FACTOID # 19: Cheap sloppy joes: Looking for reduced-price lunches for schoolchildren? Head for Oklahoma!
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Charlestown, Massachusetts

Coordinates: 42°22′31″N, 71°03′52″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910.
Bunker Hill Monument. Bunker Hill Day, Boston, and Charlestown between 1890 and 1901.
Bunker Hill Monument. Bunker Hill Day, Boston, and Charlestown between 1890 and 1901.

Charlestown is a part of the city of Boston, Massachusetts located on a peninsula north of Boston proper. Charlestown was originally a separate town and the first capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; it became a city in 1847 and was annexed by Boston on January 5, 1874. Although it has had a substantial Irish American population since the migration of Irish during the Irish famine of the 1840s, since the late 1980s the neighborhood has changed dramatically because of its close proximity to downtown and its colonial architecture. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Bunker Hill Monument, 2001. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... A map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Capital Charlestown, Boston History  - Established 1629  - New England Confederation 1643  - Dominion of New England 1686  - Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692  - Disestablished 1692 The Massachusetts Bay Colony (sometimes called the Massachusetts Bay Company, for the institution that founded it) was an English settlement on... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Contents

Geography

Charlestown is located north of Boston proper on a peninsula extending southeast between the Charles River and the Mystic River. The geographic extent of the neighborhood has changed dramatically from its colonial ancestor. Landfill operations have expanded much of Boston, lowering hills, and have expanded Charlestown, eliminating the narrow Charlestown Neck that connected the northwest end of the Charlestown Peninsula to the mainland. The original territory also included present-day Somerville, which was incorporated as a separate town in 1842. At the time, Charlestown proper was urbanizing, while Somerville was still largely rural. The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University. ... For other uses, see Mystic River (disambiguation) A quiet afternoon on the Mystic River, as seen from very close to Grandfathers House, Medford, Massachusetts Mystic River and environs The Mystic River is the name of a short river in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. ... Look up landfill in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone Area  - City  4. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


History

Originally a Puritan British city during the Colonial era (a time to which many of the neighborhood's structures date), Charlestown was founded in 1628, and settled July 4, 1629, by Thomas Graves, Rev. Francis Bright, Ralph, Richard and William Sprague and about 100 others who preceded the Great Migration. John Winthrop's company stopped here for some time in 1630, before deciding to settle across the Charles River at Boston. 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... William Sprague may refer to William Sprague (1799-1856), politician from Rhode Island, uncle of William Sprague (1830-1915) William Sprague (1809-1868), politician from Michigan William Sprague (1830-1915), politician from Rhode Island, nephew of William Sprague (1799-1856) William Peter Sprague (1827-1899), politician from Ohio This is... was when erikson martinez was rich ... John Winthrop (12 January 1587/8–26 March 1649) led a group of English Puritans to the New World, joined the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629 and was elected their first governor on April 8, 1630. ... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University. ...


On June 1st 2007, Dan Hopkins moved to Charlestown, reportedly causing property values to severely drop. This might have had to do with Dan's rumored habit of impregnating neighborhood pets.


On June 17, 1775 the Charlestown Peninsula was the site of the Battle of Bunker Hill. In fact, the battle actually took place on Breed's Hill, which overlooked the harbor and the town and was only about 400 yards from the southern end of the peninsula; Bunker Hill was near the northwest end of the peninsula, close to Charlestown neck and about a mile from the Charles River. The city, including its wharfs and dockyards, was destroyed by fire during the battle. is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For a list of numerous places and things that are named after this battle, see Bunker Hill. ...


Around the 1860s an influx of Irish immigrants arrived in the Charlestown. The neighborhood remained an Irish stronghold in the cultural, economic, and Catholic traditions of neighborhoods like South Boston ("Southie"), Somerville, and Dorchester. On October 7, 1873, a vote was held to determine whether Charlestown should join Boston; Boston residents approved the question, 5960-1868, and Charlestown residents also approved, 2240-1947.[1] Stoneham (1725) and Somerville (1842) were carved out of Charlestown. South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone Area  - City  4. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... Stoneham is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone Area  - City  4. ...


During the early 1960s, The Boston Redevelopment Authority(BRA) initiated plans to demolish and redevelop 60% of the housing in Charlestown[2] In 1963, the BRA held a town meeting to discuss their plans with the community. The BRA's dealings with Boston's West End had created an atmosphere of distrust towards urban renewal in Boston, and Charlestown residents opposed the plan by an overwhelming majority. By 1965, the plan had been reduced to only tearing down 11% of the neighborhood, including the removal of the elevated rail tracks. The Boston Redevelopment Authority is a planning and development agency in Boston. ... The West End of Boston, Massachusetts is a neighborhood bounded generally by Cambridge Street to the south, the Charles River to the west and northwest, Martha Road and Lomasney Way on the north and northeast, and Staniford Street on the west. ... 1999 photograph looking northeast on Chicagos now demolished Cabrini-Green housing project, one of many urban renewal efforts. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a body politic and corporate, and a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts [2] formed in 1964 to finance and operate most bus, subway, commuter rail and ferry systems in the greater Boston, Massachusetts area. ...


Throughout the 1960s until the middle '90s, Charlestown was infamous for its Irish Mob presence. Charlestown's McLaughlin Brothers were involved in a gang war with neighboring Somerville's Winter Hill Gang, during the Irish Mob Wars of the 1960s. In the late 1980s, however, Charlestown underwent a massive gentrification process similar to that of the South End. Drawn to its proximity to downtown and its colonial, red-brick, row-house housing stock similar to that of Beacon Hill, many upper-middle class professionals moved to the neighborhood. Today the neighborhood is a mix of upper-middle class residences, housing projects, and a large working class Irish-American demographic that is still predominant. The Irish Mob, or Irish Mafia, is one of the oldest organized crime groups in the United States, in existence since the early 19th century. ... The Charlestown Mob refers to any of several Irish Mob organized crime groups in Charlestown, Massachusetts, which have figured prominently in the history of Boston for much of the 20th century, but was eradicated by Somervilles Winter Hill Gang during the 1960s Irish Gang Wars. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone Area  - City  4. ... The Winter Hill Gang is a loose confederation of Boston, Massachusetts area, mostly Irish-American organized crime figures. ... The Irish Mob Wars refers to incidents of internal warfare that occured within the Irish Mob. ... The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Cutting down Beacon Hill, about 1800; a view from the north toward the Massachusetts State House. ... Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European nation of Ireland. ...


Places of interest

Charlestown contains several places of historical interest, many of which are marked by the northern end of Boston's Freedom Trail. The freedom trail ends at the Bunker Hill Monument commemorating the famous Battle of Bunker Hill. The USS Constitution, the oldest commissioned vessel in the US Navy, is docked in the Charlestown Navy Yard. Charlestown was also the location from which Paul Revere began his famous "midnight ride" before the Battle of Lexington and Concord. A local restaurant still in operation, The Warren Tavern, claims to have been one of Revere's favorite taverns. Bostons Freedom Trail is a red (mostly brick) path through downtown Boston which leads to sixteen significant historical sites. ... Bunker Hill Monument, 2001. ... “ Old Ironsides ” redirects here. ... The Boston Navy Yard, originally Charlestown Navy Yard and after 1945 Boston Naval Shipyard, was one of the oldest shipbuilding facilities of the United States Navy. ... For the song by the Beastie Boys, see Paul Revere (song). ... The Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War and was described as the shot heard round the world in Emersons Concord Hymn. ...


Notable residents

Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American painter of portraits and historic scenes, the creator of a single wire telegraph system, and co-inventor, with Alfred Vail, of the Morse Code. ... John Harvard may be: John Harvard (clergyman) (Massachusetts) John Harvard (politician) (Manitoba) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Jack OCallahan (born July 24, 1957) is a former ice hockey player who was a defenseman on the 1980 Winter Olympics United States national team that upset the Soviet Union in the famous Miracle on Ice game. ... The 1980 U.S. Olympic hockey team celebrates the goal that led them to victory over the USSR. The Miracle on Ice is the popular nickname for the mens ice hockey game in the 1980 Olympic Winter Games, in which a team of amateur and collegiate players from the... Robert Sedgwick (c. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... A map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony Capital Charlestown, Boston History  - Established 1629  - New England Confederation 1643  - Dominion of New England 1686  - Province of Massachusetts Bay 1692  - Disestablished 1692 The Massachusetts Bay Colony (sometimes called the Massachusetts Bay Company, for the institution that founded it) was an English settlement on... Events March 25 - Saturns largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens. ... Charles R. Adams (February 9, 1834-July 4, 1900) was a noted opera singer and instructor. ... Reliance Building at 32 N. State Street The Reliance Building is the first skyscraper to have large plate glass windows make up the majority of its surface area; forshadowing a feature of skyscrapers that would become dominant in the 20th century. ...

References

  1. ^ "The Result in Figures", The Boston Globe, p. 5, October 8, 1873.
  2. ^ Jones, Michael, The Slaughter of Cities: Urban Renewal and Ethnic Cleansing p529, St. Augustine's Press, South end Indiana, 2004. ISBN 1587317753
  3. ^ (1961) A Sedgwick Genealogy, Descendants of Deacon Benjamin Sedgwick. New Haven: New Haven Colony Historical Society. 
  4. ^ a b c (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 

The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and New England. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

External links


Neighborhoods in Boston, Massachusetts

Allston/Brighton · Back Bay · Beacon Hill · Charlestown · Chinatown · Dorchester · Downtown Crossing · East Boston · Fenway-Kenmore · Government Center · Hyde Park · Jamaica Plain · Longwood · Mattapan · Mission Hill · North End · Roslindale · Roxbury · South Boston · South End · West End · West Roxbury Houses on Louisburg Square, Beacon Hill. ... Allston is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, located in the western part of the city. ... Cemetary and apartment houses along Commonwealth Avenue, Brighton, near Chandlers Pond Brighton is a neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Back Bay redirects here. ... Cutting down Beacon Hill, about 1800; a view from the north toward the Massachusetts State House. ... The Beach Street gate into Bostons Chinatown. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Financial District. ... East Boston was annexed by the City of Boston in 1636 and is separated from the rest of the city by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek. ... Fenway-Kenmore is an area of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Government Center circa 2000 Government Center is a city square and plaza in Boston, Massachusetts, bounded by Cambridge, Court, Congress, and Sudbury Streets. ... Hyde Park is the most southern neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Longwood Medical and Academic Area (also known as Longwood Medical Area, LMA, or just Longwood) is a section of Boston with a high density of hospitals, colleges, and biomedical research centers. ... Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Mission Hill is a one square mile[1] neighborhood of approximately 18,000 people in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Image of the North End, Boston neighborhood. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts USA. It was one of the first towns founded in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 and became a city in 1846 until it was annexed to Boston on January 5, 1868. ... “South Boston” redirects here. ... The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The West End of Boston, Massachusetts is a neighborhood bounded generally by Cambridge Street to the south, the Charles River to the west and northwest, Martha Road and Lomasney Way on the north and northeast, and Staniford Street on the west. ... Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury, Massachusetts was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Massachusetts (9603 words)
Massachusetts is bordered on the north by New Hampshire and Vermont, on the west by New York, on the south by Connecticut and Rhode Island, and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean.
Massachusetts is known as the Bay State because of the several large bays that give its coastline its distinctive shape: Massachusetts Bay and Cape Cod Bay on the state's east coast, and Buzzards Bay to the south.
Massachusetts has a reputation as being a politically liberal state, and is often used as an archetype of liberalism in the U.S. It is the home of the Kennedy family of political fame, and routinely votes for the Democratic Party in federal elections.
Station Information - Charlestown, Massachusetts (191 words)
Charlestown is now a neighborhood in the city of Boston which annexed it in 1874.
Charleston was founded in 1628 and was the first capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Charlestown was the birthplace of inventor Samuel F. Morse.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m