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Encyclopedia > Chemung County, New York
Chemung County, New York
Map

Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded March 29, 1836
Seat Elmira
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,064 km² (410.81 mi²)
1,057 km² (408.11 mi²)
7 km² (2.7 mi²), 0.64%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

91,070
86/km² 
Website: www.chemungcounty.com

Chemung County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It is part of the 'Elmira, New York Metropolitan Statistical Area' which encompasses all of Chemung County. As of the 2000 census, the population was 91,070. Its name is derived from the name of a Delaware Indian village (meaning "big horn"). Its county seat is Elmira. Chemung County likes to refer to itself as "Mark Twain Country" because of the many years the author lived and wrote in Elmira. The Chemung County Chamber of Commerce has represented business and Industry in Elmira and Chemung County in such diverse areas as local, State and Federal legislation, small business concerns, tourism promotion and economic development. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... NY redirects here. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_NY.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): New York ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (89th in leap years). ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Location in Chemung County in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Chemung County Government  - Mayor John S. Tonello (D) Area  - City  7. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... NY redirects here. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Location in Chemung County in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Chemung County Government  - Mayor John S. Tonello (D) Area  - City  7. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, satirist, writer, and lecturer. ...

Contents

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Chemung County was part of Albany County. This was a large county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Location in the state of New York Formed November 1, 1683 Seat Albany Area  - Total  - Water 1,381 km² (533 mi²) 25 km² (10 mi²) 1. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Cumberland County, New York was a former county in the Province of New York that became part of the state of Vermont. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Battle of Chesma, by Ivan Aivazovsky. ... Gloucester County, New York is a former county in New York that became part of the state of Vermont. ...


On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. March 12 is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Tryon County, New York was a county in New York, part of the Province of New York, named after Governor William Tryon. ... Union Colleges Nott Memorial, one of the most recognized buildings in Schenectady Schenectady (IPA ) is a city in Schenectady County, New York, United States, of which it is the county seat. ... The Adirondack mountain range is located in the northeastern part of New York that runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Lewis, St. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... William Tryon (January 27, 1729 to 1788) was colonial governor of the Province of North Carolina (1765-1771) and the Province of New York (1771-1780, though he did not retain much power in the colony beyond 1777). ...


In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor. Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States France Spanish Empire Dutch Republic Oneida Tuscarora Polish volunteers Quebec volunteers Prussian volunteers Kingdom of Great Britain Iroquois Confederacy Hessian mercenaries Loyalists Commanders George Washington Nathanael Greene Gilbert de La Fayette Comte de Rochambeau Bernardo de Gálvez Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben King George... Montgomery County is a county located in the state of New York. ... An engraving depicting the death of General Montgomery at the Battle of Quebec. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595...


In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties. 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Ontario County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Allegany County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Cattaraugus County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Chautauqua County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Erie County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Genesee County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Livingston County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Location in the state of New York Formed 1808 Seat Lockport Area  - Total  - Water 2,952 km² (1,140 mi²) 1,598 km² (617 mi²) 54. ... Orleans County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Steuben County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Wyoming County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Yates County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Schuyler County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Wayne County is a county located in the state of New York. ...


Tioga County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Herkimer and Otsego Counties) in 1791. Tioga County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Herkimer County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Otsego County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Chemung County was formed from Tioga County in 1798, but the county at that time was rather larger than the present county. Year 1798 (MDCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1854, a portion of Chemung County was combined with areas taken from Tompkins and Steuben Counties to create Schuyler County. 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Tompkins County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York, and comprises the whole of the Ithaca metropolitan area. ... Steuben County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Schuyler County is a county located in the state of New York. ...


Geography

Chemung County is in the southwestern part of New York State, along the Pennsylvania border, in a part of New York called the Southern Tier and is also part of the Finger Lakes Region. Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... The Southern Tier is a geographical term that refers to the counties of upstate New York State west of the Catskill Mountains along the northern border of Pennsylvania, with the exception of the counties in the far west of the state near the city of Buffalo. ... The Finger Lakes, a major tourist destination in the west-central section of Upstate New York, are actually eleven in number, but only seven of the largest are commonly identified as such. ...


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,064 km² (411 mi²). 1,057 km² (408 mi²) of it is land and 7 km² (3 mi²) of it (0.64%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The Southern Tier Expressway runs through the County east-west near the Pennsylvania border. New York State Highway 17, also known as The Southern Tier Expressway, runs from Suffern, New York (where it connects to NJ 17) to the Pennsylvania border in Western New York where it connects to Interstate 86. ...


Adjacent Counties

Schuyler County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Tompkins County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York, and comprises the whole of the Ithaca metropolitan area. ... Tioga County is a county located in the state of New York. ... Bradford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Tioga County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Steuben County is a county located in the state of New York. ...

Demographics

Historical populations
Census
year
Population

1840 20,732*
1850 28,821*
1860 26,917*
1870 35,281*
1880 43,065*
1890 48,265*
1900 54,063*
1910 54,662*
1920 65,872*
1930 74,680*
1940 73,718*
1950 86,827*
1960 98,706*
1970 101,537*
1980 97,656*
1990 95,195*
2000 91,070
* Source document from Chemung County, not Census Bureau. Document here.

As of the census² of 2000, there were 91,070 people, 35,049 households, and 23,272 families residing in the county. The population density was 86/km² (223/mi²). There were 37,745 housing units at an average density of 36/km² (92/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 90.96% White, 5.82% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.75% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 1.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The Hispanics in the United States or Hispanic American is an American citizen or resident of Hispanic ethnicity and can identify themselves as having Hispanic Cultural heritage. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 35,049 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.80% were married couples living together, 12.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.60% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.97. For the record label, see Marriage Records. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $36,415, and the median income for a family was $43,994. Males had a median income of $35,076 versus $24,215 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,264. About 9.10% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 6.80% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cities, towns, villages, and other locations

Label in parentheses shows official political designation.

There is another Town of Ashland in Greene County, New York. ... Baldwin is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... Big Flats Airport is a census-designated place located in the Town of Big Flats in Chemung County, New York. ... Big Flats is a town in Chemung County, New York, USA, New York. ... Catlin is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... Chemung is a town in Chemung County, New York, USA. The population was 2,665 at the 2000 census. ... Elmira Heights is a village located in Chemung County, New York. ... Location in Chemung County in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York County Chemung County Government  - Mayor John S. Tonello (D) Area  - City  7. ... Elmira is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... Erin is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... Horseheads North is a census-designated place and census enumeration district with a location in Chemung County, New York. ... Horseheads is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... Horseheads is a village located in Chemung County, New York. ... Millport is a village located in Chemung County, New York. ... Southport is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... Van Etten is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... Van Etten is a village located in Chemung County, New York. ... Veteran is a town located in Chemung County, New York. ... Wellsburg is a village located in Chemung County, New York. ... West Elmira is a census-designated place and community located in Chemung County, New York. ...

External links

The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...

References

  • New York: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; Compiled by Kathryn Ford Thorne and Edited by John H. Long.

Coordinates: 42°08′N 76°46′W / 42.14, -76.76 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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