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Encyclopedia > Chepstow Castle
Chepstow Castle from the old Wye Bridge
Chepstow Castle from the old Wye Bridge
Interior of Chepstow Castle
Interior of Chepstow Castle

Chepstow Castle, located in Chepstow on top of cliffs overlooking the River Wye, was built by the Norman lord William FitzOsbern from 1067. It was the southermost of a chain of castles built by FitzOsbern along the English-Welsh border. It was constructed in stone from the first (as opposed to wood, like most others built at this time), marking its importance as a defensive stronghold on the border between England and Wales. Chepstow Castle, Monmouthshire, from the River Wye, by user:Steinsky 25/Jul/2004. ... Chepstow Castle, Monmouthshire, from the River Wye, by user:Steinsky 25/Jul/2004. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 886 KB)Interior of Chepstow Castle You may choose which license (of the two) to use. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 886 KB)Interior of Chepstow Castle You may choose which license (of the two) to use. ... Chepstow (Welsh language: Cas-gwent) is a border town straddling the Monmouthshire—Gloucestershire border, situated at the confluence of the River Wye and River Severn on the Severns west bank. ... The River Wye (Welsh: Afon Gwy) is the fifth-longest river in the UK. Its source is in the Welsh mountains at Plynlimon at 741 metres above sea level. ... Norman may refer to: The Norman language The Norman people Norman architecture, the Romanesque architecture erected by the Normans. ... Events Constantine X emperor of the Byzantine Empire dies. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English, Welsh Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff First Minister Rhodri Morgan Area  - Total Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 3rd UK 2,903,085 140/km² Ethnicity: 97. ...


Further fortifications were added over the succeeding centuries by William Marshal and son around 1200 and by Roger Bigod III in the 1270s. From the 14th century and the end of the wars between England and Wales, its importance declined. William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1146–1219) was an English aristocrat and statesman. ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France Births Matthew Paris, English Benedictine monk and chronicler (approximate date). ... Centuries: 12th century - 13th century - 14th century Decades: 1210s 1220s 1230s 1240s 1250s - 1260s - 1270s 1280s 1290s 1300s 1310s Years: 1270 1271 1272 1273 1274 1275 1276 1277 1278 1279 Events and Trends Categories: 1270s ... (13th century - 14th century - 15th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was that century which lasted from 1301 to 1400. ...


From the 16th century, the castle became more designed for occupation as a great house, though it was to see action again in the 17th century during the English Civil War, when it was held by the Royalists. After the war, the castle was used by a prison, but from 1690 onwards it was left to decay. It is now largely a ruin, and in the care of Cadw. (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Cadw is a semi-autonomous publicly-funded body which with the mission to protect, conserve, and to promote the built heritage of Wales — the Welsh equivalent of English Heritage and Historic Scotland. ...


External Links

  • castles in Wales

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chepstow - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (446 words)
Chepstow (Welsh language: Cas-gwent) is a border town straddling the Monmouthshire—Gloucestershire border, situated at the confluence of the River Wye and River Severn on the Severn's west bank.
The speed with which William the Conqueror committed to the creation of a castle in Chepstow is testament to its strategic importance.
In the middle ages Chepstow was the largest port in Wales, this distinction was lost to the cities of Cardiff, Newport and Swansea during the industrial revolution, as they were more suitable for handling the export of coal and steel from the Glamorganshire and Monmouthshire valleys.
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