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Encyclopedia > Charles Oman

Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman (January 12, 1860 - June 23, 1946) was a notable British military historian of the early 20th century. His reconstructions of medieval battles from the fragmentary and distorted accounts left by chroniclers were pioneering. His style is an invigorating mixture of historical accuracy and emotional highlights, and it makes his narratives, though founded on deep research, often read as smoothly as fiction, especially in his History of the Peninsular War. Occasionally, his interpretations have been challenged, especially his widely copied thesis that British troops defeated their Napoleonic opponents by firepower alone. Paddy Griffiths, among modern historians, claims the British infantry's discipline and willingness to charge were equally important. January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Military history is composed of the events in the history of humanity that fall within the category of conflict. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


He was born in India, the son of a British planter, and was educated at Oxford University, where he studied under William Stubbs. In 1881 he was elected to a Prize Fellowship at All Souls College, where he would remain for the rest of his career. The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... William Stubbs (June 21, 1825 - April 22, 1901) was an English historian and Bishop of Oxford. ... All Souls College (in full: The College of All Souls of the Faithful Departed, of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ...


He was elected to the Chichele chair of modern history at Oxford in 1905. He was also elected FBA that year, serving as President of the Royal Historical and Numismatic societies, and of the Royal Archaeological Institute. Henry Chicheley (also Checheley or Chichele) (c. ... The terms Modern World, Modern Period, New World, Modern Times, Progressive Age, Modern Age, or Modern Era are recognized by historians as being that period of time commencing after the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period, after the mid-18th century. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The British Academy is the United Kingdoms national academy for the humanities and the social sciences. ...


His academic career was interrupted by the First World War, during which he was employed by the government Press Bureau and Foreign Office. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, seen from St. ...


Oman was a Conservative member of Parliament for the University of Oxford constituency from 1919 to 1935, and was knighted in 1920. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative & Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), and the largest in terms of public membership. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Oxford University was a university constituency electing two members to the House of Commons, from 1603 to 1950. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ...


He became an honorary fellow of New College in 1936 and received the honorary degrees of DCL (Oxford, 1926) and LL.D (Edinburgh, 1911 and Cambridge, 1927). He died at Oxford. College name New College Named after Mary, mother of Jesus Established 1379 Sister College Kings College Warden Prof. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum, not to be confused with an honors degree) is an academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... Some universities, such as the University of Oxford, award Doctor of Civil Law (DCL) degrees instead of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) degrees. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Doctor of Laws (Latin: Legum Doctor, LL.D) is a doctorate-level academic degree in law. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1583, is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... The University of Cambridge, located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 ( 2001 census). ...


Two of his children became authors. Son Charles wrote several volumes on British silverware and similar housewares. Daughter Carola was notable for her biographies, especially that of Nelson. Lord Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (September 29, 1758 – October 21, 1805) was a British admiral who won fame as a leading naval commander. ...


Works

  • The Art of War in the Middle Ages (1885)
  • "The Anglo-Norman and Angevin Administrative System (1100-1265)", in Essays Introductory to the Study of English Constitutional History (1887)
  • A History of Greece From the Earliest Times to the Death of Alexander the Great (1888; 7th ed., 1900)
  • Warwick the Kingmaker (1891)
  • The Story of the Byzantine Empire (1892)
  • The Dark Ages 476-918, Period I of Periods of European History (1893; 5th ed. 1905)
  • A History of England (1895; 2nd ed. 1919)
  • A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages, Vol. I: A.D. 378-1278 (1898; 2nd ed. 1924)
  • A History of the Art of War in the Middle Ages, Vol. II: A.D. 1278-1485 (1898; 2nd ed. 1924)
  • "Alfred as a Warrior", in Alfred The Great, Alfred Bowker, ed. (1899)
  • England in the Nineteenth Century (1900)
  • History of the Peninsular War, Vol. I: 1807-1809 (1902)
  • Seven Roman Statesmen of the Later Roman Republic (1902)
  • England and the Hundred Years War, 1327-1485 A.D. (1903?), No. III of The Oxford Manuals of English History, Charles Oman, ed.
  • History of the Peninsular War, Vol. II: Jan. 1809-Sep. 1809 (1903)
  • "The Peninsular War, 1808-14", in The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. IX, Napoleon (1906)
  • "The Hundred Days, 1815", in The Cambridge Modern History, Vol. IX, Napoleon (1906)
  • "Inaugural lecture on the study of history" (1906?), in Oxford Lectures On University Studies, 1906-1921 (1924)
  • The Great Revolt of 1381 (1906)
  • From the Accession of Richard II. to the Death of Richard III. (1377-1485), Vol. IV of The Political History of England (1906)
  • History of the Peninsular War, Vol. III: Sep. 1809-Dec. 1810 (1908)
  • A History of England Before the Norman Conquest (1910; 8th ed. 1937), Vol. I of A History of England in Seven Volumes (1904-), Charles Oman, ed.
  • History of the Peninsular War, Vol. IV: Dec. 1810-Dec. 1811 (1911)
  • Wellington's Army, 1809-1814 (1912)
  • History of the Peninsular War, Vol. V: Oct. 1811-Aug. 1812 (1914)
  • The Outbreak of the War of 1914-18: A Narrative Based Mainly on British Official Documents (1919)
  • History of the Peninsular War, Vol. VI: Sep. 1812-Aug. 1813 (1922)
  • The Unfortunate Colonel Despard & Other Studies (1922)
  • British Castles (1926)
  • "The Duke of Wellington", in Political Principles of Some Notable Prime Ministers of the Nineteenth Century, Fossey John Cobb Hearnshaw, ed. (1926)
  • Studies in the Napoleonic Wars (1929)
  • History of the Peninsular War, Vol. VII: Aug. 1813-Apr. 1814 (1930)
  • The Coinage of England (1931)
  • Things I Have Seen (1933)
  • "The Necessity for the Reformation" (1933) (public lecture)
  • A History of the Art of War in the Sixteenth Century (1937)
  • The Sixteenth Century (1937)
  • On the Writing of History (1939)
  • Memories of Victorian Oxford and of Some Early Years (1941)
  • The Lyons Mail (1945)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Charles Oman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (608 words)
Sir Charles William Chadwick Oman (January 12, 1860 - June 23, 1946) was a notable British military historian of the early 20th century.
Oman was a Conservative member of Parliament for the University of Oxford constituency from 1919 to 1935, and was knighted in 1920.
He became an honorary fellow of New College in 1936 and received the honorary degrees of DCL (Oxford, 1926) and LL.D (Edinburgh, 1911 and Cambridge, 1927).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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