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Encyclopedia > Chenla
This article is part of
the History of Cambodia series

Early history of Cambodia
Migration of Kambojas
Funan (AD1 - AD630)
Chenla (AD630 - AD802)
Khmer Empire (AD802 - AD1432)
Rule over Isan
Dark ages of Cambodia (1432 - 1887)
The loss of the Mekong Delta
Colonial Cambodia (1887-1953)
Cambodia_under_Sihanouk_(1954-1970)
Cambodian Civil War (1967-1975)
Coup of 1970
Cambodia under Pol Pot (1975-1979)
Mayagüez Incident
Vietnam-Khmer Rouge War (1978-1989)
Cambodia_Under_Vietnamese_Occupation_(1979-1989)
Modern Cambodia (1989-present)
2003 Phnom Penh riots
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Chenla, known from Chinese records as Zhenla (真腊), was an early Khmer kingdom. At first a vassal state to Funan (circa AD 550), over the next 60 years it achieved its independence and eventually conquered all of Funan, absorbing its people and culture. The weakening of the Funan state at this time can largely be explained by distant events; the collapse of the Roman Empire and subsequently trade routes between the Mediterranean and China. In 613, Isanapura became the first capital of the new empire. Chenla later divided into northern and southern states, known as "Chenla of the Land" and "Chenla of the Sea", respectively. The Champassak province of modern-day Laos was the center of the northern part, while the territory of the Mekong Delta and the coast belonged to the southern part. Several smaller states broke off from Northern and Southern Chenla in 715, further weakening the region. This is the History of Cambodia series. ... Image File history File links Phraviharngopura. ... Prehistory and early kingdoms Archaeological evidence indicates that parts of the region now called Cambodia were inhabited during the first and second millennia BCE by a Neolithic culture may have migrated from southeastern China to the Indochinese Peninsula. ... References to Kambojas abound in ancient literature, and this may have been just the expansion of an Indo-Iranian tribe with both Persian and Indic affinities from their homeland in the Afghanistan-Turkistan region along the foothills of the Himalayas towards Bengal, along the coast to Gujarat, to Sri Lanka... Funan was the pre-southern Chinese inhabitant in SEA (the Mongoloid-southern Chinese), which is today became Thai-Lao-and Vietnam. ... Map of Asia and Europe circa 1100 C.E. and the golden age of Khmer Empire. ... The history of Isan has been determined by its geography: situated between Cambodia, Laos and Thailand, it has been dominated by each in turn, although its relative infertility meant it was more often a battleground than a prize. ... Cambodias Struggle for Survival 1432-1887 The more than four centuries that passed from the abandonment of Angkor around the mid-15th century to the establishment of a protectorate under the French in 1863 are considered by historians to be Cambodias dark ages, a period of economic, social... Khmer Krom (Khmer: ; Vietnamese: KhÆ¡-me Crôm or KhÆ¡-me dÆ°á»›i, which literally means Khmer from below (below referring to the lower areas of the Mekong delta), is the ethnic Khmer minority living in southern Vietnam, especially in the delta of the Mekong River. ... // French Colonial Occupation In October of 1887, the French announced the formation of the Union Indochinoise (Indochinese Union), which at that time comprised Cambodia, already an autonomous French possession, and the three regions of Vietnam (Tonkin, Annam, and Cochinchina. ... // First administration of Sihanouk, 1954-1970 Norodom Sihanouk continues to be one of the most controversial figures in Southeast Asias turbulent, and often tragic, postwar history. ... // Insurrection and War, 1967-75 By the mid-1960s, Norodom Sihanouks delicate balancing act was beginning to go awry. ... The Cambodian coup of 1970 refers to removal of Prince Norodom Sihanouk and the subsequent elevation of Lon Nol as head of state in Cambodia in 1970. ... Communist Cambodia was officially named Democratic Kampuchea under the government of Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge party from 1975 until 1979. ... Time Magazine cover about the incident - May 26, 1975 The Mayagüez incident with the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia on May 12-15, 1975, marked the last official battle of the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. ... // Background Even before the war in Vietnam had ended, the relationship between the Khmer Rouge and Vietnam was at a low. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... After the fall of Democratic Kampuchea, Cambodia was under Vietnamese occupation and in a civil war during the 1980s. ... The fluid historical relationship between Thailand and Cambodia has prompted some Thai nationalists to claim that Angkor belongs to Thailand. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Funan was the pre-southern Chinese inhabitant in SEA (the Mongoloid-southern Chinese), which is today became Thai-Lao-and Vietnam. ... Centuries: 5th century - 6th century - 7th century Decades: 500s - 510s - 520s - 530s - 540s - 550s - 560s - 570s - 580s - 590s - 600s Years: 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 Events and Trends Categories: 550s ... Events Clotaire II reunites the Frankish kingdoms by ordering the murder of Sigebert II. Saint Columbanus founds the monastery of Bobbio in northern Italy. ... -1... Mekong River Delta from space, February 1996 Mekong Delta, February 2005. ... Events August 11 - Germanus is translated from the bishopric of Cyzicus to the Patriarch of Constantinople Umayyad caliph al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik succeeded by Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik End of the reign of Empress Gemmei of Japan, she is succeeded by Empress Gensho. ...

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See also

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To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This is the History of Cambodia series. ...

Sources

  • "Chenla (Pre-Angkor Era)". History of Cambodia. June 21, 2004 http://www.cambodia-travel.com/khmer/chenla.htm
  • "The State of Zhenla" History of the Khmer People. April 20, 2006 http://www.asiatravel-cambodia.com/cambodia-history/chenla.htm

  Results from FactBites:
 
Early history of Cambodia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2114 words)
The people of Chenla were Khmer and wrote in Khmer script, as opposed to the Funan practice of writing in Sanskrit.
Chenla is first mentioned in the Chinese Sui History as a Funan vassal.
In the 8th century, however, factional disputes at the Chenla court resulted in the splitting of the kingdom into rival northern and southern halves.
Chenla - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (203 words)
Chenla - known also as Zhenla - (真腊) was an early kingdom of Cambodia.
Chenla later divided into northern and southern states, known as "Chenla of the Land" and "Chenla of the Sea", respectively.
The Champassak province of modern-day Laos was the center of the northern part, while the territory of the Mekong Delta and the coast belonged to the southern part.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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