FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Charles XIV John of Sweden
Charles XIV John
King of Sweden and Norway
Reign 5 February 18188 March 1844
Coronation 11 May 1818
in Norway 7 September 1818
Full name Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte
Born 26 January 1763(1763-01-26)
Pau, France
Died 8 March 1844 (aged 81)
Stockholm, Sweden
Buried Riddarholmskyrkan, Stockholm
Predecessor Charles XIII
Successor Oscar I
Consort Désirée Clary
Issue Crown Prince Oscar
Royal House Bernadotte
Father Henri Bernadotte
Mother Jeanne St. Jean

Charles XIV John (Swedish: Carl XIV Johan), born Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (January 26, 1763March 8, 1844) was King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Karl III Johan) from 1818 until his death. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Aquitaine Region flag Coat of arms The location of Pau is shown on this map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... -1... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... Charles XIII (Swe: Karl XIII) (October 7, 1748 - February 5, 1818), was King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway (where he was known as Carl II) from 1814 until his death. ... Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ... Her Majesty Queen Desideria of Sweden and Norway (Bernhardine Eugenie Désirée Bernadotte, née Clary, November 8, 1777 - December 17, 1860) was the wife of King Charles XIV of Sweden and a one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte. ... Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ... The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ...


French by birth, Bernadotte served a long career in the French Army. He was created a Marshal of France by Napoleon I, though the two had a turbulent relationship. His service to France ended in 1810, when he was elected heir to the Swedish throne. The French Army, officially the Armée de Terre (Army of the land), is the land-based component of the French Armed Forces and the largest. ... Baton of a modern Marshal of France The Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France) is a military distinction in contemporary France, not a military rank. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from...

Contents

Early life

He was born in Pau, France, as the son of Jean Henri Bernadotte (1711-1780), procurator at Pau, and Jeanne de Saint Vincent (1728-1809). His Christian names were Jean-Baptiste (he added Jules later, from Julius Caesar, in the classicizing spirit of the French Revolution). The family name was originally de Pouey, but was changed to Bernadotte at the beginning of the 17th century. Aquitaine Region flag Coat of arms The location of Pau is shown on this map of the historical and cultural area of Gascony. ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. ...


Military career

Bernadotte joined the army as a private in the Régiment de Royal-Marine on September 3, 1780, and first served in the newly-conquered territory of Corsica. Following the outbreak of the French Revolution, his eminent military qualities brought him speedy promotion. He was promoted to colonel in 1792 and by 1794 was a brigadier attached to the army of the Sambre et Meuse. After Jourdan's victory at Fleurus (26 June 1794) he became a general of division. At the Battle of Theiningen (1796), Bernadotte contributed, more than anyone else, to the successful retreat of the French army over the Rhine after its defeat by the Archduke Charles of Austria. In 1797 he brought reinforcements from the Rhine to Bonaparte's army in Italy, distinguishing himself greatly at the passage of the Tagliamento, and in 1798 served as ambassador to Vienna, but had to quit his post owing to the disturbances caused by his hoisting the tricolour over the embassy. is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... “Corsican” redirects here. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... Jean-Baptiste Jourdan Jean-Baptiste, comte Jourdan (April 29, 1762 – November 23, 1833), was a marshal of France. ... The Battle of Fleurus, fought on June 26, 1794 was one of the most decisive battles in the Low Countries during the French, under Jourdan were able to more effectively concentrate their forces in order to achieve victory against the Austrian army under Saxe-Cobourg. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... Victorious Archduke Charles of Austria during the Battle of Aspern_Essling (May 21_22, 1809) The epileptic younger brother of Holy Roman Emperor Francis II, Archduke Charles of Austria (Erzherzog Karl) (September 5, 1771 - April 30, 1847) achieved respect both as a commander and as a reformer of Austrias army. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... The Tagliamento River is a river in north-east Italy, flowing from the Alps to the Adriatic Sea at a point between Triest and Venice. ... “Wien” redirects here. ... Flag Ratio: 2:3 The national flag of France (Vexillological symbol: , known in French as drapeau tricolore, drapeau bleu-blanc-rouge, drapeau français, rarely, le tricolore and, in military parlance, les couleurs) is a tricolour featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side), white, and red. ... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ...


On August 16, 1798 he married Désirée Clary (1777–1860), the daughter of a Marseille silk merchant, and sister of Joseph Bonaparte's wife Julie Clary. From July 2 to September 14 he was Minister of War, in which capacity he displayed great ability. He declined to help Napoleon Bonaparte stage his coup d'état of November 1799, but nevertheless accepted employment from the Consulate, and from April 1800 to August 18, 1801 commanded the army in the Vendée. is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1798 (MDCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Her Majesty Queen Desideria of Sweden and Norway (Bernhardine Eugenie Désirée Bernadotte, née Clary, November 8, 1777 - December 17, 1860) was the wife of King Charles XIV of Sweden and a one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte. ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... Joseph Bonaparte Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Naples, King of Spain (January 7, 1768 – July 28, 1844) was the older brother of French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples and Sicily (1806–1808) and later King of Spain. ... Julie Clary and her daughters (Marie) Julie Clary (December 26, 1771 – April 7, 1845) was the daughter of François Clary (1725-1794), a wealthy Marseille silk merchant and his second wife Françoise Rose Somis (1737-1815). ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This page is a list of French defence ministers. ... // A coup dÉtat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, often through illegal means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Vendée is a département in west central France, on the Atlantics Bay of Biscay. ...

Marshal Bernadotte
Marshal Bernadotte

On the introduction of the French Empire, Bernadotte became one of the eighteen Marshals of France and, from June 1804 to September 1805, served as governor of Hanover. During the campaign of 1805, Bernadotte with an army corps from Hanover co-operated in the great movement which resulted in the shutting up of Mack in Ulm. As a reward for his services at Austerlitz (December 2, 1805) he became Prince of Ponte Corvo (June 5, 1806), but during the campaign against Prussia, in the same year, was severely reproached by Napoleon for not participating with his army corps in the battles of Jena and Auerstädt, though close at hand. In 1808, as governor of the Hanseatic towns, he was to have directed the expedition against Sweden, via the Danish islands, but the plan came to nought because of the want of transports and the defection of the Spanish contingent. In the war against Austria, Bernadotte led the Saxon contingent at the Battle of Wagram (6 July 1809), on which occasion, on his own initiative, he issued an Order of the Day attributing the victory principally to the valour of his Saxons, which order Napoleon at once disavowed. It was during the middle of that battle that Marshal Bernadotte was stripped of his command after retreating against Napoleon's orders. Image File history File links Marshal Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, later known as Charles XIV John of Sweden. ... Image File history File links Marshal Jean Baptiste Bernadotte, later known as Charles XIV John of Sweden. ... Map of the First French Empire in 1811, with the Empire in dark blue and satellite states in light blue Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1804 - 1814/1815 Napoleon I  - 1814/1815 Napoleon II Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif Historical era Napoleonic... Baton of a modern Marshal of France The Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France) is a military distinction in contemporary France, not a military rank. ... , Hanover(i) (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich (August 25, 1752 - December 22, 1828), Austrian soldier, was born at Nenslingen, in Bavaria. ... Ulm is a city in the German Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Danube. ... Combatants French Empire Russian Empire Austrian Empire Commanders Napoleon I Alexander I Francis II Strength 65,000[1] 73,000[2] Casualties 1,305 dead, 6,940 wounded, 573 captured, 1 standard lost[3] 15,000 dead or wounded, 12,000 captured, 180 guns lost, 50 standards lost[3] War... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Pontecorvo is a town in Latium, Italy. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Motto Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Government Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I (first)  - 1688–1701 Frederick III (last) King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I (first)  - 1888–1918 William II (last) Prime Minister1,2... The Battle of Jena was fought on October 14, 1806, in Jena, in todays Germany, and resulted in a French victory under Napoleon Bonaparte against the Prussians under General Hohenlohe. ... The Battle of Auerstädt was fought on 14 October 1806, and resulted in a French victory under marshall Davout against the Prussians under General Brunswick. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... The Battle of Wagram, around the isle of Lobau on the Danube and on the plain of the Marchfeld around the town of Deutsch-Wagram, 15 km north-east of Vienna, Austria, took place on July 5 and 6, 1809 and resulted in the decisive victory of French forces under... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ...


Offer of the Swedish throne

Bernadotte, considerably piqued, thereupon returned to Paris, where the council of ministers entrusted him with the defence of the Netherlands against the British. In 1810 he was about to enter upon his new post of governor of Rome when he was, unexpectedly, elected heir to King Charles XIII of Sweden, partly because a large part of the Swedish Army, in view of future complications with Russia, were in favour of electing a soldier, and partly because Bernadotte was very popular in Sweden, owing to the kindness he had shown to the Swedish prisoners during the late war with Denmark. The matter was decided by one of the Swedish courtiers, Baron Karl Otto Mörner, who, entirely on his own initiative, offered the succession to the Swedish crown to Bernadotte. Bernadotte communicated Mörner's offer to Napoleon, who treated the whole affair as an absurdity. Bernadotte thereupon informed Mörner that he would not refuse the honour if he were duly elected. Although the Swedish government, amazed at Mörner's effrontery, at once placed him under arrest on his return to Sweden, the candidature of Bernadotte gradually gained favour there, and, on August 21, 1810, he was elected Crown Prince and made Generalissimus of the Swedish Armed Forces.[1] This article is about the capital of France. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Charles XIII (Swe: Karl XIII) (October 7, 1748 - February 5, 1818), was King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway (where he was known as Carl II) from 1814 until his death. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Carl Otto Mörner (from Hildebrand, Sveriges historia) Baron Carl Otto Mörner (22 May 1781 - 17 August 1868) was a Swedish courier who offered the succession to the Swedish crown to Jean Baptiste Bernadotte (future Charles XIV of Sweden) in 1810. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... The Swedish Senate: Riksrådet, from 1809 Statsrådet, from 1975 Regeringen was and is the principal government institution of Sweden The Swedish Senate, Senatus Regni Sueciae, originated as a council of Regional Magnates acting as advisers to the Monarch of the combined Realms of the Swedes (from 996, approximately). ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A Crown Prince or Crown Princess is the heir or heiress apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. ... A generalissimo is a commissioned officer of the highest rank; the word is often translated as Supreme Commander or Commander in Chief. It is an Italian superlative substantive, which grammatically would actually be disallowed in Italian (superlatives can be made with adjectives only). ...

Charles XIV John
Charles XIV John

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (808x1110, 188 KB) Karl XIV Johan, king of Sweden and Norway, painted by Fredric Westin File links The following pages link to this file: Charles XIV John of Sweden ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (808x1110, 188 KB) Karl XIV Johan, king of Sweden and Norway, painted by Fredric Westin File links The following pages link to this file: Charles XIV John of Sweden ...

Crown Prince and Regent

Coronation of Karl III Johan as King of Norway

On November 2 Bernadotte made his solemn entry into Stockholm, and on November 5 he received the homage of the estates and was adopted by Charles XIII under the name of "Charles John" (Karl Johan). The new crown prince was very soon the most popular and the most powerful man in Sweden. The infirmity of the old king and the dissensions in the Privy Council placed the government, and especially the control of foreign affairs, entirely in his hands. The keynote of his whole policy was the acquisition of Norway and Bernadotte proved anything but a puppet of France. In 1813 he allied Sweden with Napoleon's enemies Britain and Prussia of the Sixth Coalition, in order to secure this. After the defeats of Lützen (2 May 1813) and Bautzen (21 May 1813), it was the Swedish crown prince who put fresh heart into the allies; and at the conference of Trachenberg he drew up the general plan for the campaign which began after the expiration of the Truce of Plaswitz. Charles John, as commander-in-chief of the northern army, successfully defended the approaches to Berlin against Oudinot in August and against Ney in September at the Battles of Grossbeeren and Dennewitz; but after Leipzig he went his own way, determined at all hazards to cripple Denmark and secure Norway. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 554 pixelsFull resolution (813 × 563 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Coronation of Carl XIV Johan of Norway and Sweden in Nidaros Cathedral 1818. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 554 pixelsFull resolution (813 × 563 pixel, file size: 110 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Coronation of Carl XIV Johan of Norway and Sweden in Nidaros Cathedral 1818. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. ... Charles XIII (Swe: Karl XIII) (October 7, 1748 - February 5, 1818), was King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway (where he was known as Carl II) from 1814 until his death. ... The Swedish Senate: Riksrådet, from 1809 Statsrådet, from 1975 Regeringen was and is the principal government institution of Sweden The Swedish Senate, Senatus Regni Sueciae, originated as a council of Regional Magnates acting as advisers to the Monarch of the combined Realms of the Swedes (from 996, approximately). ... This article is about a journal. ... Motto Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Government Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I (first)  - 1688–1701 Frederick III (last) King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I (first)  - 1888–1918 William II (last) Prime Minister1,2... The Sixth Coalition (1812-1814) was a coalition of Austria, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and a number of German States against Napoleonic France. ... Combatants First French Empire Prussia Russia Commanders Napoleon I of France Jacques Lauriston Michel Ney Nicolas Oudinot Auguste Marmont Gebhard von Blücher Peter Wittgenstein Gerhard von Scharnhorst† Strength 120,000 73,000 Casualties 18-22,000 18-22,000 The Battle of Lützen was the first major engagement... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Battle of Bautzen was fought on May 21, 1813, and resulted in a French victory under Napoléon Bonaparte against the Kingdom of Prussians and Russians. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Plan concocted by Allied commanders during the Great French War in 1813 during the Campaign for Germany. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Nicolas Charles Oudinot (April 25, 1767 - September 13, 1847), duke of Reggio, was a marshal of France. ... Michel Ney, Marshal of France. ... The Battle of Grossbeeren took place on 23 August 1813, between forces of the First French Empire and an allied Prussian, Swedish army of the Sixth Coalition. ... Battle of Dennewitz 6 September 1813 Prelude: Marshall Oudinot advanced his corp along 3 separate roads on an advance to Berlin. ... Combatants French Empire Duchy of Warsaw Confederation of the Rhine[1] Austria Prussia Russia Sweden Commanders Napoleon I Jozef Antoni Poniatowski† Frederick Augustus of Saxony Barclay De Tolly Count Benningsen Prince of Schwarzenberg Gebhard von Blücher Prince Charles John of Sweden Strength 191,000 330,000 Casualties 38,000... Artists rendition of the Norwegian constitutional assembly in 1814 1814 was a pivotal year in Norwegian history. ...

  Swedish Royalty
  House of Bernadotte

Charles XIV John
Children
   Oscar I
Oscar I
Children
   Charles XV
   Gustaf, Duke of Upland
   Oscar II
   Princess Eugenie
   August, Duke of Dalarna
Charles XV
Children
   Lovisa, Queen of Denmark
   Carl Oscar, Duke of Södermanland
Oscar II
Children
   Gustaf V
   Oscar, Duke of Gotland
   Eugén, Duke of Närke
   Carl, Duke of Västergötland
Grandchildren
   Princess Margaretha
   Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway
   Astrid, Queen of Belgium
   Carl, Duke of Östergötland
Gustaf V
Children
   Gustaf VI Adolf
   Wilhelm, Duke of Södermanland
   Erik, Duke of Västmanland
Gustaf VI Adolf
Children
   Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten
   Sigvard, Duke of Uppland
   Ingrid, Queen of Denmark
   Bertil, Duke of Halland
   Carl Johan, Count af Wisborg
Grandchildren
   Princess Margaretha
   Princess Birgitta
   Princess Désirée
   Princess Christina
   Carl XVI Gustaf
Carl XVI Gustaf
Children
   Crown Princess Victoria
   Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland
   Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland

The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. ... Image File history File links Bernadotte_coa. ... Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ... Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ... Karl XV (Karl Ludvig Eugén) (May 3, 1826 – September 18, 1872) was King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Karl IV) from 1859 until his death. ... Salam oualaykum. ... Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik) (January 21, 1829 – December 8, 1907) was King of Sweden and Norway from 1872 until his death. ... Prince Carl Nikolaus August, Duke of Dalarna of the Royal House of Bernadotte (August 24, 1831 - March 4, 1873) was the youngest of the five issue of King Oscar I of Sweden and Josephine of Leuchtenberg. ... Karl XV (Karl Ludvig Eugén) (May 3, 1826 – September 18, 1872) was King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Karl IV) from 1859 until his death. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik) (January 21, 1829 – December 8, 1907) was King of Sweden and Norway from 1872 until his death. ... Gustaf V (Oscar Gustaf Adolf) (June 16, 1858 – October 29, 1950) was King of Sweden from 1907 until his death. ... Prince Oscar of Sweden and Norway, Oscar Carl August (November 15, 1859 - October 4, 1953), Duke of Gotlandia, was the second son of King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway. ... Prince Eugén Napoleon Nicolaus of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Närke (August 1, 1865 - August 17, 1947) was the youngest son of King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway. ... Prince Carl of Sweden and Norway, Oscar Carl Vilhelm, Duke of Westrogothia (February 27, 1861 - October 24, 1951), was the third son of King Oscar II of Sweden and Norway. ... For the present-day Princess Margaretha, please refer to Princess Margaretha, Mrs. ... Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway, Princess of Sweden (March 28, 1901 in Stockholm – April 5, 1954 in Oslo), full name, Märtha Sofia Lovisa Dagmar Thyra was the first crown princess of Norway in modern times. ... Astrid of Sweden, Astrid Sofia Lovisa Thyra (November 17, 1905 - August 29, 1935) was the Queen consort of Léopold III of the Belgians . ... Prince Carl of Sweden, Carl Gustaf Oscar Fredrik Christian (January 10, 1911 - July 23, 2003), Duke of Östergötland, was the youngest child of Prince Carl of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Västergötland and Princess Ingeborg of Denmark. ... Gustaf V (Oscar Gustaf Adolf) (June 16, 1858 – October 29, 1950) was King of Sweden from 1907 until his death. ... Gustaf VI Adolf (Oskar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf) (November 11, 1882 – September 15, 1973) was King of Sweden from 1950 until his death. ... Prince Wilhelm of Sweden and Norway, Carl Wilhelm Ludwig (June 17, 1884 - June 5, 1965), Duke of Sudermannia, was the second son of King Gustav V of Sweden and his Queen consort Victoria of Baden. ... Prince Erik of Sweden (Erik Gustav Ludvig Albert Bernadotte) (20 April 1889 – 20 September 1918), Duke of Västmanland, was the third and youngest son of King Gustav V of Sweden and his wife, Princess Victoria of Baden. ... Gustaf VI Adolf (Oskar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf) (November 11, 1882 – September 15, 1973) was King of Sweden from 1950 until his death. ... Gustaf Adolf, Gustaf Adolf Oscar Fredrik Arthur Edmund (April 22, 1906–January 26, 1947), Prince of Sweden, Duke of Västerbotten, was the eldest son of Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden and his first wife Princess Margaret of Connaught. ... Prince Sigvard of Sweden (June 7, 1907 - February 4, 2002), Duke of Uplandia, was the second son of King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden. ... Princess Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta of Sweden , (28 March 1910 – 7 November 2000) was the queen consort of King Frederik IX of Denmark. ... Prince Bertil of Sweden, Bertil Gustaf Oskar Carl Eugén (February 28, 1912 – January 5, 1997), Duke of Halland, was the third son of King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden and his first wife, Princess Margaret of Connaught. ... Count Carl Johan Bernadotte af Wisborg formerly Prince Carl Johan, Duke of Dalecarlia (born October 31, 1916), is the son of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden and Crown Princess Margaret of Connaught. ... Princess Margaretha, Mrs Ambler (Margaretha Désirée Victoria) (born 31 October 1934), was born at Haga Palace outside Stockholm. ... H.R.H. Princess Birgitta of Sweden, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (Birgitta Ingeborg Alice) (January 19, 1937-) was born at Haga Palace in Sweden. ... Princess Désirée, Baroness Silfverschiöld (Désirée Elisabeth Sibylla) (born 2 June 1938), was born at Haga Palace outside Stockholm. ... Princess Christina, Mrs. ... Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is the current Swedish monarch and head of state of the Kingdom of Sweden. ... Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is the current Swedish monarch and head of state of the Kingdom of Sweden. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Prince Carl Philip of Sweden (Carl Philip Edmund Bertil Bernadotte), born May 13, 1979, Duke of Värmland, is the second child and only son of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia of Sweden. ... Princess Madeleine of Sweden, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland, (Madeleine Thérèse Amélie Joséphine), born on June 10, 1982, is the youngest child and second daughter of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia of Sweden. ...

King of Sweden and Norway

Equestrian in Stockholm depicting Charles XIV John
Equestrian in Stockholm depicting Charles XIV John

As unional king, Charles XIV John, who succeeded to that title in 1818 following the death of Charles XIII, was initially popular in both countries. Upon his accession he converted from Roman Catholicism to the Lutheranism of the Swedish court. He would never learn to speak Swedish or Norwegian, though this did not pose a serious obstacle to his rule, as French was widely spoken by the aristocracy of the time. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1356x1140, 248 KB) Statue of Charles XIV John (Karl XIV Johan) located at Slussplan, Stockholm. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1356x1140, 248 KB) Statue of Charles XIV John (Karl XIV Johan) located at Slussplan, Stockholm. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that follows the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... The Royal Court of Sweden is the official name for the organisation that supports the Head of State of the Kingdom of Sweden, and the Royal Family. ...


Charles XIV John's reign witnessed the completion of the southern Göta Canal, begun 22 years earlier, to link Lake Vänern to the sea at Söderköping 180 miles to the east. Though his ultra-conservative views were unpopular, particularly from 1823 onward, his dynasty never faced serious danger. Swedes and Norwegians alike were proud of a monarch with a European reputation[citation needed]. Though the Riksdag of the Estates of 1840 meditated compelling him to abdicate, he survived this controversy and his silver jubilee was celebrated with great enthusiasm in 1843. Bergs slussar (locks) at Berg near Linköping, descending to lake Roxen Göta Kanal is a Swedish canal constructed in the early 19th century. ... Map of Sweden; Vänern in the middle south. ... Söderköping is a Municipality in Östergötland County, in southeast Sweden. ... Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. ...

Monarchical Styles of
King Charles XIV (Sweden), Karl III Johan (Norway)
Image:Sweden greater arms.png
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Sire

Charles XIV John died at Stockholm on March 8, 1844. His reign was one of uninterrupted peace, during which his kingdoms experienced great material development. He was succeeded by his son, Oscar I of Sweden and Norway. A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... Look up majesty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Majesty is an English word rooting in the Latin Maiestas, meaning literally, Greatness. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ...


The main street of Oslo, Karl Johans gate is named for him, while the Fortress of Karlsborg (Karlsborgs fästning) located in Karlsborg Municipality (Karlsborgs kommun) in Västra Götaland, was named by him after Charles XIII, his adoptive father. County District Østlandet Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... This page deals with both Karlsborg Municipality and the urban area (tätort) Karlsborg Karlsborg Municipality is a Municipality in Västra Götaland County, in western Sweden. ... Västra Götaland County, or Västra Götalands län is a County or län on the western coast of Sweden. ...


During the French Revolution, Bernadotte belonged for a time to the Jacobin Club, a radical political organization. According to a popular myth, after his death a tattoo was found on his body that read Mort aux rois! ("Death to kings!"), presumably a legacy of his Jacobin days. However, no evidence has been found to confirm this. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... It has been suggested that Jacobin/Sandbox be merged into this article or section. ...


Line of Descendants

Following only the lines of the thrones of Sweden, Charles is the male-line ancestor to the heirs of that nation.

Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ... Karl XV (Karl Ludvig Eugén) (May 3, 1826 – September 18, 1872) was King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Karl IV) from 1859 until his death. ... Oscar II (Oscar Fredrik) (January 21, 1829 – December 8, 1907) was King of Sweden and Norway from 1872 until his death. ... Gustaf V (Oscar Gustaf Adolf) (June 16, 1858 – October 29, 1950) was King of Sweden from 1907 until his death. ... Gustaf VI Adolf (Oskar Fredrik Wilhelm Olaf Gustaf Adolf) (November 11, 1882 – September 15, 1973) was King of Sweden from 1950 until his death. ... Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is the current Swedish monarch and head of state of the Kingdom of Sweden. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

See also

Charles XIV John of Sweden The Guadeloupe Fund (Swedish: Guadeloupefonden) was established by Swedens Riksdag of the Estates in 1815 for the benefit of Crown Prince and Regent Charles XIV John of Sweden, also known as Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, and his heirs. ...

Literature

  • Dunbar Plunket Barton: The amazing career of Bernadotte, 1930
  • Alan Palmer: Bernadotte: Napoleon's marshal, Sweden's king, 1990
  • Lord Russell of Liverpool: Bernadotte: Marshal of France & King of Sweden, 1981

External links

  • Marshal Bernadotte at The Napoleon Series.
Charles XIV John of Sweden
House of Bernadotte
Born: 26 January 1763
Died: 8 March 1844
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles XIII
King of Sweden
1818–1844
Succeeded by
Oscar I
King of Norway
1818–1844
Political offices
Preceded by
Louis Marie de Milet de Mureau
Minister of War
2 July, 1799 – 14 September, 1799
Succeeded by
Edmond Louis Alexis Dubois-Crancé

The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. ... Charles XIII (Swe: Karl XIII) (October 7, 1748 - February 5, 1818), was King of Sweden from 1809 and King of Norway (where he was known as Carl II) from 1814 until his death. ... This is a list of Swedish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queens of Sweden with Regents and Viceroys of the Kalmar Union up until the present time. ... Oscar I, born Joseph François Oscar Bernadotte (July 4, 1799, Paris–July 8, 1859, Stockholm), was King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. ... This article is a list of rulers of Norway up until the present, including: The Norwegian kingdom (with the Faroe Islands) The Union with Iceland and Greenland (1262-1814) The Norwegian kingdom (with Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands 1262-1814) The Union of Sweden and Norway (1319-1343) The... The Minister of Defence (Ministre de la Défense) is the French government cabinet member charged with running the military of France. ... Edmond Louis Alexis Dubois-Crancé (October 14, 1747—June 28, 1814) was a French soldier and politician. ...

References

  1. ^ (Swedish) Ancienneté och Rang-Rulla öfver Krigsmagten år 1813
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference for Union between Sweden and Norway - Search.com (3074 words)
Sweden and Norway had previously been united under the same crown on two occasions, from 1319 to 1343, and briefly from 1449 to 1450 in opposition to Christian of Oldenburg who was elected king of the Kalmar Union by the Danes.
On November 4, 1814, the parliament of Norway revised the constitution and elected Charles XIII of Sweden as the new king of Norway.
Charles XIII of Sweden died on February 5, 1818, and was succeeded by Bernadotte under the title of Charles XIV John.
Charles XIV John of Sweden - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1224 words)
Charles XIV John (Swedish: Carl XIV Johan), born Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte (January 26, 1763 – March 8, 1844) was King of Sweden and Norway (where he was known as Carl III Johan) from 1818 until his death.
In 1808, as governor of the Hanseatic towns, he was to have directed the expedition against Sweden, via the Danish islands, but the plan came to nought because of the want of transports and the defection of the Spanish contingent.
Charles John, as commander-in-chief of the northern army, successfully defended the approaches to Berlin against Oudinot in August and against Ney in September; but after Leipzig he went his own way, determined at all hazards to cripple Denmark and secure Norway.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m