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Encyclopedia > Chelsea, Massachusetts
Chelsea, Massachusetts
Official seal of Chelsea, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°23′30″N, 71°02′00″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Suffolk County
Settled 1624
Incorporated 1739
Government
 - Type Council-manager city
 - City Manager Jay Ash
Area
 - City  2.5 sq mi (6.4 km²)
 - Land  2.2 sq mi (5.7 km²)
 - Water  0.3 sq mi (0.8 km²)
Elevation  10 ft (3 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 35,080
 - Density 16,036.8/sq mi (6,191.8/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02150
Area code(s) 617 / 857
Website: http://www.ci.chelsea.ma.us/

The City of Chelsea is in Suffolk County, Massachusetts directly across the Mystic River from the City of Boston. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ... The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Daylight saving time around the world  DST used  DST no longer used  DST never used Daylight saving time (DST), also summer time in British English, is the convention of advancing clocks so that afternoons have more daylight and mornings have less. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 617 once covered the entire Greater Boston (Eastern Massachusetts) area, reaching beyond the I-495 loop. ... Area code 857 is an overlay of parts of area code 617. ... Suffolk County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... A quiet afternoon on the Mystic River, as seen from very close to Grandfathers House, Medford, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ...

Contents

History

The area was first called "Winnisimmet," meaning "good spring nearby," by the Massachusett tribe which once lived here. It was settled in 1624 by Samuel Maverick, whose house is credited as the first permanent settlement in Boston Harbor. The community remained a part of Boston until it was set off and incorporated in 1739, named after Chelsea, a neighborhood in London. In 1775, the Battle of Chelsea Creek was fought here, the second battle of the Revolution, at which American forces made one of their first captures of a British ship. Part of Washington's army was stationed here during the Siege of Boston. In 1846, North Chelsea (now the town of Winthrop and the City of Revere), was set off from Chelsea, which would be reincorporated as a city in 1857. Nearly half the city was destroyed in the Great Chelsea Fire of 1908. In 1973, the Second Great Chelsea Fire burned 18 city blocks. The Massachusett were tribal communities of Native Americans who lived in areas surrounding Massachusetts Bay in what is now the state of Massachusetts. ... Events January 24 - Alfonso Mendez, appointed by Pope Gregory XV as Prelate of Ethiopia, arrives at Massawa from Goa. ... Samuel Maverick (c. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, Athens of America, The Hub (of the Universe)1 Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... Statue of Thomas More on Cheyne Walk. ... London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies that... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and was later elected the first president of the United States under the U.S. Constitution. ... The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 – March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the active American Revolutionary War, in which the Continental Army surrounded the city of Boston, Massachusetts, to prevent movement by the British Army within. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...   Nickname: Winthrop-by-the-Sea Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1852 Zip Code(s): 02152 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Revere is a city located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts and borders Winthrop, East Boston and Chelsea to the south, Everett and Malden to the west, Saugus and Lynn to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


Chelsea is the smallest city in Massachusetts in land area, at just 1.8 square miles. Originally it was much larger, including all of Revere, Winthrop, and parts of Saugus. Revere was once known as North Chelsea. Revere is a city located in Suffolk County, Massachusetts and borders Winthrop, East Boston and Chelsea to the south, Everett and Malden to the west, Saugus and Lynn to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. ...   Nickname: Winthrop-by-the-Sea Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1852 Zip Code(s): 02152 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Saugus is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


In September 1991, Massachusetts enacted special legislation to place Chelsea into receivership. This was the first time since the Depression that a United States municipality had such an action taken against it.


Events preceding the action included failed financial intervention by the state, a political stalemate over the city's budget, deepening economic decline, and a spiraling fiscal crisis.


Fortunately, Chelsea had no publicly held long-term debt--thus, a solution to its problems could be explored in isolation of creditors.


A charter change in 1995 designed an efficient council-manager form of government, which has focused on improving the quality of service the city provides to its residents and businesses, while establishing financial policies that have significantly improved the city's financial condition. Increased emphasis on economic development and capital improvement has lead to an influx of new business and homebuyers.


In 1998, Chelsea was named winner of the All-America City Award.


Geography

Chelsea is located at 42°23′47″N, 71°2′1″W (42.396382, -71.033529).GR1


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 km² (2.5 mi²). 5.7 km² (2.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.8 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (11.69%) is water. Chelsea is drained by the Chelsea River. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

Soldiers' Monument in c. 1905

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 35,080 people, 11,888 households, and 7,608 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,184.7/km² (16,036.8/mi²). There were 12,337 housing units at an average density of 2,175.0/km² (5,639.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 57.95% White, 7.25% African American, 0.48% Native American, 4.69% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 22.94% from other races, and 6.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 48.42% of the population. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 11,888 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.9% were married couples living together, 20.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.50. “Matrimony” redirects here. ...

Fitz Public Library in c. 1905

In the city the population was spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 16.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


The median income for a household in the city was $30,161, and the median income for a family was $32,130. Males had a median income of $27,280 versus $26,010 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,628. About 20.6% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Notable residents

Horatio Alger, Jr. ... Chick Corea on the cover of sheet music book Chick Corea Collection Armando Anthony Chick Corea (born June 12, 1941) is a multiple Grammy Award winning American jazz pianist/keyboardist and composer. ... Lewis Howard Latimer (September 4, 1848 - December 11, 1928) was an African American inventor. ... George M. Cohan George Michael Cohan (July 3 or July 4, 1878 – November 5, 1942) was a United States entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer, director, and producer of Irish descent. ... Tom Birmingham (born Thomas Francis Birmingham II, August 4, 1949) is the former President of the Massachusetts Senate. ... Michelle Tea (born Michelle Tomasik in 1971) is an American author and poet originally from Chelsea, Massachusetts (a suburb of Boston). ... John “The Quiet Man” Ruiz (born January 4, 1972), a native of Isabela, Puerto Rico who lives in Massachusetts, is the first Hispanic/Latino world heavyweight champion in professional boxing history. ... The Waterboy is a movie starring Adam Sandler, released in 1998. ...

References

    External links


      Results from FactBites:
     
    Chelsea Massachusetts, 1890 (770 words)
    Chelsea is one of the most ancient settlements of the Commonwealth, lands having been taken up here as early as 1630, at which date it was known as '"Rumney Marsh," and formed a part of Boston.
    It was incorporated as the town of Chelsea January 10, 1739; in 1841 part of its territory was annexed to Saugus; in 1846 another part was established as North Chelsea (the name since changed to Revere); and in 1857 a city charter was granted and accepted.
    Chelsea has the honor of having been among the foremost in sending its quota of men to the army and navy during the late war; and its roll of honor, published in 1865, affords evidence of the patriotism and bravery of its citizens.
    Chelsea, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (712 words)
    The City of Chelsea is in Suffolk County, Massachusetts directly across the Mystic River from the City of Boston.
    In 1846, North Chelsea (now the town of Winthrop and the City of Revere), was set off from Chelsea, which would be reincorporated as a city in 1857.
    Chelsea is the smallest city in Massachusetts in land area, at just 1.8 square miles.
      More results at FactBites »

     
     

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