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Encyclopedia > Chengdu
成都市
Chéngdū Shì
Administration Type Sub-provincial city
City Seat Qingyang District
Area 12,390 km²
Population 10,597,000 (2005)
Elevation 500m/1650ft
GDP
- Total
- Per Capita
 
¥275 billion
¥25,950
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 19
Township-level divisions
CPC Committee Secretary Li Chuncheng (李春城)
Mayor Ge Honglin (葛红林)
Area code 028
Postal Code 610000
License Plate Prefix 川A

Chengdu  (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chéngdū; Wade-Giles: Ch'eng-tu), located in southwest China, is the capital of Sichuan province and a sub-provincial city. It is the fifth[citation needed] most populous city in China. Chengdu is also one of the most important economic centers and transportation and communication hubs in China. The Putuo Zongcheng ticket to the summer resort (1984) Chengde (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chéngdé; Manchu: Erdemu be aliha fu) is a city approximately one hundred miles northeast of Beijing in northeastern Hebei province, situated near the Luan River. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 713 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (880 × 740 pixels, file size: 96 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or deputy-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... The seat of government is the location of the government for a political entity. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ... CNY and RMB redirect here. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Languages Chinese languages Religions Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), also known as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China, a position guaranteed by the countrys constitution. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Chinese Telephone Code Plan is the way to group telephone numbers in mainland China. ... The Postal code for the Peoples Republic of China is under a numeric 6-digit system for the whole country. ... Blue PRC licence plates of the 1992 standard (August 2004 image). ... Image File history File links Zh-Chengdu. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... For other province-level divisions, see Political divisions of China. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or deputy-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ...


More than four thousand years ago, the prehistorical Bronze Age culture of Jinsha (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jīnshā) established itself in this region. The fertile Chengdu Plain, on which Chengdu is located, is called Tianfuzhi guo (simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: Tiānfǔzhi Guó) in Chinese, which literally means "the country of heaven", or more often seen translated as "the Land of Abundance". It was recently named China's 4th-most livable city by China Daily.[1] The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Jinsha (金沙) is an archaeological site in Sichuan, China. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The Chengdu Plain is in China. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... It has been suggested that China Daily Hong Kong Edition be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

Population

Throughout most of Chinese history, Chengdu has been a city with a large number of people. By 2006 the population was 2.3 million, which made Chengdu the fifth largest city in China in terms of population, just following Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin and Chongqing. The urban populace excluding recognized city dependants is 3.9 million. China is the worlds oldest continuous major civilization, with written records dating back about 3,500 years and with 5,000 years being commonly used by Chinese as the age of their civilization. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ...


Geography and climate

Chengdu is situated at the western edge of the Sichuan Basin. It is therefore sheltered from northwest winds from Siberia in winter by the Qing Ling mountain range to the north. The climate is mild and humid. The short winter is milder than in the Lower Yangtse because of the sheltering effect of the Qing Ling. Snow is rare but there are a few periods of frost each winter. The summer is longer, but not as hot as in cities such as Wuhan and Nanjing in the Lower Yangtse downstream. Average daytime highs are 49F (10C) in January and 85F (30C) in July. Rainfall is reliable year round but peaks in the summer months. The Sichuan Basin is a basin in middle eastern China. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ...


Chengdu has one of the lowest sunshine totals in China (less sunshine annually than London), and most days are cloudy even if without rain. This is especially so in the winter months, when it is typically interminably grey and dreary. Spring (Mar-Apr) tends to be sunnier, warmer and drier than autumn (Oct-Nov). This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Notable people

Chengdu's location within China
Chengdu's location within China
  • Sima Xiangru, a great writer of the Western Han Dynasty.
  • Zhuo Wenjun, wife of the famous writer Sima Xiangru.
  • Yang Xiong, a great writer and philosopher during the Western Han Dynasty.
  • Chang Qu, the famous historian of the Western Jin Dynasty; his work 'Hua Yang Guo Zhi' is the first Chinese historical geography work.
  • Xue Tao, a famous female poet of the Tang Dynasty.
  • Ba Jin, a great writer, who was born in Chengdu and died in Shanghai in 2005.
  • Wang Guangxi, the famous musician, the first Chinese awarded a doctoral degree in music.
  • Zhou Taixuan, the famous biologist.
  • Li Jieren, the famous writer, was born in Chengdu in 1891.
  • Kong Xiangming, the famous female player of Go.
  • Zheng Jie and Yan Zi have been making quite an impact on the Women's Tennis Tour. Although both are successful in singles (Zheng Jie with two titles and Yan Zi with one), they are better known for their doubles grand slam wins in the 2006 Australian Open and in the 2006 Wimbledon.
  • Jung Chang, writer and historian, born in Yibin in 1952, and raised in Chengdu.

Download high resolution version (1804x1322, 278 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Chengdu Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (1804x1322, 278 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Chengdu Categories: GFDL images ... Sima Xiangru (179 - 117 BC) was a Chinese writer. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220... Zhuo Wenjun, or Wen Jun, 卓文君 (1st century BC) was a Chinese woman writer of the Western Han dynasty. ... Water Margin character, see Yang Xiong. ... Chang Qu (c. ... Xue Tao (768-831) was a Chinese poet from the Tang Dynasty. ... Li Yaotang (Simplified Chinese: , Styled Feigan; ) (November 25, 1904 – October 17, 2005) is considered to be one of the most important and widely-read Chinese writers of the twentieth century. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A doctorate is an academic degree of the highest level. ... A biologist is a scientist devoted to and producing results in biology through the study of organisms. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is Zheng. ... The Australian Open is held each January at Melbourne Park. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as Wimbledon, is the oldest major championship in tennis and is widely considered to be the most prestigious. ... Jung Chang (Traditional Chinese: 張戎, Simplified Chinese: 张戎, Wade-Giles: Chang Jung, Pinyin: Zhāng Róng; born March 25, 1952) is a Chinese-born British writer, best known for her family autobiography Wild Swans, selling over 10 million copies worldwide, but banned in mainland China. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

History

Jinli Street
The Dujiangyan Irrigation System located near Chengdu is one of the World Cultural Heritage Sites together with Mount Qingcheng
The Dujiangyan Irrigation System located near Chengdu is one of the World Cultural Heritage Sites together with Mount Qingcheng
Jinjiang River and Anshun (peaceful and fluent) Bridge
Jinjiang River and Anshun (peaceful and fluent) Bridge
Chunxi Road
Chunxi Road

In the early 4th century BC, the 9th Kaiming king of the ancient Shu moved his capital to the city's current location from today's nearby Pixian. He was said to have been inspired by the ancient story of King Tai of Zhou, Grandfather of King Wu of Zhou, moving his capital. History recorded King Tai of Zhou's move as "it took a year to become a town; it took three years to become a capital". Following this, king of Shu named the new city as "Cheng Du", which means "become a capital" (In Chinese, the word "cheng" means "become", "du" means "capital"). There are, however, several versions of why the capital was moved to Chengdu, and more recent theories of the name's origin point to it as stemming from, or referring to, earlier non-Han inhabitants and/or their languages. Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Chengdu ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Chengdu ... Image File history File links Dujiangyan. ... Image File history File links Dujiangyan. ... Du Jiang Yan (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an irrigation infastucture built in 256 BC during the Warring States Period of China by the Kingdom of Qin. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Mount Qingcheng is a mountain in Guanxian, Sichuan, China. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Chengdu ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Chengdu ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chunxilu. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chunxilu. ... The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. ... Shu (蜀) was an ancient state in Sichuan, China. ... Pixian is a town in China. ... King Wu of Zhou (Chinese: ; pinyin: zhōu wŭ wáng) or King Wu of Chou was the first sovereign of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. ...


After the conquest of Shu by the State of Qin in 316 BC, a new city was founded by the Qin general Zhang Yi (who as a matter of fact had argued against the invasion). This can be seen as the beginning of the Chinese Chengdu. It was renamed Yìzhou (益) during the Han Dynasty. Shu (蜀) was an ancient state in Sichuan, China. ... Qin or Chin (Wade-Giles) (秦), pronounced something like Shin, (778 BC-207 BC) was a state during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Periods of China. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 321 BC 320 BC 319 BC 318 BC 317 BC 316 BC 315 BC 314 BC 313... Zhang Yi 張儀 (???-309 BC), born in State of Wei during the Warring States Period of China. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (202 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–190 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication to Cao Wei 220...


During the partition following the fall of the Eastern Han Dynasty, i.e. the era of the Three Kingdoms, Liu Bei founded the southwest kingdom of Shu-Han (; 221-263) with Chengdu as its capital. The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese characters: 漢朝, Simplified Chinese characters: 汉朝, pinyin Hàncháo 202 BC - AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ... The Three Kingdoms period (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a period in the history of China, part of an era of disunity called the Six Dynasties. ... This is a Chinese name; the family name is 劉 (Liu) Liú Bèi (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) (161 – 223), courtesy name Xuándé (玄徳), was a powerful warlord and the founding emperor of the Kingdom of Shu during the Three Kingdoms era in ancient China. ... The territories of Shu Han (in red), AD 262 Capital Chengdu Language(s) Chinese Government Monarchy Emperor  - 221 - 223 Liu Bei  - 223 - 263 Liu Shan Historical era Three Kingdoms  - Establishment 221  - Conquest of Shu by Wei 263 Population  -  est. ... Events June 26 - Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopts Alexander Severus as his heir. ... Events The Wei Kingdom conquered the kingdom of Shu Han, one of the Chinese Three Kingdoms. ...


During the Tang Dynasty, both the "Poet God" Li Bó () and the "Poet Sage" Dù Fu (甫) spent some part of their lives in Chengdu. Du Fu constructed the celebrated "Caotáng" (?? or grass-hut) in the second year of his four-years stay (759-762). But today's Caotang, a rather sumptuous house in the traditional style, was only constructed in 1078 in memory of Du Fu. For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... Li Po (701-762) was a Chinese poet, considered the greatest romantic poet of the Tang dynasty. ... Du Fu (Chinese: ; Wade-Giles: Tu Fu, 712–770) was a prominent Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty. ... Events The Franks capture Narbonne; the Saracens are completely driven out of Japanese poet Otomo no Yakamochi compiled the first Japanese poetry anthology Manyoshu. ... Events Abbasid caliph al-Mansur founds new capital at Baghdad, Iraq Births Deaths Emperor Xuanzong of Tang China Chinese poet Li Po, the Poet Immortal. ... Events Romanesque church begun at Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain Anselm of Canterbury becomes abbot of Le Bec William the Conqueror ordered the White Tower to be built Births Deaths Categories: 1078 ...


Chengdu was also the birthplace of the first widely used paper money in the world (Northern Song Dynasty, around A.D. 960). Paper Money is the second album by the band Montrose. ... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ...


Two rebel leaders, one around the end of Song Dynasty, the other near the end of Ming Dynasty, set up the capitals of their short-lived kingdoms here, called Dàshu () and Dàxi (西), respectively. Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou... For other uses, see Ming. ...


The Second World War brought an unexpected wave of prosperity to Chengdu as the Guomindang (Chinese Nationalist) government under Chiang Kai-shek fled to Sichuan Province to escape the invading Japanese forces. They brought with them businesspeople, workers and academics, who founded many of the industries and cultural institutions which continue to make Chengdu an important center. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional Chinese: 中國國民黨; Simplified Chinese: 中国国民党; pinyin: Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang; literally the National Peoples Party of China... Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was the Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ... Sichuan (Chinese: 四川; pinyin: Sìchuān; Wade-Giles: Ssu-ch`uan; non-standard transliteration: Szechwan) is a province in central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ...


In 1944 the American XX Bomber Command launched Operation Matterhorn, an ambitious plan to base B-29 Superfortresses at Chengdu and strategically bomb the Japanese Home Islands. Because it required a massive airlift of fuel and supplies over the Himalayas, it was not a great military success, but it did earn Chengdu the distinction of launching the first serious retaliation against the Japanese homeland. The XX Bomber Command of the USAAF was established in November 1943 to oversee B_29 Superfortress training in the US. The XX, an operational unit under the Twentieth Air Force was then moved to India. ... Operation Matterhorn was organised by U.S. XX Bomber Command during World War II to place USAAF B29 Bombers in China for use against Japan. ... The Boeing B-29 Superfortress was a four-engine heavy bomber propeller aircraft flown by the United States Army Air Forces in World War II and other military organizations afterwards. ... The Home Islands refers to the four main islands of Japan: Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Hokkaido. ...


Chengdu was the last city on the Chinese mainland to be held by the Kuomintang-controlled government. R.O.C. President Chiang Kai-shek and his son Chiang Ching-kuo directed the defence of the city at Chengdu Central Military Academy, until 1949 when the city fell into communist hands. The People's Liberation Army took the city on December 10 and the remnants of the Nationalist Chinese government fled to Taiwan. ... The Kuomintang of China (abbreviation KMT) [1], also often translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Republic of China (ROC), now on Taiwan, and is currently the largest political party in terms of seats in the Legislative Yuan, and the oldest political party in the... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was the Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ... Chiang Ching-kuo (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: Jiǎng Jīngguó; Wade-Giles: Chiang Ching-kuo) (April 271, 1910 – January 13, 1988), Kuomintang (KMT) politician and leader, was the son of President Chiang Kai-shek and held numerous posts in the government of the Republic of China (from... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ...


Today the industrial base is very broad, including light and heavy manufacturing, aluminum smelting and chemicals. The textile industry remains important, with cotton and wool milling added to the traditional manufacturing of silk brocade and satin.


Today it is the headquarters of the Chengdu Military Region. The Chengdu Military Region is a military administrative command located in the southwest of the Peoples Republic of China, covering Chongqing, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, and the Xizang/Tibet Autonomous Region. ...


Previous names

Chengdu is famous for its teahouses
Chengdu is famous for its teahouses
Traffic in Chengdu
Traffic in Chengdu

In the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-23 AD), brocade produced in Chengdu enjoyed great popularity among the royal and elite class in China. Emperor installed Jin Guan (an official in charge of brocade production) to oversee brocade production in Chengdu. Since then, Chengdu has been called "Jin Guan Cheng" (Brocade Official's City), or in its short form, "Jin Cheng" (Brocade city). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x667, 101 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chengdu ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x667, 101 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chengdu ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chengdu-calles-w03. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Chengdu-calles-w03. ... Brocade can stands for: thick heavy fabric into which raised patterns have been woven. ... The Han Dynasty (Traditional Chinese characters: 漢朝, Simplified Chinese characters: 汉朝, pinyin Hàncháo 202 BC - AD 220) followed the Qin Dynasty and preceded the Three Kingdoms in China. ...

  • The City of Hibiscus: Róngchéng, 蓉

In the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period (907-960), Mengchang, the king of the Later Shu Kingdom, ordered the planting of hibiscus on the fortress wall surrounding the city. After this, Chengdu started being referred as the City of Hibiscus. Nowadays, the hibiscus is still the city flower of Chengdu. But the last city wall was torn down in the 1960s along with the Royal Palace situated in the middle of the city. Species Over 200 species Hibiscus, or rosemallow, is a large genus of about 200–220 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to warm temperate, subtropical and tropical regions throughout the world. ... Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (Traditional Chinese: 五代十國 Simplified Chinese: 五代十国 Hanyu pinyin: WÇ”dàishíguó) (907-960) was a period of political upheaval in China, between the Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty. ... Later Shu (Hou Shu, 後蜀) was one of the Ten Kingdoms located in Sichuan basin which was in existance between the years of 934 and 965. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Separation barrier. ...


The aforementioned "previous names" are not formal names, however, but are more accurately thought of as nicknames. The name "Chengdu" has never changed during thousands years since the city was founded, and the city has always been in the same location.


Culture and folklore

The Sichuan cuisine is famous for being very spicy, but in fact only slightly more than 30% of dishes officially labeled "local" rely on chili pepper. The reputation for hot food is, however, much older than the use of peppers, which became common only in the 17-18th century. Sichuan Cuisine or Szechuan Cuisine (川菜, pinyin: chuān cài), originating in the Sichuan province of western China, has an international reputation for being spicy and flavorful. ... For other uses, see Chili. ...


Chengdu's cuisine is considered to be one of China's most outstanding. The many local specialties include Grandma Chen's Bean Curd (Mapo doufu), Chengdu Hot pot, and Carrying Pole Noodles (Dan Dan Noodles). Mapo Tofu Mapo Tofu Mapo doufu (Mapo tofu) (Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a popular Chinese dish from the Szechuan (Sichuan) province. ... Raw meats ready to be cooked. ... Dan dan Noodles (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a classic dish of Chinese Sichuan cuisine. ...


An article by the Los Angeles Times (2006) called Chengdu "China's party city". Chengdu outnumbers Shanghai in the number of tea houses and bars despite having less than half the population. The inhabitants have a reputation both within Sichuan and in China at large for having a laid back attitude and for knowing how to enjoy life. This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Yugao-tei, Kanazawa Ihōan at Kōdai-ji in Kyoto Tchai-Ovna, Glasgow Tea houses are houses or parlors centered on drinking tea. ...


Economy

Chengdu is home to several key industries and markets in China that are both significant for domestic and international markets. First, Sichuan Province and the Chengdu region have long been the capital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). This combined with recent intrigue into pharmaceuticals has launched Chengdu into one of the major pharmaceutical R&D centers in China, as well as the leading R&D region in Western China. Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ...


Electronic and IT industry

Chengdu has long been established as a national base for electronic and IT industry. Several key national electronic R&D institutes are located in Chengdu. Chengdu's Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone has attracted a variety of multinationals, including Intel, IBM, NOKIA, Alcatel, Motorola, SAP, and Microsoft, as well as domestic powerhouses such as Lenovo. Intel's Chengdu factory is its second one after its Shanghai factory in China and the first such large-scale foreign investment in electronic industry in interior China. Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... This article is about the telecommunications corporation. ... Alcatel SA is a global company, headquartered in France that provides hardware, software and services to telecommunications service providers and enterprises. ... Motorola Inc. ... SAP AG (ISIN: DE0007164600, FWB: SAP, NYSE: SAP) is the largest European software enterprise and the third largest in the world, with headquarters in Walldorf, Germany. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Lenovo Group Limited, formerly known as Legend Group Limited, is the largest personal computer manufacturer in the Peoples Republic of China, and as of 2004 is the eighth largest in the world. ...


Financial industry

Chengdu is now building itself to be the financial hub for West China and has successfully attracted major international financial institutions, including Citigroup, HSBC, Standard Chartered Bank, United Overseas Bank (Singapore). Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation (Singapore), ABN AMRO, Bank of East Asia, BNP Paribas, etc. Citigroup Inc. ... For other uses, see HSBC (disambiguation). ... Standard Chartered Bank (LSE: STAN, SEHK: 2888) is a British bank headquartered in London with operations in more than fifty countries. ... United Overseas Bank Limited SGX: U11 (Simplified Chinese: 大华银行有限公司; Pinyin: Dàhuá Yínháng YÇ’uxìan GōngsÄ«), abbreviated as UOB (Simplified Chinese: 大华银行; Pinyin: Dàhuá Yínháng) is a bank incorporated in Singapore. ... Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation Limited (SGX: O04) (Mandarin: 华侨银行), abbreviated as OCBC Bank, was formed in 1932 as a result of a merger of three local banks: the Chinese Commercial Bank Limited (1912), the Ho Hong Bank Limited (1917) and the Oversea-Chinese Bank Limited (1919). ... ABN AMRO (Euronext: AAB, NYSE: ABN) is one of the largest banks in Europe and has operations all over the world. ... The Bank of East Asia (Traditional Chinese: 東亞銀行) (HKSE: 0023) often abbreviated to BEA, is the largest independent chinese bank in Hong Kong. ... BNP Paribas (Euronext: BNP, TYO: 8665 ) is one of the main banks in Europe and France. ...


Historically, Chengdu has marked its name in the history of financial innovation. The world’s first ever paper currency 'Jiao Zi' was seen in Chengdu in the year 1023, during the Song Dynasty of Ancient China. Northern Song in 1111 AD Capital Bianjing (汴京) (960–1127) Linan (臨安) (1127–1276) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 960–976 Emperor Taizu  - 1126–1127 Emperor Qinzong  - 1127–1162 Emperor Gaozong  - 1278–1279 Emperor Bing History  - Zhao Kuangyin taking over the throne of the Later Zhou...


Now, Chengdu is not only the gateway of West China for foreign financial institutions, but also a booming town for Chinese domestic financial firms. The Chinese monetary authority, People's Bank of China (China’s central bank), set its southwest China headquarters in Chengdu City. In addition, almost all domestic banks and securities brokerage firms located their regional headquarters or branches in Chengdu. At the same time, the local financial firms of Chengdu are strengthening their presences nationally, notably, West China Securities, GuoJin Securities and Chengdu Commercial Bank. Moreover, on top of banks and brokerage firms, the flourish of local economy lured more and more financial service firms to the city to capitalize on the economic growth. KPMG opened this first west China office in Chengdu City this October, and before the inauguration of KPMG Chengdu office, its rival, Ernst & Young, had already integrated Chengdu into its global operation for several years. The Peoples Bank of China (PBC) (Simplified Chinese: 中国人民银行; Traditional Chinese: 中國人民銀行; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Yínháng ) (not to be confused with the Bank of China or the Central Bank of China) is the central bank of the Peoples Republic of China with the power to... KPMG is one of the largest professional services firms in the world. ... Ernst & Young is one of the largest professional services firms in the world, and one of the Big Four auditors, along with PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu (Deloitte) and KPMG. Ernst & Young is a global organization consisting of many member firms. ...


Defense industry

Located within the city limits is the Chengdu Aircraft Company which produces the recently declassified J-10 Fighter. The company is one of the major manufacturers of Chinese Military aviation technology. The Chengdu J-10 is a multirole fighter aircraft produced by the Peoples Republic of China Chengdu Aircraft Corporation (CAC). ...


International flights

Huaxi campus of Sichuan University
Huaxi campus of Sichuan University
Temple in Chengdu
Temple in Chengdu

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is the sixth largest airport in mainland China, after Beijing Capital, Shanghai Pudong, Shanghai Hongqiao, Guangzhou Baiyun and Shenzhen Bao'an. In 2006, the passenger volume in Chengdu Shuangliu reached 16.28 million, one of the world's 100 busiest airports by passenger traffic. Image File history File links Scuhuaxi. ... Image File history File links Scuhuaxi. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 194 KB) 12/09/2005 es: Un templo en Chengdu. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 194 KB) 12/09/2005 es: Un templo en Chengdu. ... Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport (IATA: (CTU, ICAO: ZUUU) Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the major airport in Chengdu, China. ... Beijing Capital International Airport (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) (IATA: PEK, ICAO: ZBAA) is the main international airport that serves the capital city of Beijing, Peoples Republic of China. ... Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) (SSE: 600009) (Simplified Chinese上海浦东国际机场, Traditional Chinese 上海浦東國際機場, pinyin ShànghÇŽi PÇ”dōng Guójì JÄ«cháng) is an airport located in the eastern part of Pudong district of Shanghai, China. ... Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport (IATA: SHA, ICAO: ZSSS) (Simplified Chinese: 上海虹桥国际机场, Traditional Chinese: 上海虹橋國際機場, Pinyin: ShànghÇŽi Hóngqiáo Guójì JÄ«cháng, Translation: Rainbow Bridge International Airport) is one of the two airports in Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CAN, ICAO: ZGGG) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the main airport of Guangzhou, the capital of the province of Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China. ... Shenzhen Baoan International Airport or Huangtian Airport (IATA: SZX, ICAO: ZGSZ) is located in Huangtian Village, Baoan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Currently, there are direct international flights connecting, Chengdu to Singapore (Silk Air and Air China), Chengdu to Bangkok (Thai Airways International), Chengdu to Tokyo (Air China), Chengdu to Seoul (Asiana Airlines and Air China), Chengdu to Phnom Penh (Angkor Airways), Chengdu to Amsterdam (KLM: Royal Dutch Airlines). The Chengdu to Kuala Lumpur route with Malaysia Airlines was canceled on 29 Nov 2006. Silkair is a subsidiary of Singapore Airlines and is based in Singapore. ... Not to be confused with China Airlines, the national airline of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governer Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... // Asiana Airlines (아시아나 í•­ê³µ Asiana Hanggong KOSDAQ: 020560) (Formerly Seoul Airlines) is an airline based in Seoul, South Korea and is one of South Koreas two major airlines, along with Korean Air. ... Phnom Penh (Khmer: ; official Romanization: Phnum Pénh; IPA: ) is the largest, most populous and capital city of Cambodia. ... Established in 2004, Angkor Airways Corporation has been attracting many talents all over the world. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... KLM can also refer to KLM (Human Computer Interaction) KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (in full: Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij, literally Royal Air Transport Company; usual English: Royal Dutch Airlines) is an airline subsidiary of Air France-KLM based in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Malaysia Airlines (Abbreviated: MAS,马航 ; Malay: Penerbangan Malaysia; Chinese: 马来西亚航空公司; Hanyu Pinyin: MálaixÄ«ya Hángkōng GōngsÄ«) is the national airline of Malaysia, operating scheduled services to over 100 destinations worldwide. ...


There are also intraregional flights connecting Chengdu to Hong Kong (Dragonair, Hong Kong Express and Air China) and Macau (Air Macau). Hong Kong Dragon Airlines Limited, operating as Dragonair, (Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is an airline based in Hong Kong. ... Hong Kong Express is also the title of a television drama serie produced by SBS of Korea The Hong Kong Express Airways Limited (港聯航空) is an airline based at Hong Kong International Airport. ... Air Macau (Chinese:澳門航空), is an airline based in Macau. ...


Colleges and universities

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed. Sichuan University is a major Chinese university, located in the city of Chengdu, in the Sichuan province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Sichuan Normal University (SNU) (Chinese: 四川师范大学) is a university in Sichuan, China. ... Southwest Jiaotong University [Chinese: 西南交通大学; Pinyin: xīnán jiāotōng dàxué] is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in mainland China. ... University of Electronic Science and Technology of China is a university located in Chengdu, Sichuan, China. ... Southwestern University of Finance and Economics (西南财经大学), locally known as SWUFE, is a university in Chengdu, China that was founded in 1925. ... Southwest University for Nationalities is a small university located in Chengdu, the capital city of the Sichuan province. ... Sichuan International Studies University (四川外语学院) is a public university located in Chongqing and Chengdu, China. ... Chengdu University of Technology (CDUT) was founded in 1956. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Xihua University An Overview Approved by the State Ministry of Education, Xihua University (XHU), a key provincial comprehensive university, merged by the former Sichuan University of Science and Technology and the former Teacher’s College, was founded on April 16, 2003. ...


High schools

The Wang Jiang Lou
The Wang Jiang Lou
  • Shishi Middle School [1]
  • Chengdu Shude High School [2]
  • Chengdu No. Seven High School [3]
  • Chengdu Liewu High School [4]
  • Chengdu No. Twelve High School(The High School Attached to Sichuan University) [5]
  • Chengdu Foreign languages School
  • Chengdu Experimental Foreign languages School
  • Chengdu International School [6]
  • PengZhou middle School
  • Chengdu No. Eighteen High School
  • Shuangliu High School

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 2529 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chengdu Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 2529 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Chengdu Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Shishi Middle School (Simplified Chinese:石室中学,文翁石室,pinyin: shíshì zhōngxúe,wén wēng shíshì) is located in Chengdu, China. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Consulates

In 1986, the United States Consulate General at Chengdu was established. It is the first consulate established in west-central China since 1949. Currently seven countries have established consulates in Chengdu. The United Kingdom also established a visa application center in Chengdu. A Pakistani consulate will be opened soon. Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Consulate Year Consular District
Flag of the United StatesUnited States Consulate General Chengdu 1986 Sichuan/Chongqing/Yunnan/Guizhou/Tibet
Flag of GermanyGermany Consulate General Chengdu 2003 Sichuan/Chongqing/Yunnan/Guizhou
Flag of South KoreaRepublic of Korea Consulate General Chengdu 2004 Sichuan/Chongqing/Yunnan/Guizhou
Flag of ThailandThailand Consulate General Chengdu 2004 Sichuan/Chongqing
France Consulate General Chengdu 2005 Sichuan/Chongqing/Yunnan/Guizhou
Flag of SingaporeSingapore Consulate Chengdu 2006 Sichuan
Pakistan Consulate General Chengdu 2007 Sichuan/Chongqing/Yunnan/Guizhou/Tibet

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Yunan redirects here. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Yunan redirects here. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Yunan redirects here. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Yunan redirects here. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Yunan redirects here. ... (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; pinyin: Gùizhōu; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ...

Sister cities

In 1979, Chengdu signed a sister city agreement with Montpellier, France, the first pair of Sino-French sister cities. Later Chengdu signed sister city agreements with cities in ten countries, as well as signing a friendly region agreement with Dalarna province in Sweden. Chengdu has had many friendly exchanges with the sister cities. Montpellier, for example, has a Chengdu Street and a Chengdu Plaza.The soccer team Chengdu Blades is owned by Sheffield United FC. Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... There is also Norwegian region called Dalane. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Chengdu Wuniu old crest Chengdu Blades F.C. (成都谢菲联足球俱乐部, means Chengdu Sheffield United F.C.) are a football team from Chengdu, PR China who are owned by Sheffield United. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... The Poestlingberg church in Linz. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Kōfu, or Koufu (甲府市; -shi) is the capital city of Yamanashi, Japan. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Mechelen: Grote Markt square, with St. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Palermo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Gimcheon is a city in North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Medan (disambiguation). ...

Notes

  1. ^ Jing, Fu. "Beijing drops out of top 10 'best city' list", China Daily, 2006-01-03. 

It has been suggested that China Daily Hong Kong Edition be merged into this article or section. ...

See also

This list ranks cities in the Peoples Republic of China by population. ... Peoples Republic of China: Republic of China: Categories: Capitals | Subnational entities ... This is a list of the current and former capitals of subnational entities of China. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Official site, in English
  • Chengdu Online, run by Chengdu Municipal People's Government
  • Chegndu Time. The Panda City.
  • Satellite picture by Google Maps
  • Living on Earth radio program, that describes Chengdu as a "backwater city in western China, became an urban metropolis overnight"
  • Chengdu weather forecast and links to images of the city
  • U.S. Consulate General Chengdu webpage
  • Dennis Rea's book Live at the Forbidden City includes a detailed eyewitness account of the massive civil uprising in Chengdu on June 4-6, 1989 .


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Prefecture-level divisions of Sichuan
Sub-provincial cities: Chengdu
Prefecture-level cities: Bazhong | Dazhou | Deyang | Guang'an | Guangyuan | Leshan | Luzhou | Meishan
Mianyang | Nanchong | Neijiang | Panzhihua | Suining | Ya'an | Yibin | Zigong | Ziyang
Autonomous prefectures: Ngawa | Garzê | Liangshan
List of Sichuan County-level divisions

Coordinates: 30°39′49″N, 104°04′00″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



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