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Encyclopedia > Chemnitz

Coordinates: 50°50′N 12°55′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Chemnitz

name_local =

Coat of arms of Chemnitz name_local = Location of Chemnitz name_local = in Germany

Country Germany
State Saxony
Administrative region Chemnitz
District urban district
Population 246,110 source (May 2006)
Area 220.85 km²
Population density 1,120 /km²
Elevation 296 m
Coordinates 50°50′ N 12°55′ E
Postal code 09001-09247
Area code 0371
Licence plate code C
Mayor (SPD)
Website chemnitz.de

Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica, 1953-1990 called 'Karl-Marx-Stadt'; Czech: Saská Kamenice) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is located in the northern foothills of the Ore Mountains. The city has a population of 248,021 (31 March 2005), and an area of 220.8 square kilometres. A University of Technology with about 10,000 students is the centre of scientific life. Image File history File links Wappen_chemnitz. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) has a land area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Chemnitz is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Saxony, Germany, located in the south-west of the state. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Social Democratic Party of Germany Spectral Power Density ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... This article or section should be merged with List of Sorbian languages The Sorbian languages are members of the West Slavic branch of languages spoken in eastern Germany. ... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) has a land area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... In the 19th century the Erzgebirge mountains were a centre for lace making. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Chemnitz University of Technology is located in the town of Chemnitz in Germany. ...


The city is the third largest in Saxony. It is named after the Chemnitz, a small tributary of the Zwickauer Mulde. The word "Chemnitz" is from the Sorbian language and means "stony brook". In German, "Chemnitz" is pronounced: IPA [ˈkʰɛmnɪʦ]. The Chemnitz is a river in Saxony, Germany, right tributary of the Zwickauer Mulde. ... The Mulde is a river in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... This article or section should be merged with List of Sorbian languages The Sorbian languages are members of the West Slavic branch of languages spoken in eastern Germany. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ...


Chemnitz has been reported as having the lowest birth rate in the world [1].

Contents

History

Monumental Bust of Karl Marx
Monumental Bust of Karl Marx

An early Slavic tribe's settlement was located at the place of Chemnitz called Kamienica. In 1143 there was a Benedictine monastery at the place where the city is now. A settlement grew around the monastery and about 1170 Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor granted it the rights of an imperial city. In 1307 the town became subordinate to the margravate of Meissen (which was the predecessor of the Saxon state). In medieval times Chemnitz became a centre of textile production and trade. More than one third of the population worked in textile production. This continued through the industrial revolution: factories were established, and by the early 19th century Chemnitz had become an industrial centre (sometimes called "the Saxon Manchester"). In 1913 Chemnitz had a population of 320,000 and is one of very few cities which were larger at that time than they are today. The picture shows the monument of Karl-Marx in Chemnitz City Center. ... The picture shows the monument of Karl-Marx in Chemnitz City Center. ... Events Manuel I Comnenus becomes Byzantine Emperor. ... A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... Frederick Barbarossa in a 13th century Chronicle. ... Events July - The Knights Hospitaller begin their conquest of Rhodes. ... Graf is a German noble title equal in rank to a count or an earl. ... Old town of Meißen. ... A Watt steam engine in Madrid. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough, in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester, North West England. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In World War II the factories of Chemnitz produced mainly goods for the military. As a consequence, the city was heavily bombed and almost entirely destroyed. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian...


The East German government decided to turn Chemnitz into a socialist model city. Boroughs full of concrete slab buildings were erected around the city centre, and few of the pre-war buildings were restored. In 1953 Chemnitz was renamed Karl-Marx-Stadt ("Karl Marx City"). It returned to the original name of Chemnitz on 21 June 1990. GDR redirects here. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818, Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883, London) was a German philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sights

Culture department store DAStietz
Culture department store DAStietz
The Mercure Hotel, Chemnitz
The Mercure Hotel, Chemnitz

Due to the Stalinist planning era of the 1950s there are few tourist sights. Some sites had been restored in the DDR era, and some have been restored since German reunification. As a relic of the old socialist times, the city council decided to keep the Karl Marx Monument, which was built by Lev Kerbel and is lovingly called "Nischl" by locals, which is a informal regional Saxon word for "head" (which would be "Kopf" in standard German). ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1350, 1227 KB) Summary Culture department store DAStietz in Chemnitz, Germany. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1350, 1227 KB) Summary Culture department store DAStietz in Chemnitz, Germany. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1350, 1162 KB) Summary Mecure Hotel Chemnitz, Germany. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1350, 1162 KB) Summary Mecure Hotel Chemnitz, Germany. ... // Recovering from World War II and its aftermath, the economic miracle emerged in West Germany and Italy. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR, in English commonly called East Germany) were incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG, in...


Chemnitz was heavily bombed during the Second World War. After the war, almost all of the old buildings in the city's core were removed to make space for new, modern buildings. Typical of Communist architecture, these were mostly utilitarian and not designed primarily to be pleasing to the eye.


However, Chemnitz still has some beautiful, historical sights. Landmarks include the Old Town Hall with its Renaissance portal (15th century), the castle on the land of the former monastery, and the area around the opera building and the old university. The most conspicuous sight is the red tower, which was built in the late 12th or early 13th century as part of the city wall. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


A petrified forest can be found in the courtyard of Kulturkaufhaus Tietz. It is one of the very few in existence, and dates back several million years. Also within the city limits, in the district of Rabenstein, is the smallest castle in Saxony: Burg Rabenstein.


There are many buildings in the typical architectural styles of the Communist period.


The town has changed considerably since German reunification. Most of its industry is gone and the core of the city has been rebuilt, with many little shops as well as huge shopping centres.


Urban Renewal

Chemnitz has what can be called "Germany's latest city centre". Heavy destruction in World War II as well as post-war demolition to erect a truly socialistic city centre left the city with a vast open space around its town hall where once a vibrant city heart had been. Due to massive investment in out-of-town shopping right after reunification, it was not until 1999 that major building activity was started in the centre. Comparable only to Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, a whole new quarter of the city was constructed in recent years. New buildings include the Kaufhof Department Store by Helmut Jahn, Galerie Roter Turm with a facade by Hans Kollhoff and Peek&Cloppenburg Clothing Store by Ingenhofen and Partner. Roof of Sony Center. Potsdamer Platz is an important square and traffic intersection in the center of Berlin, Germany, lying about 1 km south of the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag (German Parliament Building), and close to the south east corner of the Tiergarten park. ... An illuminated, suspended, oval roof covers the 102m span of the central Forum of the Sony Center, Berlin. ...


Transportation

Dresden Klotzsche Airport was opened on July 11, 1935, near Dresden, Germany. ... Altenburg is a town in the German Bundesland of Thuringia, 4 miles south of Leipsic. ...

Sports

  • Chemnitzer FC (Football)
  • Schwimmclub Chemnitz v. 1892 e.V. (Swimming; Waterpolo)

Chemnitzer FC is a German football club based in Chemnitz, Saxony. ...

Sister cities

Chemnitz is twinned with a number of cities around the world:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Tampere (Swedish name Tammerfors) is a city in southern Finland located between two lakes: Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city in Slovenia. ... October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Arras (Dutch: ) is a town and commune in northern France, préfecture (capital) of the Pas-de-Calais département. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ... The city of Timbuktu ( Archaic English: Timbuctoo, Koyra Chiini: Tumbutu, French: Tombouctou) is a city in Mali, West Africa. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... Ústí nad Labem (help· info) (-Czech, German: Aussig an der Elbe) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Usti nad Labem Region. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_(bordered). ... Łódź ((?)) is Polands second largest city (population 776,297 in 2004). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Mulhouse (French: Mulhouse, pronounced ; Alsatian: Milhüsa; German: Mülhausen) is a town and commune in eastern France close to Swiss and German border. ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough, in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester, North West England. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... Volgograd (Russian: ), formerly called Tsaritsyn (Russian: ) (1598–1925) and Stalingrad (Russian: ) (1925–1961) is a city in and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and (together with Cologne and the Ruhr Area) the economic center of Western Germany. ... North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Nordrhein-Westfalen, usually shortened to: NRW) is - in terms of population and economic output - the largest Federal State of Germany. ... April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Nickname: The Rubber Capital of the World Location within the state of Ohio Country United States State Ohio County Summit Mayor Don Plusquellic (D) Area    - City 161. ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Location within China Taiyuan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tàiyuán; Wade-Giles: Tai-yüan) is a prefecture-level city in China, capital of the Shanxi province. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chemnitz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (646 words)
Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica, formerly called Karl-Marx-Stadt) is a city in Saxony, Germany.
The word "Chemnitz" is from the Sorbian language and means "stony brook".
In 1913 Chemnitz had a population of 320,000 and is one of very few cities which were larger at that time than they are today.
Chemnitz - definition of Chemnitz in Encyclopedia (436 words)
Chemnitz (Sorbian/Lusatian Kamjenica) is a city in Saxony, Germany.
In 1307 the town became subordinate to the margravate of Meissen (which was the predecessor of the later Saxon state).
This did not change with the industrialisation: factories were established, and in the early 19th century Chemnitz had become an industrial centre ("Saxon Manchester").
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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