FACTOID # 15: A mere 0.8% of West Virginians were born in a foreign country.
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Encyclopedia > Charters of incorporation
Alternate use, see charter airline or bare-boat charter.

A charter is a document bestowing certain rights on a town, city, university or institution.

Charters were issued in medieval times by Royal decree, perhaps giving a particular town the right to hold a weekly market, or to levy a toll on a road or bridge.

A charter is a legally binding document incorporating an organization or institution and specifying its purpose, remit or bylaws. Organisations such as the Institution of Civil Engineers in the UK is chartered to maintain and advance the science and practice of civil engineering in the UK, and by this charter has the right to regulate the business of civil engineering in the UK; this gives rise to a status of a chartered engineer - one who satisfies the requirements of the charter holding organisation.

A famous example of a charter is England's Magna Carta.

In education, charter schools are becoming quite common.

See also: Royal Charter, Fueros (Spanish version).

External links

  • The Royal Charter for the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (http://www.pparc.ac.uk/Ap/Mc/Charter.asp)

  Results from FactBites:
Ripon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1901 words)
Ripon is said to have been made a royal borough by Alfred the Great, and in 937, Athelstan is stated to have granted to the monastery sanctuary, freedom from toll and taxes, and the privilege of holding a court, although both charters attributed to him are known to be spurious.
About 950 the monastery and town were destroyed by King Edred during his expedition against the Danes, but the monastery was rebuilt by the archbishops of York, and about the time of the Conquest was changed to a collegiate church.
From before the Conquest until the incorporation charter of 1604 Ripon was governed by a wakeman and 12 elders, or aldermen, but in 1604 the title of wakeman was changed to mayor, and 12 aldermen and 24 common councilmen were appointed.
CHESHIRE COUNTY NH - History and Genealogy (5690 words)
Reportedly the land was purchased of native Indians and granted by the province of Massachusetts Bay...confirmed to the original proprietors of the town 3 Sept 1753 (New Hampshire charter of the township).
The town was regranted in 1767, and incorporated in 1773 as Jaffrey, in honor of George Jaffrey, member of a prominent Portsmouth family.
It was incorporated as Rindge in 1768, in honor of Captain Daniel Rindge, one of the original grant holders.
  More results at FactBites »



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