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Encyclopedia > Charles O'Hara

General Charles O'Hara (1740February 25, 1802) was a British military officer who surrended the sword of Lieutenant-General Charles Cornwallis at Yorktown, 1781, ending the American Revolutionary War, and served as Governor of Gibraltar. A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... --69. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 31, 1738-October 5, British general and colonial governor. ... Yorktown is the name of several places in the United States of America: Yorktown, Arkansas Yorktown, Illinois Yorktown, Indiana Yorktown, Iowa Yorktown, Kentucky Yorktown, Maryland Yorktown, New Jersey Yorktown, New York Yorktown, Ohio Yorktown, Texas Yorktown, Virginia - site of the Battle of Yorktown Yorktown, Philadelphia, a neighborhood in Philadelphia. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Netherlands, Spain, Native Americans Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, Native Americans Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene William Howe, Henry Clinton, Charles Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence,[1] was a war between...


Early life: 1740–1778

Charles O'Hara was born in Lisbon, the illegitimate son of James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine and his Portuguese mistress. Charles was sent to Westminster School. On December 23, 1752 at the age of twelve, he became a cornet in the 3rd Dragoons. He became a lieutenant in the 2nd Regiment of Foot the Coldstream Guards on January 14, 1756. In 1762, he served under his father in Portugal in the same campaign with Charles Lee. He also saw duty in Germany. On July 25, 1766, Charles O'Hara was appointed commandant at Goree, Senegal with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel - Commandant of the Africa Corps. This was a unit made up of British soldiers pardoned in exchange for accepting life service in Africa. He was also named Captain and Lt-Col of the Coldstream Guards in 1769. District or region Lisbon Mayor   - Party Carmona Rodrigues PSD Area 84. ... Illegitimacy was a term in common usage for the condition of being born of parents who are not validly married to one another; the legal term is bastardy. ... James OHara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, PC (1682 - July 14, 1774) was a British military officer. ... The Royal College of St. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Cornet was the third and lowest grade of commissioned officer in a British cavalry troop, after the Captain and Lieutenant. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... The Coldstream Guards is a regiment of the British Army, part of the Guards Division. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Charles Lee Charles Lee (1732–1782) was a British soldier turned Virginia planter who was a Major General of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Île de Gorée (Gorée Island) is a 45 acre (180,000 m²) island off the coast of Dakar, Senegal. ... Lieutenant Colonel (Lieutenant-Colonel in British English from the French grades spelling) is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine corps and air forces of the world, typically ranking above a Major and below a Colonel. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ... The Coldstream Guards is a regiment of the British Army, part of the Guards Division. ...


American Revolutionary War: 1778–1782

In July 1778, Lt-Col O'Hara arrived in America and immediately commanded forces at Sandy Hook, New Jersey. Lt.-Gen Henry Clinton, commander of the British Army in America, gave him that assignment as the French fleet under Admiral d'Estaing threatened New York City. Clinton ended up regreting his choice. In October 1780, O'Hara was promoted to Brigadier and became commander of Brigade of Guards. He became Lieutenant-General Charles Cornwallis' second-in-command and good friend. During Cornwallis' pursuit of Major-General Nathanael Greene to the Dan River, O'Hara distinguished himself at Cowan's Ford, North Carolina on February 1, 1781. He also led the British counterattack at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse on March 15, 1781, which led to General Greene withdrawing from the field of battle. He was seriously wounded in this battle. Image of Sandy Hook taken by NASA. Sandy Hook is a narrow coastal spit of land, approximately 12 mi (19 km) in length and 0. ... General Sir Henry Clinton K.B. Commander-in-Chief of British troops in America. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... Brigadier is a rank which is used in different ways by different countries. ... Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Charles Willson Peale painted a portrait of General Greene from life in 1783, which was then copied several times by C.W. Peale and his son, Rembrandt Peale. ... The Dan River flows in both North Carolina and Virginia, USA. It arises in the state of Virginia in Patrick County and crosses the state border into Stokes County. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 500 miles (805 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 9. ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of Guilford Courthouse was a battle fought on March 15, 1781 inside the present-day booming metropolis of Greensboro, North Carolina, during the American Revolutionary War in which 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis fought an American force under Rhode Island native General Nathanael Greene numbering... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


General O'Hara represented the British at the surrender of Yorktown on October 19, 1781, when General Cornwallis claimed illness. As the legend of the surrender goes, he first attempted to surrender to French Comte de Rochambeau, who declined his sword and deferred to General George Washington. Washington then declined and deferred to Major-General Benjamin Lincoln. Lincoln was serving as Washington's second-in-command and had surrendered to General Clinton at Charleston in May 1780. O'Hara was exchanged on February 9, 1782 and returned to England having been promoted to Major-General. 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (July 1, 1725 – May 10, 1807), French soldier, was born at Vendôme (Loir-et-Cher). ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799), was the Commander in Chief of American forces in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and, later, the first President of the United States, an office he held from 1789 to 1797. ... Benjamin Lincoln ( 1733– 1810) was a General on the American side in the American Revolutionary War. ... For more related articles, see alternate spelling Charlestown Charleston is the name of a dance and of several villages, towns and cities in New Zealand, the United States and Scotland. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


After the war: 1782–1802

In 1784, O'Hara fled from England to Italy due to gambling debts. In 1792, he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Gibraltar. In 1793, he was promoted to Lieutenant-General. On November 23, 1793, he was captured at Fort Mulgrove in Toulon, France during operations that gained Napoleon the attention of his superiors. O'Hara spent two years in prison in Paris. In August 1795, he was exchanged for Comte de Rochambeau. Later that year he became engaged to Mary Berry, but the engagement was broken when he was named Governor of Gibraltar on December 30, 1795 and she would not leave England. He was promoted to full General in 1798. He died on February 25, 1802, from complications due to his old wounds. Slot machines in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Toulon or Toulon-sur-mer (Tolon in Provençal) is a city in southern France, and préfecture (capital) of the Var département in the former province of Provence. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur Tossed by the waves, she does not founder Coordinates : , Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Département Paris (75) Région ÃŽle-de-France Mayor Bertrand Delanoë (PS) City (commune) Characteristics Land Area 86. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... --69. ...


 
 

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