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Encyclopedia > Chen Ning Yang
Chen-Ning Franklin Yang
Chen-Ning Yang
Chen-Ning Yang
Born 22 September 1922
Hefei, Anhui, China.
Residence USA
Nationality Chinese-American
Field Physicist
Institution Institute for Advanced Study
State University of New York at Stony Brook
Alma mater National Southwestern Associated University
Tsinghua University
University of Chicago
Academic advisor Edward Teller
Notable students Shou-Cheng Zhang
Known for Parity non-conservation
Yang-Mills theory
Yang-Baxter equation
Notable prizes Nobel Prize in Physics (1957)

Zhen-Ning Franklin Yang (Traditional Chinese: 楊振寧; pinyin: Yáng Zhènníng) (born 22 September[1], 1922) is a Chinese American physicist who worked on statistical mechanics and symmetry principles. Dr. Chen Ning Yang File links The following pages link to this file: Chen Ning Yang Categories: GFDL images ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Peoples Republic of China (PRC), which governs mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau; or Republic of China (ROC), which governs Taiwan, the Pescadores, the Matsu Islands, and Kinmen. ... ... Fuld Hall The Institute for Advanced Study is a private institution in Princeton Township, New Jersey, U.S.A. (although it is not part of Princeton University), designed to foster pure cutting-edge research by scientists in a variety of fields without the complications of teaching or funding, or the... Stony Brook University (SBU), also known as the State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNYSB), is a public research university located in Stony Brook, New York (on the north side of Long Island, about 65 miles east of Manhattan, New York). ... When the war broke between China and Japan in 1937, Tsinghua University, Peking University and Nankai University, merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha, and later National Southwestern Associated University (西南聯合大學) in Kunming. ... Tsinghua University, (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Qinghuá Dàxué) is a university in Beijing, China. ... The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. ... Edward Teller (original Hungarian name Teller Ede) (January 15, 1908 – September 9, 2003) was a Hungarian-born American theoretical physicist, known colloquially as the father of the hydrogen bomb. ... Gauge theories are a class of physical theories based on the idea that symmetry transformations can be performed locally as well as globally. ... The Yang-Baxter equation is an equation which was first introduced in the field of statistical mechanics. ... Image File history File links Nobel. ... Hannes Alfvén (1908–1995) accepting the Nobel Prize for his work on magnetohydrodynamics [1]. List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. ... Traditional Chinese (Traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字, Simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字) refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... It has been suggested that Pinyin method be merged into this article or section. ... Yang is the transliteration of Chinese family name 楊/杨, also spelt as Yeung, which means poplar literally. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... A Chinese American is an American who is of ethnic Chinese descent. ... ... Statistical mechanics is the application of probability theory, which includes mathematical tools for dealing with large populations, to the field of mechanics, which is concerned with the motion of particles or objects when subjected to a force. ... Symmetry is a characteristic of geometrical shapes, equations and other objects; we say that such an object is symmetric with respect to a given operation if this operation, when applied to the object, does not appear to change it. ...


In 1957, at the age of 35, he and Tsung-Dao Lee received the Nobel Prize in Physics for their theory that weak force interactions between elementary particles did not have parity (mirror-reflection) symmetry. Chien-Shiung Wu experimentally verified the theory. His relationship with Lee turned sour around 1962 after they had received the Nobel Prize. Their quarrel has been who, among the two of them, first proposed the idea of parity non-conservation for weak interaction up to the present day. U.S. government photo Tsung-Dao Lee (李政道 Pinyin: Lǐ Zhèngdào) (born November 24, 1926) is a Chinese American physicist who did work on high energy particle physics, symmetry principles, and statistical mechanics. ... Hannes Alfvén (1908–1995) accepting the Nobel Prize for his work on magnetohydrodynamics [1]. List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. ... The weak nuclear force or weak interaction is one of the four fundamental forces of nature. ... In particle physics, an elementary particle or fundamental particle is a particle not known to have substructure; that is, it is not made up of smaller particles. ... In physics, a parity transformation (also called parity inversion) is the simultaneous flip in the sign of all spatial coordinates: A 3×3 matrix representation of P would have determinant equal to –1, and hence cannot reduce to a rotation. ... Chien-Shiung Wu (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Wú Jiànxíong; May 13, 1912–February 16, 1997) was a Chinese American physicist with an expertise in radioactivity. ...


Yang is also well known for his collaboration with Robert Mills in developing a gauge theory of a new class. Such "Yang-Mills theories" are now a fundamental part of the Standard Model of particle physics. Robert L. Mills (April 15, 1927 - October 27, 1999) was a physicist, specializing in quantum field theory, the theory of alloys, and many-body theory. ... In physics, gauge theories are a class of physical theories based on the idea that symmetry transformations can be performed locally as well as globally. ... The Standard Model of Fundamental Particles and Interactions For the Standard Model in Cryptography, see Standard Model (cryptography). ... Thousands of particles explode from the collision point of two relativistic (100 GeV per ion) gold ions in the STAR detector of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. ...


Born in Hefei, Anhui, China Yang attended elementary school in Beijing, and middle school first in Beijing, then in Kunming. Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... Anhui (Chinese: 安徽; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: An-hui; Postal System Pinyin: Ngan-hui, Anhwei or An-hwei) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ...   (Chinese:  ; Pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Secondary school is a term used to describe an institution where the final stage of compulsory schooling, known as secondary education, takes place. ... Lake Dianchi An old wooden house and a modern skyscraper in the background. ...


He received his Bachelor of Science degree from National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming in 1942. Two years later, he studied for his Master of Science degree with a full scholarship at Tsinghua University, at the time also in Kunming. He attended the University of Chicago on a Tsinghua University Fellowship in January 1946. There he studied for his Ph.D. with Edward Teller and after receiving it in 1948, remained for a year as an assistant to Enrico Fermi. In 1949 he moved to the Institute for Advanced Study and in 1965 to the State University of New York at Stony Brook. A Bachelor of Science (B.S., B.Sc. ... When the war broke between China and Japan in 1937, Tsinghua University, Peking University and Nankai University, merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha, and later National Southwestern Associated University (西南聯合大學) in Kunming. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... Scholarship is the pursuit of academic research, whether in the arts and humanities or sciences, and in all such fields means deep mastery of a subject, often through study at institutions of higher education. ... Tsinghua University, (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Qinghuá Dàxué) is a university in Beijing, China. ... The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... Edward Teller (original Hungarian name Teller Ede) (January 15, 1908 – September 9, 2003) was a Hungarian-born American theoretical physicist, known colloquially as the father of the hydrogen bomb. ... Enrico Fermi (September 29, 1901 – November 28, 1954) was an Italian physicist most noted for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, particle physics and statistical mechanics. ... Fuld Hall The Institute for Advanced Study is a private institution in Princeton Township, New Jersey, U.S.A. (although it is not part of Princeton University), designed to foster pure cutting-edge research by scientists in a variety of fields without the complications of teaching or funding, or the... Stony Brook University (SBU), also known as the State University of New York at Stony Brook (SUNYSB), is a public research university located in Stony Brook, New York (on the north side of Long Island, about 65 miles east of Manhattan, New York). ...


He has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the Academia Sinica, and was awarded an honorary doctorate by Princeton University (1958). The American Physical Society was founded in 1899 and is the worlds second largest organization of physicists. ... The Academia Sinica (Chinese:中央研究院; pinyin: Zhōngyāng Yánjiùyuàn; Latin, Chinese Academy), headquartered in the Nangang district of Taipei, is the national academy for the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Princeton University is a coeducational private university located in Princeton, New Jersey, in the United States of America. ...


Yang married Chih-li Tu (杜致禮 Dù Zhìlǐ), a teacher, in 1950 and has two sons and a daughter: Franklin Jr., Gilbert, and Eulee (in order of age). His father-in-law was the Kuomintang General Du Yuming. Du Yuming (py) or Tu Yü-ming (wg) (杜聿明) (November 28, 1903-May 7, 1981) was a Kuomintang field commander active in the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) theatre of World War II and in the Chinese civil war from 1945 to 1949. ...


He retired from Stony Brook in 1999 and returned to Tsinghua University. His wife died in the winter of 2003. At the age of 82, Yang became engaged to 28-year old Weng Fan (翁帆) who is studying for her masters at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, and married her in early 2005. He has since received much criticism from some Chinese media. Tsinghua University, (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Qinghuá Dàxué) is a university in Beijing, China. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Guangdong University of Foreign Studies is one of the prestigious universities of international studies in China and one of the key institutions of higher learning in Guangdong Province. ...

Contents

Awards

Hannes Alfvén (1908–1995) accepting the Nobel Prize for his work on magnetohydrodynamics [1]. List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with the Rumford Medal In 1796, Benjamin Thompson, known as Count Rumford, gave $5000 separately to the Royal Society of London and the other by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences to give awards every two years for outstanding scientific research on heat or light. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... National Medal of Science The National Medal of Science, also called the Presidential Medal of Science, is an honor given by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The RSA Benjamin Franklin Medal was instituted in 1956 to commemorate the 250th anniversary of Benjamin Franklins birth and the 200th anniversary of his membership of the Royal Society of Arts (RSA). ... el 18 de mayo nacio claudia // 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The Albert Einstein Medal is an award presented by the Albert Einstein Society in Bern. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

Books written by Yang
  • Yang, C.N. [1952] (1952). Special problems of statistical mechanics. Seattle: University of Washington Press. ASIN B0007FZHH4. 
  • Yang, C.N. [1961] (1963). Elementary Particles: A Short History of Some Discoveries in Atomic Physics. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ASIN B000E1CBGG. 
  • Yang, C.N. [1983] (1983). Selected papers 1945-1980, with commentary (Chen Ning Yang). San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. ISBN 071671406X. 

Notes

  1. ^ In many sources mistakenly 22 November. "Yang Chen Ning". Internetowa encyklopedia PWN. Retrieved on 2006-11-23.

C.N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics(YITP) Internetowa encyklopedia PWN (Internet PWN encyclopedia) also known as Nowa encyklopedia powszechna PWN (New Universal PWN Encyclopedia) is a Polish language encyclopedia published by Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Its content is available online. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ...


See also

  • Yang-Baxter equation
  • Yang-Mills Theory

The Yang-Baxter equation is an equation which was first introduced in the field of statistical mechanics. ... Gauge theories are a class of physical theories based on the idea that symmetry transformations can be performed locally as well as globally. ...

External links

Persondata
NAME Yang, Chen Ning Franklin
ALTERNATIVE NAMES 楊振寧 (Chinese)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Nobel Prize-winning physicist
DATE OF BIRTH September 22, 1922
PLACE OF BIRTH Hefei, Anhui, China
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chen Ning Yang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (372 words)
Chen Ning Franklin YANG (楊振寧 pinyin: Yáng Zhènníng) (born September 22, 1922) is a Chinese American physicist, who worked on statistical mechanics and symmetry principles.
Yang is also well known for his collaboration with Robert Mills in developing a gauge theory of a new class.
At the age of 82, Yang became engaged to 28-year old Weng Fan who is studying for her masters at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, and married her in early 2005.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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