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Encyclopedia > Charles Nodier
French Literature

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French literature is, generally speaking, literature written in the French language, particularly by citizens of France; it may also refer to literature written by people living in France who speak other traditional non-French languages. ...

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Charles Nodier (April 29, 1780 - January 27, 1844), was a French author. April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... An author is the person who creates a written work, such as a book, story, article or the like. ...


He was born at Besançon. His father, on the outbreak of the French Revolution, was appointed mayor of Besançon and consequently chief police magistrate; he seems to have become an instrument of the tyranny of the Jacobins without sharing their principles; but his son was for a time an ardent citizen, and is said to have been a Jacobin Club member at the age of twelve. In 1793 Charles saved the life of a lady guilty of sending money to an emigré, declaring to his father that if she were condemned he would take his own life. He was sent to Strasbourg, where he lived in the house of Eulogius Schneider, the notorious Jacobin governor of Alsace, but a good Greek scholar. Location within France Besançon is a French city in the département of Doubs, of which it is the préfecture. ... The French Revolution (1789-1799) was a pivotal period in the history of Europe. ... In the context of the French Revolution, a Jacobin originally meant a member of the Jacobin Club (1789-1794). ... The Jacobin Club was the most famous of the political clubs of the French Revolution. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... City motto: – City proper (commune) Région Alsace Département Bas-Rhin (67) Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Land area 78. ... Capital Strasbourg Land area¹ 8,280 km² Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Population  - Jan. ...


During the Reign of Terror his father put him under the care of Girod de Chautrans, with whom he studied English and German. His love of books began very early, and he combined with it a strong interest in nature. He became librarian in his native town, but his exertions in the cause of suspected persons brought him under suspicion. An inspection of his papers by the police, however, revealed nothing more dangerous than a dissertation on the antennae of Insects. Entomology continued to be a favourite study with him, but he varied it with philology and pure literature and even political writing. For a skit on Napoleon, in 1803, he was imprisoned for some months. The Reign of Terror (5 September 1793 – 28 July 1794) or simply The Terror (French: la Terreur) was a period in the French Revolution characterized by brutal repression. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Entomology is the scientific study of insects. ... Philology is the study of ancient texts and languages. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


He then left Paris, where he had gone after losing his position at Besançon, and for some years lived a very unsettled life at Besançon, Dole, where he married, and in other places in the Jura. During these wanderings he wrote Le peintre de Salzbourg, journal des émotions d'un coeur souffrant, suivi des Meditations du cloître (1803). The hero, Charles, who is a variation of the Werther type, desires the restoration of the monasteries, to afford a refuge from the woes of the world. The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city, with the skyscrapers of La Défense business district 3 miles behind. ... Categories: France geography stubs | Communes of Jura ...


In 1811 Nodier appears in Ljubljana, then the seat of Illyrian provinces, as editor of a polyglot journal, the Illyrian Telegraph (Télégraph officiel) published in French, German, Italian and Slovenian. On the evacuation of the Illyrian provinces he returned to Paris, and the restoration found him a royalist, though he retained something of republican sentiment. In 1824 he was appointed to the librarianship of the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal. He was elected a member of the Académie française in 1833, and made a member of the Legion of Honour in 1843, a year before his death. Joyce Rollins is a lesbian. ... (help· info) (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city in Slovenia. ... Illyrian Provinces (French Provinces illyriennes) were formed in 1809 when Austria ceded with the Treaty of Schoenbrunn its lands Carinthia, Carniola, Croatia southwest of the river Sava, Gorizia and Trieste to France after the defeat at the Battle of Wagram. ... Illyria (Anc. ... The Bibliothèque de lArsenal (Library of the Arsenal) in Paris is one of the branches of the Bibliothèque nationale de France. ... The Académie française, or French Academy, is the pre-eminent French learned body on matters pertaining to the French language. ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... French Legion of Honor The Légion dhonneur (in Legion of Honor (AmE) or Legion of Honour (ComE)) is an Order of Chivalry awarded by the President of France. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The twenty years at the arsenal were by far the most important and fruitful of Nodier's life. He had the advantage of a settled home in which to collect and study rare books; and he was able to supply a centre and rallying place to a knot of young literary men of greater individual talent than himself--the so-called Romanticists of 1830--and to colour their tastes and work very decidedly with his own predilections. Victor Hugo, Alfred de Musset and Sainte-Beuve all acknowledged their obligations to him. He was a passionate admirer of Goethe and of Shakespeare, and had himself contributed to the personal literature that was one of the leading traits of the Romantic school. Romanticism was a secular and intellectual movement in the history of ideas that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ... Victor-Marie Hugo. ... Tomb of Alfred de Musset in Le Père Lachaise cemetery. ... Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve (December 23, 1804 – October 13, 1869) was a literary critic and one of the major figures of French literary history. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. ...


His best and most characteristic work, some of which is exquisite in its kind, consists partly of short tales of a more or less fantastic character, partly of nondescript articles, half bibliographic, half narrative, the nearest analogue to which in English is to be found in some of the papers of Thomas de Quincey. The best examples of the latter are to be found in the volume entitled Mélanges tirés d'une petite bibliothèque, published in 1829 and afterwards continued. Of his tales the best are Smarra, ou les démons de la nuit (1821); Trilby, ou le lutin d'Argail (1822); Histoire du roi de Bohême et de ses sept châteaux (1830); La Fée aux miettes (1832); Inès de las Sierras (1838); Les quatre talismans et la légende de soeur Béatrix (1838), together with some fairy stories published in the year of his death, and Franciscus Columna, which appeared after it. The Souvenirs de jeunesse (1832) are interesting but untrustworthy, and the Dictionnaire universel de la langue française (1823), which, in the days before Littré, was one of the most useful of its kind, is said to have been not wholly or mainly Nodier's. There is a so-called collection of Œuvres complêtes, in 12 vols. (1832), but at that time much of the author's best work had not appeared, and it included but a part of what was actually published. Nodier found an indulgent biographer in Prosper Merimée on the occasion of the younger man's admission to the academy. Thomas de Quincey from the frontispiece of Revolt of the Tartars, Thomas de Quincey (August 15, 1785 – December 8, 1859) was an English author and intellectual. ... Émile Maximilien Paul Littré (February 1, 1801 - June 2, 1881) was a French lexicographer and philosopher, best known for his Dictionnaire de la langue française, commonly called the Littré. He was born in Paris. ... Prosper Mérimée Prosper Mérimée (September 28, 1803–September 23, 1870) was a French dramatist, historian, archaeologist, and short story writer. ...


An account of his share in the Romantic movement is to be found in Georg Brandes's Main Currents in Nineteenth Century Literature. His Description raisonnée d'une jolie collection de livres (1844), which is a catalogue of the books in his library, contains a life by Francis Wey and a complete bibliography of his numerous works. See also Sainte-Beuve, Portraits littéraires, vol. ii.; Prosper Merimée, Portraits historiques et littéraires (1874); and A Estignard, Correspondance inédite de Charles Nodier, 1796-1844 (1876), containing his letters to Charles Weiss. Georg Brandes, a scetch for a painting, by P.S. Krøyer, 1900 Georg Morris Cohen Brandes (February 4, 1842 - February 19, 1927) was a Danish critic and scholar who had great influence on Scandinavian literature from the 1870s through the turn of the 20th century. ...


Reference

Preceded by:
Jean-Louis Laya
Seat 25
Académie française
1833-1844
Succeeded by:
Prosper Mérimée

  Results from FactBites:
 
Charles Nodier - definition of Charles Nodier in Encyclopedia (728 words)
Charles Nodier (April 29, 1780 - January 27, 1844), was a French author.
The hero, Charles, who is a variation of the Werther type, desires the restoration of the monasteries, to afford a refuge from the woes of the world.
Nodier found an indulgent biographer in Prosper Merimée on the occasion of the younger man's admission to the academy.
Wikipedia: Charles Nodier (713 words)
Charles Nodier (April 29, 1780 - January 27, 1844), French author, was born at Besançon.
He was sent to Strassburg, where he lived in the house of Eulogius Schneider, the notorious Jacobin governor of Alsace, but a good Greek scholar.
In 1811 Nodier appears at Laibach as editor of a polyglot journal, the Illyrian Telegraph, published in French, German, Italian and Slav.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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