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Encyclopedia > Charles Percier
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Charles Percier (Paris, August 22, 1764 - Paris, September 5, 1838) was a neoclassical French architect, interior decorator and designer, who worked in such close partnership with Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine, originally his friend from student days, from 1794 onwards, that it is fruitless to disentangle artistic responsibilities in their work. Together, Percier and Fontaine were inventors and major proponents of the rich and grand, consciously archaeological version of neoclassicism we recognize as Empire style. Jump to: navigation, search The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Jump to: navigation, search August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect, also known as a building designer, is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction, whose role is to guide decisions affecting those building aspects that are of aesthetic, cultural or social concern. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Empire is an early 19th century style of architecture and furniture design that and originates from Napoleons rule of France. ...


In 1784 Percier won the Prix de Rome, a government fellowship for study in Rome, where he met Fontaine. One early product of their collaboarion was Palais, maisons et autres édifices modernes dessinés à Rome which attracted the attention of prospective clients when they returned to Paris. At the end of 1792, in the first phase of the French Revolution Percier was appointed to supervise of the scenery at the Paris Opéra, a post that was at the center of innovative design. Fontaine returned from the security of London, where he had been exiled and they continued at the Opéra until 1796. Claude-Louis Bernier (1755 – 1830) was a third member of the team. Jump to: navigation, search During the French Revolution (1789-1799) democracy and republicanism overthrew the absolute monarchy in France, and the French portion of the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ... Exterior of the Palais Garnier. ...


The calculated theater of Empire style, its aggressive opulence restrained by a slightly dry and correct sense of the Antique Taste, and its neo-Roman values that were both imperial and not connected to the ancien régime commended the style to Napoleon Bonaparte. He appointed them his personal architects and never wavered in his decision; they were at work on Imperial projects almost the very end. The partnership dissolved as Napoleon retired to Elba. They were too associated with the Empire ever to have an official commission under the Restauration. Percier thereafter conducted a student atelier. One of Percier's pupils, Auguste de Montferrand, designed Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St Petersburg for Tsar Alexander I. Jump to: navigation, search Ancien Régime means Old Rule or Old Order in French; in English, the term refers primarily to the social and political system established in France under the Valois and Bourbon dynasties. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français... Jump to: navigation, search Following the ousting of Napoleon I of France in 1814, the Allies restored the Bourbon Dynasty to the French throne. ... Monferrands cathedral was the largest Orthodox church in the world at the time it was completed. ... The cathedral dominates the city skyline St. ... Aleksander Pavlovich Romanov or Tsar Alexander I (The Blessed), (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), Emperor of Russia (reigned March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825), King of Poland (reigned 1815–1825), son of the Grand Duke Paul Petrovich, afterwards Paul I, and Maria Fedorovna, daughter of the Duke...


They worked (1802–12) on the palace of the Louvre, which had not been a royal residence for generations and thus was free of recent Bourbon associations, and while stood in the heart of Paris, so that the Emperor could be seen coming and going, unlike Versailles, which had been rendered uninhabitable, not by chance, stripping of every furnishing in the series of sales during the Revolution that went on day after day for many months. No monarch would ever live there again. Jump to: navigation, search I.M. Peis Louvre Pyramid: the entrance to the galleries lies below the glass pyramid The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre) in Paris, France, is one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... Jump to: navigation, search Versailles in 1789. ...


They worked on the Tuileries Palace that faced the Louvre across squares and parterres. Tuileries Palace before 1871 - View from the Louvre courtyard Up to 1871 the Tuileries Palace was a palace in Paris, France, on the right bank of the River Seine. ...


In the extension of what is now the Axe historique of Paris, Percier and Fontaine designed the Arc du Carrousel (1807 - 8), commemorating Austerlitz, The Axe historique (historical axis) is a line of monuments, buildings and thoroughfares that run out from the centre of Paris, France, to the west. ... The Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel is a triumphal arch in Paris, France. ... Jump to: navigation, search Map of the battle from the 4th edition of Meyers Konversationslexikon. ...


They worked at Josephine's Malmaison and did alterations and decorations for former Bourbon Compiègne and Saint-Cloud and at Fontainebleau, another royal palace without recent ghosts. The Château de Malmaison is a country house (or château) in the city of Rueil-Malmaison about 12 km (7 mi) from Paris. ... Jump to: navigation, search Compiègne is a commune in the Oise département of France, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Saint Cloud or St. ... Location within France Fontainebleau is a city and commune in central France. ...


Percier and Fontaine designed every detail in their interiors: state beds, sculptural side tables and other furniture, wall lights and candlesticks, chandeliers, door hardware, textiles and wallpaper. On a special occasion, Percier might be called upon to design for the Sèvres porcelain manufactory; in one case a grand vase in the Greek taste, the "Londonderry Vase" (Art Institute of Chicago), was just finished in 1814; Louis XVIII quickly gave to the Marquess of Londonderry during the Congress of Vienna. They published several later books, especially Recueil de décoration intérieure concernant tout ce qui rapporte à l'ameublement (1812) with its engravings in a spare outline technique, engravings that spread their style beyond the Empire and were influential in putting a French stamp on the English Regency style and influenced the connoisseur-designer Henry Hope. Jump to: navigation, search The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from October 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ... The Regency style of architecture refers primarily to buildings built in Britain during the period in the early 19th century when George IV of the United Kingdom was still Prince Regent, and also to later buildings following the same style. ...


External link

  • Percier and Fontaine

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