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Encyclopedia > Charlottenburg
Location of Charlottenburg in Berlin
Location of Charlottenburg in Berlin
Charlottenburg palace

Charlottenburg is an area of Berlin within the borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2573x1401, 793 KB) Summary Source: from German Wikipedia [1] Fotograf: Richard Heidler Ort: Berlin Beschreibung: Schloss Charlottenburg Lizenz: Selbst fotografiert, GFDL Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Schloss Charlottenburg List of palaces ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2573x1401, 793 KB) Summary Source: from German Wikipedia [1] Fotograf: Richard Heidler Ort: Berlin Beschreibung: Schloss Charlottenburg Lizenz: Selbst fotografiert, GFDL Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Schloss Charlottenburg List of palaces ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is a borough of Berlin, formed in 2001 by merging the former boroughs of Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf. ...


Charlottenburg was an independent city to the west of Berlin until it was incorporated into "Groß-Berlin" (Greater Berlin) and transformed into a borough. In the course of Berlin's 2001 administrative reform it was merged with Wilmersdorf becoming a district of a new borough called Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. Later, in 2004, the new borough's districts were rearranged, dividing the former Charlottenburg into the districts Westend, Charlottenburg-Nord and Charlottenburg. The following article deals with the former borough Charlottenburg. Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs (Bezirke in German), which are administrative units with political rights comparable to incorporated communities in the rest of Germany (although they are not separate legal entities from the city). ... Wilmersdorf is an area of Berlin, formerly a borough but since 2001 part of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf. ... Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf is a borough of Berlin, formed in 2001 by merging the former boroughs of Charlottenburg and Wilmersdorf. ...


In 2005, Charlottenburg commemorated its 300th anniversary. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Geography

Charlottenburg is located to the east of the river Havel and to the south of the river Spree with the exception of Charlottenburg-Nord at the other side of the river Spree. The eastern part of Charlottenburg is part of the Berlin-Warsaw glacial valley while most of the rest is on the Teltow plateau. For the Biblical Havel, see Abel. ... The Spree (Slavic Å preva or Å preja, older form Sprevja, Sorbish Sprowja) is a river in Saxony, Brandenburg and Berlin, Germany. ... Image:NONE Monte Roraima In geology and earth science, a plateau, also called a high plateau or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat rural area. ...


Districts

As mentioned above, the former borough Charlottenburg is officially divided into three districts: Charlottenburg, Charlottenburg-Nord and Westend. In addition to that, Charlottenburg features a number of popular kiezes. Kiez is a German word that refers to a city neighbourhood; a relatively small community within a larger town. ...


History

Early settlements

It is proven that on the territory of Charlottenburg there have been three settlements in the late middle ages: the courtyards Lietzow (pronounced leat-tso) and Casow (pr. caaso) and a settling called Glienicke (pr. gleanicke). Even though these names are of Slavic origin, the settlements are likely to have comprised of a mixed Slavic-German population at that time.


Lietzow (aka Lietze, Lutze(n), Lütze, Lützow, Lusze and Lucene) is first documentary mentioned in 1239, and was located in the are of today's Alt-Lietzow street at the back side of the town-hall of Charlottenburg. Casow lay opposite to Lietzow on the other side of the Spree. In 1315 Lietzow and Casow are made property of the nunnery St. Marien in Spandau. As a result, it is possible that Lietzow was expanded to a village. In the course of the reformation, the nunnery was closed. While the area of Lietzow has continuously been populated, Casow and Glienicke were abandoned. As a result of old field names it is assumed that Glienicke lay in the area of today's streets Kantstraße, Fasanenstraße, Kurfürstendamm (more commonly known as Ku'damm) and Uhlandstraße as well as the now desiccated lake Gliniker Lake. // Events Births June 17 - King Edward I of England (died 1307) December 17 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (died 1256) Peter III of Aragon (died 1285) John II, Duke of Brittany (died 1305) Ippen, Japanese monk (died 1289) Deaths March 3 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (born 1187) March... Events August 13 - Louis X of France marries Clemence dAnjou. ... For the 1980s New Wave group, see Spandau Ballet. ...


The development of Lietzow is documented well. For more than 400 years members of the Berendt family were mayors and thus had to pay lower taxes. Ecclestiastically, Lietzow was covered by the pastor of Wilmersdorf who went there by the so-called 'Priesterweg' (priest way), today the streets Leibnizstraße, Konstanzer Straße and Brandenburgische Straße.


Charlottenburg palace

Charlottenburg palace
Charlottenburg palace

See Charlottenburg Palace for more details. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2573x1401, 793 KB) Summary Source: from German Wikipedia [1] Fotograf: Richard Heidler Ort: Berlin Beschreibung: Schloss Charlottenburg Lizenz: Selbst fotografiert, GFDL Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Schloss Charlottenburg List of palaces ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2573x1401, 793 KB) Summary Source: from German Wikipedia [1] Fotograf: Richard Heidler Ort: Berlin Beschreibung: Schloss Charlottenburg Lizenz: Selbst fotografiert, GFDL Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Schloss Charlottenburg List of palaces ... Schloss Charlottenburg, front view Schloβ Charlottenburg is the largest existing palace in Berlin. ...


In 1695, Sophia Charlotte received Lietzow from her husband Frederick of Prussia in exchange for her estates in Caputh and Langerwisch (near Potsdam). There she built a summer residence which was completed in 1699. After the coronation of her husband, she had the residence expanded to a more representative palace. Shortly after her death, the settlement facing the palace and the palace itself were called Charlottenburg and Schloss Charlottenburg respectively and the settlement was chartered. The king was the town's mayor until in 1720 Lietzow was incorporated into Charlottenburg. Jan. ... Sophia Charlotte of Hanover was born on October 30, 1668, at Schloss Iburg near Osnabrück. ... Friedrich I of Prussia, Kurfürst of Brandenburg, King in Russia (Fredrick I, July 11, 1857 -- February 25, 1913), Hohenzollern, was the first King in Prussia, reigning from January 18, 2001, until his death. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ...


Fredericks successor, Frederick William rarely resided in the palace, which had a negative influence on the small town of Charlottenburg. Frederick even – effortlessly – tried to revoke the town privileges. It was not until 1740, the coronation of his successor Frederick II of Prussia, that the town's significance increased as regular festivals were held at the palace. Later, Frederick II preferred the palace Sanssouci, which was partially designed by him. Frederick William I (German: Friedrich Wilhelm I) (August 14, 1688 – May 31, 1740) of the House of Hohenzollern, was the King in Prussia from 1713 until his death. ... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... Frederick II (German: ; January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was a King of Prussia (1740–1786) from the Hohenzollern dynasty. ... This article is about the German palace. ...


But in the late 18th century, Charlottenburg's development was not only depending on the monarchs. The town, built on barely fertile grounds, soon became a recreational area of the uprising city of Berlin. After the first proper inn was opened in the 1770s at the street 'Berliner Straße' (now Otto-Suhr-Allee), many other inns and beer gardens were to follow, especially attracting guests on weekends.


When he died in 1786, his nephew Frederick William II took over regency, and the palace became his preferred residence. The same applied to his son and successor Frederick William III. 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Frederick William II (German: ; September 25, 1744 – November 16, 1797) was the fourth king of Prussia, reigning from 1786 until his death. ... Frederick William III (German: , August 3, 1770 – June 7, 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. ...


After the defeat of the Prussian army at Jena and Auerstedt in 1806, Charlottenburg was occupied by France. Napoleon resided at the palace while his troops built a camp further outside of Charlottenburg. The Battle of Jena was fought on October 14, 1806, in Jena, in todays Germany, and resulted in a French victory under Napoleon Bonaparte against the Prussians under General Hohenlohe. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Miscellaneous

It is best known for Charlottenburg Palace, the largest surviving royal palace in Berlin, and the adjacent museums. It is also home to Berlin's Olympic Stadium (1936), the International Congress Centre, Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church, the Deutsche Oper Berlin, and Gedenkstätte Plötzensee, a memorial to those murdered by the Nazi justice system between 1933 and 1945. Schloss Charlottenburg, front view Schloβ Charlottenburg is the largest existing palace in Berlin. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... The Olympiastadion (Olympic Stadium) is a sports stadium in Berlin. ... Old and new parts Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church around 1900 The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (in German: Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche) is located in Berlin at the Kurfürstendamm. ... Deutsche Oper Berlin The Deutsche Oper Berlin is an opera house located in Berlin, Germany (in what was formerly West Berlin). ... Plötzensee is a lake in Berlin with an area of 7. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1945and died 2007 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Elector Frederick III had a summer residence built for his wife Sophie Charlotte by the architect Johann Arnold Nering between 1695 and 1699. After Frederick became the first Prussian King in 1701 (Frederick I of Prussia), the palace was extended into a stately building with a cours d'honneur. This work was supervised by the Swedish master builder Johann Friedrich Eosander. The eastern New Wing was built by Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff between 1740 and 1747 as Frederick the Great's residence. The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... Jan. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... Motto Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Government Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I (first)  - 1688–1701 Frederick III (last) King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I (first)  - 1888–1918 William II (last) Prime Minister1,2... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... Friedrich I of Prussia, Kurfürst of Brandenburg, King in Russia (Fredrick I, July 11, 1857 -- February 25, 1913), Hohenzollern, was the first King in Prussia, reigning from January 18, 2001, until his death. ... Officer, architect and painter Georg Wenzeslaus Baron von Knobelsdorff in a portrait by Adam Manyoki, a court painter from Dresden Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff (Born 17 February 1699 at Kuckädel in what is now Krosno OdrzaÅ„skie (Crossen an der Oder); Died 16 September 1753 in Berlin) was a... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... Year 1747 (MDCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ...


Charlottenburg was an independent city until 1920, when it was incorporated into Greater Berlin. 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


Charlottenburg is twinned with Linz, Trento, and Lewisham in South East London, England. Map of Austria, locating Linz Linz is a city and Statutarstadt in northeast Austria, on the Danube river. ... Panorama of Trento. ... Lewisham is a district in south-east London, England and the principal settlement of the London Borough of Lewisham. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130...


Coordinates: 52°31′N, 13°18′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Charlottenburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (180 words)
Charlottenburg is an area in Berlin, formerly a borough, now part of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf.
It is also known for the Schloss Charlottenburg, the largest palace in Berlin.
Charlottenburg is twinned with Lewisham in South East London, England.
Charlottenburg Palace - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (481 words)
Schloss Charlottenburg is located in the Charlottenburg district of the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf area of Berlin.
Yet right after his death in 1740, the newly crowned King Friedrich II allowed Charlottenburg to be expanded by Georg Wenzelaus of Knobelsdorff, whereupon east of the palace rose the New Wing.
Since 2004 Charlottenburg Palace has been temporarily the seat of the President, whilst Bellevue Palace is being renovated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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