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Encyclopedia > Charles Perrault
French literature
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20th century - Contemporary Perrault (1977-2001) was a British-bred Champion Thoroughbred racehorse who competed successfully in both France and the United States. ... French literature is, generally speaking, literature written in the French language, particularly by citizens of France; it may also refer to literature written by people living in France who speak other traditional non-French languages. ... Medieval French literature is, for the purpose of this article, literature written in Oïl languages (including Old French and early Middle French) during the period from the eleventh century to the end of the fifteenth century. ... French Renaissance literature is, for the purpose of this article, literature written in French (Middle French) from the French invasion of Italy in 1494 to 1600, or roughly the period from the reign of Charles VIII of France to the ascension of Henri IV of France to the throne. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) French literature of the 17th century spans the reigns of Henry IV of France, the Regency of Marie de Medici, Louis XIII of France, the Regency of Anne of Austria (and the civil war called the Fronde) and the... French literature of the 18th century spans the period from the death of Louis XIV of France, through the Régence (during the minority of Louis XV) and the reigns of Louis XV of France and Louis XVI of France to the start of the French Revolution. ... French literature of the nineteenth century is, for the purpose of this article, literature written in French from (roughly) 1799 to 1900. ... French literature of the twentieth century is, for the purpose of this article, literature written in French from (roughly) 1895 to 1990. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

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Charles Perrault, 1665
Charles Perrault, 1665

Charles Perrault (January 12, 1628May 16, 1703) was a French author who laid foundations for a new literary genre, the fairy tale, and whose best known tales include Le Petit Chaperon rouge (Little Red Riding Hood), La Belle au bois dormant (Sleeping Beauty), Le Chat botté (Puss in Boots), Cendrillon (Cinderella), Barbe Bleue (Bluebeard), Le Petit Poucet (Hop o' My Thumb), Les Fées (Diamonds and Toads), la patience de Grisélidis (Patient Griselda), Les Souhaits (The Ridiculous Wishes), Peau d'Âne (Donkeyskin) and Ricquet à la houppe (Ricky of the Tuft). Perrault's most famous stories are still in print today and have been made into operas, ballets (e.g., Tchaikovsky's Sleeping Beauty), plays, musicals, and films, including the highly-successful animated features Cinderella and Sleeping Beauty by The Walt Disney Company. Charles Perrault, portrait Source: French wiKipedia: http://perso. ... Charles Perrault, portrait Source: French wiKipedia: http://perso. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... A genre [], (French: kind or sort from Greek: γένος (genos)) is a loose set of criteria for a category of literary composition; the term is also used for any other form of art or utterance. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... A depiction by Gustave Doré. Little Red Riding Hood is a famous folktale about a young girls encounter with a wolf. ... Sir Edward Burne-Jones painted The Sleeping Beauty. ... Gustave Dorés 19th century engraving of le chat botté Puss in Boots is a European fairy tale, best known in the version collected by Charles Perrault in 1697 his Contes de ma mère lOye (Mother Goose Tales) as The Master Cat.[1] The tale of a cat... Gustave Dorés illustration for Cendrillon Cinderella (French: Cendrillon) is a popular fairy tale embodying a classic folk tale myth-element of unjust oppression/triumphant reward. ... Bluebeard forbids his wife to enter a small room in the chateau. ... Hop o My Thumb is an ancient folk tale first retold by Charles Perrault. ... Diamonds and Toads or Toads and Diamonds is a fairy tale by Charles Perrault, and titled by him Les Fees or The Fairies. ... This article is about the folklore character. ... The Ridiculous Wishes or The Three Ridiculous Wishes is a French literary fairy tale by Charles Perrault. ... Illustration by Gustave Doré Donkeyskin is a French fairy tale told by Charles Perrault. ... “Tchaikovsky” redirects here. ... The Apotheosis from the Kirov/Mariinsky Ballets reconstruction of Petipas original 1890 production of The Sleeping Beauty. ... Cinderella is a 1950 animated feature produced by Walt Disney, and released to theaters on February 15, 1950 by RKO Radio Pictures. ... “Princess Aurora” redirects here. ... “Disney” redirects here. ...


Perrault was born in Paris to a wealthy bourgeois family, son of Pierre Perrault and Paquette Le Clerc. His brother, Claude Perrault, is remembered as the architect of the severe east range of the Louvre, built between 1665 and 1680. Charles attended the best schools and studied law before embarking on a career in government service. He took part in the creation of the Academy of Sciences as well as the restoration of the Academy of Painting. When the Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres was founded in 1663, Perrault was appointed its secretary and serving Jean Baptiste Colbert's, finance minister to King Louis XIV.[1] He married in 1672 to Marie Guichon, 19, who died in 1678 after giving birth to a daughter and three sons. When Colbert died in 1683, he lost his pension as a writer. This article is about the capital of France. ... Bourgeois at the end of the thirteenth century. ... Though Claude Perrault (Paris, 1613 - Paris, 1688) is best known as the architect of the eastern range of the Louvre in Paris, he also achieved success as physician and anatomist, and as an author, who wrote treatises on physics and natural history. ... This article is about the museum. ... Year 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... The Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres is a French learned society founded in 1663 and concerned with the humanities. ... Jean-Baptiste Colbert Jean-Baptiste Colbert (August 29, 1619 - September 6, 1683) served as the French minister of finance, for 22 years, under King Louis XIV. He is notable for his work at improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from the brink of bankruptcy; although... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ...

He was a major participant in the French Quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns (Querelle des Anciens et des Modernes), which pitted supporters of the literature of Antiquity (the "Ancients") against supporters of the literature from the century of Louis XIV (the "Moderns"). He was on the side of the Moderns and wrote Le Siècle de Louis le Grand (The Century of Louis the Great, 1687) and Parallèle des Anciens et des Modernes (Parallel between Ancients and Moderns, 16881692) where he attempted to prove the superiority of the literature of his century. The quarrel of the Ancients and the Moderns (French: querelle des Anciens et des Modernes) was a literary and artistic quarrel that heated up in the early 1690s and shook the Académie française. ... Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, which begins roughly with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD... “Louis XIV” redirects here. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... Events February 13 - Massacre of Glencoe March 1 - The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony with the charging of three women with witchcraft. ...

In 1695, at the age of 67, he lost his post as secretary. He decided to dedicate himself to his children and published Tales and Stories of the Past with Morals (Histoires ou Contes du Temps passé) (1697), with the subtitle: Tales of Mother Goose (Les Contes de ma Mère l'Oye). Its publication made him suddenly widely-known beyond his own circles and marked the beginnings of a new literary genre, the fairy tale. He had actually published it under the name of his last son (born in 1678), Pierre (Perrault) Darmancourt, (Armancourt was the name of a property he bought for him), probably fearful of criticism from the "Ancients".[2] In the tales, he used images from around him, such as the Chateau Ussé for Sleeping Beauty and in Puss-in-Boots, the Marquis of the Chateau d'Oiron, and contrasted his folktale subject matter, with details and asides and subtext drawn from the world of fashion. He died in Paris in 1703 at age 75. A page from a late 17th century handwritten and illustrated version of Charles Perraults Contes de ma mère lOye (Mother Goose Tales) depicting Puss in Boots. ... A fairy tale is a story, either told to children or as if told to children, concerning the adventures of mythical characters such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, and others. ... The Château dUssé is located in the commune of Rigny-Ussé in the Indre-et-Loire département, in France. ... The Château d’Oiron, in the Deux-Sèvres département, of western France has its origins rooted in the 15th century war with the English for control of France when a victorious Charles VII of France gave the domain and great forest of Oiron to Guillaume Gouffier...

Fairy tales

Illustration de ma mère l'Oye, by Gustave Doré
Illustration de ma mère l'Oye, by Gustave Doré

Perrault's tales were mostly adapted from earlier folk tales (for example by Giambattista Basile) in the milieu of stylish literary salons in the 1690s, as a diversion from the more strenuous energy expended in the Battle of the Ancients and Moderns or the struggles of Jansenism. For amusement, someone would take a simple traditional tale, such as an old peasant woman might tell in the kitchens, and remake into in a "moralized," succinct, witty story purged of all coarseness. The salon audience, whose favorite literature (such as The Princess of Cleves) was full of high-flown sentiment, could appreciate such well-turned, short sermons. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x1012, 318 KB) Illustration de ma mère lOye, par Gustave Doré File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Charles Perrault ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x1012, 318 KB) Illustration de ma mère lOye, par Gustave Doré File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Charles Perrault ... Doré photographed by Felix Nadar. ... Giambattista Basile (1566 or 1575–February 23, 1632) was an Italian poet, courtier, and fairy tale collector. ... Events and Trends Thomas Neale designed Seven Dials The Salem Witchcraft Trials are held in Massachusetts Bay Colony (1692). ... Jansenism was a branch of Catholic thought tracing itself back to Cornelius Otto Jansen (1585 – 1638), a Flemish theologian. ... La Princesse de Clèves is a French novel, regarded by many as one of the first European novels and a classic of its era. ...

Literary critic Jack Zipes has emphasized that these tales served the interests of the educated ruling classes. There was also a slightly subversive bite to the game as Perrault played it, a sense of an underlying, dry criticism of the aristocracy. Instead of wily peasants, as in "Jack and the Beanstalk" (not a Perrault tale), Perrault's stories feature princesses. But the subtext of his "Puss-in-Boots" is that the right clothes and a fine castle can make a "Marquis of Carabas" out of a miller's son. Illustration by Arthur Rackham from a 1918 English Fairy Tales, by Flora Annie Steel Jack and the Beanstalk is an English fairy tale, closely associated with the tale of Jack the Giant Killer. ... For other uses, see Miller (disambiguation). ...

Some of the droll fun of Perrault is in the mock-heroic contrast between the folktale context and fashionable life. In "Sleeping Beauty," once the Princess has fallen asleep, the good fairy arrives to set things to rights: Generally, mock-heroic is a satirical piece or parody that mocks common Romantic or modern stereotypes of heroes. ...

"on la vit au bout d'une heure arriver dans un chariot tout de feu, traîné par des dragons. Le roi lui alla présenter la main à la descente du chariot." ("One could see her in an hour's time, arriving in a fiery chariot drawn by dragons. The King went to hand her down from the chariot...")

In etiquette, the importance of a visitor was assessed by the distance the host proceeded from his private apartments to receive her. To hand her out of her carriage was a signal courtesy. But in the 1690s in French a "coach" (coche) had become a lumbering public conveyance, and those who knew better followed the example of the Précieuses, and always called a private carriage a "chariot". The contrast between the fiery dragon-drawn goddess-like arrival and the courtly yet familiar gesture of handing her down presumably entertained Perrault's readers or listeners. The literary style called préciosité (preciousness) arose from the lively conversations and playful word games of les précieuses, the witty and educated intellectual ladies who frequented the salon of the marquise de Rambouillet; her Chambre bleue (the blue bedroom of her hôtel particulier) offered a Parisian refuge...

See also

Marie-Catherine le Jumelle de Barneville, Baronne dAulnoy (1650/1651–4 January 1705) was a French writer known for her fairy tales. ... For other uses, see Brothers Grimm (disambiguation). ...

External links

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Charles Perrault
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Charles Perrault

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


  1. ^ Sideman, B.B.: "The World's Best Fairy Tales", page 831. The Reader's Digest Association, 1967.
  2. ^ F. Collin, Charles Perrault, le fantôme du XVIIe siècle, Draveil, Colline, 1999.
Preceded by
Jean de Montigny
Seat 23
Académie française

Succeeded by
Armand-Gaston-Maximilien de Rohan

  Results from FactBites:
Perrault Fairy Tales (194 words)
Charles Perrault was born on January 12, 1628 and he died on May 16, 1703.
Perrault was a French author who laid foundations for a new literary genre.
Yes, you got it, Perrault's new genre was the fairy tale and KIDOONS is happy to present Perrault Fairy Tales.
Charles Perrault - LoveToKnow 1911 (653 words)
CHARLES PERRAULT (1628-1703), French author, was born in Paris on the 12th of January 1628.
His father, Pierre Perrault, was a barrister, all of whose four sons were men of some distinction: Claude (1613-1688), the second, was by profession a physician, but became the architect of the Louvre, and translated Vitruvius (1673).
Charles was brought up at the College de Beauvais, until he chose to quarrel with his masters, after which he was allowed to follow his own bent in the way of study.
  More results at FactBites »



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