a 19th_century racehorse _ see Charles XII (horse)
a pub in the Yorkshire village of Heslington, named after the racehorse - see Heslington
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CharlesXII was born in 1682, and he was barely 15 years old when his father died (of a widely spread stomach cancer) in 1697.
Charles led the defence of the province of Vor-Pomerania against the Brandenburgian forces until Stralsund itself was surrounded (and eventually fell).
Had CharlesXII himself survived his Norwegian campaign, Sweden would almost certainly have achieved better terms of peace than the unlucky Queen Ulrica Eleonora and her advisors (including her strongly anti-Russian husband, the future King Frederick I, who was a son of the Landgraf of Hesse).
Soon after Charles succeeded to the throne, Sweden, with extensive possessions on the Baltic, was threatened by a coalition of Frederick IV, king of Denmark, Augustus II, king of Poland, and Peter I, tsar of Russia, which resulted in the Great Northern War (1700-1721).
Charles hastened to the Baltic and rapidly brought his army of 8000 men to the Swedish stronghold, Narva, Estonia, which was beleaguered by 40,000 Russians.
Charles was now at the height of his power; with a disciplined army holding Germany in awe, he spurned peace overtures from Peter.
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