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Encyclopedia > Charlie Parker
Charlie Parker
Birth name Charles Parker, Jr.
Also known as Bird, Yardbird
Born 29 August 1920(1920-08-29)
Kansas City, Kansas
Origin Kansas City, Missouri
Died 12 March 1955 (aged 34)
New York City, New York
Genre(s) Jazz, Bebop
Occupation(s) saxophonist, Composer
Instrument(s) Saxophone
Years active 1937 - 1955
Label(s) Savoy, Dial, Verve
Website Official Site
Notable instrument(s)
Conn, King and Grafton alto saxophones.
Right side view of a Conn 6M "Lady Face" alto sax with highly distinctive underslung octave key, a model that Parker is known to have used.[2][3] [4]
Left side view of a Conn 6M "Lady Face"[5] alto saxophone showing highly distinctive underslung octave key.

Charles "Bird" Parker, Jr. (August 29, 1920March 12, 1955) was an American jazz saxophonist widely considered one of the most influential of jazz musicians, along with Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington. Parker acquired the nickname "Yardbird" early in his career,[1] and the shortened form "Bird" remained Parker's sobriquet for the rest of his life, inspiring the titles of many Parker compositions, such as "Yardbird Suite" and "Ornithology." Charles Parker may mean: Charlie Parker, jazz musician Charlie Parker (Nova Scotia politician) Charlie Parker (cricketer) Charles Parker (army), American Ranger Charles Parker (New Zealand), politician Charles Parker (UK), radio producer Charles Parker (photographer) Charles Parker (prosecution witness in the trial of Oscar Wilde) Charlie Parker (Charlotte Parkhurst), a woman... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location in Wyandotte, County in the state of Kansas. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making music. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored musical instrument usually considered a member of the woodwind family. ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Savoy Records the name of two record labels, one in the United States of America, and the other in the United Kingdom. ... Dial Records was a United States based record label specializing in bebop jazz. ... Verve Records is an American Jazz record label, founded by Norman Granz in 1956, which absorbed the catalogues of his earlier labels: Norgran Records and Clef Records (founded 1953). ... C.G. Conn Ltd. ... The Grafton saxophone was a plastic saxophone manufactured by the Grafton company from the late-1940s, due to World War II and the shortage of metals and steels, until the mid-1950s. ... The alto saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a family of woodwind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... C.G. Conn Ltd. ... The alto saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a family of woodwind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ... The octave key is a key on a saxophone or oboe which raises the pitch of all notes by an octave when pressed. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored musical instrument usually considered a member of the woodwind family. ... The octave key is a key on a saxophone or oboe which raises the pitch of all notes by an octave when pressed. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... Louis[1] Armstrong[2] (4 August 1901[3] – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo[4] and Pops, was an American jazz musician. ... This article is about the American Jazz composer and performer. ... A sobriquet is a nickname or a fancy name, usually a familiar name given by others as distinct from a pseudonym assumed as a disguise, but a nickname which is familiar enough such that it can be used in place of a real name without the need of explanation. ... Yardbird Suite is a bebop standard composed by Charlie Parker. ... Ornithology is a jazz composition by alto saxophonist Charlie Parker and trumpeter Benny Harris. ...


Parker played a leading role in the development of bebop, a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos, virtuoso technique, and improvisation based on harmonic structure. Parker's innovative approaches to melody, rhythm, and harmony exercised enormous influence on his contemporaries. Several of Parker's songs have become standards, including "Billie's Bounce," "Anthropology," "Ornithology," and "Confirmation". He introduced revolutionary harmonic ideas including a tonal vocabulary employing 9ths, 11ths and 13ths of chords, rapidly implied passing chords, and new variants of altered chords and chord substitutions. His tone was clean and penetrating, but sweet and plaintive on ballads. Although many Parker recordings demonstrate dazzling virtuoso technique and complex melodic lines — such as "Koko," "Kim," and "Leap Frog" — he was also one of the great blues players. His themeless blues improvisation "Parker's Mood" represents one of the most deeply affecting recordings in jazz. At various times, Parker fused jazz with other musical styles, from classical to Latin music, blazing paths followed later by others. This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Rhythm (disambiguation). ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ... Jazz standard refers to a tune that is widely known, performed, and recorded among jazz musicians. ... Latin American music, or the music of Latin America, is sometimes called Latin music. ...


Parker also became an icon for the hipster subculture and later the Beat generation, personifying the conception of the jazz musician as an uncompromising artist and intellectual, rather than just a popular entertainer. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Hipster (contemporary subculture). ... Beats redirects here. ... Literati redirects here. ...

Contents

Biography

Childhood

Charlie Parker was born in Kansas City, Kansas and raised in Kansas City, Missouri, the only child of Charles and Addie Parker. Charles, an alcoholic, was often absent. Parker attended Crispus Attucks Elementary School.[2][3] Nickname: Location in Wyandotte, County in the state of Kansas. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... King Alcohol and his Prime Minister circa 1820 Alcoholism is the consumption of or preoccupation with alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the alcoholics normal personal, family, social, or work life. ...


Parker displayed no sign of musical talent as a child. His father presumably provided some musical influence; he was a pianist, dancer and singer on the T.O.B.A. circuit, although he later became a Pullman waiter or chef on the railways. His mother worked nights at the local Western Union. His biggest influence however was a young trombone player who taught him the basics of improvisation. A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... T.O.B.A., the Theater Owners Booking Association, was the vaudeville circuit for African American performers in the 1920s and 1930s. ... The streamlined Pullman observation-lounge car Coconino, coupled to a heavyweight sleeper painted in two-tone Pullman grey, brings up the rear of the Santa Fe Railways Chief at La Junta, Colorado on February 27, 1938. ... Western Union (NYSE: WU) is a financial services and communications company based in the United States. ...


Parker began playing the saxophone at age 11 and at age 14 joined his school's band using a rented school instrument. One story holds that, without formal training, he was terrible, and thrown out of the band. Experiencing periodic setbacks of this sort, at one point he broke off from his constant practicing.


Early career

In 1937 Parker played a concert that included Jo Jones on drums, who tossed a cymbal at Parker's feet in impatience with his playing. Exasperated and determined, from that point Parker improved the quality of practicing, learning the blues, "Cherokee" and "rhythm changes" in all twelve keys. In an interview with Paul Desmond, he said he spent 3-4 years practicing up to 15 hours a day.[6]. Rumor has it that he used to play many other tunes in all twelve keys. The story, though undocumented, would help to explain the fact that he often played in unconventional concert pitch key signatures, like E (which transposes to C# for the alto sax). Groups led by Count Basie and Bennie Moten were the leading Kansas City ensembles, and doubtless influenced Parker. He continued to play with local bands in jazz clubs around Kansas City, Missouri, where he perfected his technique with the assistance of Buster Smith, whose dynamic transitions to double and triple time certainly influenced Parker's developing style. Jo Jones (October 11, 1911–September 3, 1985) (later known as Papa Jo Jones) was an American drummer, one of the most influential in the history of jazz. ... For the Japanese rock band, see Cymbals (band). ... In jazz, rhythm changes are a modified form of the chord progression of George Gershwins song I Got Rhythm, which form the basis of countless (usually uptempo) jazz compositions. ... Paul Desmond (25 November 1924 - 30 May 1977), born Paul Emil Breitenfeld, was a jazz alto saxophonist and composer born in San Francisco, perhaps best known for penning Take Five as a member of the Dave Brubeck Quartet. ... William Count Basie (August 21, 1904 – April 26, 1984) was an American jazz pianist, organist, bandleader, and composer. ... Bennie Moten (1894-1935) was a noted American jazz pianist and band leader. ... Buster Smith (Professor) was a Jazz alto saxophonist and mentor to Charlie Parker. ...


In 1937 Parker joined pianist Jay McShann's territory band,[7]. The band toured nightclubs and other venues of the southwest, as well as Chicago and New York City.[8][9] Parker made his professional recording debut with McShann's band. It was said at one point in McShann's band that he "sounded like a machine," owing to his virtuosity without implying a lack of musicality. James Columbus (Jay or Hootie) McShann (born in 1909 or January 12, 1916) is an American blues and Swing pianist, bandleader, and singer. ... A Territory Band was a small dance band that traveled around the mid-states (circa 1930s-60s), from Texas to Minnesota. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


As a teenager, Parker developed a morphine addiction while in hospital after an automobile accident, and subsequently became addicted to heroin. Heroin would haunt him throughout his life and ultimately contribute to his death. This article is about the drug. ... For other uses, see Heroin (disambiguation). ...


In NYC

In 1939, Parker moved to New York City. There he pursued a career in music, but held several other jobs as well. He worked for $9 a week as a dishwasher at Jimmie's Chicken Shack where pianist Art Tatum performed. Parker's later style in some ways recalled Tatum's, with dazzling, high-speed arpeggios and sophisticated use of harmony. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Arthur Tatum Jr. ... Various arpeggios as seen on a staff Notation of a chord in arpeggio In music, an arpeggio is a broken chord where the notes are played or sung in succession rather than simultaneously. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ...


In 1942 Parker left McShann's band and played with Earl Hines for seven months. Also in the band was trumpet player Dizzy Gillespie, which is where the soon to be famous duo met for the first time. Unfortunately, this period is virtually undocumented because of the strike of 1942-1943 by the American Federation of Musicians, during which no official recordings were made. Nevertheless we know that Parker joined a group of young musicians in after-hours clubs in Harlem such as Clark Monroe's Uptown House and (to a much lesser extent) Minton's Playhouse. These young iconoclasts included trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie, pianist Thelonious Monk, guitarist Charlie Christian, and Kenny 'Klook' Clarke. The beboppers' attitude was summed up in a famous quotation attributed to Monk by Mary Lou Williams: "We wanted a music that they couldn't play" — "they" being the (white) bandleaders who had taken over and profited from swing music. The group played in venues on the now famous 52nd Street including Three Deuces and The Onyx. In his time in NYC, Parker also learned much from notable music teacher Maury Deutsch. Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl Fatha Hines, (28 December 1903[1] Duquesne, Pennsylvania – 22 April 1983 in Oakland, California) was one of the most important pianists in the history of jazz. ... For the Australian cricketer nicknamed Dizzy, see Jason Gillespie. ... On August 1, 1942, the American Federation of Musicians organized a strike against the major recording companies because of disagreements over royalty payments. ... The American Federation of Musicians (AFM) is a labor union of professional musicians in the United States and Canada. ... Minton’s Playhouse is a jazz club and bar located on the first floor of the Hotel Cecil at 210 West 118th Street in Harlem. ... For the Australian cricketer nicknamed Dizzy, see Jason Gillespie. ... Thelonious Sphere Monk (October 10, 1917 – February 17, 1982) was a jazz pianist and composer. ... Charlie Christian (29 July 1916 – 2 March 1942) was an American jazz guitarist. ... Kenny Clarke (born January 9, 1914 in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania-died January 26, 1985 in Paris, France) was a jazz drummer and an early innovator of the bebop style of drumming. ... Mary Lou Williams (May 8, 1910 – May 28, 1981) was an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger. ... Swing music, also known as swing jazz, is a form of jazz music that developed during the 1920s and had solidified as a distinctive style by 1935 in the United States. ... 52nd Street, properly West 52nd Street, is a cross street in Manhattan in the Broadway district known as Swing Street, the street of jazz, the street that never sleeps or, simply, the street. The blocks of 52nd Street between 5th and 7th avenues were renowned in the mid 20th century... Maury Deutsch (born 1918 in New York City) is a musician, from an early age playing the trumpet. ...


Bebop

By the early 1940s, Parker was a prominent figure in the emerging bebop scene. According to an interview Parker gave in the 1950s: one night in 1939, he was playing "Cherokee" in a jam session with guitarist William 'Biddy' Fleet when he hit upon a method for developing his solos that enabled him to play what he had been hearing in his head for some time, by building on the chords' extended intervals, such as ninths, elevenths, and thirteenths. Still with McShann's orchestra, Parker at this time realized that the twelve tones of the chromatic scale can each be quickly led melodically to any key, breaking some of the confines of simpler jazz soloing. This article is about the genre of music, for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles character see Bebop and Rocksteady. ... In music, extended chords are tertian chords (built from thirds) or triads with notes extended, or added, beyond the octave. ... In music or music theory a ninth is the note nine scale degrees from the root of chord and also the interval between the root and the ninth. ... In music or music theory an eleventh is the note eleven scale degrees from the root of chord and also the interval between the root and the eleventh. ... In music or music theory a thirteenth is the note thirteen scale degrees from the root of chord and also the interval between the root and the thirteenth. ...


Early in its development, this new type of jazz was rejected and disdained by many older, more established jazz musicians, whom the beboppers, in response, called 'moldy figs'. However, some musicians, such as Coleman Hawkins and Benny Goodman, were more positive about its development. It was not until 1945 that Parker's collaborations with Dizzy Gillespie had a substantial effect on the jazz world. One of their first (and greatest) small-group performances together was only discovered and issued in 2005: a concert in New York's Town Hall on June 22, 1945 (now available on Uptown Records). Moldy figs are purist advocates of early jazz, originally those such as Rudi Blesh, Alan Lomax, and James Jones who argued that jazz took a wrong turn in the early 1920s with developments such as the introduction of printed scores. ... Coleman Hawkins Coleman Randolph Hawkins, nicknamed Hawk and sometimes Bean, (November 21, 1901 or 1904 - May 19, 1969) was a prominent jazz tenor saxophone musician. ... Benny Goodman, born Benjamin David Goodman[1] , (May 30, 1909 – June 13, 1986) was an American jazz musician and virtuoso clarinetist, known as King of Swing, Patriarch of the Clarinet, The Professor, and Swings Senior Statesman. // Goodman was born in Chicago, the ninth of twelve children of poor Jewish... For the Australian cricketer nicknamed Dizzy, see Jason Gillespie. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


On November 26, 1945 Parker led a record date for the Savoy label, marketed as the "greatest Jazz session ever". The Savoy sessions produced an astounding collection of recordings. The tracks recorded during this session include "Koko" (based on the chords of "Cherokee"), "Now's the Time" (a twelve bar blues incorporating a riff later used in the late 1949 R&B dance hit "The Hucklebuck"), "Billie's Bounce", and "Thriving on a Riff." is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Savoy Records the name of two record labels, one in the United States of America, and the other in the United Kingdom. ... The 12-bar blues has a distinctive form in both lyrics and chord structure. ... Riff is also an alternate spelling of Rif, a region of Morocco. ... Paul Williams (1915 – 2002) was an American blues and rhythm and blues alto and baritone saxophonist and composer. ...


Shortly afterwards, the Parker/Gillespe band traveled to an unsuccessful engagement at Billy Berg's club in Los Angeles. Most of the band returned to New York, but Parker remained in California. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Addiction

Parker's habit caused him to miss gigs and to be fired for being high. To continue his "buzz" he frequently resorted to busking on the streets for drug money. Parker's example was typical of the strong connection between narcotics and jazz at the time.


Although he produced many brilliant recordings during this period, Parker's behavior became increasingly erratic. Heroin was difficult to obtain after his dealer was arrested, and Parker began to drink heavily to compensate for this. A recording for the Dial label from July 29, 1946 provides evidence of his condition. Prior to this session Parker drank about a quart of whiskey. According to the liner notes of, Bird on Dial Volume 1 Parker missed most of the first two bars of his first chorus on the track, "Max is making wax". When he finally did come in, he swayed wildly and once spun all the way around, going badly off mic. On the next tune, "Lover Man", producer Ross Russell physically supported Parker in front of the microphone. On the final Parker track recorded that evening, he begins a solo with a solid first eight bars. On his second eight bars, however, Parker begins to struggle, and a desperate Howard McGhee, playing trumpet on the session, shouts, "Blow!" at Parker. McGhee's bellow is audible on the recording. Some, including Charles Mingus, consider this version of "Lover Man" to be among his greater recordings despite its flaws. Nevertheless, Bird hated the recording and never forgave Ross Russell for releasing the sub-par record (and re-recorded the tune in 1953 for Verve, this time in stellar form, but perhaps lacking some of the passionate emotion in the earlier, problematic attempt). Dial Records was a United States based record label specializing in bebop jazz. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Howard McGhee (b March 6, 1918 Tulsa, OK - d July 17, 1987 NYC) Bebob jazz trumpeter known for lightening fast fingers and very high notes. ... Charles Mingus (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz bassist, composer, bandleader, and occasional pianist. ... Verve Records is an American Jazz record label, founded by Norman Granz in 1956, which absorbed the catalogues of his earlier labels: Norgran Records and Clef Records (founded 1953). ...


The night of the "Lover Man" session, Parker was drinking in his hotel room. He went down to the hotel lobby stark naked and asked to use the phone, several times. He was refused on each attempt and the hotel manager eventually locked him in his room. At some point in the night he set fire to his mattress with a cigarette, then ran through the hotel lobby wearing only his socks. He was arrested and committed to Camarillo State Mental Hospital, where he remained for six months. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Coming out of the hospital, Parker was initially clean and healthy, and proceeded to do some of the best playing and recording of his career. Before leaving California, he recorded "Relaxin' at Camarillo," in reference to his hospital stay. He returned to New York and recorded dozens of sides for the Savoy and Dial labels that remain some of the high points of his recorded output. Many of these were with his so-called "classic quintet" that included trumpeter Miles Davis and drummer Max Roach. The highlights of these sessions include a series of slower-tempo performances of American popular songs including "Embraceable You" and "Bird of Paradise" (based on "All the Things You Are"). This article is about the state. ... Savoy Records the name of two record labels, one in the United States of America, and the other in the United Kingdom. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Maxwell Lemuel Roach (January 10, 1924 – August 16, 2007) was a bebop/hard bop percussionist, drummer, and composer. ... Embraceable You is a popular song. ... The Best Of The Columbia Years: 1943-1952 is a 1998 compilation album by the American singer Frank Sinatra. ...


Charlie Parker with strings

One of Parker's longstanding desires was to perform with a string section as he was a keen student of classical music. Contemporaries reported that he was most interested in the music and formal innovations of Igor Stravinsky, and longed to engage in a project akin to what later became known as "Third Stream Music"; a new kind of music, incorporating both jazz and Euro-classical elements as opposed to merely incorporating a string section into performance of jazz standards. On November 30, 1949, Norman Granz arranged for Parker to record an album of ballads with a mixed group of jazz and chamber orchestra musicians.[4] The players were Parker on alto saxophone; Mitch Miller on oboe and English horn; Bronislav Gimpel, Max Hollander, and Milton Lamask on violin; Frank Brieff on viola; Frank Miller on cello; Meyer Rosen on harp; Stan Freeman on piano; Ray Brown on bass; Buddy Rich on drums; and Jimmy Carroll as arranger and conductor.[5] Six master takes from this session comprised the album Bird With Strings: "Just Friends", "Everything Happens to Me", "April in Paris", "Summertime", "I Didn't Know What Time It Was", and "If I Should Lose You". The sound of these recordings is unique in Bird's catalog. The lush string arrangements recall Tchaikovsky in their dramatic sweep, and the rhythm section provides a delicate swing under Bird's improvisation, blending perfectly with the orchestra. Parker's improvisations are, relative to his usual work, more distilled and economical. His tone is darker and softer than on his small-group recordings, and the majority of his lines are beautiful embellishments on the original melodies rather than harmonically based improvisations. He is always tasteful and brimming with eloquent expression. These are among the few recordings Parker made during a brief period when he was able to control his heroin habit, and his sobriety and clarity of mind are evident in his playing. Parker stated that, of his own records, Bird With Strings was his favorite. While using classical music instrumentation with jazz musicians was not entirely original, this was the first major work where a composer of bebop was matched with a string orchestra. A string instrument (also stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... Igor Stravinsky. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Norman Granz (Los Angeles, USA, August 6, 1918 - Geneva, Switzerland, November 22, 2001), was an American jazz music impresario and producer. ... For other uses, see Orchestra (disambiguation). ... Mitch Miller (born Mitchell William Miller, July 4, 1911) is an American musician, singer, conductor, record producer, A&R man and record company executive. ... For other uses, see Oboe (disambiguation). ... The cor anglais, or English horn, is a double reed woodwind musical instrument in the woodwind family. ... Bronislav Gimpel 1911–1979) was a Polish/American violinist, and teacher. ... For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... For other uses, see Viola (disambiguation). ... Frank Miller (1912-1986) was a principal cellist and music director whose professional career spanned over a half century. ... This article is about the stringed musical instrument. ... For other uses, see Harp (disambiguation). ... Stan Freeman (April 3, 1920 - January 13, 2001) was an American composer, lyricist, musical arranger, conductor, and studio musician. ... Raymond Matthews Brown (October 13, 1926–July 2, 2002) was an American jazz double bassist. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... Bernard Buddy Rich (September 30, 1917 Brooklyn, New York – April 2, 1987) was an American jazz drummer and bandleader. ... In music, an arrangement refers either to a rewriting of a piece of existing music with additional new material or to a fleshing-out of a compositional sketch, such as a lead sheet. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... “Tchaikovsky” redirects here. ...


Some fans thought it was a "sell out" and a pandering to popular tastes. Time demonstrated Parker's move a wise one: Charlie Parker with Strings sold better than his other releases, and his version of "Just Friends" is seen as one of his best performances. In an interview, he considered it to be his best recording to that date. Selling out is a common slang phrase. ...


Stardom

By 1950, much of the jazz world had fallen under Parker's influence. Many musicians transcribed and copied his solos. Legions of saxophonists imitated his playing note-for-note. In response to these pretenders, Parker's admirer, the bass player Charles Mingus, titled a tune "Gunslinging Bird" (meaning "If Charlie Parker were a gunslinger, there'd be a whole lot of dead copycats") featured on the album Mingus Dynasty. In this regard, he is perhaps only comparable to Louis Armstrong: both men set the standard for their instruments for decades, and few escaped their influence. Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Mingus (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz bassist, composer, bandleader, and occasional pianist. ... Mingus Dynasty is an album by Charles Mingus, recorded and released in 1959. ... Louis[1] Armstrong[2] (4 August 1901[3] – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo[4] and Pops, was an American jazz musician. ...


In 1953, Parker performed at Massey Hall in Toronto, Canada, joined by Gillespie, Mingus, Bud Powell and Max Roach. Unfortunately, the concert clashed with a televised heavyweight boxing match between Rocky Marciano and Jersey Joe Walcott and as a result was poorly attended. Thankfully, Mingus recorded the concert, and the album Jazz at Massey Hall is often cited as one of the finest recordings of a live jazz performance, with the saxophonist credited as "Charley Chan" for contractual reasons. Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Massey Hall, Main Entrance as seen from across Shuter Street, December 2005. ... Motto: Diversity Our Strength Map of Ontario Counties, Toronto being red Area: 641 sq. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Maxwell Lemuel Roach (January 10, 1924 – August 16, 2007) was a bebop/hard bop percussionist, drummer, and composer. ... Rocky Marciano (September 1, 1923 – August 31, 1969), born Rocco Francis Marchegiano, was the heavyweight champion of the world from 1952 to 1956. ... Arnold Raymond Cream (January 31, 1914 – February 25, 1994), better known as Jersey Joe Walcott was a world heavyweight boxing champion. ... Jazz at Massey Hall is a jazz album featuring a live performance by The Quintet on 15 May 1953 at Massey Hall in Toronto. ...


At this concert he played a plastic Grafton saxophone; later, saxophonist Ornette Coleman used this brand of plastic sax in his early career. Parker had sold his alto saxophone to buy drugs, and at the last minute, he, Dizzy Gillespie and other members of Charlie's entourage went running around Toronto trying to find Parker a saxophone. After scouring all the downtown pawnshops open at the time, they were only able to find a Grafton, which Parker proceeded to use at the concert that night. The Grafton saxophone was a plastic saxophone manufactured by the Grafton company from the late-1940s, due to World War II and the shortage of metals and steels, until the mid-1950s. ... Ornette Coleman (born March 9, 1930) is an American saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter and composer. ... Modern pawnbroker storefront A Pawnbroker is a person who offers loans to individuals who use their personal property as collateral. ...


Parker was known for often showing up to performances without an instrument and borrowing someone else's at the last moment. A number of photos show him holding a Conn 6M saxophone [10] with its unique and highly distinctive "underslung" octave key.[11][12][13]However, there are also photos showing Parker holding various other alto saxophones with the more conventional octave key arrangement i.e. mounted above the crook of the saxophone[14][15]. Parker is known to have played a King 'Super 20' alto saxophone made specially for him in 1947. C.G. Conn Ltd. ... The octave key is a key on a saxophone or oboe which raises the pitch of all notes by an octave when pressed. ... The alto saxophone is a variety of the saxophone, a family of woodwind instruments invented by Adolphe Sax. ...


Death

Parker died while watching Tommy Dorsey on television in the suite at the Stanhope Hotel belonging to his friend and patroness Nica de Koenigswarter. Though the official cause of death was (lobar) pneumonia and a bleeding ulcer, his death was hastened by his drug and alcohol abuse. The coroner mistakenly estimated Parker's 34-year-old body to be between 50 and 60 years old. Tommy Dorsey, in a publicity shot for The Big Apple Tommy Dorsey (November 19, 1905 – November 26, 1956) was an American jazz trombonist and bandleader in the Big Band era. ... The Stanhope Hotel, located at 995 Fifth Avenue in New York City, has 180 rooms and 70 suites on 16 floors. ... Baroness Pannonica Nica de Koenigswarter (10 December 1913 – 30 November 1990) was a British bebop jazz enthusiast and member of the prominent Rothschild international financial dynasty. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... For other uses, see Bleeding (disambiguation). ... Endoscopic images of a duodenal ulcer. ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ...


Parker left a widow, Chan Parker, a stepdaughter, Kim Parker, who is also a musician, and a son, Baird Parker; their later lives are chronicled in Chan Parker's autobiography, My Life in E Flat (1998). Chan Parker (born Chan Richardson) is best known as the common-law wife of jazz legend Charlie Parker. ...


Musical approach

Despite many of the compositions which bear his name being based on earlier pieces from the American songbook, Parker's legacy as a deviser of jazz standards is significant. Such pieces include "Anthropology", "Confirmation", and "Yardbird Suite", which have been performed by numerous other musicians. Like his solos, his compositions are characterised by long, complex melodic lines and a minimum of repetition - generally speaking, an eight-bar segment will not contain any repeated motifs or sequences. Anthropology is a bebop-style jazz composition written by the saxophonist Charlie Parker. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Yardbird Suite is a bebop standard composed by Charlie Parker. ...


Awards and recognitions

Grammy Award

Charlie Parker Grammy Award History[6]
Year Category Title Genre Label Result
1974 Best Jazz Performance By A Soloist First Recordings! Jazz Onyx Winner

This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Grammy Hall of Fame

Recordings of Charlie Parker were inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame, which is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least twenty-five years old, and that have "qualitative or historical significance." The Grammy Hall of Fame Award is a special Grammy award established in 1973 to honor recordings that are at least twenty-five years old and that have qualitative or historical significance. Alphabetical listing by title: List of Grammy Hall of Fame Award recipients A-D List of Grammy Hall... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ...

Charlie Parker: Grammy Hall of Fame Awards[7]
Year Recorded Title Genre Label Year Inducted
1945 "Billie's Bounce" Jazz (Single) Savoy 2002
1953 Jazz At Massey Hall Jazz (Album) Debut 1995
1946 "Ornithology" Jazz (Single) Dial 1989
1950 Charlie Parker with Strings Jazz (Album) Mercury 1988

Jazz at Massey Hall is a jazz album featuring a live performance by The Quintet on 15 May 1953 at Massey Hall in Toronto. ... Ornithology is a jazz composition by alto saxophonist Charlie Parker and trumpeter Benny Harris. ... Charlie Parker with Strings is a 1950 (see 1950 in music) album by Charlie Parker, accompanied by strings. ...

Inductions

Year Inducted Title
2004 Jazz at Lincoln Center: Nesuhi Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame
1984 Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
1979 Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame

The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award is awarded by the Recording Academy to performers who, during their lifetimes, have made creative contributions of outstanding artistic significance to the field of recording [1]. This award is distinct from the Grammy Hall of Fame Award, which honors specific recordings rather than individuals, and... The Big Band and Jazz Hall of Fame is a non-profit organization founded in 1977 to promote greater awareness, knowledge, and appreciation of big band and jazz music.[1] The organization has inducted more than 200 individuals into its Hall of Fame, maintains an extensive biographical database, and aspires...

National Recording Registry

In 2002, the Library of Congress honored his recording "Koko" (1945) by adding it to the National Recording Registry. Also see: 2002 (number). ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Martin Luther King Jr. ...


U.S. Postage Stamp

Year Issued Stamp USA Note
1995 32 cents Commemorative stamp U.S. Postal Stamps Photo (Scott #2987)[8]

This article lists people who have been featured on United States postage stamps. ...

Memorials and tributes

  • The legend "Bird Lives" first appeared as graffiti in New York City subways a few hours after Parker's passing. For this, the poet Ted Joans is usually credited.
  • A memorial to Parker was dedicated in 1999 in Kansas City at 17th Terrace and the Paseo, next to the American Jazz Museum featuring a 10-foot (3 m) tall bronze head sculpted by Robert Graham.
  • Every August, the Tribes Gallery in New York's Lower East Side sponsors a Charlie Parker Festival that includes musical performances, art exhibits, poetry readings, and culminates with a street festival and outdoor concert on August 29 (Parker's birthday) in Tompkins Square Park, which is located on Charlie Parker Place (see above).
  • Every weekday morning, disc jockey Phil Schaap plays Parker's music on WKCR in New York. His show, called Birdflight, is devoted to Parker's music and has been running since 1981.

Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Birdland is a jazz club started in New York City in 1949. ... George Shearing George Shearing (born 13 August 1919 in London) is a well-known jazz pianist. ... Lullaby Of Birdland is a popular song. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Ted Joans (July 4, 1928 - April 25, 2003), born Theodore Jones, was an American painter, trumpeter and a jazz poet. ... The Premiere Jazz Museum in the United States. ... Robert Graham (born August 19, 1938, in Mexico City) is a sculptor based in the state of California in the United States of America. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Avenue B runs from south to north and is two blocks east of 1st Avenue. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... L.E.S. redirects here. ... Tompkins Square Park is a 10. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Phil Schaap (1951 - ) is a renowned authority on jazz. ... WKCR is a college radio station in New York City. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...

Musical tributes

  • Lennie Tristano's overdubbed solo piano piece "Requiem" was recorded in tribute to Parker shortly after his death. It begins with a classically-tinged introduction, and then turns into a slow blues that gradually accumulates layers of overdubbing — one of the earliest experiments in jazz with multiple overdubbing.
  • Deeply touched by Charlie Parker's death, Moondog wrote his famous "Bird's Lament" in his memory. Moondog affirmed that he had met Charlie Parker in the streets of New York and that they had planned to jam together.
  • The Californian ensemble Supersax has harmonized many of Parker's improvisations for a five-piece saxophone section, which to many listeners bring new life to them, whereas others consider the arrangements as somewhat constructed.
  • Saxophonist Phil Woods recorded a tribute concert for Parker, and in an interview stated that he thought Parker had said everything he needed to say.
  • Weather Report's jazz fusion track and highly acclaimed big band standard "Birdland", from the Heavy Weather album (1977), was a dedication by bandleader Joe Zawinul to both Charlie Parker and the New York 52nd Street club itself. The piece featured Jaco Pastorius playing electric fretless bass. (Pastorius had made a name for himself when he included on his debut solo album an astounding rendition of the Charlie Parker and Miles Davis standard "Donna Lee".) The Manhattan Transfer made a vocalese cover version of the composition set to lyrics by Jon Hendricks.

Leonard Joseph Tristano (19 March 1919 - 18 November 1978) was a jazz pianist and composer. ... Moondog the nom de plume of Louis T. Hardin (May 26, 1916 – September 8, 1999), was an American composer, musician and poet, who also invented musical instruments - all this despite being blind, and, for three decades, homeless. ... Supersax was a Charlie Parker tribute band formed by Med Flory and Buddy Clark that debuted in 1972. ... Phil Woods Philip Wells Woods (born November 2, 1931) is an American jazz bebop alto saxophonist, clarinetist, bandleader and composer. ... For the song Weather Report by The American Analog Set, see The Golden Band. ... Birdland is an instrumental composition by keyboardist Joe Zawinul which debuted on the Weather Report album Heavy Weather in 1977. ... Heavy Weather is Weather Reports seventh album, released in 1977 through Columbia Records. ... Josef Erich Zawinul (July 7, 1932 – September 11, 2007) was a jazz keyboardist and composer. ... John Francis Anthony Jaco Pastorius III (December 1, 1951 – September 21, 1987) was an American jazz musician and composer widely acknowledged for his virtuosity of the fretless bass,[1][2] as well as his command of varied musical styles. ... Miles Dewey Davis III (May 26, 1926 – September 28, 1991) was an American jazz musician, widely considered to be one of the most influential of the 20th century. ... Donna Lee is a bebop jazz standard based on chords from the dixieland standard (Home Again in) Indiana. While officially credited to saxophonist Charlie Parker, Miles Davis always maintained that he composed the tune, and indeed the scholarly consensus is that he did. ... The Manhattan Transfer is an American vocal group that was established in New York City in 1972. ... Vocalese is a style or genre of jazz singing wherein lyrics are written for melodies that were originally part of an all-instrumental composition or improvisation. ... Jon Hendricks (born September 16, 1921 in Newark, Ohio) is a jazz lyricist and singer. ...

Other tributes

  • In one of his most famous short-story collection, Las armas secretas (The Secret Weapons), Julio Cortazar dedicated El perseguidor (The Persecutor) in memory of Charlie Parker. This piece examines the last days of Johnny, a drug-addict saxophonist, through the eyes of Bruno, his biographer. Some qualify this story as one of Cortazar's masterpieces in the genre.
  • In 1984, legendary modern dance choreographer Alvin Ailey created a piece entitled "For Bird--With Love" in honor of Parker. The piece chronicles his life, from his early career to his failing health.
  • In 2005, the Selmer Paris saxophone manufacturer commissioned a special "Tribute to Bird" alto saxophone, commemorating the 50th anniversary of the death of Charlie Parker (1955-2005). This saxophone will be built until 2010, each one featuring a unique engraving and an original design.
  • Parker's performances of "I Remember You" and "Parker's Mood" were selected by Harold Bloom for inclusion on his short list of the "twentieth-century American Sublime", the greatest works of American art produced in the 20th century.
  • The Oris Watch Company created a limited edition timepiece in Charlie Parker's name. The watch features the word "bird" at the 4 o'clock hour, in honor of Parker's nickname and signifying "Jazz, until 4 in the morning".
  • Jean-Michel Basquiat created many pieces to honour Charlie Parker, including Charles the First, CPRKR and Discography I.

Julio Cortázar (August 26, 1914 - February 12, 1984) was an Argentine intellectual and author of several experimental novels and many short stories. ... Bird is a 1988 U.S. film directed by Clint Eastwood. ... Forest Steven Whitaker (born July 15, 1961) is an American actor, producer, and director. ... For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ... Alvin Ailey, Jr. ... Selmer is a town located in McNairy County, Tennessee. ... Harold Bloom (born July 11, 1930) is an American professor and prominent literary and cultural critic. ... Jean-Michel Basquiat (pronounced in French) (December 22, 1960, Brooklyn - August 12, 1988, New York, New York) was an American artist. ...

Charlie Parker in popular culture

Music

  • The avant-garde trombonist George Lewis released Homage to Charles Parker in 1979, an album that offers a unique combination of electronic music and the blues.
  • TISM's The White Album (2004) contains a song titled "Tonight Harry's Practice Visits The Home Of Charlie "Bird" Parker". The song focuses on celebrity resentment and the possibility that taking drugs, like Parker did, will make the otherwise dull celebrities more interesting. The title of the song refers to Australian television show Harry's Practice and, more specifically, the segment where Dr. Harry Cooper would visit a celebrity, in this case, the visit is to Charlie "Bird" Parker's house.
  • Sparks released a song entitled "(When I Kiss You) I Hear Charlie Parker Playing" on their 1994 album Gratuitous Sax & Senseless Violins, which prominently features Charlie Parker's name in the lyrics and makes references to his Saxophone playing.
  • Duane Allman devised a unique slide guitar technique that enabled him to mimic the sounds of chirping birds, stating in at least one interview that this was his tribute to Bird. This can be heard in numerous live recordings, most notably "Mountain Jam" on The Allman Brothers Band's CDs Eat a Peach and The Fillmore Concerts (shortly before the drum interlude). Another, more delicate, version is in the song "Finding Her" on Boz Scaggs' self-titled debut album, first released in 1969.
  • The Only World by poet Lynda Hull includes a poem titled "Ornithology" about Charlie Parker.
  • The poem "Song for Bird and Myself" by Jack Spicer was written in memory of Charlie Parker.
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:

Steely Dan is a Grammy-Award winning American jazz rock band centered on core members Walter Becker and Donald Fagen. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... George Lewis (born 1952) is a jazz trombone player. ... TISM (an acronym of This Is Serious Mum) is a seven piece anonymous alternative rock band from Melbourne, Australia. ... The self-titled double album The Beatles, released by the Beatles in 1968 at the height of their popularity, is often hailed as one of the major accomplishments in popular music. ... For other uses, see Celebrity (disambiguation). ... Australian television Black and white television began in Australia in between 1955 and 1957, with colour television being introduced generally to the country in 1975 to 1976, in time for the Summer Olympics in Montreal, Canada. ... Sparks is an American rock and pop music band formed in Los Angeles in 1970 by brothers Ron (keyboards) and Russell Mael (vocals). ... Gratuitous Sax & Senseless Violins is the sixteenth album by Sparks. ... Howard Duane Allman (November 20, 1946 – October 29, 1971) was an American lead guitarist and noted session musician. ... For the technique, see Slide (guitar technique). ... Mountain Jam is a long, improvised jam song by the Allman Brothers Band. ... The Allman Brothers Band is a band from Macon, Georgia, labeled by the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as the principal architects of Southern rock. ... Eat a Peach is a 1972 double album by the American Southern rock group The Allman Brothers Band; it was the last to include founder member and lead slide guitar player Duane Allman, who was killed in a motorcycle accident while the album was being recorded. ... Boz Scaggs album cover Boz Scaggs (born William Royce Scaggs, June 8, 1944) is an American singer, songwriter and guitarist. ... // Life Lynda Hull (December 5, 1954 - March 29, 1994) was a United States poet. ... This page is about the poet. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

Other

  • A Far Side cartoon entitled "Charlie Parker's private hell" shows him locked in a recording booth, screaming, while a whistling devil pipes in nothing but new age music.
  • Charley Parker, the real name of comic book character Golden Eagle, is a reference to Parker.[citation needed]
  • In an episode of Cowboy Bebop Jet Black dreams that Parker tells him, "Only hands can wash hands. If you want to receive, you must first give."
  • In an episode of Metalocolypse William Murderface of the band Dethklok is heard to be singing his own tribute to Charlie Parker while drunk in a bar in the opening minutes of an episode. The lyrics included "Stand up U.S.A, stand up like Charlie Parker stood up, stand up Charlie Parker style..."
  • Owen Dodson wrote a poem whose title itself indicates the tribute. It is called "Yardbird's Skull".

This article is about the comic strip. ... This is an overview of the Devil. ... New Age music is a style of music originally associated with some New Age beliefs. ... // Charley Parker The Golden Eagle is a comic book character in the Teen Titans comic book series, first introduced in Teen Titans # 50 and Justice League of America # 116. ... Original run April 3, 1998 – April 23, 1999 Episodes 26 Movie: Knockin on Heavens Door (天国の扉) Director Shinichiro Watanabe Writer Keiko Nobumoto Studio Sunrise BONES Bandai Visual[2] Released September 1, 2001 Runtime 115 min. ... Dethklok is a virtual melodic death metal[1] band created by Brendon Small and Tommy Blacha for the television show Metalocalypse. ... Owen Vincent Dodson (1914-1983) was an African American poet, novelist, and playwright. ...

Selected discography

See also Charlie Parker discography This is a list of Charlie Parkers major recordings. ...


Parker made extensive recordings for three labels — Savoy and Dial best document his early work, while Verve is representative of his later career:

  • Savoy (1944-1949)
  • Dial (1945-1947)
  • Verve (1946-1954)

Many live recordings, of varying quality, are also available. A small selection of the many are listed below:

  • Live at Townhall w. Dizzy (1945, first released in 2005)
  • Bird and Diz Carnegie Hall (1947)
  • Bird on 52nd Street (1948)
  • Jazz at the Philharmonic (1949)
  • Charlie Parker All Stars Live at the Royal Roost (1949)
  • Charlie Parker with Strings (1950, first released in 1981)
  • One Night in Birdland (1950)
  • Bird at the High Hat (1953)
  • Charlie Parker at Storyville (1953)
  • Jazz at Massey Hall (1953)

Special mention should be made of the legendary Dean Benedetti recordings, a huge trove of live material recorded by an obsessive fan. Long thought lost or merely mythical, these eventually resurfaced and were released as a set by Mosaic Records. Charlie Parker with Strings is a 1950 (see 1950 in music) album by Charlie Parker, accompanied by strings. ... Jazz at Massey Hall is a jazz album featuring a live performance by The Quintet on 15 May 1953 at Massey Hall in Toronto. ... Dean Benedetti was a supporting band-mate, and good friend of saxophone player Charlie Parker. ... Mosaic records is an American specialist jazz record label, founded in 1983 by Michael Cuscuna and Charlie Louris to issue coherent limited edition box sets (initially on LP) of jazz recordings by individual musicians, which had fallen out of print or suffered neglect. ...


Bibliography

  • Giddins, Gary (1987). Celebrating Bird: The Triumph of Charlie Parker. New York: Beech Tree Books, William Morrow. ISBN 0-688-05950-3.
  • Koch, Lawrence (1999). Yardbird Suite: A Compendium of the Music and Life of Charlie Parker. Boston, Northeastern University Press. ISBN 1-55555-384-1.
  • Reisner, George (1962). Bird: The Legend of Charlie Parker. New York, Bonanza Books.
  • Russell, Ross (1973). Bird Lives! The High Life & Hard Times of Charlie (Yardbird) Parker. New York: Charterhouse. ISBN 0-306-80679-7.
  • Woideck, Carl (1998). Charlie Parker: His Music and Life. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08555-7.
  • Woideck, Carl, editor (1998). The Charlie Parker Companion: Six Decades of Commentary. New York: Schirmer Books. ISBN 0-02-864714-9.

(Born Mar 21, 1948) critic, author, director, best known for his longtime work with the Village Voice. ...

Transcriptions

  • Aebersold, Jamey, editor (1978). Charlie Parker Omnibook. New York: Michael H. Goldsen.
  • Yamaguchi, Masaya, editor (1955). Yardbird Originals. New York: Charles Colin, 2005. Originally published in 1955.

References

  1. ^ there are many contradictory stories of the name's origin [1]
  2. ^ google books
  3. ^ birdhops.net
  4. ^ Russell, Ross (1973). Bird Lives! The High Life & Hard Times of Charlie (Yardbird) Parker. New York: Charterhouse. ISBN 0-306-80679-7. Page 273.
  5. ^ Priestley, Brian. Chasing the Bird: The Life and Legacy of Charlie Parker. Oxford University Press: New York, New York, 2006. Page 169.
  6. ^ Grammy Awards search engine
  7. ^ Grammy Hall of Fame Database
  8. ^ Charlie Parker: 32 cents Commemorative stamp

External links

  • Charlie Parker discography
  • Charlie Parker Sessionography
  • The Official Site of Charlie "Yardbird" Parker
  • Clips and notes about Parker
  • Bird Lives - A Charlie Parker Site
  • Charlie Parker For Guitar
  • Blue Neon Alley - Charlie Parker directory
  • Charlie Parker at Find A Grave
  • Peter King plays Parker's Grafton saxophone at Christie's auction house
Persondata
NAME Parker, Charlie
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Parker, Charles "Bird", Jr.
SHORT DESCRIPTION Saxophonist, Composer
DATE OF BIRTH 29 August 1920
PLACE OF BIRTH Kansas City, Kansas
DATE OF DEATH 12 March 1955
PLACE OF DEATH New York City, New York

Peter King (b. ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location in Wyandotte, County in the state of Kansas. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
PBS - JAZZ A Film By Ken Burns: Selected Artist Biography - Charlie Parker (920 words)
Charlie Parker was one of the most influential improvising soloists in jazz, and a central figure in the development of bop in the 1940s.
Parker had his first music lessons in the local public schools; he began playing alto saxophone in 1933 and worked occasionally in semi-professional groups before leaving school in 1935 to become a full-time musician.
Parker continued to work in Los Angeles, recording and performing in concerts and nightclubs, until June 29, 1946, when a nervous breakdown and addiction to heroin and alcohol caused his confinement at the Camarillo State Hospital.
Charlie Parker - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2270 words)
Parker also became an icon for the Beat generation, and was a pivotal figure in the evolving conception of the jazz musician as an uncompromising artist and intellectual, rather than just a popular entertainer.
Charlie Parker was born in Kansas City, Kansas and raised in Kansas City, Missouri.
Parker's harmonic ideas were revolutionary, introducing a new tonal vocabulary employing 9ths, 11ths and 13ths of chords, rapidly implied passing chords, and new variants of altered chords and chord substitutions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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