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Encyclopedia > Chelmno Land


Chelmno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia Chełmińska, German: Kulmerland, Kulmer Land, Culmerland or Culmer Land) is the traditional name for a district around the city of Chełmno, in north-western Poland. The biggest cities are Torun, Grudziadz, Chelmno and Chelmza. Chelmno and Torun lay at the Vistula river. The land lay is located east of Vistula river and north of the Drwęca river, that is the border with Masovia. In various times it was considered to be part of the neighbouring provinces of Mazovia, Cuiavia, Greater Poland, Prussia, Pomerania and today it a part of Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship. The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... The Republic of Poland, a democratic country with a population of 38,626,349 and area of 312,685 km², is located in Central Europe, between Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania and... Toruń (pronounce: [:tɔruɲ], Kashubian: Torń, German Thorn, see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ... Motto: Grudziądz- miasto na szczęście Voivodship Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship Municipal government Rada Miasta Grudziądz Mayor Andrzej Wiśniewski Area 58,7 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 102 800 none 1751/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 53° 29 N 18° 46 E Area code +48 56 Car plates CG,CGR Twin... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Toruń (pronounce: [:tɔruɲ], Kashubian: Torń, German Thorn, see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ... Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. ... ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia ( German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers, reaching the Reknitz river... Kujavian-Pomeranian voivodship since 1999 The Kujavian-Pomeranian Voivodship (in Polish województwo kujawsko-pomorskie) is an administrative region or voivodship in central-northern Poland. ...


It is located on the right bank of the Vistula river, from the mouth of the Drwęca (German Drewenz) river to Chelmno. Where the Vistula river takes a sharp turn northward, the Drewenz Drwęca forms the eastern border of the region, while its southern and western border is the Vistula river. Vistula river basin Vistula ( Polish Wisła, German Weichsel) is the longest river in Poland. ... Drwęca is a river in northern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river (near Torun), with a length of 207 kilometres (17th longest) and the basin area of 5,344 sq. ... Vistula river basin Vistula ( Polish Wisła, German Weichsel) is the longest river in Poland. ...


History

In 10th century Chelmno Land (south of the Osa River) was inhabited by the lekhitic tribes of Kuyavians and Masovians. When this area was subdued by rulers of Polanes (10th century) Chelmno became a local centre of administration (kasztelania). Chelmno Land was Christianised already in 11th century. ... Mazurs are Polish ethnic group from Mazovia (Catholics) or East Prussia (Protestant), the latter often called Masurians in English. ...


After feudal fragmentation (1137) of Poland in line with the last will of duke Boleslaus III of Poland, Chelmno Land became a part of duchy governed by his son Boleslaus IV the Curly and his descendants. External links Map of the feudal dissolution Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | 1086 births | 1136 deaths ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Masovia | Dukes of Silesia ...


In the Middle Ages Chelmno Land was a subject to constant raids of the pagan Prussians. To protect his land from invasions and under the guise of Christianization to conquer the territories of Prussians duke Conrad I of Masovia called upon the Teutonic Knights for help. They were to keep the Chelmno Land as a fief in exchange for protecting Mazovia from Prussians, though some allege the grant to be a forgery. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Old Prussian is an extinct Baltic language spoken by the inhabitants of the area that later became East Prussia (now in north-eastern Poland, Lithuania and the Kaliningrad oblast of Russia) prior to Polish and German colonization of the area beginning in the 13th century. ... Categories: Poland-related stubs | Dukes of Masovia | Polish monarchs | Dukes of Sieradz-Leczyca | Prussian history ... Teutonic Knights Castle in Malbork (Marienburg) The Teutonic Order (German: Deutscher Orden, Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum) was a crusading order of knights under Roman Catholic religious vows which was formed at the end of the 12th century in Palestine to give medical aid to pilgrims to the holy... Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital in Warsaw. ...


The Teutonic Order obtained an Imperial bull of the Emperor Frederick II before entering Prussia (although some historians say this was based on forged documents). Frederick II (left) meets al-Kamil (right) Frederick II (December 26, 1194 - (December 13, 1250), Holy Roman Emperor of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212, unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 until his death...


When in 1243 the papal legate William of Modena divided Prussia into four dioceses under the archbishop of Riga, one was created for Chelmno Land. Events Innocent IV was elected pope. ...


This land in 1466 after Thirteen Years War between the Prussian cities for or against government by the Teutonic Knights, was with the Second Treaty of Thorn placed under the Polish crown as a part of autonomous Royal Prussia (see Chelmno Voivodship). Events Chimú Empire conquered by troops of the Inca End of term for Regent of Sweden Jöns Bengtsson Oxenstierna. ... The Thirteen Years War (also called the War of the Cities) started out as an uprising by Prussian cities and the local nobility with the goal of gaining independence from the Teutonic Knights. ... The Second Treaty of Toruń was a peace treaty concluded in Torun on October 19, 1466 between the Polish king, the Prussian cities, and duke of Pomerania on one side, and the Teutonic Order on the other. ... Royal Prussia (Polish: Prusy Królewskie, German: Königliches Preussen) was a Polish province formed from the western part of the Lands of the Teutonic Order following the Thirteen Years War or War of the Cities. During the war, the Prussian Confederation, led by the cities of Gdansk (Danzig), Elblag (Elbing) and... The Chełmno Voivodship (Polish: Województwo Chełmińskie) was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Kingdom of Poland since 1454/1466 till the partitions in 1772/1795. ...


In 1772 as a result of the First Partition of Poland Chelmno Land (with an exemption of Torun) was seized by Prussia. Between 1807 and 1815 Chelmno Land was a part of the Duchy of Warsaw. In 1815 become part of Grand Duchy of Poznan, but in 1817 was moved to West Prussia. Toruń (pronounce: [:tɔruɲ], Kashubian: Torń, German Thorn, see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 158,000 km² Population about 3 million Existed 1807 - 1814 The Duchy of Warsaw (Polish: Księstwo Warszawskie, Latin: Ducatus Varsoviae, French: Duche de Varsovie) was a Polish state established... Grand Duchy of Poznań (Polish: Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie, German: Grossherzogtum Posen) was province of Prussia in the Polish lands commonly known as Great Poland between the years 1815- 1849. ... One of four districts of East Prussia in 1920 - 1938. ...


In January of 1920 following the Treaty of Versailles (1919), Chelmno Land was given to Poland according to the treaty terms. Woodrow Wilson with the American Peace Commissioners The Treaty of Versailles of 1919 is the peace treaty created as a result of the six-month-long Paris Peace Conference of 1919 which put an official end to World War I. The ceremonial signing of the treaty with Germany occurred June...



External links:


Chelmno Town and Land on a map of Poland (http://www.pilot.pl/index.php3?z_city_id=335&lang=pl)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chelmno Land - Definition, explanation (516 words)
Chelmno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia Chełmińska, German: Kulmerland, Kulmer Land, Culmerland or Culmer Land) is the old land in the turn of Vistula, between Vistula, Drweca and Osa rivers with main city in Chełmno; (Kulm), now in central Poland.
In 10th century Chelmno Land (south of the Osa River) was inhabited by the lekhitic tribes of Kuyavians and Masovians.
In the Middle Ages Chelmno Land was a subject to constant raids of the pagan Prussians.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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