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Encyclopedia > Chennai
  ?Chennai
Tamil Nadu • India
Chennai Central Station
Chennai Central Station
Coordinates: 13°05′N 80°16′E / 13.09, 80.27
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Metro
Elevation
181.06 km² (70 sq mi)[1]
• 1,180 km² (456 sq mi)
• 6 m (20 ft)
District(s)  • Chennai
 • Kanchipuram
 • Tiruvallur
Population
Density
Metro
4.34 million (5th) (2001)
• 24,418 /km² (63,242 /sq mi)
• 7.5 million (4th) (2007)
Mayor M. Subramaniam
Corporation Commissioner Rajesh Lakhoni
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
UN/LOCODE
Vehicle

• 600 xxx
• +91 44
• INMAA
• TN-01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 09, 10
Website: www.chennaicorporation.com
Seal of Corporation of Chennai

Coordinates: 13°05′N 80°16′E / 13.09, 80.27 Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை, formerly known as Madras , is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, Chennai has an estimated population of 7.5 million (2007), making it the fourth largest metropolitan city in India. Madras refers to many of the things listed below, but most often, it refers to Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu state and Indias fourth largest metropolitan city. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links India_Tamil_Nadu_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The divisions of a district. ... The Chennai district is a district of Tamil Nadu, India. ... Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a district is in the northeast of Tamil Nadu, adjacent to the Bay of Bengal. ... Tiruvallur district in Tamil Nadu, India Tiruvallur district is an administrative district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The following is a list of the most populous cities in India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... This article lists the top fifty metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2007. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... M. Subramaniam is the current mayor of Chennai, the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Rajesh B. Lakhoni is the current Corporation Commissioner of Chennai, the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... UN/LOCODE is a geographic coding scheme developed and maintained by United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, a unit of the United Nations. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... The Chennai Corporation is situated in the Ripon Building in Chennai. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... The Indian renaming controversy is a result of a movement to change the names of Indian cities from the names used during the British imperial period, back to regional or Indian names. ... Image File history File links Madras. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Districts along the Coromandel Coast Map of the coast (French) The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article lists the top fifty metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2007. ...


The city was established in the 17th century by the British, who developed it into a major urban centre and naval base. By the 20th century, it had become an important administrative centre, as the capital of the Madras Presidency. Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ...


Chennai's economy has a broad industrial base in the automobile, technology, hardware manufacturing, and healthcare industries. The city is home to much of India's automobile industry and is the country's second-largest exporter of Software, information technology (IT) and information-technology-enabled services (ITES), behind Bangalore[2][3] [4] [5]. Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Business process outsourcing (BPO) contains the transmission of processes along with the associated operational activities and responsibilities, to a third party with at least a guaranteed equal service level and where the client contains a firm grip over the (activities of the) vendor for mutual long term success. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ...


The city is served by an international airport and two major ports; it is connected to the rest of the country by five national highways and two railway terminals. Thirty-five countries have consulates in Chennai. [6]


Chennai hosts a large cultural event, the annual Madras Music Season, which includes performances by hundreds of artists. The city has a vibrant theatre scene and is an important centre for the Bharatanatyam, a classical dance form. The Tamil film industry, known as Kollywood, is based in the city; the soundtracks of the movies dominate its music scene. Chennai is known for its sport venues and hosts an Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) event, the Chennai Open. The city faces problems of water shortages, traffic congestion and air pollution. The state and local governments have undertaken initiatives such as the Veeranam project, Rainwater harvesting and the construction of mini-flyovers to address some of these problems. A Carnatic music concert during the annual Music Season. ... Bharatanatyam[1] is a classical dance form originating from Tamil Nadu[2][3][4][5][6], a state in Southern India. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... Kollywood (Tamil : கோலிவூட் ) is a name often applied to the home of the Tamil-language film industry based in India, and to the industry as a whole. ... The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional tennis players. ... The Chennai Open has been Indias largest tennis event since 1997. ... Veeranam Lake is located in Cuddalore district, Tamilnadu, South India. ... View of a Johad at village Thathawata View of a stepwell at Fatehpur, Shekhawati. ... Overpass in East Potomac Park, Washington, D.C. Flyover in Miami Beach, Florida An overpass (In UK, most Commonwealth countries flyover) is a bridge, road or similar structure that crosses over another road. ...

Contents

Names

The name Chennai is an eponym, etymologically derived from Chennapattinam or Chennapattanam, the name of the town that grew up around Fort St. George, built by the British in 1640. There are different versions about the origin of the name. When the British landed here in 1639 A.D. it was said to be part of the empire of the Raja of Chandragiri. The British named it Chennapatnam after they acquired it from Chennappa Nayaka, a Vijayanagar chieftain. Gradually, the name was shortened to Chennai. The first instance of the use of the name Chennai is said to be in a sale deed dated August 1639 to Francis Day, an agent for the British where there is a reference to Chennaipattinam. [7] An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. ... Etymologies redirects here. ... An old 18 century sketch of the fort. ... Vijayanagara (often written Vijayanagar), in northern Karnataka, is the name of the now ruined capital city of the historic Vijayanagar empire in the Southern part of India. ...


Although some believe Chennapattinam was named after the Chenna Kesava Perumal Temple, as the word Chenni in Tamil means face, and the temple was thought of as the face of the city.[8] Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ...


The former name, Madras, is derived from Madraspattinam, a fishing village that lay to the north of Fort St. George. The origin of the name Madraspattinam is a subject of disagreement. One theory holds that the Portuguese, who arrived in the area in the 16th century, may have named the village Madre de Deus.[9] However, historians believe that the village's name came from the once prominent Madeiros family (variously known as Madera or Madra in succeeding years), who had consecrated the Madre de Deus church in Santhome in 1575 (demolished in 1997). Another theory says that the village was named after an Islamic college (a madrasa) which was located in the area. After the British gained possession of the area in the 17th century, the two towns, Madraspattinam and Chennapattinam, eventually merged. The British referred to the united town as Madraspattinam, while the locals preferred to call it Chennapattinam.[10] An old 18 century sketch of the fort. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into St. ... Madrassa in the Gambia The word madrassa in the Arabic language (and other languages of the Islamic nations such as Persian, Turkish, Indonesian etc. ...


The city was officially renamed Chennai in 1996, about the same time that many Indian cities were undergoing name changes. Madras was seen as a Portuguese name.[11] Geographical renaming is the act of changing the name of a geographical feature or area. ...


History

Main article: History of Chennai
Madras Central Railway Station, 1925
Madras Central Railway Station, 1925

The region around Chennai has served as an important administrative, military, and economic centre since the 1st century.[7] It has been ruled by various South Indian dynasties, notably the Pallava, the Chola, the Pandya, and Vijaynagar.[7] The town of Mylapore, now part of Chennai, was once a major Pallavan port. The Portuguese arrived in 1522 and built a port called São Tomé after the Christian apostle, St Thomas,[12] who is believed to have preached in the area between 52 and 70 CE. In 1612, the Dutch established themselves near Pulicat, just north of the city. The Kapaleeshwarar temple in Mylapore was built by the Pallava kings in the 7th century Chennai (ெசன்னை in Tamil), formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest city. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ... The Pallava kingdom (Tamil: பல்லவர்) was an ancient South Indian kingdom. ... Chola redirects here. ... The Pandyan kingdom (Tamil: பாண்டியர்) was an ancient Tamil state in South India of unknown antiquity. ... Vijayanagara (Kannada: ವಿಜಯನಗರ, English: ) is in Bellary District, northern Karnataka. ... , Mylapore is one of the oldest areas within Chennai (formerly Madras), the capital of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Jude Thomas. ... Pulicat is a town which lies in the Thiruvallur District, in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ...


On 22 August 1639, Francis Day of the British East India Company bought a small strip of land on the Coromandel Coast from the Vijayanagara King, Peda Venkata Raya in Chandragiri. The region was ruled by Damerla Venkatapathy, the Nayak of Vandavasi.[7] He granted the British permission to build a factory and warehouse for their trading enterprises. A year later, the British built Fort St George, which became the nucleus of the growing colonial city.[7] In 1746, Fort St. George and Madras were captured by the French under General La Bourdonnais, the Governor of Mauritius, who plundered the town and its outlying villages.[12] The British regained control in 1749 through the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle and fortified the town's fortress wall to withstand further attacks from the French and another looming threat, Hyder Ali, the Sultan of Mysore. By the late 18th century, the British had conquered most of the region around Tamil Nadu and the northern modern-day states of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, establishing the Madras Presidency with Madras as the capital.[13] Under British rule, the city grew into a major urban centre and naval base. is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Francis Day was an agent of the British East India company, and one of the founders of the city of Madras. ... The companys flag initially had the flag of England, the St Georges Cross, in the canton The Honourable East India Company (HEIC), often colloquially referred to as John Company, and Company Bahadur in India, was an early joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first... Districts along the Coromandel Coast Map of the coast (French) The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ... The Vijayanagara empire was based in the Deccan, in peninsular and southern India, from 1336 onwards. ... Venkata III (a. ... For other places with the same name, see Chandragiri (disambiguation). ... Nayak also Nayaka is the title of various caste and ethnic groups across India. ... Vandavasi or Wandiwash is a city in Tamil Nadu state of India. ... Fort St George is the name of the first British fortress in India, built in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras (modern city of Chennai. ... It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ... Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais (comte de La Bourdonnais) (Saint-Malo, 11 February 1699 – Paris, 10 November 1753) was a French naval officer and administrator, in the service of the French East India Company. ... The second Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) of 1748 ended the War of the Austrian Succession. ... Hyder Ali or Haidar Ali (c. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... Flag of former princely state of Mysore. ... Andhra redirects here. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ...

Victoria Public Hall at Park Town, Chennai - one of the finest examples of British architecture in the city

With the advent of railways in India in the late 19th century, the thriving urban centre was connected to other important cities such as Bombay and Calcutta, promoting increased communication and trade with the hinterland. Madras was briefly under Portuguese and French rule during 16th & 18th century. Park Town is a suburb in the north of Chennai, India. ... Map showing the Indian rail network and travelling times between major stations Rail transport is a commonly used mode of long-distance transportation in India. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ...


Madras was the only Indian city to be attacked by the Central Powers during World War I, when an oil depot was shelled by the German light cruiser SMS Emden on September 22, 1914, as it raided shipping lanes in the Indian Ocean, causing disruption to shipping.[14] After India gained its independence in 1947, the city became the capital of Madras State, renamed the state of Tamil Nadu in 1969. The violent agitations of 1965 against the imposition of Hindi as the national language, marked a major shift in the political dynamics of the city and the whole state.[15] Red: Central Powers at their zenith. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... A light cruiser is a warship that is not so large and powerful as a regular (or heavy) cruiser, but still larger than ships like destroyers. ... For other ships of the same name, see SMS Emden. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Anti-Hindi agitation is a term used to describe the opposition the people of Tamil Nadu have voiced to the Indian Governments attempts to establish Hindi as the sole National language of India [1]. Anti Hindi agitation is not a history but its an ongoing agitation or feelings with... -1... Regional parties have dominated state politics since 1967. ...


In 2004, an Indian Ocean tsunami lashed the shores of Chennai, killing many and permanently altering the coastline.[16] The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea (subduction) earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC December 26, 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ...


Geography and climate

Main article: Geography of Chennai
See also: List of neighbourhoods in Chennai and Flora and fauna of Chennai
Chennai is on a flat coastal plain, as shown on this Landsat 7 map.

Chennai is on the southeast coast of India in the northeast of Tamil Nadu on a flat coastal plain known as the Eastern Coastal Plains. Its average elevation is around 6.7 metres (20 ft),[17] and its highest point is 60 m (200 ft).[18] The Marina Beach runs for 12 km along the shoreline of the city. Two rivers meander through Chennai, the Cooum River (or Koovam) through the centre and the Adyar River to the south. A third river, the Kortalaiyar, flows through the northern fringes of the city before draining into the sea at Ennore. Adyar and Cooum rivers are heavily polluted with effluents and waste from domestic and commercial sources. The state government periodically removes silt and pollution from the Adyar, which is much less polluted than the Cooum. A protected estuary on the Adyar forms a natural habitat for several species of birds and animals.[19][20] The Buckingham Canal, 4 km (3 miles) inland, runs parallel to the coast, linking the two rivers. The Otteri Nullah, an east-west stream, runs through north Chennai and meets the Buckingham Canal at Basin Bridge. Several lakes of varying size are located on the western fringes of the city. Red Hills, Sholavaram and Chembarambakkam Lake supply Chennai with potable water. Groundwater sources are becoming brackish.[21] Chennai is situated on a flat coastal plain, as can be seen in this Landsat 7 map. ... This is a list of neighbourhoods in Chennai by region. ... Beaches Facing north on Elliots Beach in Besant Nagar. ... Download high resolution version (1024x724, 168 KB) Screenshot from NASA WorldWind. ... Download high resolution version (1024x724, 168 KB) Screenshot from NASA WorldWind. ... A coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. ... Landsat 7 is the latest satellite of the Landsat program. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... The Eastern Coastal Plains refer to a wide stretch of landmass of India, lying between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. ... The Marina Beach is a beach situated along a 12 km shoreline in the city of Chennai, India. ... Cooum River is the famous river which ends in Chennai; ... The Adyar River, originating from the Chembarambakkam Lake (Chengalpattu district), is one of the rivers which passes through Chennai, South India, and joins the Bay of Bengal. ... In the context of creating Plutonium at the Hanford Site, effluent refers to the cooling water that is discharged from a nuclear reactor that may or may not be radioactive. ... For other uses, see Waste (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Silt (disambiguation). ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... For other uses, see Habitat (disambiguation). ... The Buckingham Canal is a salt water navigation canal, running parallel to the Coromandel Coast of South India for 420 km, from Krishna District in Andhra Pradesh to Villupuram District in Tamil Nadu. ... The Otteri Nullah an east-west stream runs through north Chennai and meets the Buckingham Canal at Basin Bridge. ... The Buckingham Canal is a salt water navigation canal, running parallel to the Coromandel Coast of South India for 420 km, from Krishna District in Andhra Pradesh to Villupuram District in Tamil Nadu. ... Basin Bridge is the confluence of the Otteri Nullah and Cooum river in Chennai, India. ... The Red Hills Lake, located in Ambattur taluka of Thiruvallur district, Tamilnadu, South India, is one of the rain-fed reservoirs from where water is drawn for supply to Chennai. ... Sholavaram Lake, located in Ponneri taluka of Thiruvallur district, Tamilnadu, South India, is one of the rain-fed reservoirs from where water is drawn for supply to Chennai. ... Chembarambakkam Lake is located in Chengalpattu district, about 40 km from Chennai, South India. ... Tap water Mineral Water Water of sufficient quality to serve as drinking water is termed potable water whether it is used as such or not. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations. ... Brackish redirects here. ...


Chennai's soil is mostly clay, shale and sandstone.[22] Sandy areas are found along the river banks and coasts, such as Tiruvanmiyur, Adyar, Kottivakkam, Santhome, George Town, Tondiarpet and the rest of coastal Chennai. Here rainwater runoff percolates quickly through the soil. Clay underlies most of the city including T. Nagar, West Mambalam, Anna Nagar, Perambur and Virugambakkam. Areas of hard rock include Guindy, Velachery, Adambakkam and a part of Saidapet.[23] Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland For other uses, see Soil (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... This article is about the geological formation. ... Thiruvanmiur is an adjacent town to the famous Besant Nagar in the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras. ... ... Kottivakkam is a census town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into St. ... There are numerous places around the world named Georgetown. ... Tondiarpet constitutes an important suburban region of Chennai city. ... Runoff flowing into a stormwater drain Surface runoff is water, from rain, snowmelt, or other sources, that flows over the land surface, and is a major component of the water cycle[1][2]. Runoff that occurs on surfaces before reaching a channel is also called overland flow. ... In chemistry and other physical sciences, percolation is a type of filtering. ... , Thyagaraya Nagar (also spelled Tyagaraya Nagar, and abbreviated T. Nagar) is a large, primarily commercial, locality in Chennai, India. ... West Mambalam (பழைய மாம்பலம் or மேலமாம்பலம் in Tamil) is a neighbourhood in Chennai, India. ... Anna Nagar is one of the posh residential localities in the metropolitan city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. ... // Perambur, is a suburb in North Chennai, which is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu in India and also the fourth largest city in India. ... Virugambakkam is in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. ... This article is about the geological substance. ... Guindy is a location in Chennai, India Categories: India geography stubs | Chennai ... , Velachery also known as Vedashreni is a fast developing residential area in the South West Chennai, a metropolitan city in India. ... , Adambakkam (Tamil: ஆதம்பாக்கம்) is a suburb of Chennai, a city situated on the east coast of the southern India. ... Saidapet is a suburb of the city of Chennai, India. ...

Climate chart for Chennai
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
36
 
30
20
 
 
10
 
31
20
 
 
7
 
33
22
 
 
15
 
35
26
 
 
26
 
39
28
 
 
37
 
38
27
 
 
91
 
36
26
 
 
116
 
35
26
 
 
119
 
34
26
 
 
306
 
32
24
 
 
355
 
30
22
 
 
138
 
29
21
temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: Nirvana Tour[24]

Chennai is divided into four parts: North, Central, South and West. North Chennai is primarily an industrial area. Central Chennai is the commercial heart of the city and includes an important business district, Parry's Corner. South Chennai and West Chennai, previously mostly residential, are fast becoming commercial, home to a growing number of information technology firms, financial companies and call centres. The city is expanding quickly along the Old Mahabalipuram Road and the Grand Southern Trunk Road (GST Road) in the south and towards Ambattur, Koyambedu and Sriperumbdur in the west.[25] Chennai is one of the few cities in the world that accommodates a national park, the Guindy National Park, within its limits.[26] Parrys Corner is a commercial district in Chennai, India. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... A very large collections call centre in Lakeland, FL. A call centre or call center (see spelling differences) is a centralised office used for the purpose of receiving and transmitting a large volume of requests by telephone. ... Old Mahabalipuram Road (OMR) is a road in Tamil Nadu starting from Madhya Kailash temple, Adyar, and going southward till Mahabalipuram (now called Mamallapuram). ... The Grand Southern Trunk Road or National Highway 45 is one of the busiest highways in India. ... , Ambattur is a major municipality in Thiruvallur district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India It is an industrial area north-west of Chennai. ... Koyambedu is a vibrant area in the South Indian city of Chennai. ... , Sriperumpudur is a panchayat town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... This article is about national parks. ... The Guindy National Park, the smallest national park of India and one of the very few national parks situate inside a metro, is located in Chennai, South India. ...


Chennai lies on the thermal equator and is also coastal, which prevents extreme variation in seasonal temperature. For most of the year, the weather is hot and humid. The hottest part of the year is late May and early June, known locally as Agni Nakshatram ("fire star") or as Kathiri Veyyil,[27] with maximum temperatures around 38–42 °C (100–107 °F). The coolest part of the year is January, with minimum temperatures around 19–20 °C (66–68 °F). The lowest temperature recorded is 15.8 °C (60.44 °F) and highest 45 °C (113 °F).[28][29] The average annual rainfall is about 1,300 mm (51 inches). The city gets most of its seasonal rainfall from the north-east monsoon winds, from mid-September to mid-December. Cyclones in the Bay of Bengal sometimes hit the city. Highest annual rainfall recorded is 2,570 mm (101 in) in 2005.[30] The most prevailing winds in Chennai are the South-westerly between May and September and the North-easterly during the rest of the year. Climate map showing the thermal equator The thermal equator is a belt encircling the Earth, defined by the set of locations having the highest mean annual temperature at each longitude around the globe. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the meteorological phenomenon. ...


Administration and utility services

City officials, as of September 2007[31][32]
Mayor Ma. Subramanian
Deputy Mayor R. Sathya Bama
Corporation Commissioner Rajesh Lakhoni
Commissioner of Police R. Sekar
Main article: Administration of Chennai
See also: Chennai architecture and Subdivisions of India

Chennai city is governed by the Corporation of Chennai, consisting of 155 councillors who represent 155 wards and are directly elected by the city's residents. From among themselves, the councillors elect a mayor and a deputy mayor who preside over about six standing committees.[33] Chennai, the capital of Tamil Nadu state, houses the state executive and legislative headquarters primarily in the Secretariat Buildings on the Fort St George campus but also in many other buildings scattered around the city. The Madras High Court, whose jurisdiction extends across Tamil Nadu and Puducherry, is the highest judicial authority in the state and is also in the city. Chennai has three parliamentary constituencies—Chennai North, Chennai Central and Chennai South—and elects 18 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) to the state legislature. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Deputy Mayor of a community is the number two official to the mayor. ... The Commissioner of Police heads of the Hong Kong Police Force and reports to the Secretary for Security. ... Administration of Chennai is handled by the Corporation of Chennai, consisting of 155 councilors and headed by the citys mayor. ... The Government Museum in Egmore is a good example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. ... The subdivisions of India are Indian subnational administrative units; they compose a nested hierarchy of country subdivisions. ... The Chennai Corporation is situated in the Ripon Building in Chennai. ... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the U.K. and its former colonies. ... Map of Chennai City and metropolitan area List of Corporation wards in the city of Chennai, India managed by the Corporation of Chennai Constituencies outside Chennai city Municipalities outside Chennai Tiruvallur District Ambattur Avadi Kathivakkam Madhavaram Tiruvallur Tiruvottiyur Kanchipuram District Alandur Madurantakam Nellikuppam Pallavaram Panruti Tambaram Chennai Corporation Corporation of... A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. ... Fort St George is the name of the first British fortress in India, built in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras (modern city of Chennai. ... The Madras High Court, one of the landmarks of the metropolis of Chennai, and believed to be the second largest judicial complex in the world, is located near the Parrys Corner, one of the important central business districts of Chennai. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ... The judiciary, also referred to as the judicature, consists of justices, judges and magistrates among other types of adjudicators. ... Sansad Bhavan, The Parliament of India The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is bicameral. ... A Member of Legislative Assembly, or MLA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the Legislature of a State in the Indian system of government. ...

Chennai Metropolitan Police Patrol

The metropolitan region of Chennai covers many suburbs that are part of Kanchipuram and Thiruvallur districts. The larger suburbs are governed by town municipalities, and the smaller ones are governed by town councils called panchayats. While the city covers an area of 174 km² (67 mi²),[34] the metropolitan area is spread over 1,189 km² (458 mi²).[35] The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) has drafted a Second Master Plan that aims to develop satellite townships around the city. Contiguous satellite towns include Mahabalipuram to the south, Chengalpattu and Maraimalai Nagar to the southwest, and Kanchipuram town, Sriperumpudur, Tiruvallur and Arakkonam to the west. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,272 × 1,704 pixels, file size: 839 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Greater Chennai Police, Patrol car, 2006. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,272 × 1,704 pixels, file size: 839 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Greater Chennai Police, Patrol car, 2006. ... , Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Tiruvallur is an town in Tamil Nadu state of southern India. ... The Panchayat is a South Asian political system. ... The CMDA masterplan for Chennai The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority or CMDA is the nodal planning agency within the Chennai Metropolitan Area. ... The CMDA masterplan for Chennai The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority or CMDA is the nodal planning agency within the Chennai Metropolitan Area. ... Shore Temple, rescued from the sea Mahabalipuram (Tamil:மகாபலிபுரம்) (also known as Mamallapuram) is a town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Chingleput or Chengalpattu is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... , Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... , Sriperumpudur is a panchayat town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Thiruvallur is a city and a municipality in Thiruvallur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The Greater Chennai Police department, a division of the Tamil Nadu Police, is the law enforcement agency in the city. The city police force is headed by a commissioner of police, and administrative control rests with the Tamil Nadu Home Ministry. The department consists of 36 subdivisions with a total of 121 police stations, of which 15 are ISO 9001:2000 certified.[36] The city's traffic is managed by the Chennai City Traffic Police (CCTP). The Metropolitan suburbs are policed by the Chennai Metropolitan Police, and outer district areas are policed by the Kanchipuram and Thiruvallur police departments. The Greater Chennai Police, a division of the Tamil Nadu Police, is the law enforcement agency for Chennai city and surroundings. ... The Tamil Nadu Police is the police force of Tamil Nadu, India, and is the fifth largest state police force in India. ... Police Commissioner (or Commissioner of Police) is the title of the chief officer of many law enforcement agencies. ... ISO 9000 specifies requirements for a Quality Management System overseeing the production of a product or service. ... Chennai City Traffic Police or CCTP is a division of the Greater Chennai Police, which regulates traffic in the city of Chennai, India. ... The Greater Chennai Police, a division of the Tamil Nadu Police, is the law enforcement agency for Chennai city and surroundings. ...

Ripon Building, which houses the Chennai Corporation, was completed 1913. It is named after former viceroy Lord Ripon.
Ripon Building, which houses the Chennai Corporation, was completed 1913. It is named after former viceroy Lord Ripon.

The Corporation of Chennai and municipalities of the suburbs provide civic services. Garbage in most zones is handled by JBM Fanalca Environment Management, a private company, and by the Chennai Corporation in the other zones. Water supply and sewage treatment are handled by the Metropolitan Water Supply and Sewage Board, popularly referred to as Metro Water. Electricity is supplied by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board.[37] The city's telephone service is provided by six mobile phone companies and four landline companies,[38][39] which also provide broadband Internet access, along with Sify and Hathway. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 410 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,029 × 1,040 pixels, file size: 361 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 410 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,029 × 1,040 pixels, file size: 361 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Chennai Corporation is situated in the Ripon Building in Chennai. ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon ( 24 October 1827 - 9 July 1909) was a British politician who served in every Liberal cabinet from 1861 until his death forty-eight years later. ... The Chennai Corporation is situated in the Ripon Building in Chennai. ... Sify Limited (formerly known as Satyam Infoway Limited ) (NASDAQ: SIFY) is a major ISP company based in Chennai, India. ... Hathway is a major cable television service operator in India. ...


Historically, Chennai has relied on annual monsoon rains to replenish water reservoirs, as no major rivers flow through the area. Steadily growing in population, the city has faced water supply shortages, and its ground water levels have been depleted. An earlier Veeranam Lake project failed to solve the city's water problems, but the New Veeranam project, which became operational in September 2004, has greatly reduced dependency on distant sources.[40] In recent years, heavy and consistent monsoon rains and rainwater harvesting (RWH) by Chennai Metrowater at its Anna Nagar Rain Centre have significantly reduced water shortages.[41] Moreover, newer projects like the Telugu Ganga project that bring water from water-surplus rivers like the Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh have eased water shortages. The city is constructing sea water desalination plants to further increase the water supply.[42][43] For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... ... Water supply is the process of self-provision or provision by third parties of water of various qualities to different users. ... Deforestation of the Madagascar Highland Plateau has led to extensive siltation and unstable flows of western rivers. ... Veeranam Lake is located in Cuddalore district, Tamilnadu, South India. ... View of a Johad at village Thathawata View of a stepwell at Fatehpur, Shekhawati. ... Anna Nagar is one of the posh residential localities in the metropolitan city of Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. ... The Telugu Ganga project is a water supply scheme implemented in South India, to provide drinking water to Chennai city in Tamil Nadu. ... Krishna in Vijayawada in 2007 The River Krishna (meaning dark (feminine) in Sanskrit, also called the Krishnaveni, is one of the longest rivers of India (about 1300 km in length). ... Andhra redirects here. ... Shevchenko BN350 desalination unit situated on the shore of the Caspian Sea. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Chennai
See also: List of Tech Parks in Chennai
Parry's Corner, one of the older business districts in Chennai
Parry's Corner, one of the older business districts in Chennai

Chennai has a diversified economic base anchored by the automobile, software services, hardware manufacturing, healthcare and financial services industries.[44] As of 2000, the city's total personal income was Rs. 12,488.83 crores, making up 10.9% of the total income of Tamil Nadu.[45] In 2001, the total workforce in Chennai was about 1.5 million, which was 31.79% of its population. According to the 1991 census, most of the city's workforce was involved in trade (25.65%), manufacturing (23.52%), transportation (10.72%), construction (6.3%) and other services (31.8%). Chennai metropolitan area accounts for over 75% of the sales tax revenue in the state.[46] Tidel Park, one of the largest software parks in India Chennai has a diversified economic base anchored by the automobile, software services, hardware manufacturing and financial services. ... Chennai is having lot of tech parks,listed as follows ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,072 × 2,304 pixels, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,072 × 2,304 pixels, file size: 3. ... Parrys Corner is a commercial district in Chennai, India. ... Total Personal Income is the value most often used to calculate per capita income. ... “INR” redirects here. ... A crore is a unit in a traditional number system, still widely used in India. ...


The city is base to around 30% of India's automobile industry[47] and 35% of its auto components industry.[48] A large number of automotive companies including Hyundai, Ford, BMW, Mitsubishi, The TVS Group (TVS), Ashok Leyland, Nissan-Renault, TI Cycles of India, TAFE Tractors, Royal Enfield, Caterpillar Inc., Caparo and Madras Rubber Factory (MRF), have manufacturing plants in and around Chennai. The Heavy Vehicles Factory at Avadi produces military vehicles, including India's main battle tank: Arjun MBT. The Integral Coach Factory manufactures railway coaches and other rolling stock for Indian Railways. This very industrial expanse has given the name to Chennai as being the "Detroit of Southern Asia".[49] The Ambattur-Padi industrial zone houses many textile manufacturers, and an SEZ for apparel and footwear manufacture has been set up in the southern suburbs of the city.[50] Chennai contributes more than 50% of India's leather exports.[51] The Hyundai Motor Company, a division of the Hyundai Kia Automotive Group, is South Koreas largest and the worlds Sixth Largest Automaker. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... For other uses, see BMW (disambiguation). ... Mitsubishi Motors Corporation ) is the fifth largest automaker in Japan and the thirteenth largest in the world by unit sales. ... TVS may stand for: Television South TVS, India topological vector space transvaginal ultrasound transient voltage suppressor diode This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ashok Leyland (NSE: ASHOKLEY, BSE: 500477) is a commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Chennai, India. ... Nissan Motor Co. ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... TI Cycles of India is one of the leading bicycle manufacturers in India. ... TAFE Tractors is an Indian manufacturer of tractors and other farm equipment, with its corporate headquarters in Chennai. ... Royal Enfield was the brand of the Enfield Cycle Company, an English engineering company. ... Caterpillar Inc. ... The Caparo T1 is an ultralightweight sports car designed by former members of the McLaren group and intended to reach production in late 2006. ... MRF Logo:Man holding tyre Madras Rubber Factory, or MRF, is a major manufacturing company located in Chennai, India. ... The Heavy Vehicles Factory (HVF), Avadi, is located in close proximity to Chennai, South India. ... , Avadi is a town and a municipality in Thiruvallur district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... Arjun is a Main Battle Tank developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development) for the Indian Army. ... Started in 1952 the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) is located Avadi a suburb near Chennai, India. ... , Ambattur is a major municipality in Thiruvallur district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India It is an industrial area north-west of Chennai. ...

Tidel Park is one of the many software parks in Chennai.
Tidel Park is one of the many software parks in Chennai.

The city is an electronics manufacturing hub where multinational corporations like Dell, Nokia, Motorola, Samsung, Flextronics and Foxconn have set up electronics and hardware manufacturing plants, mainly in the Sriperumbudur Special Economic Zone (SEZ). Many software and software services companies have development centres in Chennai, which contributed 14% of India's total software exports of Rs.144,214 crores during 2006–07, making it the second-largest exporter of software in the country, behind Bangalore.[52] Prominent financial institutions, including the World Bank, HSBC, Citi bank have back office operations in the city.[53] Chennai is home to three large national level commercial banks[54][55][56] and many state level co-operative banks, finance and insurance companies. Some of India's well-known healthcare institutions such as Apollo Hospitals (the largest private healthcare provider in Asia),[57] Sankara Nethralaya and Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre are based in the city, making it one of the preferred destinations for medical tourists from across the globe.[58] Telecom giants Ericsson and Alcatel-Lucent, pharmaceuticals giant Pfizer and chemicals giant Dow Chemicals have research and development facilities in Chennai. TICEL bio-tech park[59] and Golden Jubilee bio-tech park[60] at Siruseri house biotechnology companies and laboratories. Chennai has a fully computerised stock exchange called the Madras Stock Exchange. Tidel Park Tidel park is located in south Chennai and is served by the Chennai MRTS Tidel Park is an IT Park situated in the city of Chennai, India. ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... This article is about the telecommunications corporation. ... Motorola Inc. ... The Samsung Group (Korean: 삼성그룹, Samseong Geurup) is South Koreas largest conglomerate (chaebol) and one of the largest super-multinationals in the world leading several major global industries. ... Flextronics International Ltd. ... Foxconn (富士康) is the trade name of the Taiwanese firm Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. ... , Sriperumpudur is a panchayat town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is a geographical region that has economic laws different from a countrys typical economic laws. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ... HSBC Holdings plc (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: huìfÄ“ng kònggÇ” yÇ’uxiàn gōngsÄ«) (LSE: HSBA, SEHK: 0005, NYSE: HBC, Euronext: HSBC, BSX: 1077223879) is a public limited company incorporated in England and Wales, headquartered in London. ... Citibank was founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York. ... Office types Class A office space Back office Front office Mobile office Paperless office Serviced office Small office/home office Virtual office A back office is a part of most corporations where tasks dedicated to running the company itself take place. ... Apollo Hospitals is a major Hospital chain based in Chennai, India. ... It was in 1976 when addressing a group of doctors, His Holiness Sri Jayendra Saraswathi, the Sankaracharya of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam spoke of the need to create a hospital with a missionary spirit. ... Sri Ramachandra Mediacal College and Research Institute(SRMC & RI) is a private university in Porur, Chennai in India. ... Medical tourism (also called medical travel or health tourism) is a term initially coined by travel agencies and the mass media to describe the rapidly-growing practice of traveling to another country to obtain health care. ... For other uses, see Ericsson (disambiguation). ... Alcatel Lucent (or Alcatel-Lucent according to some sources) is the name of the new company formed after the merge agreement signed by Alcatel and Lucent Technologies. ... Pfizer Incorporated (NYSE: PFE) is a major pharmaceutical company, which ranks number one in the world in sales[2]. The company is based in New York City. ... The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW TYO: 4850) is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan. ... , Siruseri is a suburb in Chengalpattu Taluk of Kancheepuram district in Tamil Nadu, located a 30 km south of Chennai, along Old Mahabalipuram Road. ... The Madras Stock Exchange is a stock exchange in Chennai, India (formerly Madras). ...


Demographics

Ranganathan Street in T.Nagar is usually packed with pedestrian shoppers.
Ranganathan Street in T.Nagar is usually packed with pedestrian shoppers.

A resident of Chennai is called a Chennaiite. As of 2001, Chennai city had a population of 4.34 million, while the total metropolitan population was 7.04 million.[61] The estimated metropolitan population in 2006 is 4.5 million.[62] In 2001, the population density in the city was 24,682 per km² (9,534 per mi²), while the population density of the metropolitan area was 5,922 per km² (2,287 mi²), making it one of the most densely populated cities in the world.[61][63] The sex ratio is 951 females for every 1,000 males,[64] slightly higher than the national average of 934.[65] The average literacy rate is 80.14%,[66] much higher than the national average of 64.5%. The city has the fourth highest population of slum dwellers among major cities in India, with about 820,000 people (18.6% of its population) living in slum conditions.[67] This number represents about 5% of the total slum population of India. In 2005, the crime rate in the city was 313.3 per 100,000 people, accounting for 6.2% of all crimes reported in major cities in India.[68] The number of crimes in the city showed a significant increase of 61.8% from 2004.[69] Thyagaraya Nagar (also spelled Tyagaraya Nagar, and abbreviated T.Nagar) is a large, primarily commercial, district in Chennai, India. ...


The majority of the population in Chennai are Tamilians and Tamil is the primary language spoken in Chennai. English is widely spoken especially in business, education and white collar professions. Telugu is widely spoken after Tamil.[citation needed] Large number of Telugu and Sizeable Malayalee communities live in the city.[70] Chennai also has a large migrant population, who come from other parts of Tamil Nadu and the rest of the country. As of 2001, out of the 937,000 migrants (21.57% of its population) in the city, 74.5% were from other parts of the state, 23.8% were from rest of India and 1.7% were from outside the country.[71] According to the 2001 census, Hindus constitute about 82.27% of the city's population, and Muslims (8.37%), Christians (7.63%) and Jains (1.05%) are other major religious groups.[72] Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... Tamil ( ; IPA: ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people, originating on the Indian subcontinent. ... Indian English comprises several dialects or varieties of English spoken primarily in India, and/or by first generation Indian diaspora elsewhere in the world. ... White-collar workers perform tasks which are less laborious yet often more highly paid than blue-collar workers, who do manual work. ... Telugu may refer to: Telugu language Telugu literature Telugu people Telugu script Telugu films Look up Telugu in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Language(s) Malayalam (മലയാളം) Religion(s) Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Malayalee or Malayali (Malayalam: മലയാളി) is the name given to the inhabitants of the state of Kerala. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahinsa, meaning non-injury and nonviolence. ...


Culture

A traditional Bharata natyam performance
A traditional Bharata natyam performance
Main articles: Culture of Chennai and Cuisine of Chennai
See also: Tamil cuisine

Chennai's culture reflects its diverse population. The city is known for its classical dance shows and Hindu temples. Every December, Chennai holds a five-week long Music Season celebrating the 1927 opening of the Madras Music Academy.[73] It features performances (kutcheries) of traditional Carnatic music by hundreds of artists in and around the city. An arts festival called the Chennai Sangamam, which showcases various arts of Tamil Nadu is held in January every year. Chennai is also known for Bharatanatyam, a classical dance form that originated in Tamil Nadu. An important cultural centre for Bharatanatyam is Kalakshetra, on the beach in the south of the city.[74] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... A Bharatanatyam Dancer Bharatanatyam (also spelled Bharathanatyam, Bharatnatyam or Bharata Natyam) is a South Indian classical dance form. ... Popularly called the Gateway to the South, Chennai culture is distinctly different from that of any other city in India. ... Tamil Nadu is famous for its hospitality and its deep belief that serving food to others is a service to humanity, so eating-out in its capital city Chennai, is a great experience and provides a glimpse of the unique lifestyle of the city. ... Tamil cuisine is one of the oldest vegetarian culinary heritages in the world. ... A Carnatic music concert during the annual Music Season. ... Madras Music Academy is one of the premier and early Music Academies in the South Indian city of Madras. ... Carnatic music, also known as is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. ... Bharatanatyam[1] is a classical dance form originating from Tamil Nadu[2][3][4][5][6], a state in Southern India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Bharatanatyam[1] is a classical dance form originating from Tamil Nadu[2][3][4][5][6], a state in Southern India. ... Kalakshetra is a cultural academy for preservation of traditional values in Indian art, especially in the field of dance and music. ...


Chennai is the base for the large Tamil movie industry, dubbed Kollywood after Kodambakkam, home to most of the movie studios.[75] The industry makes more than 150 Tamil movies a year,[76] and its soundtracks dominate the city's music. Chennai's theatres stage many Tamil plays; political satire, slapstick comedy, history, mythology and drama are among the popular genres.[77][78][79] English plays are also staged in the city. Kollywood (Tamil : கோலிவூட் ) is a name often applied to the home of the Tamil-language film industry based in India, and to the industry as a whole. ... , Kodambakkam is a neighbourhood in Chennai, India, and the term Kollywood is derived from the name of this area. ...


Among Chennai's festivals, Pongal, celebrated over five days in January, is the most important. Tamil New Year's Day, signifying the beginning of the Tamil year, usually falls on April 14. Almost all major religious festivals such as Deepavali, Eid and Christmas are celebrated in Chennai. Tamil cuisine in Chennai includes vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes. Many of the city's restaurants offer light meals or tiffin, which usually include rice-based dishes like pongal, dosai, idli and vadai, served with steaming hot filter coffee. This article is about the Pongal festival. ... The Tamil Calendar is followed by the Tamil speaking state of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in India, and by the Tamil population in Malaysia, Singapore & Sri Lanka. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiṭr), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tiffin (disambiguation). ... Pongal is a popular South Indian dish. ... For the term as used in Ayurveda, see Dosha. ... The idli (IPA:), also romanized idly or iddly, is a steamed rice cake popular throughout South India. ... Vada (or Wada or Vade) is a popular Indian snack. ... South Indian Coffee, also known as Madras Filter Coffee is a sweet milky coffee made from dark roasted coffee beans (70%-80%) and chicory (20%-30%), especially popular in the southern states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. ...


Transport

Main article: Transport in Chennai
The IT Highway in Chennai with the MRTS passing overhead.
The IT Highway in Chennai with the MRTS passing overhead.

The Chennai International Airport, comprising the Anna International Airport and the Kamaraj Domestic Airport, handles domestic as well as international flights and is the third busiest airport in India.[80][81] The city is connected to major hubs in South Asia, South East Asia, East Asia, the Middle East, Europe and North America through more than 30 national and international carriers. The airport is the second busiest cargo terminus in the country. The existing airport is undergoing further modernisation and expansion, and a new greenfield airport is to be constructed at an estimated cost of Rs 2,000 crore in Sriperumbudur.[82] Map of the road and rail transportation network in the Chennai metropolitan area Chennai has a well developed transport infrastructure. ... MRTS is an initialism for Mass Rapid Transit System usually refering to a particular system of suburban rail network in Chennai with tracks running on a raised platform. ... Chennai International Airport (சென்னை பன்னாட்டு விமான நிலையம்) (IATA: MAA, ICAO: VOMM) is located in Meenambakkam, 7 km (4. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... This article is about the geographical region. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... , Sriperumpudur is a panchayat town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ...


The city is served by two major ports, Chennai Port, one of the largest artificial ports, and Ennore Port. The Chennai port is India's second busiest container hub, handling automobiles, motorcycles and general industrial cargo. The Ennore Port handles cargo such as coal, ore and other bulk and rock mineral products.[83] A smaller harbour at Royapuram is used by local fishing boats and trawlers. Chennai Port, more than a century old artificial port, and located in Chennai, South India, is one of the major ports on the Coromandel coast of India. ... Remains of Mulberry B at Arromanches A Mulberry Harbour was a type of temporary harbour developed in World War II to offload cargo on a beach during the Allied invasion of Normandy. ... Ennore Port, located about 24 Km north of Chennai Port, Chennai, South India is the 12th major port of India, and the first port in India which is a public company. ... Ennore Port, located about 24 Km north of Chennai Port, Chennai, South India is the 12th major port of India, and the first port in India which is a public company. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Ore (disambiguation). ... Royapuram, a locality of Chennai, South India, is the place where the first railway station of south India was constructed, and from where the laying down of the second railway line of the Indian subcontinent commenced in 1850s. ...

MRTS Train station in Chennai

Chennai is well connected to other parts of India by road and rail. Five major national highways radiate outward towards Mumbai, Kolkata, Trichy, Tiruvallur and Pondicherry.[84] The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CMBT), the terminus for all intercity buses from Chennai, is the largest bus station in Asia.[85] Seven government-owned transport corporations operate inter-city and inter-state bus services. Many private inter-city and inter-state bus companies also operate services to and from Chennai. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 602 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul Uploaded on March 14, 2007 by Srini G http://flickr. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 768 pixels, file size: 602 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded to wiki by user:nikkul Uploaded on March 14, 2007 by Srini G http://flickr. ... Chintadripet MRTS Station Map of the suburban rail network in Chennai including the MRTS MRTS project map MRTS is an initialism for Mass Rapid Transit System usually referring to a particular system of suburban rail network in Chennai with tracks running on a raised platform. ... The 95-km long Mumbai-Pune Expressway National Highways in India is the class of roads maintained by the Central Government and is the main long-distance roadways. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Tiruchirappalli (Tamil : திருச்சிராப்பள்ளி)   also spelled Tiruchirapalli, commonly known as Tiruchi or Trichy (Tamil : திருச்சி) formerly also pronounced as Trichinopoly (under British rule) is the Fourth largest city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu (after Chennai, Coimbatore and Madurai) and is also one of the five A1 metropolitan cities of Tamilnadu. ... Thiruvallur is a city and a municipality in Thiruvallur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ... The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CMBT) is a bus terminal for people travelling outside of the Chennai city, India. ... The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CMBT) is a bus terminal for people travelling outside of the Chennai city, India. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


The city has two main railway terminals. Chennai Central station, the city's largest, provides access to trains to major cities like Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram and Coimbatore as well as to smaller towns across India.[86] Chennai Egmore is a terminus for trains traveling primarily within Tamil Nadu; it also handles a few inter-state trains.[87] Chennai Central Chennai Central is the home of the Southern Railway and the most important rail hub in South India. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Hyderabad   or Haydarābād // ( Urdu:حیدر آباد), (Telugu:హైదరాబాదు) is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Kochi may refer to: Kochi, India, a city in the state of Kerala, India, formerly known as Cochin. ... , Thiruvananthapuram   (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം Tiruvanantapuraṁ), also known as Trivandrum, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of the Thiruvananthapuram District. ... , Coimbatore (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... Chennai Egmore is a railway station in Egmore, Chennai, South India. ...


Buses, trains, and auto rickshaws are the most common form of public transport within the city. Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Mass transit redirects here. ...

One of the newer MTC buses
One of the newer MTC buses

The Chennai suburban railway network consists of four broad gauge rail sectors terminating at two locations in the city, namely Chennai Central and Chennai Beach. Regular services are offered in the following sectors from these terminii: Chennai Central/Chennai Beach - Arakkonam - Tiruttani, Chennai Central/Chennai BeachGummidipoondi - Sullurpeta and Chennai BeachTambaram - Chengalpattu - Tirumalpur(Kanchipuram). The fourth sector is an elevated Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) which links Chennai Beach to Velachery and is interlinked with the remaining rail network. The city has plans for an underground Metro.[88] An MTC bus in T. Nagar Inside a regular MTC bus The Metropolitan Transport Corporation (formerly known as Pallavan Transport Corporation Ltd. ... Chennai suburban railway is a commuter rail system in the Indian city of Chennai operated by the Southern Railway. ... For other uses, see Gauge. ... Chennai Central Chennai Central is the home of the Southern Railway and the most important rail hub in South India. ... This is a train terminus in the Southern Railway Network. ... Chennai Central Chennai Central is the home of the Southern Railway and the most important rail hub in South India. ... This is a train terminus in the Southern Railway Network. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Tiruttani is one of the main tourist centre in Thiruvallur district, Tamil nadu about 85km from Chennai. ... Chennai Central Chennai Central is the home of the Southern Railway and the most important rail hub in South India. ... This is a train terminus in the Southern Railway Network. ... , Gummidipoondi is a beautiful industrial town in Thiruvallur district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Sullurpeta is a town in Nellore district Andhra Pradesh, India. ... This is a train terminus in the Southern Railway Network. ... , Tambaram is a suburb of Chennai situated 27 km south of the city in Tamil Nadu, India. ... Chingleput or Chengalpattu is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... , Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is a city and a municipality in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Chintadripet MRTS Station Map of the suburban rail network in Chennai including the MRTS MRTS project map MRTS is an initialism for Mass Rapid Transit System usually referring to a particular system of suburban rail network in Chennai with tracks running on a raised platform. ... This is a train terminus in the Southern Railway Network. ... , Velachery also known as Vedashreni is a fast developing residential area in the South West Chennai, a metropolitan city in India. ... The Chennai Metro is the proposed mass-transit rail system for the Indian city of Chennai on the lines of the successful Delhi Metro. ...


The Metropolitan Transport Corporation (MTC) runs an extensive city bus system consisting of 3,093 buses on 617 routes and transports an estimated 4 million passengers daily.[89] Vans, popularly known as Maxi Cabs and 'share' auto rickshaws ply many routes in the city and provide an alternative to buses. Metered call taxis, tourist taxis and auto rickshaws are also available on hire. Chennai's transportation infrastructure provides coverage and connectivity, but growing use has caused traffic congestion and pollution. The government has tried to address these problems by constructing flyovers at major intersections, starting with the Gemini flyover, built in 1973 over the most important arterial road, Anna Salai.[90][91] The Metropolitan Transport Corporation is the agency that operates the public transport bus service in Chennai, India. ... An MTC bus in T. Nagar Inside a regular MTC bus The Metropolitan Transport Corporation (formerly known as Pallavan Transport Corporation Ltd. ... Alternative meaning: taxicab geometry. ... Overpass in East Potomac Park, Washington, D.C. Flyover in Miami Beach, Florida An overpass (In UK, most Commonwealth countries flyover) is a bridge, road or similar structure that crosses over another road. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Anna Salai formerly Mount Road is the most important arterial road in Chennai, India. ...


Media

Main article: Media in Chennai
See also: List of Tamil language television channels

Newspaper publishing started in Chennai with the launch of a weekly, The Madras Courier, in 1785.[92] It was followed by the weeklies The Madras Gazzette and The Government Gazzette in 1795. The Spectator, founded in 1836, was the first English newspaper in Chennai to be owned by an Indian and became the city's first daily newspaper in 1853.[93] The first Tamil newspaper, Swadesamitran, was launched in 1899.[92] Front page of the June 20, 2007 edition of The New Indian Express Chennai has many print, television and radio networks that dominate its mass media market. ... This is a list of Tamil television stations: // DD-Podhigai (Tamil) (DD 5) - DD - stands for DoorDarshan Galaxy Network-feautring selection of best programmes from galaxy in Malaysia Polimer Channel - First dedicated Childrens Channel in Tamil from Tamilnadu Galaxy Kutties-First dedicated Childrens Channel in Tamil in Malaysia Galaxy...


The major English dailies published in Chennai are The Hindu, The New Indian Express, The Deccan Chronicle and The Times of India recently joined the list. The evening dailies are, The Trinity Mirror and The News Today. As of 2004, The Hindu was the city's most read English newspaper, with a daily circulation of 267,349.[94] The major business dailies published from the city are The Economic Times, The Hindu Business Line, Business Standard, and The Financial Express. The major Tamil dailies include the Dina Thanthi, Dinakaran, Dina Mani, Dina Malar, Tamil Murasu, Makkal Kural and Malai Malar and major Telugu dailies include Eenandu, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi and Sakshi .[95] Neighbourhood newspapers such as The Annanagar Times and The Adyar Times cater to particular localities. Magazines published from Chennai include Ananda Vikatan, Kumudam, Kalki, Kungumam, Swathi (Telugu magazine), Frontline and Sportstar. For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... The New Indian Express is a newspaper based in Chennai, India. ... The Deccan Chronicle, an English language newspaper, simultaneously published in Hyderabad, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Rajamundry, Ananthapur, Nellore and Karimnagar, is the largest circulated newspaper of Andhra Pradesh, South India. ... The Times of India (TOI) is a leading English-language broadsheet daily newspaper in India. ... The News Today is an English evening daily newspaper in Chennai, India. ... The Economic Times, launched in 1961, is Indias largest financial daily and the worlds second largest financial daily after The Wall Street Journal, with a daily readership of over 650,000 copies. ... Business Line or The Hindu Business Line is an Indian Business newspaper published by Kasturi and sons, the publisher of the newspaper The Hindu. Business Line started publishing in 1994. ... Business Standard is a financial daily from Business Standard Ltd (BSL). ... The Financial Express is a newspaper daily by the Indian Express group. ... Dina Thanthi or Daily Thanti is daily Tamil newspaper in Chennai and Coimbatore, India. ... Dinakaran is daily Tamil newspaper in Chennai and Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. ... Dina Mani or Daily Mani is daily Tamil newspaper in Chennai and Coimbatore, India. ... Dina Malar or Daily Malar is daily Tamil newspaper in Chennai and Coimbatore, India. ... Launched in 1935 by a man called K. Sarangapany, in singapore, Tamil Murasu is Singapores only Tamil language newspaper. ... M Shanmugavel, popularly known as MS, is the Editor of Makkal Kural and Trinity Mirror and is the soul and spirit behind these newspapers. ... Malai Malar is daily Tamil newspaper in Chennai and Coimbatore, India. ... Ananda Vikatan is the third leading Tamil language weekly magazine published from Chennai, India after Kungumam and Kumudam according to the Indian Readership Survey 2006. ... Kumudam is aTamil language weekly magazines published in Chennai, India The group also publishes other Tamil magazines including Kumudam Reporter, Kumudam Snehidi, Kumudam Bhakti, Kumudam Jothidam, Kumudam Theeranadhi. ... Kalki is one of the leading Tamil language weekly magazines published in Chennai. ... Kungumam is a Tamil weekly magazine published in Chennai, India. ... Frontline is a monthly English language magazine published by The Hindu group. ... Sportstar is a popular sports magazine published in India. ...


Doordarshan runs two terrestrial television channels and two satellite television channels from its Chennai centre, which was set up in 1974. Private Tamil satellite television networks like Sun TV, Raj TV][Raj Digital Plus, Star Vijay, Jaya TV, Makkal TV and Kalaignar TV broadcast out of Chennai. The Sun Network one of India's largest broadcasting companies is based in the city. While SCV and Hathway are the major cable TV service providers, Direct-to-home (DTH) is available via DD Direct Plus, Dish TV, Tata Sky and Sun Direct.[96][97] Chennai is the first city in India to have implemented the Conditional Access System for cable television.[98] Radio broadcasting started from the radio station at the Rippon Buildings complex, founded in 1930 and was then shifted to All India Radio in 1938.[92] The city has two AM and ten FM radio stations, operated by Anna University, All India Radio and private broadcasters.[99]. Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ... Terrestrial television (also known as over-the-air, OTA or broadcast television) was the traditional method of television broadcast signal delivery prior to the advent of cable and satellite television. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Raj Network is one of the major Tamil language satellite television networks based in Chennai, India. ... Star TV can refer to the following: Star TV (Ukraine): An electronic/club music channel in Ukraine Star TV (Turkey): A general entertainment channel in Turkey Star TV (Tanzania): A television station in Tanzania STAR TV (Asia): An Asian satellite service owned by News Corporation Startv (Canada): A Canadian weekly... Jaya TV is one of the major Tamil language satellite television channels based in Chennai, India. ... Kalaignar TV is one of the Tamil language satellite television channel based in Chennai, India. ... Sun Network is a Rs 16000-crore (4 Billion $) Indian cable television network based in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. ... Direct broadcast satellite (DBS) is a term used to refer to satellite television broadcasts intended for home reception, also referred to as direct-to-home signals. ... DD Direct Plus is a free Direct to Home (DTH) service that provides satellite television and audio programming to households and businesses in the Indian subcontinent, owned by parent company Doordarshan. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Tata Sky is a DTH satellite television provider in India. ... Conditional Access System (CAS) is a system by which electronic transmission of digital media (especially satellite television signals through cable) is limited only to subscribed clients. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... Amplitude modulation (AM) is a technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. ... In telecommunications, frequency modulation (FM) conveys information over a carrier wave by varying its frequency. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ...


Education

Main article: Education in Chennai
See also: Schools in Chennai and Education in India
The main entrance to Anna University
The main entrance to Anna University

Schools in Chennai are either run publicly by the Tamil Nadu government or privately, some with financial aid from the government.[100] The medium of education is either English or Tamil. Most schools are affiliated with the Tamil Nadu State Board, the Matriculation Board or the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).[101] A few schools are affiliated with the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) board, Anglo-Indian board or the Montessori system. Schooling begins at the age of three with two years of kindergarten followed by ten years of primary and secondary education. Students then need to complete two years of higher secondary education in either science or commerce before being eligible for college education in a general or professional field of study.[102][103] There are 1,389 schools in the city, out of which 731 are primary, 232 are secondary and 426 are higher secondary schools.[104] Chennai is home to many well known educational and research institutions. ... Schools in Chennai are either run publicly by the Tamil Nadu government, or run privately, some with financial aid from the government. ... India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years. ... Image File history File links Anna University Campus File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Anna University Campus File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education, established in 1910, is under the purview of the Department of Education, Governemnt of Tamil Nadu, India. ... CBSE redirects here. ... The Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) examination is an examination conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for class 10, i. ... The Montessori method is a methodology for nursery and elementary school education, first developed by Dr. Maria Montessori. ...


The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) and Anna University are two well known centres for engineering education in the city; most city colleges that offer engineering programs are affiliated with Anna University. Madras Medical College (MMC), Stanley Medical College (SMC), Kilpauk Medical College and Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute (SRMC) are the notable medical colleges in Chennai. The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) is an elite engineering and technology school located in Chennai (formerly Madras) in southern India. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Madras Medical College The Madras Medical College is a prominent educational institution located in Chennai, India. ... Surgery Block Stanley Medical College (SMC) is a government medical college with hospitals, located in Chennai (Madras) in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... Sri Ramachandra Mediacal College and Research Institute(SRMC & RI) is a private university in Porur, Chennai in India. ...


Colleges for science, arts and commerce degrees are typically affiliated with the University of Madras, which has three campuses in the city; some colleges such as Madras Christian College, Loyola College and The New College are autonomous. Research institutions like the Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), the Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI) and the Institute for Financial Management and Research (IFMR) are in the city. The Connemara Public Library is one of four National Depository Centres in India that receive a copy of all newspapers and books published in India.[105] It has been declared a UNESCO information centre.[106] The University of Madras is one of the three oldest universities in India (along with University of Mumbai and University of Calcutta). ... The Madras Christian College in Chennai, South India, is one of the oldest colleges of the Indian subcontinent and was established in 1837. ... Loyola College is a Jesuit college in Chennai, India. ... The New College (Tamil: புதுக்கல்லூரி) is an institute of higher education in Chennai, South India. ... Central Leather Research Institute or CLRI is the worlds largest leather research institute. ... Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI), headquartered at Pilani, Rajasthan is a pioneer Research Institute in India and a contituent laboratory of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, established in 1953, for advanced Research and Development (R&D) in the field of Electronics. ... The Institute for Financial Management and Research (IFMR), Chennai, is a leading business school with the objective of molding bright and ambitious young managers into effective executives in a global setting. ... Connemara Public Library at Chennai is one of the four National Depository libraries which receive a copy of all books, news papers and periodicals published in India. ... A National Depository Centre is a public library in India which receives a copy of all books, newspapers and periodicals published in the country. ... Org type Specialized Agency Acronyms UNESCO Head Director General of UNESCO Koïchiro Matsuura Japan Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ...


Sports

Main article: Sport in Chennai
An IPL match between Chennai Super Kings and Kolkata Knight Riders in progress at M.A. Chidambaram Cricket Stadium
An IPL match between Chennai Super Kings and Kolkata Knight Riders in progress at M.A. Chidambaram Cricket Stadium

Cricket is the most popular sport in Chennai.[107] The M.A. Chidambaram Stadium (MAC) in Chepauk is one of the oldest cricket stadiums in India.[108] The Chemplast Cricket Ground on the IIT Madras campus is another important venue hosting first class matches. Prominent cricketers from the city include former Test-captains S. Venkataraghavan and Kris Srikkanth.[109][110] A cricket fast bowling academy, the MRF Pace Foundation, whose coaches include Dennis Lillee, is based in Chennai.[111][112] Chennai is home to the Indian Premier League cricket team, the Chennai Super Kings. Chennai is also home to the Indian Cricket League team, the Chennai Superstars, who won the first ever ICL 20s championship and the ICL Domestic 50s.[113][114] Cricket is the most popular sport in Chennai. ... The Indian Premier League (also known as the DLF Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons; often abbreviated as IPL), is a Twenty20 cricket competition created by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). ... This article is about the sport. ... The M. A. Chidambaram Stadium is a cricket stadium in Chennai (Madras), India. ... Chepauk is a locality in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. ... The Chemplast Cricket Ground in the IIT Madras campus is an important cricket venue and is described by cricketer Sachin Tendulkar as the most scenic in the country. ... The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) is an elite engineering and technology school located in Chennai (formerly Madras) in southern India. ... Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan  , also known by his nickname of Venkat, (born 21 April 1945, in Madras) was formerly a cricketer. ... Krishnamachari Kris Srikkanth (born 21 December 1959 in Chennai, India) is a former Indian cricket player. ... MRF Pace Foundation is a coaching clinic for training fast bowlers from all over the World. ... Dennis Keith Lillee (born July 18, 1949 in Subiaco, Western Australia) was an Australian cricketer. ... The Indian Premier League (also known as the DLF Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons; often abbreviated as IPL), is a Twenty20 cricket competition created by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI). ... The Indian Cricket League (ICL) is a private cricket league that runs parallel to the existing cricket league managed by BCCI. At the moment, matches in the ICL follow the Twenty20 format. ... Chennai Superstars is one of the six teams for proposed private cricket league called Indian Cricket League (ICL). ...


The Mayor Radhakrishnan Stadium is regarded by the International Hockey Federation as one of the best in the world for its state-of-the-art infrastructure. The city is home to a Premier Hockey League (PHL) team, the Chennai Veerans, and has hosted many hockey tournaments such as the Asia Cup and the Men's Champions Trophy.[115][116] Mayor Radhakrishnan Stadium is a hockey stadium at Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. ... The International Hockey Federation (Fédération Internationale de Hockey sur Gazon, or FIH) is the global body governing the sport of field hockey, which is known simply as hockey in many countries. ... The Premier Hockey League (PHL) is a new domestic field hockey competition introduced in India. ... The Chennai Veerans are a Tier-1 level field hockey team Premiere Hockey League in India. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men, women and children in many countries around the world. ... The Champions Trophy is the International Hockey Federations most prestigious annual event (since 1980). ...

ATP Chennai Open - Centre Court at the SDAT Tennis Stadium complex
ATP Chennai Open - Centre Court at the SDAT Tennis Stadium complex

Chennai has produced popular tennis players such as Vijay Amritraj and Ramesh Krishnan[117][118][119] and is host to an Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) event, the Chennai Open.[120] Football and athletic competitions are held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, which also houses a multi-purpose indoor complex for competition in volleyball, basketball and table tennis. Water sports are played in the Velachery Aquatic Complex. Chennai was the venue of the South Asian Games (SAF Games) in 1995.[121] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 90 KB)Photo by User:Matthewmayer. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 90 KB)Photo by User:Matthewmayer. ... The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional tennis players. ... The Chennai Open has been Indias largest tennis event since 1997. ... Vijay in a scene from Octopussy Vijay Amritraj (Hindi: विजय अम्रित्रज, Urdu: وِجے اَمرِترج), born December 14, 1953, in Madras, India, is a former tennis champion and actor. ... Ramesh Krishnan (born June 5, 1961, in Madras, India) was one of Indias foremost tennis players. ... The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was formed in 1972 to protect the interests of male professional tennis players. ... The Chennai Open has been Indias largest tennis event since 1997. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium is a Chennai stadium and seats 40,000. ... Ping Pong redirects here. ... The Velachery Aquatic Complex is a stadium in Chennai, India and seats 4,000. ... South Asian Games(also known as SAF Games or SAG & formerly known as South Asian Federation Games) are a bi-annual multi-sport event held in South Asia. ...


Auto racing in India has been closely connected with Chennai since its beginnings shortly after independence. Motor racing events are held on a special purpose track in Irungattukottai, Sriperumbudur,[122] which has also been the venue for several international competitions.[123] Horse racing is held at the Guindy Race Course, while rowing competitions are hosted at the Madras Boat Club. The city has two 18-hole golf courses, the Cosmopolitan Club and the Gymkhana Club, both established in the late nineteenth century. Viswanathan Anand, the chess World champion and the world's top ranked chess player as of October 2007, grew up in Chennai.[124] [125] [126] , Sriperumpudur is a panchayat town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... The Guindy Race Course is a horse racing course set up in 1777 in Chennai, India. ... Madras Boat Club (est. ... The Cosmopolitan Club is one of the three 18-hole golf courses in Chennai, India. ... The Gymkhana Club is one of the three 18-hole golf courses in Chennai, India. ... This article uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves. ...


Other athletes of repute from Chennai include table tennis players Sharath Kamal[127] and two-time world carrom champion, Maria Irudayam.[128] The city has a rugby union team called the Chennai Cheetahs.[129] Achanta Sharath Kamal (born 12 July 1982) is a professional table tennis player hailing from Tamilnadu, India. ... For the games with billiard balls, see Carom billiards, or Cue sport more generally. ... A. Maria Irudayam (1956 - ) is a Two time World Carrom champion and Nine time National champion of India. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colorado. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Texas. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ...

See also

Chennai suburban railway is a commuter rail system in the Indian city of Chennai operated by the Southern Railway. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Development Plan for Chennai Metropolitan Area (PDF) p. 1. Govt. of India (April 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-12.
  2. ^ "Chennai emerging as India's Silicon Valley?", The Economic Times, May 1, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-05-17. 
  3. ^ "Tamil Nadu software exports to touch Rs 26,000 cr", The Economic Times, April 16, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-05-17. 
  4. ^ "6 of top 10 IT exporters from Chennai", The Economic Times, April 29, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-05-17. 
  5. ^ "Andhra Pradesh emerges as the preferred IT hub in India", The Economic Times, March 20, 2008. Retrieved on 2008-05-17. 
  6. ^ According to the Ministry of External Affairs, Germany, Japan, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Russia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, the United Kingdom and the United States of America maintain full diplomatic missions or consular offices in Chennai, while Austria, Belgium, Chile, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, South Korea, Kyrgyz Republic, Luxembourg, Malawi, Maldives, Mauritius, New Zealand, Norway, Philippines, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Serbia, Turkey and Turkmenistan maintain honorary consulates.Protocol Division, Ministry of External Affairs. Mission List. Retrieved on 2007-10-04..
  7. ^ a b c d e History. District Profile. Government of India. Retrieved on 2007-08-29.
  8. ^ Srinivasan, T.A. "Face behind the name", The Hindu, February 28, 2002. Retrieved on 2007-08-29. 
  9. ^ Kurian, Nimi. "And the city grew", The Hindu, August 31, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-03. 
  10. ^ Chennai History. Corporation of Chennai. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  11. ^ Tharoor, Sashi. "In India's name game, cities are the big losers", International Herald Tribune, September 06, 2002. Retrieved on 2007-08-29. 
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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан, variously transliterated), officially the Kyrgyz Republic, and sometimes known as Kirghizia, is a country in Central Asia. ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 221st day of the year (222nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency channel at the same time without harmful interference. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Reliance Communications (formerly Reliance Infocomm), along with Reliance Telecom and Flag Telecom, is part of Reliance Communications Ventures (RCoVL). ... General Information Generically (as a multiplexing scheme), code division multiple access (CDMA) is any use of any form of spread spectrum by multiple transmitters to send to the same receiver on the same frequency channel at the same time without harmful interference. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... , Coimbatore (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 102nd day of the year (103rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wendell Cox is an international public policy consultant. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Airports Authority of India Logo The Airports Authority of India (AAI) is an organization working under the Ministry Of Civil Aviation that manages all the airports in India. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Radio TV Handbook is a directory of virtually every radio and TV station on Earth, published yearly since 1946. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cricinfo is the largest cricket-related website and one of the largest websites in the world with more than 20 million users. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cricinfo is the largest cricket-related website and one of the largest websites in the world with more than 20 million users. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cricinfo is the largest cricket-related website and one of the largest websites in the world with more than 20 million users. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IMG, originally known as the International Management Group is a leading global talent agency and production company. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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  • Chennai Tourism
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  • Official website of the Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority


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CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Motto: Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


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Indian Airports, Airports of India, India Tourism, Indian Travel and Indian Hotels (131 words)
Madras International Airport is situated at Tirisulam, 7 Km south of Chennai.
Madras, now known as Chennai, is a city on the east coast of southern India.
Situated on the shores of the Bay of Bengal, this capital of the state of Tamil Nadu is India's fourth largest metropolitan city and one of the 35 largest metropolitan areas in the world.Its name was officially changed to Chennai i...
Chennai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4560 words)
Chennai is the automobile capital of India, with around forty percent of the automobile industry having a base there and with a major portion of the nation's vehicles being produced there.
Chennai city is governed by the Corporation of Chennai, which consists of a Mayor and 155 Councillors representing the 155 Wards (all directly elected by the city residents), one of whom is elected by the other Councillors as a Deputy Mayor.
Chennai being the capital of Tamil Nadu houses the executive and legislative headquarters of the government of Tamil Nadu.
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