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Encyclopedia > Charter
Alternate use, see charter airline, yacht charter, bare-boat charter or Charter Communications.

A charter is a document bestowing certain rights on a town, city, university, land or institution; sometimes used as a loan of money. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a bill of rights. The term derives from a root word meaning "paper". Image File history File links Derived from public domain images featured at: http://commons. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ... Yacht chartering is the practice of renting, or chartering, a sailboat or motor yacht and traveling to various coastal or island destinations. ... Bare-boat charter refers to a particular lease arrangement involving a ship. ... Charter Communications NASDAQ: CHTR is an American company providing cable television, HDTV, cable telephone, DVR, and broadband services over 6. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... The city of Chicago, as seen from the sky A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... A LAND attack is a DoS (Denial of Service) attack that consists of sending a special poison spoofed packet to a computer, causing it to lock up. ... Institutions are structures and mechanisms of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of two or more individuals. ... The Charter, signed by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1981. ... A bill of rights can be a statement of certain rights that may be guaranteed to citizens or residents of a society, legal jurisdiction, or nation-state; or an enumeration of rights they would like to have or believe they ought to have. ... Piece of A4 paper Paper is a thin material produced by the amalgamation of plant fibres, which are subsequently held together without extra binder, largely by hydrogen bonds and to a large degree by fiber entanglement. ...

Contents

Origin

As John Fiske described in his 1890 treatise on the Origin of Civil Government in the United States: John Fiske (1842–1901), born Edmund Fisk Green, was an American philosopher and historian. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ...

The word "charter" originally meant simply a paper or written document, and it was often applied to deeds for the transfer of real estate. In contracts of such importance papers or parchment documents were drawn up and carefully preserved as irrefragable evidences of the transaction. And so, in quite significant phrase the towns zealously guarded their charters as the "title-deeds of their liberties."
After a while the word charter was applied in England to a particular document which specified certain important concessions forcibly wrung by the people from a most unwilling sovereign. This document was called Magna Carta, or the "Great Charter," signed at Runnymede, June 15, 1215, by John, king of England.

A deed is a legal instrument used to grant a right. ... Magna Carta Magna Carta (Latin for Great Charter, literally Great Paper), also called Magna Carta Libertatum (Great Charter of Freedoms), is an English charter originally issued in 1215. ... Runnymede is a water-meadow alongside the River Thames in the English county of Surrey. ... // Events A certified copy of the Magna Carta June 15 - King John of England forced to put his seal to the Magna Carta, outlining the rights of landowning men (nobles and knights) and restricting the kings power. ...

History

In Anglo-Saxon England charters were used to grant land rights. Anglo-Saxon Charters are documents from the early medieval period in Britain which typically make a grant of land or record a privilege. ...


Charters were issued in medieval times by Royal decree, perhaps giving a particular town the right to hold a weekly market, or to levy a toll on a road or bridge. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Members of the British royal family A royal family is the extended family of a monarch. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A toll road, tollway, turnpike, pike or tollpike is a road on which a toll authority collects a fee for use. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A log bridge in the French Alps near Vallorcine. ...


Legal status

A charter is a legally binding document incorporating an organization or institution and specifying its purpose, remit or bylaws. Organizations such as the Institution of Civil Engineers in the UK is chartered to maintain and advance the science and practice of civil engineering in the UK, and by this charter has the right to regulate the business of civil engineering in the UK; this gives rise to a status of a chartered engineer - one who satisfies the requirements of the charter holding organization. Royal Charters also exist and may have legal status in the case of Universities & similar bodies the power to award degrees normally comes from a Royal Charter. A corporation is a legal person which, while being composed of natural persons, exists completely separately from them. ... A bylaw (sometimes also seen as by-law or Byelaw) was originally the Viking town law in the Danelaw. ... The Institutions headquarters Founded on 2 January 1818, the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) is an independent professional association, based in central London, representing civil engineers. ... A Royal Charter is a charter given by a monarch to legitimize an incorporated body, such as a city, company, university or such. ...


Charter schools

In education, charter schools are becoming quite common. Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools that have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools, in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each charter schools charter. ...


Charter buses

Chartered buses are used by some groups of individuals who use a common bus in order to go on a trip or go on a tour of a certain location.


Charter flights

Charter flights are organised on behalf of a group of individuals who share seats on a plane to travel together to another destination. These flights can be organised by individuals on behalf of other individuals or by tour companies. These companies are commonly referred to as tour operators or inclusive tour (IT) companies. The latter term is used to refer to companies whose charter arrangements include accommodation as well as flights. These arrangements are also known as package holiday or package tours. Firms that charter aircraft without offering any accommodation are "seat-only" operators. In the UK any company or individual organising charter flights - with or without accommodation - on a commercial basis must obtain Air Travel Organisers' Licensing (ATOL) from the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) and must lodge a bond with it, which will be used to repatriate charter airline passengers whose tour organiser has failed and who are stranded abroad. The term charter flights generally refers to flights and seats on large jets such as those produced by Boeing or Airbus, and is usually a cheap way for individuals to fly on a set route at a set time. In contrast air charter typically involves smaller planes, where one individual or company wants to use the whole plane for a very specific flight at a time of their choosing, and is a much more expensive way to fly. The term inclusive tour (IT) is used to describe a commercial arrangement where a company commonly referred to as a tour operator organises package holidays that include accommodation in addition to transportation. ... Package can refer to: a container, such as a box, parcel, or commercial packaging a concept in programming where related classes and interfaces are grouped together, see Java package in computing, a type of file format where software installation material is grouped together, see software package in electronics, the material... Atoll in the western Pacific Ocean Photo: www. ... The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is the name for the national body governing civil aviation in a number of countries. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is an aerospace and defense corporation headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... Airbus S.A.S. is a leading aircraft manufacturer based in Toulouse, France. ... The term Air Charter is a catch all phrase that refers to the renting of an entire aircraft vs. ...


Charter colony

A charter colony is a type of colony that was established by a group of settlers that received a charter. A charter colony is one of the three types of colonies: a charter colony, proprietary colony, and royal colony. ...


Charter member

The term charter member refers to a person or group who was among those participating in the creation of any chartered organization.


The Charter of Goods and Services

The term charter can refer to the letting, renting or hire of and object or a service. For instance yacht charter concerns the renting of a yacht and it's crew for a set period of time. Also, aircraft are chartered in the same way. Yacht chartering is the practice of renting, or chartering, a sailboat or motor yacht and traveling to various coastal or island destinations. ...


Newsgroup charter

On Usenet, newsgroups in the Big-8 and some other hierarchies must have a newsgroup charter spelling out the purpose of the newsgroup, what constitutes on-topic discussion, and whether or not the newsgroup is moderated. Usenet (USEr NETwork) is a global, distributed bulletin board system (BBS). ... A newsgroup is a repository usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users at different locations. ... The Big 8 were, in the 1970s, a group of Americas international accountancy firms that handled the vast majority of audits for publicly traded corporations. ... A contribution is on-topic if it is within the bounds of the current discussion, article, etc. ... Moderation is the process of eliminating or lessening extremes. ...


See also

Earth Charter logo The Earth Charter is a declaration of fundamental values and principles for building a just, sustainable, and peaceful global society in the 21st century. ... Fueros is a Spanish legal term and concept; there is a similar Portuguese term, Forals. ... A general incorporation law allows corporations to be formed without a charter from the legislature. ... Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ... A Royal Charter is a charter given by a monarch to legitimize an incorporated body, such as a city, company, university or such. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

External links

  • "How do I get the Charters for newsgroups?" from the news.newusers.questions FAQ

  Results from FactBites:
 
Charter - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (587 words)
Charters were issued in medieval times by Royal decree, perhaps giving a particular town the right to hold a weekly market, or to levy a toll on a road or bridge.
A charter is a legally binding document incorporating an organization or institution and specifying its purpose, remit or bylaws.
A charter colony is a type of colony that was established by a group of settlers that received a charter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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