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Encyclopedia > Charles Simonyi
Charles Simonyi
Charles Simonyi
Spaceflight Participant
 Nationality American / Hungarian
 Born September 10, 1948 (1948-09-10) (age 58)
Budapest, Hungary
 Current occupation Software architect
 Space time 13d 18h 59m
 Selection 2006
 Mission(s) Soyuz TMA-10
Mission insignia

Charles Simonyi (Hungarian: Simonyi Károly; born September 10, 1948, Budapest) is a computer software executive who, as head of Microsoft's application software group, oversaw the creation of Microsoft's flagship office applications. He now heads his own company, Intentional Software, with the aim of developing and marketing his concept of Intentional programming. In 2007, he became the fifth space tourist and the second Hungarian in space. His estimated net worth is $1 billion.[1] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2040x3072, 1621 KB) Soyuz TMA-10 crew File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Charles Simonyi ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the Gregorian calendar (254th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The software systems architect or software architect is responsible for: Interfacing with the user(s) and sponsor(s) and all other stakeholders in order to determine their (evolving) needs to be realized in software. ... Crew Will launch ISS Expedition 15 crew: Fyodor Yurchikhin (2) Commander - Russia Oleg Kotov (1) Flight Engineer - Russia Charles Simonyi (1) Spaceflight Participant - U.S.A. Will land ISS Expedition 15 crew: Fyodor Yurchikhin (2) Commander - Russia Oleg Kotov (1) Flight Engineer - Russia Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor (1) Research Cosmonaut - Malaysia... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 542 pixels Full resolution (948 × 642 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the Gregorian calendar (254th in leap years). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Software, consisting of programs, enables a computer to perform specific tasks, as opposed to the physical components of the system (hardware). ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Microsoft Office is a suite of productivity programs created or purchased by Microsoft and developed for Microsoft Windows, and Apples Mac OS and Mac OS X operating systems. ... In computer programming, intentional programming is a collection of concepts which enable software source code to reflect the precise information, called intention, which programmers had in mind when conceiving their work. ... The curvature of the Earth seen from orbit would be one of the main attractions for tourists paying to go into space Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of space travel by individuals for the purpose of personal pleasure. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ...

Contents

Biography

Simonyi was born in Budapest, Hungary, the son of Károly Simonyi, a professor of electrical engineering at Technical University of Budapest. While in high school he worked part-time as a night watchman at a computer laboratory, overseeing a large Soviet tube-based computer named Ural II. He took an interest in computing and learned to program from one of the laboratory's engineers. By the time he left school, he had learned to develop compilers and sold one of these to a government department. He was hired by Denmark's A/S Regnecentralen in 1966 and moved to the United States in 1968 to attend the University of California, Berkeley, where he earned his B.S. in Engineering Mathematics, specializing in Mathematics and Statistics, in 1972. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Budapest University of Technology and Economics (in Hungarian, Budapesti Műszaki és Gazdaságtudományi Egyetem or in short Műegyetem) is the most significant University of Technology in Hungary. ... Main article: Secondary education High school is a name used in some parts of the world, and particularly in North America, to describe the last segment of compulsory education. ... In electronics, a vacuum tube or (outside North America) thermionic valve or just valve, is a device generally used to amplify, switch or otherwise modify, a signal by controlling the movement of electrons in an evacuated space. ... Ural is a computer series build in Soviet Union. ... A compiler is a computer program that translates a computer program written in one computer language (called the source language) into an equivalent program written in another computer language (called the output or the target language). ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... BS or bs is an abbreviation with multiple meanings, including: Bachelor of Science degree British Standard Bahamas (ISO country code) The postcode for Bristol, England A somewhat more polite abbreviation of bullshit A card game The Swiss canton of Basel_Stadt Shorthand for the backspace and the backspace control character Shorthand...


Simonyi then went to Stanford University for graduate studies and was hired by Xerox PARC during its most productive period, working alongside luminaries Alan Kay, Butler Lampson and Robert Metcalfe. He and Lampson developed Bravo, the first WYSIWYG document preparation program. He received his Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford in 1977 with a dissertation on a software project management technique called "metaprogramming." This approach sought to defeat Brooks' law by requiring all programmers to communicate through the manager rather than directly. The Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University (or simply Stanford), is a private university located approximately 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of San Francisco and approximately 20 miles northwest of San José in an unincorporated area of Santa Clara County. ... Bold text // Headline text Link title This article is about the computer research center. ... Alan Curtis Kay (born May 17, 1940) is an American computer scientist, known for his early work on object-oriented programming and user interface design. ... Butler W. Lampson is a computer scientist, considered to be one of the most significant in the history of the field. ... Robert Metcalfe (born 1946 in Brooklyn, New York) is an American technology pioneer who invented Ethernet, founded 3Com and formulated Metcalfes Law. ... Bravo was the first WYSIWYG document preparation program. ... WYSIWYG (IPA Pronunciation [] or []), is an acronym for What You See Is What You Get, used in computing to describe a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. ... A word processor (also more formally known as a document preparation system) is a computer application used for the production (including composition, editing, formatting, and possibly printing) of any sort of viewable or printed material. ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... Brooks law was stated by Fred Brooks in his 1975 book The Mythical Man-Month as Adding manpower to a late software project makes it later. ...


In 1981, at Metcalfe's suggestion, he applied directly to Bill Gates for a job at Microsoft. At Microsoft, Simonyi oversaw the development of what became its most profitable products, Word and Excel, as well as Excel's predecessor Multiplan. With Multiplan, Simonyi pursued a strategy called the "revenue bomb", whereby the product ran on a virtual machine that was ported to each platform. The resulting application was highly portable, although Simonyi did not foresee the rapid adoption of MS-DOS that made such efforts less important.[2][3] Simonyi introduced the techniques of object-oriented programming that he had learned at Xerox to Microsoft and developed the Hungarian notation for naming variables. William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the worlds largest software company. ... Microsoft Office Word is Microsofts flagship word processing software. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Categories: Computer stubs | Spreadsheets | Domain-specific programming languages | Numerical programming languages ... In computer science, a virtual machine is software that creates a virtualized environment between the computer platform and its operating system, so that the end user can operate software on an abstract machine. ... Microsofts disk operating system, MS-DOS, was Microsofts implementation of DOS, which was the first popular operating system for the IBM PC, and until recently, was widely used on the PC compatible platform. ... Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm that uses objects to design applications and computer programs. ... // Hungarian notation is a naming convention in computer programming, in which the name of a variable indicates its type or intended use. ...

Charles Simonyi

Simonyi remained at Microsoft during its meteoric rise in the software industry, becoming one of its highest-ranking developers. He left abruptly in 2002 to co-found, with business partner Gregor Kiczales, a company called Intentional Software.[4] This company markets the intentional programming concepts Simonyi developed at Microsoft Research. In this approach to software, a programmer first builds a toolbox specific to a given problem domain (such as life insurance). Domain experts, aided by the programmer, then describe the program's intended behavior in a WYSIWYG-like manner. An automated system uses the program description and the toolbox to generate the final program. Successive changes are only done at the WYSIWYG level.[5] Image File history File links Charles_Simonyi,_computer_scientist. ... Image File history File links Charles_Simonyi,_computer_scientist. ... Gregor Kiczales is a professor of computer science at the University of British Columbia in Canada. ... In computer programming, intentional programming is a collection of concepts which enable software source code to reflect the precise information, called intention, which programmers had in mind when conceiving their work. ... WYSIWYG (IPA Pronunciation [] or []), is an acronym for What You See Is What You Get, used in computing to describe a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. ...


In 2004, Simonyi received the Wharton Infosys Business Transformation Award for the industry-wide impact of his innovative work in information technology. In 2002, the Wharton Business School of the University of Pennsylvania and Infosys started the Wharton Infosys Business Transformation Award. ...


Simonyi has been an active philanthropist, establishing the Charles Simonyi Professor of the Public Understanding of Science at Oxford University, the first occupant of which is Richard Dawkins. In January 2004, Simonyi created the $50 million Charles Simonyi Fund for Arts and Sciences, through which Simonyi plans to support Seattle area arts, science, and educational programs. Initial grant recipients include the Seattle Symphony ($10 million), and the Seattle Public Library ($3 million). In 2005, the Fund donated $25 million to the Institute for Advanced Study. The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Clinton Richard Dawkins (born March 26, 1941) is a British ethologist, evolutionary biologist and popular science writer who holds the Charles Simonyi Chair for the Public Understanding of Science at Oxford University. ... The Seattle Symphony Orchestra is an American orchestra based in Seattle, Washington. ... The Seattle Public Library is the public library system serving Seattle, Washington, USA. It was officially established by the city in 1890, though there had been a library association active in Seattle since 1868. ... Fuld Hall The Institute for Advanced Study is a private institution in Princeton Township, New Jersey, U.S.A., designed to foster pure cutting-edge research by scientists and scholars in a variety of fields without the complications of teaching or funding, or the agendas of sponsorship. ...


Space tourist

In early 2006, Simonyi expressed interest in becoming a space tourist and signed agreements with the space tourism company, Space Adventures, Ltd., for a ten-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Space tourism is the recent phenomenon of space travel by individuals for the purpose of personal pleasure. ... Space Adventures, Ltd. ... “ISS” redirects here. ...


In August 2006, he passed a pre-qualification medical exam by the Russian Federal Space Agency, called the Government Medical Commission (GMK).[6] He started training at Star City in September 2006.[7] Statue of Yuri Gagarin in Star City Star City (Russian: , Zvyozdny gorodok; lit. ...


He launched on April 7, 2007 (GMT),[8] on board Soyuz TMA-10. He shared a ride with two Russian cosmonauts to the ISS, and returned aboard Soyuz TMA-9, scheduled to depart from the ISS on April 20, 2007. April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... Crew Will launch ISS Expedition 15 crew: Fyodor Yurchikhin (2) Commander - Russia Oleg Kotov (1) Flight Engineer - Russia Charles Simonyi (1) Spaceflight Participant - U.S.A. Will land ISS Expedition 15 crew: Fyodor Yurchikhin (2) Commander - Russia Oleg Kotov (1) Flight Engineer - Russia Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor (1) Research Cosmonaut - Malaysia... Crew Will launch ISS Expedition 14 crew: Michael Lopez-Alegria (4) Commander - U.S.A. Mikhail Tyurin (2) Flight Engineer - Russia Daisuke Enomoto (1) Tourist - Japan Will land ISS Expedition 14 crew: Michael Lopez-Alegria (4) Commander - U.S.A. Mikhail Tyurin (2) Flight Engineer - Russia Sunita Williams (1) Flight... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...


Upon arrival to the ISS on April 9, 2007 Simonyi said, "It is amazing how it appears from the blackness of the sky. It was very, very dramatic. It was like a big stage set, a fantastic production of some incredible opera or modern play. That's what I was referring to when I said I was blown away."[9] April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...


Simonyi's expected return on April 20 was delayed by one day due to 'boggy ground'. He returned to Earth on April 21 along with an American astronaut and a Russian cosmonaut.[10] April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ...


Radio communication while aboard ISS

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Charles Simonyi is a licensed amateur radio operator with the call sign KE7KDP. He plans to contact a number of schools while on his flight on the International Space Station utilizing ham radio for the communication with those schools. This was reported by the ARRL, American Radio Relay League in Newington, Connecticut. Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Ham radio station with modern solid-state transceiver featuring LCD display and DSP capabilities Ham radio station with vintage vacuum tube gear featuring separate transmitter, receiver and power supply Amateur radio, often called Ham radio, is a hobby and public service enjoyed by about 6 million people throughout the world. ... The ARRL Logo. ... Newington is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ...


One of the schools Charles will contact is Cedar Point Elementary in Bristow, Virginia. A telebridge conversation will be held on Tuesday, April 17, 2007. Onboard with him will be Oleg Kotov and Fyodor Yurchikhin. Bristow is an unincorporated town in Prince William County, Virginia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...


Simonyi used his Hungarian call sign HA5SIK when he contacted 25 radio amateurs from Hungary in a record attempt on April 12. He contacted former and current students of Tivadar Puskás Polytechnic, Budapest on April 13. April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... Tivadar Puskás (17 September 1844 - 16 March 1893) was a Hungarian inventor, telephone pioneer, inventor of the telephone exchange. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ...


References

  1. ^ According to Forbes List of billionaires (2007) he was ranked 891st, with an estimated fortune of US$1 billion. http://www.forbes.com/lists/2007/10/07billionaires_Charles-Simonyi_VMOW.html
  2. ^ Mitchell, Robert. "Microsoft Days: Transforming the Desktop." Computerworld. 9 December 2002.
  3. ^ Brodie, Richard. Microsoft: The Early Days (personal web page)
  4. ^ http://www.intentionalsoftware.com/
  5. ^ Scott Rosenberg: "Anything You Can Do, I Can Do Meta." Technology Review, 8 January 2007
  6. ^ Space Adventures press release
  7. ^ Ex-Microsoft Billionaire Starts Space Tourism Training In Russia
  8. ^ Space 'nerd' readies for lift-off
  9. ^ Tourist Talks from Space. Sky News, April 11, 2007.
  10. ^ Tourist Gets Free Day in Space. CNN.com, April 18, 2007.

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Technology Review is an innovation and technology magazine affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
SPACE.com -- Charles Simonyi: Next Space Tourist Has Spacesuit, Will Travel (875 words)
Simonyi is returning to Star City after a successful round of winter survival training, in which he and other cosmonauts tested their wits and learned the Russian equivalent of “Mayday, Mayday” (Terpim bedstvye, or “We are suffering a disaster,” he writes).
Simonyi also spent two hours tied fast to the customized seat liner while clad in his spacesuit, and is gearing up to test the spacesuit in a vacuum chamber to measure its integrity.
Simonyi is also looking ahead to after his coming spaceflight, when he hopes to continue to share his experiences -- not to mention his Sokol spacesuit -- to help bolster interest and support in private human spaceflight.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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