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Encyclopedia > Cheating in poker

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Cheating in poker is any behavior outside the rules intended to give an unfair advantage to one or more players.


Cheating can be done many ways, including collusion, sleight-of-hand such as bottom dealing or stacking the deck, or the use of physical objects such as Marked cards or holdout devices. Look up collusion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sleight of hand, also known as prestidigitation (quick fingers) or léger de main (from the French for lightness of hand), is the set of techniques used by a magician (or card sharp) to manipulate objects such as cards and coins secretly. ... Bottom dealing is a method of illegally influencing the outcome of a poker game and other card games by way of dealing from the bottom, rather than the top, of the card deck. ... A cold deck is a deck of playing cards arranged in a preset order, designed to give a specific outcome when the cards are dealt. ... Card marking is the process of altering playing cards such that the suit, rank or both are only apparent to the person marking the cards or potentially another conspirator. ... In gambling jargon, a holdout is any of numerous accessories used by cheats to help them hold-out a card (or cards) during a game. ...


Cheating occurs in both friendly games and casinos. Cheats may operate alone, but also may operate in teams or small groups. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Following is a list of terms used to categorize specific card cheats:

  • card mechanic: A card cheat who specializes in sleight-of-hand manipulation of cards, a card sharp.
  • base dealer: Also called a bottom dealer, or a second dealer, this relies on two related methods that manipulate the dealing of cards.
  • paper player: A card cheat that exploits the use of marked cards.
  • hand mucker: A card cheat that specializes in switching cards.
  • machine player: A card cheat that uses mechanical holdouts.

The Cardsharps, c. ... The Cardsharps, c. ... Bottom dealing is a method of illegally influencing the outcome of a poker game and other card games by way of dealing from the bottom, rather than the top, of the card deck. ... Second dealing is a method of illegally influencing the outcome of a poker game by way of dealing the second, rather than the top, card of the deck. ... Muck in gambling has multiple meanings: In poker, it refers both to the action of folding ones cards and to the pile of discarded cards in front of the dealer. ...

Minimal-skill methods

The easiest and most common types of cheating require no ability of manipulation, but rather merely the nerve. Such methods include shorting the pot, avoiding house fees and peeking at other players' cards. However, it is very difficult to prove because when confronted, the first time at least, the cheat often calls the cheating an honest mistake.


One minimal skill method that occurs in non-casino games happens when a player who has folded appoints himself the tender of the pot, stacking chips, counting them, and delivering them to the winning player. Check-chopping is when such a "helpful" player palms a chip. Odorless adhesive can be used for this purpose.


Another minimal skill method is going south (also known as "ratholing"), where a player covertly removes a portion of his chips from play while remaining in the game, normally in order to preserve the winnings as profit, or prevent a major loss in "big bet" games. The large and growing jargon of poker includes many terms. ... // Wikibooks Poker has more about this subject: Betting This article describes the common terms, rules, and procedures in the game, but does not cover the strategic impact of betting. ...


Skilled methods

A cheat may hand-muck, that is, switch their hand with one they have secretly hidden. This may also be done with a confederate.


A skilled cheat can deal the second card, the bottom card, the second from bottom card, and the middle card. The idea is to cull, or to find the cards one needs, place them at the bottom, top, or any other place the cheat wants, then false deal them to oneself or one's confederate.


One sign of false dealing could be when a dealer grips the deck with the index finger in front of it. This is referred to as the mechanic's grip. It not only allows better control of the cards, but provides cover as, showing the back of the top card, and without moving the hand holding the deck. Diagram of a mechanics grip. ...


Even if a cheat deals himself a powerful hand, he may not win much money if every other player has nothing, so often the cheat will stack two hands, with one player getting a strong hand and the cheater getting an even stronger one. This is called a double duke.


One method of cheating that involves both great risk and great potential pay-off is the cold deck – so called because it has not been "warmed up" by play (and thus randomised). Such decks are usually pre-stacked, and are introduced either at the deal, after the real deck has been shuffled, or before the deal, where a card sharp will make a false shuffle using sleight of hand. The latter method may require collusion if the style of play or house rules call for a cut. The skill lies both in convincing other players that the shuffle is legitimate and in ensuring that other players receive hands that are good enough to entice them into play, but not too good to arouse suspicion. A cold deck is a deck of playing cards arranged in a preset order, designed to give a specific outcome when the cards are dealt. ... The riffle Shuffling is a procedure used to randomize a deck of playing cards to provide an element of chance in card games. ...


Marked cards

Marked cards are printed or altered so that the cheater can know the value of specific cards while only looking at the back. Ways of marking are too numerous to mention, but there are certain broad types. A common way of marking cards involves marks on a round design on the card so as to be read like a clock (an ace is marked at one o'clock and so on until the king which is not marked). Shading a card by putting it in the sun or scratching the surface with a razor are ways to mark an already printed deck.


Juice and "daub" are two kinds of substances that can be used to mark cards in a subtle way so as to avoid detection, when done properly. While a "juice" deck is premarked and introduced into play by the cheater, "daub" is applied during play to any deck. Once trained, cheaters can read the cards from across the table.


Decks can be marked while playing using fingernails or by bending or crimping the cards in a position that the cheat can read from across the table. The practice of burning the top card, or cards, is to prevent a cheat from knowing that top card and dealing "seconds" to either give a confederate a card that helps his hand or an opponent a card that hurts his.


Collusion

Collusion is two or more players acting with a secret, common strategy. Some common forms of collusion are: soft play, that is, failing to bet or raise in a situation that would normally merit it because you don't want to cost your partner money; whipsawing, where partners raise and reraise each other to trap players in between; dumping, where a cheater will deliberately lose to a partner; and signalling, trading information between partners via signals of some sort. Look up collusion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Simple collusion in online poker is relatively easy and much more difficult to immediately spot if executed well. Cheaters can engage in telephone calls or instant messaging discussing their cards since nobody can see them. Sometimes one person can be using two or more computers and playing under different aliases. This gives him an advantage that's difficult to work against. However, online poker cardrooms keep records of every hand played, and collusion can often be detected by finding any of several detectable patterns (such as folding good hands to a small bet as it is known that another player has a better hand). Online poker is the game of poker played over the Internet. ...


Another concern in online poker is the use of bots. These are programs that play instead of a real human. Though their accuracy and their ability to actually win are in dispute, their use does violate the rules of the cardrooms so using them is by definition cheating. The game of poker (or at least most of the variants) is considered to be computationally unsolvable. ...


In a poker tournament, when one player is all in and two other players are active in the pot, it is common for the two players with chips left to "check it down". Unless they explicitly communicate an agreement about checking it down, this is not collusion.[1] An amateur poker tournament in progress. ...


Angle shooting

Angle shooting is engaging in actions which may technically be within the scope of the rules of the game but which are considered unethical or unfair to exploit or take advantage of another player. For example, an angle shooter might motion as if he were folding his hand to induce other players to fold theirs out of turn.


See also

Public cardrooms are a great resource for those who enjoy playing poker. ... Card counting is a card game strategy used to determine when a player has a probability advantage. ... Second dealing is a method of illegally influencing the outcome of a poker game by way of dealing the second, rather than the top, card of the deck. ... Bottom dealing is a method of illegally influencing the outcome of a poker game and other card games by way of dealing from the bottom, rather than the top, of the card deck. ... Card marking is the process of altering playing cards such that the suit, rank or both are only apparent to the person marking the cards or potentially another conspirator. ... Muck in gambling has multiple meanings: In poker, it refers both to the action of folding ones cards and to the pile of discarded cards in front of the dealer. ... Cheating in casinos refers to cheating the games played in casinos. ...

Cheating in poker in popular culture

The Cincinnati Kid is a 1965 movie directed by Norman Jewison. ... This article is about the 1973 film involving con artists. ... Shade is a 2003 neo-noir crime drama starring Stuart Townsend, Gabriel Byrne, Thandie Newton, Jamie Foxx, Roger Guenveur Smith, Melanie Griffith and Sylvester Stallone. ... Rounders is a 1998 film about the underground world of high-stakes poker. ... Tilt is a US TV series set against the backdrop of the World Poker Championships in Las Vegas, and with the tagline Youre playing poker. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Is "checking it down" in a tournament implicit collusion?

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cheating in poker Poker Encyclopedia and Poker Dictionary of Poker Facts and Poker Trivia (2870 words)
Cheating in poker is more common than most people care to believe.
Cheating can be done either by means of collusion, sleight-of-hand (such as bottom dealing, stacking the deck, switching cards etc), or the use of cheating gaffs (such as marked cards, holdout devices, glims etc).
tournament poker, soft-playing a friend is cheating all of the other players out of their chance to see you bust your friend, getting them closer to the prize money.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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