ethnically similar to the ancient inhabitants, and the Dravidian languages of Tamil and Malayalam are spoken in the region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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