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Encyclopedia > Charles River
The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University.
The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University.

The Charles River is a small, relatively short river in Massachusetts, USA that separates Boston from Cambridge and Charlestown. It is fed by about 80 brooks and streams, and several major aquifers as it flows snakelike for 80 miles (129 km), starting at Echo Lake in Hopkinton, through 58 cities and towns in eastern Massachusetts before emptying into Boston Harbor. Its watershed contains 33 lakes and ponds. Despite the river's length and relatively large drainage area (308 square miles; 798 km²), its source is only 26 miles (42 km) from its mouth, and the river drops only 350 feet (107 m) from source to sea. It is the most densely populated river basin in New England. Download high resolution version (576x768, 81 KB) Charles River, Ice, Cambridge, Painter. ... Download high resolution version (576x768, 81 KB) Charles River, Ice, Cambridge, Painter. ... River running into Harrietville Trout Farm A river is a large natural waterway. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub of the Universe (The State House, according to Oliver Wendell Holmes, is the hub of the Solar System), Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution Location in Massachusetts Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Cambridge City Hall Settled: 1630 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02139 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... Hopkinton is a town located in southwestern Middlesex County, Massachusetts, about 40 km (25 mi) from Boston. ...


Harvard University, Boston University, Brandeis University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are all located along the Charles River; at Boston proper it opens out into a broad basin and is lined by parks such as the Charles River Esplanade (in which stands the Hatch Shell where concerts are given in summer evenings). The river is well known for its rowing, sculling, and sailing, both recreational and competitive. The Head of the Charles Regatta is held annually, in October. Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... For the unrelated Jesuit university in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... Brandeis University is a private university in Waltham, Massachusetts, United States. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a private research university located in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Its mission and culture are guided by an emphasis on teaching and research grounded in practical applications of science and technology. ... The Boston Pops performing at the Hatch Shell on July 4, 2005 The Hatch Shell is an outdoor concert venue adjacent to the Charles River Esplanade near downtown Boston. ... Rowing in the Amstel River by a student rowing club. ... The GB coxless pair of Toby Garbett & Rick Dunn at Henley Royal Regatta 2004. ... Sailing at sunset Wooden sailing boat Sailing is the skillful art of controlling the motion of a sailing ship or sailboat, across a body of water. ... The Head of the Charles Regatta is a rowing race held annually on the Charles River, which separates Boston, Massachusetts from Cambridge. ...

Contents

Early history

The Charles, viewed at night in winter from the Weeks footbridge
Enlarge
The Charles, viewed at night in winter from the Weeks footbridge

The river's name, before the English, was once thought to be Quinobequin (meandering), though that attribution has been discredited by, among others, the Harvard University Librarian in 1850. The river was used by Native Americans for local transportation and fishing, and as part of the way from southeastern Massachusetts to northern New England. Captain John Smith gave the river its current English name in honor of Charles I of England, his reigning monarch. Subsequent European settlers harnessed the river for industrialization, and by 1640 entrepreneurs on the Neponset River had diverted its water to power their mills. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3442x600, 448 KB) Summary Cambridge river panorama, created by me user debivort, Jan 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3442x600, 448 KB) Summary Cambridge river panorama, created by me user debivort, Jan 2005. ... Captain John Smith John Andrew Smith (1580–1631) was an English soldier, sailor, and author. ... Charles I (19 November 1600 – 30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. ... The Neponset River is a river in eastern Massachusetts. ...


Waltham was the site of the first factory in America, built by Francis Cabot Lowell in 1814, and by the 19th Century, the Charles River was one of the most industrialized areas in the United States. Its hydropower soon fueled many mills and factories. By the century's end, 20 dams had been built across the river, mostly to generate power for industry. An 1875 government report listed 43 mills along the 9.5-mile (15 km) tidal estuary from Watertown Dam to Boston Harbor. Often called the true birthplace of the industrial revolution, Waltham is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Francis Cabot Lowell Francis Cabot Lowell (April 7, 1775 - April 10, 1817) was the American business man for whom the city of Lowell, Massachusetts, United States is named. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In portions of its length, the Charles drops slowly in elevation and has relatively little current. Despite the lack of current, early settlers in Dedham, Massachusetts found a way to use the Charles to power mills. In 1639, the town dug a canal from the Charles to a nearby brook that drained to the Neponset River. By this action, a portion of the Charles River flow was diverted, providing enough flow for several mills. The new canal and the brook together are now called Mother Brook. The canal is regarded as the first industrial canal in North America. Today it remains in use for flood control. Nickname: Contentment Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02026-02027 â€“ Area Code(s): / 781 Official website: http://www. ... The Neponset River is a river in eastern Massachusetts. ... Mother Brook is the modern name for a stream that flows from the Charles River in Dedham, MA, to the Neponset River in the Hyde Park section of Boston, MA. Mother Brook was also known variously as East Brook and Mill Brook in Colonial times. ...


Design

A rainy day at the Charles River Esplanade, in Boston, Massachusetts.
A rainy day at the Charles River Esplanade, in Boston, Massachusetts.
A sunny day on the Charles River Esplanade.

Today's Charles River basin between Boston and Cambridge is almost entirely a work of human design, and forms one of the finest planned landscapes in the United States. Its design was the work of noted landscape architects Charles Eliot and Arthur Shurcliff, both of whom had apprenticed with Frederick Law Olmsted, and by the architect and landscape architect Guy Lowell. This designed landscape now includes over 20 parks and natural areas along 19 miles (31 km) of shoreline, from the New Dam at the Charlestown Bridge to the dam near Watertown Square. Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1010 KB)A rainy day at the Charles River Esplanade, in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 1010 KB)A rainy day at the Charles River Esplanade, in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub of the Universe (The State House, according to Oliver Wendell Holmes, is the hub of the Solar System), Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution Location in Massachusetts Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1063 KB) A summer day on the Charles River Esplanade, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1063 KB) A summer day on the Charles River Esplanade, Boston, Massachusetts. ... A landscape architect is a person, generally speaking, with an education, whether academic or practical, in landscape architecture and whose professional work conforms to the practice of the same name. ... Charles Eliot (1959-1897), noted American landscape architect. ... Arthur Asahel Shurcliff (1865 - 1957) was a noted American landscape architect. ... Frederick Law Olmsted, oil painting by John Singer Sargent, 1895, Biltmore Estate, Asheville, North Carolina Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was a United States landscape architect, famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park and Prospect Park in New York City, the country... Guy Lowell (August 6, 1870-February 4, 1927) was an American architect and landscape architect. ...


Eliot first envisioned today's river design in the 1890s, but major construction began only after his death with the damming of the river's mouth at today's Museum of Science, an effort led in 1902-03 by James Jackson Storrow. The new dam, completed in 1910, stabilized the water level from Boston to Watertown, eliminating the existing mud flats, and a narrow embankment was built between Leverett Circle and Charlesgate. After Storrow's death, his widow Helen Storrow donated one million dollars toward the creation of a more generously landscaped park along the Esplanade; it was dedicated in 1936 as the Storrow Memorial Embankment. In the 1950s a highway (Storrow Drive) was built along the edge of the Esplanade to connect Charles Circle with Soldiers Field Road, and the Esplanade was enlarged on the water side of the new highway. Located on the dam spanning the Charles River between Boston and Cambridge Massachusetts, the Museum of Science is a Boston city landmark. ... James Jackson Storrow Memorial Drive (usually referred to as Storrow Drive) is a parkway in the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Pollution and Remediation Efforts

The neutrality of this section is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Despite its famous water pollution, making the Charles "Swimmable by 2005" became an important EPA goal1. While this promise was not reached in time, swimming and fishing are progressively re-emerging as about 90% of the length of the river is now considered safe for swimming2. Health risks remain however, particularly after rainstorms and when walking in certain riverbeds stirs up toxic sediment.[citation needed] Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Water pollution Water pollution is a large set of adverse effects upon water bodies (lakes, rivers, oceans, groundwater) caused by human activities. ... EPA redirects here. ...


During the period September 2004 to September 2006, the City of Cambridge and the state's Department of Conservation and Recreation introduced vegetation at Magazine Beach just west of the BU Bridge on the Cambridge side of the river. This introduced vegetation had significant trouble living there because it was not native to the Charles River. The vegetation installed created a wall preventing the reintroduction of swimming at Magazine Beach. Wetlands and major animal habitat was destroyed in the process and 25-resident resident white geese were deliberately starved for two years with total denial food. Residents organized to save the animals from state-imposed starvation with aid of local merchants. They now have access to about 10% of their 25 year feeding grounds.


Government action is going the wrong way on water quality as well. Although the state claims to be limiting the Charles to water related uses, ball fields are being built or rebuilt. Teddy Ebersol Fields between the Massachusetts General Hospital and the Museum of Science were rebuilt with completion in 2006. The reconstruction included poisons to keep away insects. Those poisons did not work so much more powerful poisons were introduced with marking clearly prohitting use near bodies of water. The next day, the Charles River was dead. It showed great amounts of algae from the Mass. Ave. bridge to the harbor. Plans are to rebuild the playing fields at Magazine Beach starting in 2006 in a similar manner in spite of the facts that people universally see no need. Poisons are not necessary now. Poisons will be added, and, once again, local animals will be starved for a period of about a year.


The Charles in popular culture

Looking towards Boston across the Charles in winter
Looking towards Boston across the Charles in winter
Down by the River...
Down by the banks of the River Charles
(Oh, that's what's happenin' baby)
That's where you'll find me
Along with lovers, muggers, and thieves.
(Ahh, but they're cool people)
  • Todd Rundgren's song Boat on the Charles from Runt: The Ballad of Todd Rundgren is written from the point of view of someone contemplating suicide in the Charles because of an unrequited love.

Image File history File links CharlesRiverSnowMotl. ... Image File history File links CharlesRiverSnowMotl. ... Dirty Water is a song composed in the 1960s and performed by the California rock and roll band, The Standells. ... The Standells were a 1960s rock and roll band from Los Angeles, California who, like the The Seeds, exemplified the garage rock style. ... Todd Harry Rundgren (born June 22, 1948 in Upper Darby, a suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA) is an American musician, singer, songwriter and record producer. ... William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was a Nobel Prize-winning novelist from Mississippi. ... The Sound and the Fury is a Southern Gothic novel written by American author William Faulkner, which makes use of the stream of consciousness narrative technique pioneered by European authors such as James Joyce and Virginia Woolf. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind is an Academy Award-winning 2004 romance film by Michel Gondry that uses a science fiction element to explore the nature of memory and love. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The River Wild is a 1994 American thriller film directed by Curtis Hanson and starring Meryl Streep, Kevin Bacon, David Strathairn, John C. Reilly, and Joseph Mazzello. ... Meryl Streep (born Mary Louise Streep on June 22, 1949) is a double Academy Award winning American actress who has performed in movies, television and the theater. ... The Perkins School for the Blind is a learning center for people who are blind, deafblind, or have multiple disabilities. ... Boston is a town and small port c. ...

Charles River crossings (partial list)

The following bridges, tunnels and dams cross the river from east to west.

  • Charlestown Bridge 1900 (earlier bridge 1786)
  • Charles River Dam 1978
John W. Weeks Bridge
  • River Street Bridge 1926
  • Western Avenue Bridge 1924
  • John W. Weeks Bridge (the only pedestrian bridge across the basin, with a Harvard University steam tunnel inside) 1926
  • Anderson Memorial Bridge (a memorial to Nicholas Longworth Anderson donated by his son Larz Anderson) 1912
  • Eliot Bridge (a memorial to Charles W. Eliot, Harvard president from 1869 to 1909, and his son Charles Eliot, landscape architect for the Metropolitan Park Commission) 1950
  • Arsenal Street Bridge 1925
  • North Beacon Street Bridge (US 20) 1917
  • Watertown Bridge (Galen Street, Rt. 16) about 1907
  • Watertown Dam (about 1634)
  • Pedestrian bridge
  • Bridge Street, Newton/Watertown
  • Bemis Dam (built 1821, breached 1944)
  • Blue Heron Footbridge (2005)
  • Farwell Street, Waltham
  • Bleachery Dam (originally Gore Paper Mill dam, 1794)
  • Mary T. Early Footbridge (formerly Calvary Street Footbridge)
  • Boston & Maine Railroad trestle (abandoned)
  • Newton Street, Waltham (original built 1761)
  • Elm Street, Waltham
  • Boston & Maine Railroad trestle (abandoned)
  • Richard Landry Park footbridge (1978)
  • Waltham Dam or Moody Street Dam (original Eden Vale dam built 1785, rebuilt 1836)
  • Moody Street, Waltham (original built 1846, rebuilt 1871, 1921, 1946)
  • Gold Star Mothers Bridge, Prospect Street, Waltham (drawbridge 1882, rebuilt 1889)
  • Weston Aqueduct
  • Commonwealth Avenue, Newton / South Avenue, Weston (Rt. 30)(site of old Norumbega Bridge)
  • MetroWest Tunnel (aqueduct)
  • I-90/I-95 connector (original Mass Pike terminus until 1964)
  • Hultman Aqueduct
  • Massachusetts Turnpike Boston Extension (Interstate 90), Newton/Weston
  • I-90/I-95 connector
  • Footbridge from Riverside Rd., Newton to Recreation Rd., Weston (closed)
  • CSX/MBTA railroad bridge (Framingham/Worcester Line), cool single-arch concrete span
  • Footbridge
  • I-95 offramp (northbound exits 23-25; originally Route 128 until 1964)
  • Interstate 95/Route 128, Newton/Weston
  • Concord Street, Newton / Park Road, Weston
  • Footbridge, Leo J. Martin Golf Club, Newton/Wellesley
  • Railroad bridge (abandoned)
  • Washington Street (Rt. 16), Newton/Wellesley
  • Finlay Dam
  • Cordingly Dam and Falls
  • Footbridge
  • Wales Street, Newton / Walnut Street, Wellesley
  • Cochituate Aqueduct (1848)
  • Interstate 95/Route 128, Newton/Wellesley
  • Boston-Worcester Turnpike (Rt. 9), Newton/Wellesley
  • Metropolitan Circular Dam
  • Echo Bridge/Sudbury Aqueduct (1876)
  • Silk Mill Dam
  • Elliot Street, Newton / Central Avenue, Needham
  • Railroad bridge
  • Needham Street, Newton / Highland Avenue, Needham
  • Railroad bridge made footbridge

1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... The Charlestown High Bridge, which spanned the Charles River in Boston, Massachusetts, was part of Interstate 93 and US Highway 1 at the north end of the Central Artery. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Leonard P. Zakim Bridge The Leonard P. Zakim Bunker Hill Freedom Bridge in Boston, Massachusetts is the widest cable-stayed bridge built prior to 2003. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the MBTA. It extends from Forest Hills in Jamaica Plain, Boston in the south to Oak Grove in Malden, Massachusetts in the north. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... The Lowell Line running from Boston, Massachusetts to Lowell, Massachusetts, originally the Boston and Lowell Railroad, is the oldest continually operated passenger train line in the western hemisphere. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Two trains at Park Street. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Charles River Dam Bridge, also called Craigies Bridge or the Canal Bridge, is a six-lane bascule bridge across the Charles River, connecting Leverett Circle in downtown Boston to Monseigneur OBrien Highway in East Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Taken late on a February 2002 afternoon, the MBTAs Red Line trains crossing at rush hour with the Beacon Hill and the Boston skyline in the distance. ... View of Boston from the Red Line An MBTA Red Line train leaving Charles/MGH station bound for Alewife. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Harvard Bridge (also known locally as the MIT bridge or the Mass Ave bridge) is the longest bridge over the Charles River. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Boston University Bridge, originally the Cottage Farm Bridge, is a bridge over the Charles River connecting Boston to Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Grand Junction Railroad was an 8. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1971x655, 379 KB) Summary John W. Weeks Footbridge, Cambridge MA, shot 2006-03-31 by User:Scs Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Charles River Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1971x655, 379 KB) Summary John W. Weeks Footbridge, Cambridge MA, shot 2006-03-31 by User:Scs Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Charles River Metadata... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... A utility tunnel is a subterreanean space for wires, conduits, pipes, and other conveyences used in the delivery of utilities with enough room for a human to enter. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Larz Anderson was a U.S. businessman and diplomat, serving as the Ambassador to Japan. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... During World War II in the United States, the Gold Star Mothers Club was formed to provide support for mothers that lost loved ones in the War. ... It has been suggested that Commonwealth avenue be merged into this article or section. ... View of the Turnpike from an overpass by Boston University, facing east (towards central Boston). ... Interstate 90 (abbreviated I-90) is the longest interstate highway in the United States at nearly 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers). ... Categories: Companies traded on NYSE | Railway companies of the United States | Alabama railroads | Connecticut railroads | Delaware railroads | Florida current railroads | Georgia railroads | Illinois railroads | Indiana railroads | Kentucky railroads | Louisiana railroads | Maryland railroads | Massachusetts railroads | Michigan railroads | Mississippi railroads | New Jersey railroads | New York railroads | North Carolina railroads | Ohio railroads | Pennsylvania... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls the subway, bus, commuter rail, and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ... The Boston and Albany Railroad (AAR reporting mark BA) was a railroad connecting Boston, Massachusetts to Albany, New York, later becoming part of the New York Central Railroad system. ... Interstate 95 (abbreviated I-95) is an Interstate highway that runs 1,927 miles (3,101 kilometers) north-south along the east coast of the United States. ... Route 128 is a circumferential or ring highway in eastern Massachusetts with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. ... Interstate 95 (abbreviated I-95) is an Interstate highway that runs 1,927 miles (3,101 kilometers) north-south along the east coast of the United States. ... Route 128 is a circumferential or ring highway in eastern Massachusetts with Boston at its center and surrounded by the concentric Interstate 495. ... Route 9 is a major east-west state highway in Massachusetts. ... Echo Bridge (from the north) Echo Bridge is an aqueduct over the Charles River in Newton Upper Falls, Massachusetts. ...

See also

This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of Massachusetts Acushnet River Agawam River Annisquam River Assabet River Assonet River Barrington River Blackstone River Bluefish River Bungay River Burnshirt River Canoe River Charles River Chicopee River Clam River Concord River Connecticut River Cotley River Crooked River Deerfield...

References

  • Inventing the Charles River, by Karl Haglund, MIT Press, 2003, in collaboration with the Charles River Conservancy.
  • Gaining Ground: A History of Landmaking in Boston, by Nancy S. Seasholes, MIT Press, 2003.

Omeros, Walcott, Derek (London: Faber and Faber, 1990) - repeated references to the Charles river in his descriptions of Boston life.


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Charles River

  Results from FactBites:
 
Charles River - definition of Charles River - Labor Law Talk Dictionary (217 words)
The Charles River is a Massachusetts river that separates Boston from Cambridge and Charlestown.
Harvard University, Boston University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are all located along the Charles River; at Boston proper it opens out into a broad basin and is lined by parks (in one of which stands the Hatch Shell where concerts are given in summer evenings).
The Head of the Charles Regatta is held annually, in October.
of the Charles River Wheelmen (74 words)
Bicycle tour reports, itineraries, pictures, and stories of cycling trips from around the world from the Charles River Wheelmen bicycle club.
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