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Encyclopedia > Chelyabinsk
Coat of Arms

Coordinates: 55°10′N, 61°24′E Chelyabinsk (Russian: Челя́бинск) is a Russian city just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on Miass River, at 55°03′N, 61°08′E to 55°19′N, 61°17′E. It is the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Population: 1,077,174 (2002 Census). It is served by Chelyabinsk Balandino Airport. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Map of the Ural Mountains The Ural Mountains (Russian: , Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, the Riphean Mountains in Greco-Roman antiquity, and known as the Stone Belt) are a mountain range that runs roughly north and south through western Russia. ... Miass River (Миасс in Russian) is a river in the Chelyabinsk and Kurgan Oblasts in Russia. ... Chelyabinsk Oblast (Russian: , Chelyabinskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Chelyabinsk Balandino Airport (IATA: CEK, ICAO: USCC) is an airport in Russia located 18 km north of Chelyabinsk. ...

Contents

History

Fortress Chelyaba, from which the city takes its name, was constructed on the site in 1736; the city was incorporated in 1781. Around 1900, it served as a center for the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Trans-Siberian line in red; Baikal Amur Mainline in green. ...


During the Soviet industrialization of the 1930s, Chelyabinsk experienced a fast growth. Several industrial establishments, including the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant, were built at this time. During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk—still essentially a small city. Several enormous facilities for the production of T-34 tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk, which became known as "Tankograd" (Tank City). Chelyabinsk was built essentially from scratch at this time. A small town existed before this, signs of which can be found in the centre of the city. The S.M. Kirov Factory no. 185 moved here from Leningrad to produce heavy tanks—it was transferred to Omsk after 1962. Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (in Russian - Челябинский тракторный завод, ЧТЗ) is tractor plant in Russian city Chelyabinsk. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: , Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jughashvili; Russian: , Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[1] – March 5, 1953), better known by his adopted name, Joseph Stalin (alternatively transliterated Josef Stalin), was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unions Central Committee from... The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank first produced in 1940. ... Katyusha multiple rocket launchers are a type of rocket artillery built and fielded by the Soviet Union beginning in the Second World War. ... Stamp on a 76-mm divisional gun M1902 manufactured in 1907. ... Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) may mean: St. ... Omsk (Russian: ) is a city in southwest Siberia in Russia, the administrative center of Omsk Oblast. ...

One of the Chelyabinsk theatres

A serious nuclear accident in 1957 at the Mayak nuclear fuel reprocessing plant, 150 km north-west of the city, caused deaths in Chelyabinsk Oblast but not in the city. Image File history File links Tschelthea. ... Image File history File links Tschelthea. ... Pathways from airborne radioactive contamination to man This is a list of notable accidents involving nuclear material. ... Mayak is the name of a nuclear fuel reprocessing plant between the towns of Kasli and Kyshtym (also transliterated Kishtym or Kishtim) 150 km northwest of Chelyabinsk in Russia. ... Nuclear reprocessing separates any usable nuclear fuels (e. ... Chelyabinsk Oblast (Russian: , Chelyabinskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ...


Famous People from Chelyabinsk

This article is about the ice hockey player. ... Traktor Chelyabinsk (Ru: Трактор Челябинск) are an ice hockey team in the Russian Hockey Super League, based in Chelyabinsk, Russia. ... CSKA Moscow (Central Sports Army Club Moscow, Russian: ЦСКА Москва) is a Russian sports club, often referred to as Red Army for its past affiliation with the Soviet Army. ... The Calgary Flames are a professional hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and play out of the Pengrowth Saddledome. ... The San Jose Sharks are a professional ice hockey team based in San Jose, California, United States. ... The Dallas Stars are a professional ice hockey team based in Dallas, Texas. ... Sergei Babinov (born July 11, 1955 in Chelyabinsk, Soviet Union]) is a retired ice hockey player who played in the Soviet Hockey League. ... Sergei Starikov was a Russian hockey player. ... Traktor Chelyabinsk (Ru: Трактор Челябинск) are an ice hockey team in the Russian Hockey Super League, based in Chelyabinsk, Russia. ... CSKA Moscow (Central Sports Army Club Moscow, Russian: ЦСКА Москва) is a Russian sports club, often referred to as Red Army for its past affiliation with the Soviet Army. ... Dmitri Vladimirovich Kalinin (Russian: ) (born July 22, 1980 in Chelyabinsk, USSR) is an ice hockey defenceman currently playing in the NHL for the Buffalo Sabres. ... Sergei Gonchar (born April 13, 1974) is a Russian ice hockey player who currently plays in the NHL. He was drafted in the first round of the 1992 draft as pick #14 by the Washington Capitals. ... WinRAR is a shareware file archiver and data compression utility by Eugene Roshal. ... Andrei Nazarov (born May 22, 1974 in Chelyabinsk, U.S.S.R) is a Russian professional ice hockey player currently playing for the Minnesota Wild of the National Hockey League. ... The Minnesota Wild are a professional ice hockey team based in Saint Paul, Minnesota. ... The San Jose Sharks are a professional ice hockey team based in San Jose, California, United States. ... The Tampa Bay Lightning are a professional ice hockey team based in Tampa, Florida. ... The Calgary Flames are a professional hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and play out of the Pengrowth Saddledome. ... The Mighty Ducks of Anaheim are a National Hockey League team based in Anaheim, California. ... The Boston Bruins are a professional ice hockey team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Phoenix Coyotes are a professional ice hockey team based in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale. ... “NHL” redirects here. ... The head coach in sports coaching is the coach who is in charge of the other coaches. ... Traktor Chelyabinsk (Ru: Трактор Челябинск) are an ice hockey team in the Russian Hockey Super League, based in Chelyabinsk, Russia. ... Viktor Khristenko (Russian: ) (born August 28, 1957 in Chelyabinsk[1]) was the acting prime minister of Russia from 24 February to 5 March, 2004. ...

Education

There are over a dozen universities in Chelyabinsk. The main ones are South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk State University and Chelyabinsk Medical Academy. The oldest one is Chelyabinsk State Pedagogical University, which was founded in 1934. South Ural State University (SUSU) (Russian: Южно-Уральский государственный университет, ЮУрГУ) was established on December 15, 1943 as Chelyabinsk Mechanical Engineering Institute in Chelyabinsk. ...


Economy

Chelyabinsk is one of the major industrial centers of Russia. Heavy industry predominates, especially metallurgy and military machinery, notably the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Combinate (CMK, ChMK), Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (CTZ, ChTZ), Chelyabinsk Electrode plant (CHEZ) and the Chelyabinsk Tube Rolling Plant (CHTPZ). Georg Agricola, author of De re metallica, an important early book on metal extraction Metallurgy is a domain of materials science that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ... A machine is any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (in Russian - Челябинский тракторный завод, ЧТЗ) is tractor plant in Russian city Chelyabinsk. ... Chelyabinsk Tube Rolling Plant, or CHTPZ, manufactures every kind of steel pipe, including especially pipes used for the construction of petroleum, natural gas and water pipelines; and pipes used in manufacturing processes. ...


Chelyabinsk also has several electronics plants, including "Metran", "Polet" and "Zavod Electromashina", that serve both military and civil needs. This article is about the engineering discipline. ... Look up Civil in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The word Civil is derived from the Latin word civilis, from civis (citizen). Used as an adjective, it may describe several fields, concepts, and people: Civil death Civil defense Civil disobedience Civil engineering Civil law Civil liberties Civil libertarianism Civil marriage Civil...

The planned metro network

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Chelyabinsk Metro

Chelyabinsk started production of a 3-line subway network in 1993. Construction is proceeding slowly using the New Austrian Tunnelling method. Pending financing, the opening of the first section is scheduled for 2010. Chelyabinsk Metro is an underground rapid transit system in Chelyabinsk, Russia, projected since 1960s and under construction since 1993. ... The New Austrian Tunneling method (NATM) was developed between 1957 and 1965 in Austria. ...


External links


Cities and towns in Chelyabinsk Oblast
Administrative center: Chelyabinsk

Asha | Bakal | Chebarkul | Karabash | Kartaly | Kasli | Katav-Ivanovsk | Kopeysk | Korkino | Kusa | Kyshtym | Magnitogorsk | Miass | Minyar | Nyazepetrovsk | Ozyorsk | Plast | Satka | Sim | Snezhinsk | Troitsk | Tryokhgorny | Ust-Katav | Verkhny Ufaley | Yemanzhelinsk | Yuryuzan | Yuzhnouralsk | Verkhneuralsk | Zlatoust Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Chelyabinsk Oblast (Russian: , Chelyabinskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Coat of arms of Asha Asha (Russian: ) is the best town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Sim River (Belayas tributary) 377 km west of Chelyabinsk at . ... Bakal (Russian: ) is a town in Satka raion, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia. ... Coat of arms of Chebarkul Chebarkul (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the shores of Chebarkul Lake 78 km west of Chelyabinsk at . ... Coat of arms of Karabash Karabash (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located 90 km north-west of Chelyabinsk at . ... Coat of arms of Kartaly Kartaly (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located in the valley of the Kartaly-Ayat River (left tributary of the Tobol) 260 km south-west of Chelyabinsk at . ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Coat of arms of Katav-Ivanovsk Katav-Ivanovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Katav River (left tributary of the Yuryuzan) 321 km south-west of Chelyabinsk at . ... City in SouthWest Russia and SouthEast of Chelyabinsk Population: 146,000 Categories: Substubs ... Korkino (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the eastern slope of the Southern Urals, 42 km south of Chelyabinsk. ... Coat of arms of Kusa Kusa (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Kusa and Ay Rivers 180 km west of Chelyabinsk at . ... One of the churches in Kyshtym Egoza (607 meters), one of the mountaints surrounding Kyshtym Kyshtym radio & TV tower A view of Kyshtym from one of the bridges, with a mosque and Sugomak mountain at the background Kyshtym (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the eastern... A steel production facility in Magnitogorsk in the 1930s Magnitogorsk Magnitogorsk (Russian: ) is a mining and industrial city by the Ural River in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, with one of the largest iron and steel works in the country. ... This article is about the city. ... Coat of arms of Minyar Minyar (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located in the valley of the Sim River at its confluence with the Minyar River, 370 km west of Chelyabinsk at . ... Coat of arms of Nyazepetrovsk Nyazepetrovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Nyazya River (Ufas tributary) 339 km north-west of Chelyabinsk at . ... Ozyorsk or Ozersk (Russian: Озёрск) is a city, formerly known as Chelyabinsk-40 then Chelyabinsk-65, in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia. ... Coat of arms of Plast Plast (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the eastern slopes of the Ural Mountains 127 km south-west of Chelyabinsk at . ... Satka (Russian: ) is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, situated 190 km from Chelyabinsk, on the western slope of the southern Urals, on the bank of the Satka River. ... Snezhinsk (Russian: Снежинск) is a closed city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia. ... Troitsk from space, April 1994 Troitsk (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on a tributary of the upper Tobol River approximately 110 kilometers south of Chelyabinsk. ... Tryokhgorny (Russian: ; also spelled Trekhgorny, Tryokhgorniy, Trehgorny) is a town in Russia, in Chelyabinsk Oblast, founded in 1952, and earlier known under the name Zlatoust-36. ... Coat of arms of Ust-Katav Ust-Katav (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia. ... Coat of arms of Emanzhelinsk Yemanzhelinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the eastern slopes of South Urals 50 km south of Chelyabinsk at . ... Coat of arms of Yuzhnouralsk Yuzhnouralsk (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Uvelka River 88 km south of Chelyabinsk at . ... Coat of arms of Verkhneuralsk Verkhneuralsk (Russian: ) is a town in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, located in the upper streams of the Ural River 230 km south-west of Chelyabinsk at . ... Zlatoust (Златоуст in Russian, etymology: злато (archaic) is Russian for gold and уста is for mouth, hence silver-tongued person, orator) is a town in the Chelyabinsk Oblast in Russia. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chelyabinsk Hotels. (203 words)
The Heliopark Smolino Hotel is favorably situated in the southern part of Chelyabinsk, on the shore of Smolino Lake, not far from the city center.
The hotel is situated in the green district of Chelyabinsk within 30-minute ride from the international airport and 20-minutes ride from the railway station.
Chelyabinsk is located on the Eastern slope of the Southern Ural on the Miass river about 1919 km to the East from Moscow.
Kommersant - Russia's Daily Online (2593 words)
The city of Chelyabinsk was founded on the Miass River in September 1736 as a fortress on the route from the Trans-Ural (Zauralye) region to Orenburg.
Chelyabinsk Region was also of inestimable value to the country in the postwar years, for example, when it sent the first group of regional Young Communists (Komsomoltsy) to the virgin lands in February 1954.
Chelyabinsk Region is situated in the watershed of the Volga, Ural, and Tobol river basins, which have an average annual flow of 6.22 km3 through the region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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