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Encyclopedia > Chelmsford
Chelmsford

Chelmsford shown within Essex
Population 110,000
OS grid reference TL713070
District Chelmsford
Shire county Essex
Region East
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHELMSFORD
Postcode district CM1, CM2
Dialling code 01245
Police Essex
Fire Essex
Ambulance East of England
European Parliament East of England
UK Parliament West Chelmsford
Maldon and East Chelmsford
List of places: UKEnglandEssex

Coordinates: 51°44′10″N 0°28′47″E / 51.7361, 0.4798 There are at least three places named Chelmsford:- Chelmsford, England is the county town of Essex, in the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Chelmsford is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The East of England is one of the nine official regions of England. ... // Constituent country is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a historical, currently non-legally officially recognised country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged, gives an overview of states around the world with information on the extent of their sovereignty. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The CM postcode area, also known as the Chelmsford postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Billericay, Bishops Stortford, Braintree, Brentwood, Burnham-on-Crouch, Chelmsford, Dunmow, Epping, Harlow, Ingatestone, Maldon, Ongar, Sawbridgeworth, Southminster, Stansted and Witham in England. ... +44 redirects here. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... Essex Police is a Home Office (territorial) police force with responsibility for policing the county of Essex in south east England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Essex County Fire and Rescue Service are the statutory fire fighting service for the county of Essex in the south-east of England. ... Badge of the East of England Ambulance Service The East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Luton, Norfolk, Peterborough, Southend-on-Sea, Suffolk and Thurrock, in the East of England region. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... East of England is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... West Chelmsford is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is the name of a parliamentary constituency in Essex England. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Essex, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Chelmsford is the county town of Essex, England and the principal settlement of the borough of Chelmsford. It is located 30 miles (48 km) north east of Charing Cross in London. Residents of Chelmsford are known as 'Chelmsfordians'. The town has a population of approx 110,000 and still growing. It is a major town for commuters who work in the City of London Financial companies. The town is surrounded by many small villages that retain their original charm (examples of these are Writtle, The Easters, Mashbury & Chignal Smealy). The traditional counties as usually portrayed. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Chelmsford is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TL679063 Administration District: Chelmsford Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town: CHELMSFORD Postal... , Chignal Smealy is a small village on the north-western outskirts of Chelmsford, Essex. ...

Contents

History

The 18-arch Victorian Railway Viaduct that carries the London to Norwich Mainline through Central Park Chelmsford
The 18-arch Victorian Railway Viaduct that carries the London to Norwich Mainline through Central Park Chelmsford

Image File history File links Chelmsfordcath. ... Image File history File links Chelmsfordcath. ... Chelmsford Cathedral is the Church of England cathedral in the city of Chelmsford in Essex. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

Early history

In 1199 the Bishop of London was granted a Royal Charter for the town to hold a market, marking the origin of the modern town. An under-cover market, operating Tuesday to Saturday, is still an important part of the town centre over 800 years later. The town's name is derived from 'Ceolmaer's ford' which was close to the site of the present High Street stone bridge. In the Domesday Book of 1086 the town was called 'Celmeresfort' and by 1189 it had changed to 'Chelmsford'. Arms of the Bishop of London The Bishop of London is the Ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of London in the Province of Canterbury. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ...


Before 1199, there were settlements nearby from ancient times. A Neolithic and a late Bronze Age settlement have been found in the Springfield suburb, and the town was occupied by the Romans. A Roman fort was built in 60 AD, and a civilian town grew up around it. The town was given the name of Caesaromagus (the market place of Caesar), although the reason for it being given the great honour of bearing the imperial prefix are now unclear — possibly as a failed 'planned town' provincial capital to replace Londinium or Camulodunum. The remains of a mansio, a combination post office, civic centre and hotel, lie beneath the streets of modern Moulsham, and the ruins of an octagonal temple are located beneath the Odeon roundabout. An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ... Londinium may refer to: An ancient Roman name for London (see History of London) Londinium (movie) A song by Catatonia A fictional planet in the TV show Firefly, (see moons and planets in Firefly) Londinivm, a free MMORPG. Londinium (album), an album by the band Archive This is a disambiguation... This article is about the town in England. ... In the Roman Empire, a mansio (from the Latin word mansus the perfect passive participle of manere to remain or to stay) was an official stopping place on a Roman road, or via, maintained by the central government for the use of officials and those on official business whilst travelling. ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ...


The town became the seat of the local assize during the early 13th century (though assizes were also held at Brentwood) and by 1218 was recognised as the county town of Essex, a position it has retained to the present day. Chelmsford was significantly involved in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, and Richard II moved on to the town after quelling the rebellion in London. Many of the ringleaders were executed on the gallows at what is now Primrose Hill. Brentwood is a town and the principal settlement of the Borough of Brentwood, part of Essex in England. ... Peasants revolt redirects here. ... Richard II (January 6, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399. ...


An important Anglo-Saxon burial was discovered at Broomfield to the north of Chelmsford in the late 19th century and the finds are now in the British Museum. The road 'Saxon Way' now marks the site. In the 17th century many of the victims of Matthew Hopkins (the self-styled "Witchfinder General") spent their last days imprisoned in Chelmsford, before being tried at the Assizes and hanged for witchcraft. Broomfield is a small village immediately to the north of Chelmsford, in central Essex. ... London museum | name = British Museum | image = British Museum from NE 2. ... Witches disclose their familiar spirits to Matthew Hopkins. ... Witch redirects here. ...


World War II

During World War II Chelmsford, an important centre of light engineering war production, was attacked from the air on several occasions, both by aircraft of the Luftwaffe and by missile. The worst single loss of life took place on Tuesday December 19, 1944, when the 367th Vergeltungswaffe 2 or V2 rocket to hit England fell on a residential street (Henry Road) near the Hoffmans ball bearing factory and not far from the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company factory in Hall Street which may also have been the target, and is seen protected by a barrage balloon in a wartime photograph. Thirty-nine people were killed and 138 injured, 47 seriously. Several dwellings in Henry Road were completely destroyed and many in nearby streets were badly damaged. A monument to the dead recently restored is in the Borough cemetery in Writtle Road. The GHQ Line part of the British hardened field defences of World War II runs directly through Chelmsford with many pillboxes still in existence to the North and South of the town. Faded camouflage paint still remains on old buildings near Waterhouse Lane. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...   (German IPA: ) is a generic German term for an air force. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vergeltungswaffe (German for retaliation weapon, reprisal weapon or vengeance weapon) was a term assigned during World War II by the Nazis to a number of revolutionary superweapons, the V1 flying bomb, the V2 rocket and the V3 long range gun. ... For other uses, see V2. ... An employee of the Marconi Company, England, 1906 The Marconi Company Ltd. ... US Marine Corps barrage balloon, Parris Island, May 1942 A barrage balloon is a large balloon tethered with metal cables, used to defend against bombardment by aircraft by damaging the aircraft on collision with the cables. ... A pillbox on the GHQ Line The GHQ Line was a defence line built in the United Kingdom during World War II to contain an expected German invasion. ... Precast pillbox embrasure with shutter. ... A bunker is a defensive warfare fortification to protect oneself. ... An example of common camouflage The Bronze Horseman camouflaged from the German aircraft during the Siege of Leningrad (August 8, 1941) Camouflage became an essential part of modern military tactics after the increase in accuracy and rate of fire of weapons at the end of the 19th century. ...


Recent history

Since the 1980s Chelmsford has suffered from a decline in its manufacturing and defence-related industries, most notably Marconi with several factories closing. Also the one-time largest employer in Chelmsford Hoffman's closed its Chelmsford site in 1988. However, the town's location close to London and at the centre of Essex has helped it grow in importance as an administrative and distribution centre.


In 2007, the Channel 4 programme "Location, Location, Location" voted Chelmsford as the 7th best place to live in the UK.


Local government and politics

Chelmsford is at geographic and political centre of Essex and has been the county town since 1215. It is the location of the headquarters of Essex County Council at County Hall on Market Road[1] and the headquarters of Chelmsford Borough Council on Duke Street.[2] The headquarters of Essex Police are also located in the town. A county town is the capital of a county in the United Kingdom or Republic of Ireland. ... http://www. ... Essex Police is a Home Office (territorial) police force with responsibility for policing the county of Essex in south east England. ...


Chelmsford formed part of the ancient Chelmsford hundred of Essex.[3] It was incorporated as a municipal borough in 1888,[4] under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act 1882. In 1934 the borough was enlarged by gaining 1,659 acres (6.71 km²) from Chelmsford Rural District, including parts of the parishes of Broomfield, Springfield, Widford and Writtle.[4] The municipal borough was abolished in 1974 and its former area was combined with most of the remainder of the rural district to form the larger Chelmsford borough. The Municipal Corporations Act 1882 (45 & 46 Vict. ... Chelmsford is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ...


Chelmsford is split between the constituencies of West Chelmsford, Maldon and East Chelmsford and Rayleigh. The members of Parliament are Simon Burns, John Whittingdale and Mark Francois. West Chelmsford is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is the name of a parliamentary constituency in Essex England. ... Rayleigh is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Simon Hugh McGuigan Burns (born 6 September 1952, Nottingham) is a United Kingdom politician. ... John Flasby Lawrance Whittingdale OBE (16 October 1959) is a Conservative politician in the United Kingdom. ... Mark Gino Francois (born August 14, 1965 in London) is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom. ...


Economy

Business and commerce

High Chelmer Shopping Centre
High Chelmer Shopping Centre

Originally an agricultural and market town, Chelmsford has been an important centre for industry since the 19th century. Following the opening of the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation in 1797, cheaper transportation and raw materials made milling and malting the main industries until the 1850s, when increasing prosperity created a local market for agricultural machinery. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2400 × 1800 pixel, file size: 554 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // High Chelmer Shopping Centre. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2400 × 1800 pixel, file size: 554 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) // High Chelmer Shopping Centre. ... The Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation is the canalisation of the Rivers Chelmer and Blackwater in Essex, in the east of England. ...


Foundries and engineering works followed including Fell Christy at his Factory (In later years known as Christy Norris Ltd) on the corner of Kings Road and Broomfield Road opened 1858, closed 1985, Coleman and Moreton, Thomas Clarkson (Steam Omnibus manufacturer and Founder of the Eastern National Bus Company) and Eddington and Stevenson (makers of traction engines). The Company Christy Norris still survives, trading as Christy Turner Ltd based in Ipswich. A nearby road to the old Factory was named "Fell Christy" in his honour. For other uses, see Ipswich (disambiguation). ...


As well as the headquarters of Essex County and Chelmsford Borough Councils, the modern town is home to a range of national and international companies including M&G Group, e2v Technologies and EBM Papst (UK) Ltd. The continuing importance of Chelmsford as an employment centre is demonstrated by the fact that the number of "in" commuters (mostly from other parts of Essex) almost exactly balances the number of workers commuting into London. M&G investments is a UK fund management company. ...


Chelmsford is largely a commercial town which employs around 80,000 people. There are two medium sized shopping centres, High Chelmer and The Meadows. Chelmsford has two retail parks, Riverside and Chelmer Village. The High Street is full of independent and chain stores. As well as the leading High Street names, there is also a wide variety of specialist retailers, especially in Baddow Road and Moulsham Street which are located at the end of the pedestrianised High Street. On January 6, 2005, Chelmsford was granted Fairtrade Town status.[5] is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fairtrade Town is a status awarded by the Fairtrade Foundation in the United Kingdom and Channel Islands, describing an area which is committed to the promotion of Fairtrade-labelled goods. ...


Several years ago Chelmsford was labelled a mere clone town; however new developments are proving the statement wrong, with new business opportunities around the town. Sizeable businesses are now based in the Chelmsford Business Park at Boreham housing companies such as the Anderson Group. The town also has a low unemployment rate (1.6% in 2002) and a well-educated workforce, with 9% holding a degree or above (in 2002; British average: 7.1%)[6] Clone town is a UK term for a town where the High Street or other major shopping areas are significantly dominated by Chain stores. ...


Chelmsford has a vibrant nightlife scene with many Nightclubs, Pubs, Wine Bars and Restaurants in the town centre area, particularly in Duke Street, Moulsham Street and the bottom section of Springfield Road. Its central Essex location and good public transport links make the town ideal for revellers to visit from surrounding areas.


Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi
Marconi's New Street Factory in 1920
Marconi's New Street Factory in 1920
Colonel R. E. Crompton
Colonel R. E. Crompton
The frontage to Colonel Cromptons former Arc Works in Writtle Road
Main article: Marconi Company

In 1899, Guglielmo Marconi (1874–1937) the "father of radio", opened the world's first "wireless" factory under the name The Marconi Wireless Telegraph & Signal Company in Hall Street employing around 50 people. The company was later called the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company Ltd. For this reason Chelmsford is credited as the "birthplace of radio", and this phrase can be seen on administrative signs on major roads entering the town. Marconi soon outgrew its Hall Street premises and in June 1912 the company moved to a brand new purpose built 70,000-square-foot (6,500 m²) factory in New Street that still stands today. On June 15, 1920 the factory was the location of the first official publicised sound broadcast in the United Kingdom, featuring Dame Nellie Melba using two 450 feet (140 m) radio broadcasting masts. Picture of Guglielmo Marconi taken from Nobel prize archive (http://www. ... Picture of Guglielmo Marconi taken from Nobel prize archive (http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 420 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (420 × 450 pixel, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Marconis New Street Factory shortly after opening in 1920. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 420 × 450 pixelsFull resolution (420 × 450 pixel, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Marconis New Street Factory shortly after opening in 1920. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 205 × 250 pixelsFull resolution (205 × 250 pixel, file size: 9 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Colonel R.E. Crompton 1845 - 1940 This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 205 × 250 pixelsFull resolution (205 × 250 pixel, file size: 9 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Colonel R.E. Crompton 1845 - 1940 This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 346 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The frontage of Colonel Cromptons former Arc works in Writtle Road Chelmsford. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 346 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The frontage of Colonel Cromptons former Arc works in Writtle Road Chelmsford. ... The Marconi Company Ltd. ... For the inventor of radio, see the competing claims in history of radio and the invention of radio. ... An employee of the Marconi Company, England, 1906 The Marconi Company Ltd. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... Portrait of Dame Nellie Melba GBE by Henry Walter Barnett Dame Nellie Melba, GBE (19 May 1861 – 23 February 1931), born Helen Porter Mitchell, legendary Australian opera soprano and probably the most famous of all sopranos, was the first Australian to achieve international recognition in the form. ...


In 1922 the world's first regular wireless broadcasts for entertainment began from the Marconi laboratories at Writtle near Chelmsford — Call sign '2MT' in what was little more than a wooden hut. Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TL679063 Administration District: Chelmsford Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town: CHELMSFORD Postal... 2MT was the first British radio station to make regular entertainment broadcasts. ...


In 1999 Marconi's defence division, including the Chelmsford facilities, were purchased by British Aerospace to form BAE Systems. Two sites remain under BAE control; the Great Baddow site which is now BAE's Advanced Technology Centre and its Integrated Systems Technologies business at Glebe Road. British Aerospace (BAe) was a UK aircraft and defence systems manufacturer, now part of BAE Systems. ... , BAE Systems plc (BAE) is a British defence and aerospace company headquartered at Farnborough, England, UK, that has worldwide interests, particularly in North America through its subsidiary BAE Systems Inc. ... BAE Systems Integrated System Technologies (to be known informally as Insyte) was formed on May 3, 2005 by bringing together BAE Systems interests in C4ISR and the UK operations of AMS following the Eurosystems Transaction (see BAE Systems for further details). ...


The military and secure communications division of Marconi was merged into Selex Communications, which is based at the New Street factory and is still operational. However the New street factory's future is very much in doubt with redevelopment of the whole site is planned to start during 2008.[7] Although the Grade II listed front façade and a few other minor buildings will remain, most of the site will be demolished, including the 1930s art deco Marconi House. Its demise will bring to an end more than 100 years of Marconi in Chelmsford. Asheville City Hall. ...


Cromptons Electrical Engineering

Chelmsford became home to the United Kingdom's first electrical engineering works established by Colonel Rookes Evelyn Bell Crompton (1845–1940). Colonel R. E. Crompton as he was better known was a leading authority of electrical engineering and was a pioneer of electric street lighting and electric traction motors within the UK. Crompton installed electric street lights around the town centre to celebrate the incorporation of the Borough of Chelmsford in 1888. Although this made Chelmsford one of the earliest towns to receive electric street lighting, the Council later decided to have it removed because gas was cheaper and the Council owned the gas works. Crompton supplied the traction motors for the first electric trains on Southend Pier. The company also manufactured electrical switchgear, alternators and generators for many power stations in the UK and worldwide. Southend pier from the land Southend Pier is a major landmark in Southend-on-Sea. ... A power station (also power plant) is a facility for the generation of electric power. ...


Crompton set up his original factory known as the 'Arc Works' in Queen Street in 1878. After a fire there in 1885 he built a huge new electrical engineering factory also called the 'Arc Works' in Writtle Road. The Firm was called Crompton and Co. and in 1927 became Crompton Parkinson after Colonel Crompton formed a business partnership with fellow British electrical engineer Frank Parkinson. During World War II the factory was frequently targeted by the Luftwaffe. In 1969 Crompton Parkinson Ltd was downsized and operations moved elsewhere after a takeover by Hawker Siddeley and the site was taken over by the Marconi Company and became the base for the newly formed Marconi Radar Systems Ltd[8] Crompton Parkinson Ltd was a subsidiary of the British Hawker Siddeley Group Ltd (of aircraft fame) that made industrial vehicle batteries. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...   (German IPA: ) is a generic German term for an air force. ... Hawker-Ciggerley was a group of UK aircraft manufacturing companies formed as a result of the merger of Hawker Aircraft with Armstrong Siddeley. ... The Marconi Company Ltd. ...


The factory closed in the 1990s and apart from the frontage on Writtle Road was demolished. A housing development called 'The Village' now occupies the site with road names such as Rookes Crescent, Evelyn Place, Crompton Street and Parkinson Drive as tributes to the former occupier.


Hoffmann Ball Bearings

The United Kingdom's first ball bearing factory was established at New Street in Chelmsford in 1898 by cousins Geoffrey and Charles Barrett and bankrolled by American ball bearing machine manufacturer Ernst Gustav Hoffmann to which the Company took its name. The Hoffmann Manufacturing Company rapidly expanded and soon achieved worldwide fame for their precision-made bearings boasting an accuracy better than 1/10,000 of an inch (2.5 micrometres) for all their products. Hoffmann bearings were later used in the first transatlantic flights and extensively on machinery during World War I. For many years it was Chelmsford's main employer with more employees than Marconi's. The firm became R.H.P. in 1969 (Ransome Hoffmann and Pollard). The factory that once employed thousands was wound down then closed and demolished in the 1980s and the company relocated to Newark on Trent where it still exists. The Rivermead Campus of the Anglia Ruskin University now occupies the site of the old factory at the junction of New Street and Rectory Lane. The only connection to the old factory in Chelmsford today is in name only at the R.H.P. Bowls club located in Canterbury Way. Working principle for a ball bearing. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Newark-on-Trent the Market Place Newark (also Newark-on-Trent) is a market town in Nottinghamshire (in 1216 it was in Lincolnshire) in the East Midlands area of England, located on the River Trent, the River Devon also runs through the town. ... Anglia Ruskin University, formerly Anglia Polytechnic, is a university in England, with campuses in Cambridge and Chelmsford. ...


Britvic

Main article: Britvic

Chelmsford is the home of Britvic soft drinks which began life as the British Vitamin Company in 1948. However, the origins of the company can be traced back to a chemist's in the town's Tindal Street, where flavoured waters were on sale as early as the mid-19th century. The company changed its name to Britvic in 1971 after its successful brand, which was launched in 1949. Britvic has a large factory on Widford Industrial Estate with its head office located in Broomfield Road. Britvic LSE: BVIC is a British producer of soft drinks. ... Britvic LSE: BVIC is a British producer of soft drinks. ...


Transport

A licensed Chelmsford Hackney Carriage taxi
A licensed Chelmsford Hackney Carriage taxi

Chelmsford railway station is a railway station serving the town of Chelmsford in Essex. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2400 × 1800 pixel, file size: 515 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A Chelmsford Licenced Hackney Carriage Taxi at the Market Road taxi rank in 2004. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2400 × 1800 pixel, file size: 515 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A Chelmsford Licenced Hackney Carriage Taxi at the Market Road taxi rank in 2004. ... In the United Kingdom, the name hackney carriage refers to a taxicab licensed by the Public Carriage Office in Greater London or by the local authority (non-metropolitan district councils or unitary authorities) in other parts of England, Wales, and Scotland, or by the Department of the Environment in Northern...

Rail

The Eastern Counties Railway arrived in Chelmsford in 1842, although due to the geography of the town, a 18-arch viaduct had to be built to cross what is now the park, and the station had to be built on a viaduct above street level. The present day Chelmsford railway station dates from around 1885 and is in the town centre and around 14,000 commuters travel to London Liverpool Street daily by rail making Chelmsford the busiest station outside of London which is completely non-terminus.[citation needed] The station is served by the railway franchise National Express East Anglia, which until recently was called 'one'. The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) began operating on June 20 1839 with a train service from a temporary terminus at Mile End to Romford, and working to a gauge of five feet. ... Chelmsford railway station is a railway station serving the town of Chelmsford in Essex. ... Commuting is the process of travelling from a place of residence to a place of work. ... Liverpool Street station Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, in the heart of the financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... One Railway (or simply One) is the brand name of London Eastern Railway Ltd, a British company which operates local, suburban and express services from London Liverpool Street in the City of London to East and North London, Essex, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire and East Anglia, otherwise known as the Greater Anglia... ‘one’ is the brand name of London Eastern Railway Ltd, which operates local, suburban and express services from London Liverpool Street in the City of London to East and North London, Essex, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire and East Anglia, otherwise known as the Greater Anglia network. ...


Services from Chelmsford are operated to London Liverpool Street and Ipswich, Clacton, Harwich, Braintree and Norwich, with the occasional service to Peterborough and Lowestoft. Despite having platforms elevated on a viaduct, the station has full disabled access via a lift for each of the two platforms and as well as stair access. A second station has been proposed for many years on the north eastern fringes of the town at Springfield, in order to serve the expanding housing developments there but nothing has ever come to fruition. Liverpool Street station Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, in the heart of the financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... For other uses, see Ipswich (disambiguation). ... Town - Clacton-on-Sea Location - Essex, England Founded - 1871 Population (1991) - 45,065 Clacton-on-Sea is the largest town on the Tendring Peninsula, in Essex, England. ... Arms of Harwich Town Council Harwich (IPA, /hɑːˈɹɪtʃ/) is a town in Essex, England, located on the coast with the North Sea to the east. ... , Braintree is a town of about 42,393 people and the principal settlement of the Braintree district of Essex in the East of England. ... For other places with the same name, see Norwich (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in the United Kingdom. ... , Lowestoft (pronounced ) is a town in Suffolk, East Anglia, England, lying between the eastern edge of The Broads National Park at Oulton Broad and the North Sea. ...


The latest information suggests that a new station will be built at Springfield, to the north of Chelmsford. Completion for this project is likely to be c. 2014.[citation needed].


Bus

A new bus terminal in Duke Street opened in March 2007 which replaced an ageing 1930s Bus station. It incorporates shops and apartments and has a covered roof for passengers. This is mainly used by the First Essex Bus Company which has many routes around the town and beyond including the X30 Southend to Stansted Airport Flyer. First Group-owned First Essex is one of many operators of London Buses. ... Southend is the name of a number of locations: Southend-on-Sea is the name of a town in Essex, UK Southend, Kintyre is the name of a village in Kintyre, Scotland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... Terminal building, designed by Sir Norman Foster Stansted Airport is a medium-sized passenger airport with a single runway, located in the English county of Essex about thirty miles north of London. ...


Essex County Council Highways & Transportation Department have considered the construction of a Bus Rapid Transit System to be built serving the Beaulieu Park/Springfield Area due to the increasing demand for Rapid Transit Plans in Ipswich, Colchester and Southend. http://www. ...


Chelmsford has a Park & Ride service that is based at nearby Sandon, just off the A12 at Junction 18. It runs from 7am to 7pm, Monday to Saturday with five bus stops around the town (one near High Chelmer for shopping) and charges £2.00 per adult and free for OAP's or people under the age of 16. It currently has a capacity of 1,200 cars. Opened in March 2006 it has proved highly successful and is widely used. a park-and-ride bus in Oxford Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to drive short distances in their personal automobiles to catch a ride on a bus or railroad system (usually classified as light rail or the heavier commuter rail). ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TL731052 Administration District: Chelmsford Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: East of England Post office and telephone Post...


Road

The A12 road from London, originally built by the Romans to connect London and Colchester, used to pass through the town, but is now diverted around the east. The £34.8m nine-mile (14 km) bypass opened in November 1986. The A414 is the main east-west route through the Borough, and the A130 and A131 run approximately north-south. The A12 is a major road in England, a trunk road for most of its length, running from London to Great Yarmouth in Norfolk. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ... The numbering zones for A-roads in Great Britain List of A roads beginning with 1 in Great Britain beginning north of the Thames, east of the A1. ...


Chelmsford is around 25 to 30 minutes drive from London Stansted Airport (via A130/A120), and London Heathrow, London Gatwick, London City, Luton and Southend airports are all within reach. London Stansted Airport (IATA: STN, ICAO: EGSS) is a large passenger airport located in the Uttlesford District of the English county of Essex about 30 miles (48 km) north-east of London. ... Heathrow redirects here. ... Gatwick Airport (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) is Londons second largest airport and the second busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow. ... London City Airport (IATA: LCY, ICAO: EGLC) is a single-runway airport, intended for use by STOL (Short Take Off and Landing) airliners, and principally serving the financial districts of London. ... , London Luton Airport (IATA: LTN, ICAO: EGGW) (previously called Luton International Airport)[3] is an international airport located on the edge of the town of Luton, Bedfordshire, England approximately 30 miles (48 km) north of London. ... A Flightline BAe 146 aircraft lands at London (Heathrow) Airport in July 2004. ...


In the southwest of the town centre, the A138 meets the A414 at The Army and Navy roundabout which is notorious for its traffic congestion, even though the north–south road at this point is no longer part of the A12. Prior to 1986, when the Chelmsford bypass was opened, the roundabout was in an even worse state. Traffic lights were tried to improve matters in the early 2000s but that scheme was abandoned after a short while. The recently built bus lane on the A1114 Great Baddow Bypass and priority to traffic using it has meant traffic queues approaching the roundabout can now be over a mile long during peak periods. The A12 is a major road in England, a trunk road for most of its length, running from London to Great Yarmouth in Norfolk. ...


The junction is unusual for its flyover, in a similar manner to the Hogarth Roundabout in Chiswick, London. It is bi-directional, being open where traffic goes one way into town (westerly) until 2.30 pm each day and one way (easterly) out of town after 2.30 pm. A two-way flyover has been mooted ever since the original was built in 1978: it is very unlikely to happen - the local council has stated that the cost would be prohibitive. The roundabout is still called "The Army and Navy", even though the public house from which the junction got its name has been demolished. The Hogarth Roundabout is one of Londons best known road junctions. ... For other uses, see Chiswick (disambiguation). ...


Taxis

Chelmsford has 140 local authority licensed Hackney Carriage Taxis that mainly ply for hire at Chelmsford railway station taxi rank, although at the present time only Chelmsford Taxi Association affiliated Hackney Carriages are permitted to ply for hire at the station. There are other ranks within the town such as Market Road and Baddow Road. However The Baddow Road rank mainly operates at night for visitors to the Pubs and Clubs within that area and the Market Road rank is only used during the daytime. Licensed Hackney Carriages in the Borough of Chelmsford are easily identifiable as they are predominately 'black' in colour, have white Local Authority License plates on the front/rear and illuminated green 'for hire' signs inside the front windscreen and illuminated rooflights. Chelmsford Hackney Carriage Taxis can be flagged down by members of the public anywhere within the Borough. In the United Kingdom, the name hackney carriage refers to a taxicab licensed by the Public Carriage Office in Greater London or by the local authority (non-metropolitan district councils or unitary authorities) in other parts of England, Wales, and Scotland, or by the Department of the Environment in Northern... Chelmsford railway station is a railway station serving the town of Chelmsford in Essex. ... A taxi stand in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong on a rainy day. ...


Licensed Private Hire Taxis in Chelmsford are identifiable by their yellow local authority license plates on the front/rear of the vehicles and lack of an illuminated rooflight. These vehicles are not permitted to ply for hire and must be pre-booked by telephone. They can be of any colour. All Licensed Taxis of either type in Chelmsford will have a large rectangular council identification sticker with its license number on the front doors. Taxicabs are regulated throughout the United Kingdom, but the regulation of taxicabs in London is especially rigorous both with regard to mechanical integrity and driver knowledge. ...


Redevelopment

Melbourne Court Chelmsford, currently under redevelopment
Melbourne Court Chelmsford, currently under redevelopment
The "Kings Tower" during construction late 2006
The former Chain Home Radar Tower in Great Baddow Chelmsford
The former Chain Home Radar Tower in Great Baddow Chelmsford
The Shire Hall Chelmsford
The Shire Hall Chelmsford
Hylands House
Hylands House
The River Can in the town centre with part of the 1960s flood prevention scheme clearly visible

A major new development was completed in 2007 in the West End of Chelmsford just off Duke Street called "53 Park Central" which contains a new Bus Station, shops and luxury apartments. The lower level apartments of this development and the Bus Station area are sometimes called 'The Marconi Plaza', while the upper level apartments are part of the "Kings Tower". The Bus Station and shops were opened in January 2007 while the rest of the development was ready in September 2007. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 533 pixel, file size: 133 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 53 Park Central development Chelmsford during construction late 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 533 pixel, file size: 133 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) 53 Park Central development Chelmsford during construction late 2006. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 250 × 462 pixelsFull resolution (250 × 462 pixel, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Chain Home Tower in Great Baddow Chelmsford I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 250 × 462 pixelsFull resolution (250 × 462 pixel, file size: 16 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Chain Home Tower in Great Baddow Chelmsford I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 413 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Shire Hall Chelmsford in 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 413 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Shire Hall Chelmsford in 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 513 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The River Can in the town centre with part of the 1960s flood prevention scheme clearly visible I, the creator of this work, hereby release it... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 683 pixel, file size: 513 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The River Can in the town centre with part of the 1960s flood prevention scheme clearly visible I, the creator of this work, hereby release it...


Another site near the large suburb of Springfield is in its planning stages. It will be a new neighbourhood which is supposed to be an urban village containing 3,500 homes. A controversial Northern Relief Road would be built. The Public House "The Army and Navy" from which the notorious roundabout gets its name was demolished in March 2007. It will be replaced by a Travelodge Hotel, a Frankie and Benny's Restaurant and private flats. Building work started at the site in October 2007 with the project due for completion during 2009. For the Travelodge brand in other countries see the main article: Travelodge Travelodge is the second largest budget hotel brand and third biggest hotel chain (by bedroom numbers - approximately 20,000) in the United Kingdom. ...


One of Chelmsford's tallest buildings, Melbourne Court in Melbourne Avenue is currently receiving an £8m investment for extensive refurbishment and to create a new Neighbourhood Centre due for completion in 2009. Recently plans were revealed for 'Waterside', a large development of shops, bars and restaurants on the banks of the River Chelmer, near the Army & Navy. If this development goes ahead a new bridge and central link road would be built. Another development recently finished is 'The Hub' in Waterloo Lane. This contains luxury apartments and a large Seafood Restaurant. Spaghetti with seafood (Spaghetti allo scoglio). ...


Places of interest

There are many places of interest within Chelmsford, including the 18-arch Victorian railway viaduct that spans the River Can in Central Park. One of three railway viaducts in the town that carry the Great Eastern Main Line. The Viaduct was constructed during 1842 by the Eastern Counties Railway Company and opened for passenger traffic on 29 March 1843.[9] Chelmsford Cathedral which is located directly behind The Shire Hall. Originally called St Mary's Church, it became a Cathedral when the Diocese of Chelmsford was created in 1914. It is officially the second smallest in England behind Derby Cathedral,[citation needed] Torontos Bloor Street Viaduct bridges the Don valley; road traffic uses the upper deck, rail traffic uses the lower deck. ... The Great Eastern Main Line, or the GE, is a major railway line of the British railway system, which connects Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations in east London and the East of England, including Ipswich, Norwich and several coastal resorts. ... The Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) began operating on June 20 1839 with a train service from a temporary terminus at Mile End to Romford, and working to a gauge of five feet. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Chelmsford Cathedral is the Church of England cathedral in the city of Chelmsford in Essex. ... The Tower Derby Cathedral is a cathedral church in the City of Derby, England. ...


Chelmsfords two tallest buildings are Melbourne Court built in 1962 in Melbourne Avenue, locally known as Melbourne flats and the new development completed in 2007, the 13 floor "Kings Tower" in Duke Street. They share the same height of 141.04 feet (42.99 m). The tallest structure by far in the Chelmsford area is the former Chain Home radar tower in the urban village Great Baddow which rises to 360 ft (110 m). It originally stood at Canewdon but reassembled in Chelmsford just after 1945 and is the only Chain Home tower still in its original unmodified form in the UK. It is a highly visible landmark throughout the town and surrounding area. Marconi tower at sunset. ... , Great Baddow is an urban village in the Chelmsford borough of Essex, England. ... Canewdon is a village in the Rochford District of Essex in England The origin of the name is unclear. ...


The Shire Hall is situated at the top of the High Street. Opened in July 1791 and built by local Architect and Essex County Surveyor John Johnson, it features a Portland Stone façade. One of the oldest and most prominent buildings in Chelmsford, it was built as a Court house, which it has remained to this day. A county hall or shire hall is the headquarters of a countys administration. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Main Street. ... The Cenotaph, in Whitehall, London, England, is made from Portland stone Portland stone is limestone from the Jurassic period quarried on the Isle of Portland, Dorset. ...


Hylands House and Park just to the west of the town is a country house and parkland, saved from dereliction and purchased by the local council in 1966 after the death of the last private owner. Much damaged by fire and vandalism by the time of the sale, the house has now been completely restored by Chelmsford Borough Council. The house dates originally from 1730, and the park, currently 574 acres (2.32 km²) was landscaped by Humphry Repton. It is open to the public and used for a wide range of community events. It is also available for weddings and other private hires including conferences etc. Hylands Park is a country house and its surrounding 574 acre park in Essex in southern England. ... Notable gardeners Luis Barragán Geoffrey Bawa Lancelot Capability Brown Charles de lÉcluse Esther Dean Charlie Dimmock A. J. Downing Ian Hamilton Finlay Bob Flowerdew Pippa Greenwood C. Z. Guest Robert Hart Michael Heseltine Hotsukimaru Derek Jarman Thomas Jefferson Gertrude Jekyll William Kent André Le Nôtre Peter Joseph...


The park has hosted the annual V Festival every penultimate weekend in August since 1996. The 21st World Scout Jamboree 2007 was held at Hylands Park from 27th July to 8th August 2007. For the North American spin-off of the rock festival, see Virgin Festival For the Australian spin-off, see V Festival (Australia) The V Festival is an annual music festival in England, the first to be held simultaneously at two sites - currently Hylands Park in Chelmsford and Weston Park in...


Chelmsford Museum is a local history museum, showing the development of the town from prehistory up to Tudor times. It goes no further at the moment due to an imminent Museum redevelopment project which will begin in June 2008. The Museum is housed in Oaklands Park, off Moulsham Street where the Essex Regiment Museum can also be found. This Museum will be closed from April 2008 until about November 2009, when the redevelopment work has been completed. The Museum holds pottery including Castle Hedingham ware and the Turner Prize winner Grayson Perry. There is a live beehive and a collection of beautiful 18th Century glasses which were recently featured on the BBC TV programme 'Flog it!'.


Geography and climate

Geology

From over 600,000 years ago, during the Pleistocene ice age, until the Anglian glaciation around 475,000 years ago, the early River Thames flowed through the area where Chelmsford now stands, from Harlow to Colchester, before crossing what is now the North Sea to become a tributary of the Rhine. Consequently gravel deposits are frequently found in the area and current and former gravel pits in the district are common. The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Anglian glaciation is a name for an ice age period which occurred between 450,000 and 300,000 years ago. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... For other uses, see Rhine (disambiguation). ... For the song, see Gravel Pit. ...


Chelmsford has two rivers, the River Can and the River Chelmer. Although often confused to be the same river in the town centre, they are quite separate until they join together towards the east of the town to form the Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation which heads out towards Maldon before flowing into tidal waters at the Blackwater Estuary. In the other direction the Chelmer comes from the north from its source near Thaxted while the Can comes from the West from Writtle where it separates from the River Wid. River Chelmer near Little Baddow The River Chelmer is a river that flows entirely through the county of Essex, England. ... The Chelmer and Blackwater Navigation is the canalisation of the Rivers Chelmer and Blackwater in Essex, in the east of England. ... Not to be confused with Malden. ... This article is about tides in the ocean. ... The Blackwater Estuary is the estuary of the Essex River Blackwater in south-east England. ... Thaxted is a small town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England, with a population of around 2,600 people. ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TL679063 Administration District: Chelmsford Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town: CHELMSFORD Postal...


Up to the 1960s these rivers were extremely prone to flooding the town centre area including two disastrous floods in August 1888 (known locally as 'The Great Flood') and in September 1958 (which also badly affected nearby Wickford) causing widespread damage. Flood prevention schemes in the 1960s on both rivers have largely prevented any further incidents here although the natural flood plains to the North and East such as The 'Baddow Meads' and The 'Chelmer Valley' continue to see flooding on a regular basis especially after prolonged heavy rainfall. For other uses, see Wickford (disambiguation). ...


Climate

Being in the south east of England, the town enjoys a warmer climate than most of the United Kingdom and has some of the hottest summers in Britain; it is also one of the driest places in the country. Temperatures can often reach 30°C (86.0°F) in the summer although this figure was not achieved during 2007. The hottest day on record in the town was on the UK wide temperature record breaking day of Sunday August 10, 2003 when 35.2°C (95.4°F) was recorded. Thunderstorms mostly occur during July and August however they can occur anytime of the year. is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A rolling thundercloud over Enschede, The Netherlands. ...


During the winter the temperature rarely stays below 0°C (32.0°F) during the day and even with night-time winter temperatures, it's extremely rare to fall below -5°C (23.0°F) hence air, hoar and ground frost together with freezing fog is very common from November through to March. The coldest temperature recorded in recent times in Chelmsford is -18°C (0.4°F) in January 1985. Frost on black pipes Frost is a solid deposition of water vapor from saturated air. ... For other uses, see Fog (disambiguation). ...


Snow although infrequent is sometimes seen in the winter months because the town is near the east coast where cold, moist air is brought in from the North Sea. In recent years there has been up to three inches (8 cm) of snow on days in January and February which has resulted in minor disruption to transport and caused some schools to close. However, the snow tends not to persist for a significant length of time in any noticeable quantity. The last substantial snowfalls in Chelmsford were on 14 February 1991 and 7 January 1982 when around 18 inches (46 cm) to 24 inches (61 cm) fell. is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...


Education

Main article: Chelmsford (borough)#Education

John Dee, noted Elizabethan philosopher and scientist and also responsible for the English translation of Euclid was educated at the Chantry School (later re-founded as the Grammar School) in the sixteenth century. Chelmsford is also home to part of the Anglia Ruskin University (formerly called Anglia Polytechnic) and to the grammar schools of Chelmsford County High School and King Edward VI Grammar School, founded in 1551 by charter of King Edward VI on the site of an earlier educational foundation (although evidence suggests it could have been around as early as 1292). A Catholic Secondary School in the area is St John Payne Catholic Comprehensive School. Chelmsford College is the main provider of further education in the borough. Established in the early 1960s, the college occupies three sites in the town. The main site on Moulsham Street dates from the 1960s and the Princes Road site is a late 80s building. There are around 1700 full time and 3,000 part time students enrolled on a wide range of academic, vocational and occupational programmes. Chelmsford is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... For the American college basketball coach, see John Dee (basketball coach). ... For other uses, see Euclid (disambiguation). ... King Edward VI Grammar School, or KEGS, is a British grammar school located in the town of Chelmsford, roughly in the middle of the county of Essex. ... Anglia Ruskin University, formerly Anglia Polytechnic, is a university in England, with campuses in Cambridge and Chelmsford. ... Chelmsford County High School main building Chelmsford County High School for Girls, or CCHS, is a selective grammar school for girls aged 11-18 located in Chelmsford, Essex, England. ... King Edward VI Grammar School, or KEGS, is a British grammar school located in the town of Chelmsford, roughly in the middle of the county of Essex. ... Saint John Payne Catholic Comprehensive School is a Catholic comprehensive school located in Chelmsford, Essex in the East of England. ...


Society and culture

Media

Chelmsford is home to two active local radio stations. Essex FM has been on air since 12 September 1981 and is owned by GCap Media. It moved to studios in Glebe Road in late 2004, having previously been based in Southend. BBC Essex has been on air since 5 November 1986 and its studios are based in New London Road. Chelmsford is also associated with Dream 107.7 FM, which recently moved to studios in Heybridge near Maldon, having vacated its Chelmsford premises in November 2006. This station was previously known as 107.7 Chelmer FM up to 2002. The station began broadcasting on 18th October 1998. It is the local station for mid-Essex. Tindle Radio have owned this station since 2002, where it was purchased from Mid Essex Radio Ltd. Chelmsford Calling was a now defunct community radio station aimed at older listeners, playing a mix of jazz and comedy programmes. The station was under a Restricted Service Licence and ceased broadcasting on 11 February 2007 after just under two months on air. A radio station is a site configured for broadcasting sound. ... Essex FM is a British radio station. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... GCap Media plc is a British commercial radio company formed from the merger of the Capital Radio Group and GWR Group. ... Southend is the name of a number of locations: Southend-on-Sea is the name of a town in Essex, UK Southend, Kintyre is the name of a village in Kintyre, Scotland This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... BBC Essex is the BBC Local Radio service for the English county of Essex. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Dream 107. ... , Heybridge is a small town adjacent to Maldon, near the River Blackwater in Essex, England. ... Not to be confused with Malden. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... The Tindle Radio Group is a Media company which owns stations across the United Kingdom and the Channel Islands. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... A UK Restricted Service Licence (often called an RSL), is typically granted to radio stations and television stations broadcasting within the UK to serve a local community or a special event. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Publications based in Chelsford include the Essex Chronicle, which was founded as the "Chelmsford Chronicle" in 1764. The weekly "Essex Chronicle" newspaper is the longest in continuous publication in the country.[citation needed] Until the closure of the printing plant in 2002, the paper was also printed in the town. It is now printed on presses by the Northcliffe Group which now owns the paper. Chelmsford Weekly News and Chelmsford and Maldon Yellow Advertiser are free local papers delivered to every home.


Religion

Chelmsford Cathedral is the second smallest cathedral in England after Derby Cathedral.[citation needed] It was built in the 15th and early 16th centuries, when it was the parish church of the prosperous medieval town. The Diocese of Chelmsford was established in 1914 from part of the Diocese of St Albans. It covers all of Essex and much of East London. Chelmsford Cathedral is the Church of England cathedral in the city of Chelmsford in Essex. ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... The Tower Derby Cathedral is a cathedral church in the City of Derby, England. ... The Diocese of Chelmsford is a Church of England diocese based in Chelmsford, covering Essex and north-east London. ... The Diocese of St Albans forms part of the Province of Canterbury in England and is part of the wider Church of England, in turn part of the world-wide Anglican Communion. ...


Sport

Essex County Cricket Club is one of the 18 major county clubs which make up the English domestic Cricket structure, representing the county of Essex. The club is based at the County Ground in New Writtle Street. Essex County Cricket Club is one of the 18 major county clubs which make up the English domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Essex. ...


Chelmsford City Football Club play in the Ryman League Premier Division. The Club's home ground is at the Chelmsford Sport & Athletics Centre, Melbourne Park where they share with Chelmsford Athletic Club. Chelmsford is one of the largest settlements in England without a Football League team. Chelmsford City Football Club is an English semi-professional football club based in Chelmsford, Essex. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Football League is an organisation representing 72 professional football clubs in England and Wales, and runs the oldest professional football league competition in the world. ...


Chelmsford Hockey Club are a Men's and Ladies (field) hockey Club based in the County of Essex (England). It has over one hundred and fifty regular adult playing members, of all ages and abilities, as well as a thriving youth section. It fields eight Men's teams and five Ladies teams every weekend, including two Men's Veterans' XI's. The Ladies 1st XI compete in the English Hockey League Premier Division and the Men's 1st XI compete in the English Hockey League Division 1. The remaining Men's teams play in the East League while the other Ladies XIs play in the East Premier League and Essex League. The Club is undoubtedly one of the most successful Hockey Clubs in the country. Chelmsford Hockey Club is a hockey club from Chelmsford, Essex, England who play in the English Hockey League. ...


The Chelmsford Chieftains are an Ice Hockey Team that are based at the Riverside Ice and leisure centre and play in the English Premier Ice Hockey League. League: EPIHL Founded: 1987 Home Ice: Riverside Ice & Leisure Centre Capacity: 1200 Ice Size: 184ft x 85ft City: Chelmsford, United Kingdom Colours: Burgundy and Grey Captain: Jon Cotton Head Coach: Simon Howard Ownership: Nolan Smith and Donna Whiston The Chelmsford Chieftains are an Ice Hockey team that played their first... The EPIHL logo. ...


Events

Chelmsford is home of Essex street diversions, East Anglia's largest festival of international street theatre and the 3 foot People Festival, the UK's only 4-day festival exclusively for under 5 year-olds.[citation needed]


Notable people born in Chelmsford

Statue of Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal, Tindal Square Chelmsford.
Statue of Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal, Tindal Square Chelmsford.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (683 × 1024 pixel, file size: 452 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) judge tindals statue in tindal square chelmsford alonside tindal street. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (683 × 1024 pixel, file size: 452 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) judge tindals statue in tindal square chelmsford alonside tindal street. ... Statue of Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal, Tindal Square Chelmsford. ... Najma Akhtar (born 18 September 1962, Chelmsford, Essex), also known as Najma, is an English pop singer of South Asian ancestry. ... Simon Brown (born 5 December 1976, in Chelmsford) is an English footballer, currently playing for Brentford in Football League Two. ... There are several uses of the term Hibernian The Scottish football club Hibernian F.C. An inhabitant of the ancient country Hibernia A member of the Hibernian Society A common name for a Pub This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Brentford Football Club are an English football club based in Brentford in the London Borough of Hounslow. ... Liam Chilvers, born Chelmsford, November 6th, 1981, is a professional footballer with Colchester United. ... Sarah Cracknell (born 12 April 1967, Chelmsford, Essex) is an English pop singer who fronts the band Saint Etienne and is known for her light, smooth singing voice. ... Saint Etienne are an English indie dance act, fronted by Sarah Cracknell (born April 12, 1967, Chelmsford, Essex). ... Hazell Dean in 1991 Hazell Dean (born October 27, 1956 in Great Baddow, Essex) is an English dance music singer, composer and producer. ... James Gibson at the 2003 British Swimming Championships James Gibson (born 6th February 1980, Chelmsford, United Kingdom) is a British swimmer. ... Gregory Greg Halford (born 8 December 1984, in Chelmsford, England) is a professional footballer currently with Sunderland. ... Colchester United Football Club is an English football team who play in the Championship. ... Current season Sunderland Association Football Club is a professional association football team based in Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, in North-East England. ... Philemon Holland (1552 - 1637) was an English translator. ... Sir Geoff Hurst, MBE (born December 8, 1941) is a footballer best known for scoring three goals in the 1966 World Cup Final helping England to win the World Cup for their first and only time. ... GB World Cup Commemorative overprinted stamp The 1966 Football World Cup Final was the final match in the 1966 World Cup, contested by England and West Germany. ... Ceephax Acid Crew is otherwise known as Andy Jenkinson, the brother of Tom Squarepusher Jenkinson. ... Ceephax Acid Crew is an acid house and drum and bass electronic musician named Andy Jenkinson. ... Keith Flint on tour in Washington DC Keith Charles Flint (born 17 September 1969 in Chelmsford, Essex, England) is a member of the British hard dance/rave band The Prodigy. ... This article is about the English band. ... Tom Jenkinson a. ... Squarepusher is the performing pseudonym of Tom Jenkinson, an English electronic music artist signed to Warp Records. ... Harry Mark Christopher Judd,[1] commonly known as Harry Judd (born December 23, 1985 in Chelmsford, Essex, England) is the drummer in the British pop band McFly, along with fellow band members Tom Fletcher, Dougie Poynter and Danny Jones. ... For the characters of Back To The Future, see McFly family. ... George Clift King was the second mayor of the town of Calgary, Alberta. ... Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... Anne Knight 1786 - 1862 was a social reformer noted as a pioneer of feminism. ... Penny Lancaster (born in Chelmsford, Essex, England, on March 15, 1971) is an English model and a celebrity. ... Rod Stewart CBE (born January 10, 1945), is a singer and songwriter born and raised in London, England, with Scottish parentage. ... Nick Moorcroft (born 22nd Dec 1979, Chelmsford, Essex is an English Screenwriter He was expelled from Gosfield School in Halstead, Essex. ... Chris Mullin MP Christopher John Mullin, known as Chris Mullin, (born 12 December 1947 in Chelmsford, Essex) is an UK Labour politician, currently the member of Parliament for the English constituency of Sunderland South. ... Sunderland South is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Malcolm OKelly (born 19 July 1974 in Chelmsford, England) is an Irish rugby player who currently plays as a lock for Ireland internationally and Leinster at club level. ... First international  England 7 - 0 Ireland  (15 February 1875) Largest win  United States 3 - 83 Ireland  (10 June , 2000) Worst defeat  New Zealand 59 - 6 Ireland  (6 June 1992) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Quarter Finals, 1987, 1991, 1995, 2003, The Ireland rugby union team, represents... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Tom Payne (born 21 December 1982) is an English actor. ... Waterloo Road is a BBC television drama series set in Rochdale[1], and is about a failing comprehensive school. ... Alan Yentob and Grayson Perry at private view of Gilbert & George retrospective, Tate Modern Grayson Perry (born 24 March 1960), is an award-winning English artist, best known for his ceramics and cross-dressing. ... Tate Britain: the venue for the Turner Prize. ... A male dressed as a female. ... Nigel Spink (born Chelmsford, England, July 8, 1958) was a football goalkeeper who made his name at Aston Villa F.C. and also made one appearance for England at international level. ... Joseph Strutt (born 1749 in Essex; died 1802) was an English engraver and antiquary. ... Statue of Sir Nicholas Conyngham Tindal, Tindal Square Chelmsford. ... Prior to 1880, the Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas was one of the highest judicial officials in England, behind only the Lord High Chancellor and the Lord Chief Justice of the Kings (or Queens) Bench. ... James Harper (born 9 November 1980 in Chelmsford) is an English footballer. ... Mervyn Day (born Chelmsford, 26th June, 1955), He was educated at King Edward VI Grammar School, Chelmsford. ... Current season West Ham United Football Club is an English football club based in Upton Park, London Borough of Newham, East London, and have played their home matches at the 35,303 capacity Boleyn Ground stadium since 1904. ... Guthrie Govan Guthrie Govan (born December 27, 1971 in Chelmsford, Essex, England) is a guitarist known for his work with the bands Asia (2001-2006), GPS, The Young Punx and The Fellowship as well as Erotic Cakes (a vehicle for his own music). ... Asia is a rock group formed in 1981. ...

Nearest places

Destinations from CHELMSFORD
Stansted Airport Braintree
 
Witham, Colchester
Harlow, Bishops Stortford
N
W E
S
Maldon, Heybridge
London, Brentwood, Epping, Loughton, Ingatestone Basildon, Billericay, Wickford, Grays Thurrock
 
Southend on Sea, Rochford, Rayleigh

Terminal building, designed by Sir Norman Foster Stansted Airport is a medium-sized passenger airport with a single runway, located in the English county of Essex about thirty miles north of London. ... , Braintree is a town of about 42,393 people and the principal settlement of the Braintree district of Essex in the East of England. ... , Witham (pronounced Wittam; IPA, /ˈwɪtæm/) is a town in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Bishops Stortford is a town in Hertfordshire, England. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Not to be confused with Malden. ... , Heybridge is a small town adjacent to Maldon, near the River Blackwater in Essex, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Brentwood is a town and the principal settlement of the Borough of Brentwood, part of Essex in England. ... For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Loughton (disambiguation). ... Ingatestone is a village in Essex, England, with a population of about 3400 people. ... Basildon (IPA, ) is a New Town located in south Essex, England at . It was designated as a New Town after World War II in 1948 to accommodate the London population overspill. ... Statistics Population: 40,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ675945 Administration District: Basildon Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town... For other uses, see Wickford (disambiguation). ... Location within the British Isles Grays is the largest town in the borough of Thurrock to the east of London. ... Southend redirects here. ... See also: Rochford, Worcestershire Rochford is a small town in the Rochford district of Essex in the East of England. ... Map sources for Rayleigh, Essex at grid reference TQ806907 Arms of the former Rayleigh Urban District Council Rayleigh is a market town in Essex, England located between Chelmsford and Southend-on-Sea. ...

Further reading

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Chelmsford
  • Foreman, Stephen: Hylands — the story of an Essex country house and its owners (Ian Henry Publications, 1999)
  • Lee, Janet Olivia: Chelmsford — Birthplace of Radio (Chelmsford Borough Council, 2001)
  • Lowen, Ceri: Hylands House — a brief history and guide (Chelmsford Borough Council, 2005)
  • Wander, Tim: 2MT Writtle — The birth of British Broadcasting (Capella Publications, 1988)
  • Weller-Lewis, Hugh: Chelmsford Borough Guide (Macmillan, 1995)
  • Wickenden, Nick: A Celebration of Chelmsford (Chelmsford Borough Council, 1999)
  • Grieve, Hilda: The Sleepers and the Shadows Volume 1 Chelmsford: a town, its people and its past (Chelmsford Record Office, 1988)
  • Grieve, Hilda: The Sleepers and the Shadows Volume 2 Chelmsford: a town, its people and its past (Chelmsford Record Office, 1994)
  • Begent, Andrew: Chelmsford At War (Ian Henry Publications Ltd, 1999)
  • Torry, Gilbert: Chelmsford through the ages (East Anglian Magazine Ltd, 1977)

References

  1. ^ Essex County Council - Contact us. Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  2. ^ Chelmford Borough Council - Contact Us. Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  3. ^ Vision of Britain - Chelmsford hundred (historic map). Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  4. ^ a b Vision of Britain - Chelmsford MB (historic map). Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  5. ^ Fairtrade Foundation - [1] Retrieved 18 February 2008.
  6. ^ Chelmsford Borough Council - Key Statistics About Chelmsford. Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  7. ^ Project Wireless Consultation - Newsletter Issue 1: Winter 2006. Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  8. ^ Simons, R. & Sutherland, J., Forty Years of Marconi Radar from 1946 to 1986, GEC Review, (1998). Retrieved 24 December 2007.
  9. ^ Essex Chronicle Archive 24 March 1843, Essex Record Office

is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

External links

The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to administrative counties of England. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Thurrock is a unitary authority with borough status in the East of England. ... Image File history File links Arms_of_Essex. ... The Basildon district is a local govenment district in Essex, England. ... Braintree is a local government district in the English county of Essex. ... Brentwood is a local government district and borough in Essex in the East of England. ... See also: Castle Point (Hoboken) Castle Point is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Chelmsford is a local government district and borough in Essex, England. ... Colchester is a local government district and borough in Essex, England, named for its main town, Colchester. ... Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, England. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Maldon is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Rochford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Tendring is a local government district in Essex, England. ... Uttlesford is a local government district in Essex, England. ... , Abridge is a small town in Essex, England. ... Basildon (IPA, ) is a New Town located in south Essex, England at . It was designated as a New Town after World War II in 1948 to accommodate the London population overspill. ... Statistics Population: 40,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ675945 Administration District: Basildon Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: Essex Police Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town... , Braintree is a town of about 42,393 people and the principal settlement of the Braintree district of Essex in the East of England. ... Brentwood is a town and the principal settlement of the Borough of Brentwood, part of Essex in England. ... Brightlingsea is a coastal town in the Tendring district of Essex, roughly between Colchester and Clacton-on-Sea, situated at the mouth of the River Colne, on Brightlingsea Creek. ... , Buckhurst Hill is a suburban town in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Burnham-on-Crouch is a town in Essex, England, lying on the River Crouch. ... , Canvey Island (area 18. ... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Chipping Ongar is a town in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. ... Town - Clacton-on-Sea Location - Essex, England Founded - 1871 Population (1991) - 45,065 Clacton-on-Sea is the largest town on the Tendring Peninsula, in Essex, England. ... , Coggeshall is a small market town of 3,919 residents (in 2001) in Essex, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Colchester (disambiguation). ... Corringham is a small English town within the county of Essex. ... Location within the British Isles Dovercourt is a small sea-side town located in Essex, England. ... Map sources for Eastwood, Essex at grid reference TQ832892 Eastwood is a town some four miles west of Southend on Sea in Essex, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Epping (disambiguation). ... , Frinton-on-Sea is a small seaside town in Essex, England, in the Tendring district. ... For other uses, see Grays (disambiguation). ... Great Dunmow is a town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England. ... This article is about Hadleigh in Essex. ... Halstead is a rural town located in Essex, England, near Colchester and Sudbury. ... Harlow is a new town and local government district in Essex, England. ... Arms of Harwich Town Council Harwich (IPA, /hɑːˈɹɪtʃ/) is a town in Essex, England, located on the coast with the North Sea to the east. ... , Heybridge is a small town adjacent to Maldon, near the River Blackwater in Essex, England. ... Laindon is a town located in the west of the Basildon district of Essex, England. ... Langdon Hills is a town located in the Basildon district of Essex, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Loughton (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Malden. ... Manningtree is a town in Essex, England, which has merged with the port of Mistley, on the River Stour. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Map sources for Rayleigh, Essex at grid reference TQ806907 Arms of the former Rayleigh Urban District Council Rayleigh is a market town in Essex, England located between Chelmsford and Southend-on-Sea. ... See also: Rochford, Worcestershire Rochford is a small town in the Rochford district of Essex in the East of England. ... Saffron Walden is a small market town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England. ... , Shoeburyness is a town in southeast Essex, England, situated at the mouth of the river Thames. ... , South Benfleet is a town in the Castle Point district of Essex in the East of England, United Kingdom. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Statistics Population: 3,776 (2001 Census) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TQ961995 Administration District: Maldon Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: {{{Police}}} Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post... Stanford-le-Hope is a town situated in the county of Essex, England. ... Thaxted is a small town in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England, with a population of around 2,600 people. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... Waltham Abbey is a market town of about 20,400 people in the south west of the county of Essex, in the East of England region. ... Statistics Population: 12,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TM251216 Administration District: Tendring Shire county: Essex Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Essex Historic county: Essex Services Police force: {{{Police}}} Ambulance service: East of England Post office and telephone Post town: Postal... , West Mersea is a small town in the Colchester borough of Essex in the East of England. ... West Thurrock is a place in the borough of Thurrock in England. ... For other uses, see Wickford (disambiguation). ... , Witham (pronounced Wittam; IPA, /ˈwɪtæm/) is a town in the county of Essex, in the south east of England. ... Wivenhoe is a small town in the Colchester borough of Essex in the East of England. ... The River Blackwater is a river in England. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... River Chelmer near Little Baddow The River Chelmer is a river that flows entirely through the county of Essex, England. ... The river Ching originates in Epping Forest, and runs to the River Lee, but not before being severely polluted. ... Cobbins Brook is a minor tributary of the River Lee. ... The River Colne is a small river that runs through Colchester. ... The River Crouch is a river that flows entirely through the English county of Essex. ... The River Lee Flood Relief Channel (FRC) is located in the Lee Valley and flows between Ware, Hertfordshire and Stratford, East London. ... Prittle Brook is a brook in England, which rises from a spring upon Thundersley Common and flows eastwards through Leigh-on-Sea and Prittlewell, eventually entering the [[River Roach ]] after flowing underground through Southend-on-Sea. ... The River Roach is a river that flows entirely through the English county of Essex. ... The River Roding is a river that rises near Dunmow, flows through Essex and forms Barking Creek as it reaches the River Thames in London Categories: UK geography stubs | London Rivers | Rivers in Essex ... River Stort is a tributary of the River Lee which it joins at Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire. ... The River Stour is a river in East Anglia, England. ... The Stour Brook is a river that starts just west of the town of Haverhill, Suffolk. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Essex is a county in the East of England which originated as the ancient Kingdom of Essex and one of the seven kingdoms, or heptarchy, that went on to form the Kingdom of England. ... The ceremonial county of Essex, (which includes the unitary authorities of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock) is divided into 17 Parliamentary constituencies - 5 Borough constituencies and 12 County constituencies. ... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Essex, England. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Diocese of Chelmsford, The Church of England in Essex and East London (138 words)
Diocese of Chelmsford, The Church of England in Essex and East London
Join us at the re:fresh Chelmsford Christian Festival 2008, 12th - 20th July.
Read selected speeches and addresses given by Rt Revd John Gladwin, Bishop of Chelmsford.
Chelmsford - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2135 words)
Chelmsford is the county town of Essex, England.
Chelmsford is home to the Diocese of Chelmsford, and Chelmsford Cathedral is the smallest cathedral in England, built in the 15th and early 16th centuries when it was the parish church of the prosperous medieval town.
Chelmsford was significantly involved in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381, and Richard II moved on to the town after quelling the rebellion in London.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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