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Encyclopedia > Charles Lanyon
Portrait of Charles Lanyon
Portrait of Charles Lanyon

Sir Charles Lanyon (1813 to 1889) was an English architect of the 19th Century. His work is most closely associated with Belfast, Northern Ireland. Image File history File links Charles_Lanyon. ... Image File history File links Charles_Lanyon. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... Motto: [citation needed] (French for God and my right)2 Anthem: UK: God Save the Queen Regional: (de facto) Londonderry Air Capital Belfast Largest city Belfast Official language(s) English (de facto), Irish, Ulster Scots 3, NI Sign Language Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair...

Contents

Biography

Lanyon was born in the seaside town of Eastbourne, Sussex (now East Sussex} in 1813. Following his education, he moved to Dublin in the 1830s, working as an apprentice civil engineer at the city's Irish Board of Works. Whilst here he married the daughter of his tutor Jacob Owens, whose son Thomas Ellis Owen was also a noted architect. He followed this with a short time as County Surveyor in Kildare, before moving on to Antrim in 1835. He remained County Surveyor of Antrim until 1860. Shown within East Sussex Geography Status: Borough Region: South East England Historic County: Sussex Admin. ... Sussex is a traditional county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex. ... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ... Events and Trends Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Dutch-speaking farmers known as Voortrekkers emigrate northwards from the Cape Colony Croquet invented in Ireland Railroad construction begins in earnest in the United States Egba refugees fleeing the Yoruba civil wars found the city of Abeokuta in south-west Nigeria... The term civil engineer refers to an individual who practices civil engineering. ... Thomas Ellis Owen(1805 - 1862), was a British architect responsible for many of the buildings of Portsmouth and Southsea. ... Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Naas Code: KE Area: 1,693 km² Population (2006) 186,075 Website: www. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Antrim Area: 2,844 km² Population (est. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...


Lanyon was elected Mayor of Belfast in 1862, and Conversative MP for the city between 1865 and 1868. In 1868 he was also knighted. He died in his Whiteabbey home in 1889 and buried in Newtownbreda graveyard. The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative & Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), and the largest in terms of public membership. ... The Houses of Parliament, seen over Westminster Bridge The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories. ... A statue of an armoured knight of the Middle Ages For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ... Whiteabbey is a small urban village area in Newtownabbey, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. ... Newtownbreda at one time was a small village to the south east of Belfast. ...


Famous works

Queen's University

Lanyon designed the main building of Queen's University of Belfast in 1849. The building is famous for its Gothic Revival facade and Great Hall. The Great Hall underwent an extensive £2.5m renovation in 2002, restoring it to Lanyon's original plans. The restoration was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the hall was reopened by The Prince of Wales. Lanyon also designed the nearby Union Theological College. The Queens University of Belfast (QUB) is a university in Belfast, Northern Ireland; the university is often called Queens University Belfast. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... It has been suggested that Neo-gothic architecture be merged into this article or section. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... A play here! sign outside a newsagent, incorporating the National Lotterys logo of a stylised hand with crossed fingers. ... The Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor; born Windsor, 14 November 1948), is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... Union Theological College is a theological college in Northern Ireland which offers courses for Presbyterians. ...


Crumlin Road Gaol and Courthouse

Lanyon designed the Crumlin Road Gaol and opposite Courthouse between 1846 and 1850. Built in an innovative style at the time and based on London's Pentonville prison, the building is currently derelict. However due to its historical and architectural significance a major restoration and redevelopment is planned. The two buildings are linked by an infamous tunnel. Crumlin Road courthouse, linked to the gaol by underground passage Crumlin Road Gaol is a former prison situated in north Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... The Crumlin Road Courthouse was designed by the architect Charles Lanyon and completed in 1850. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of the United Kingdom and the largest city of England (strangely, England has no constitutional existence within the United Kingdom, and therefore cannot be said to have a capital). ... Pentonville Prison in 1842 HM Prison Pentonville is a prison built in 1842 in North London. ...


Customs House

Considered by many to be Belfast's finest architectural feature, Lanyon designed the Custom House in 1857. Built in the Italian Renaissance style, the building features carved statues of Britannia, Neptune and Mercury. Until the 1950s the steps of the building served as Belfast's Speaker's Corner. It was here that trade union leader James Larkin addressed crowds of up to 20,000 people. The writer Anthony Trollope was employed here before finding fame. Today Customs House Square and the adjoining Queen's Square are Belfast City Centre's main venue for free concerts and public events. McHugh's Bar and The Albert Clock are also located here. 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Italian Renaissance began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe that spanned the period from the end of the 14th century to about 1600, marking the transition between Medieval and Early Modern Europe. ... Britannia on a 2005 £2 coin. ... Neptune reigns in the city centre, Bristol, formerly the largest port in England outside London. ... This article treats Mercury in cult practice and in archaic Rome. ... The 1950s was the decade spanning from the 1st of January, 1950 to the 31st December, 1959. ... For the Canadian television series, see Speakers Corner. ... Statue of James Larkin on OConnell Street, Dublin (Oisín Kelly 1977) James (Big Jim) Larkin (Irish: Séamas Ó Lorcáin)(1874-1947), an Irish trade union leader and socialist activist, was born in Liverpool, England on 28 January 1874, of Irish parents. ... Anthony Trollope (April 24, 1815 – December 6, 1882) became one of the most successful, prolific and respected English novelists of the Victorian era. ... History Belfast City Centre was originally centred around the Donegall Street area. ... McHughs Bar McHughs Bar is a public house in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... The Albert Memorial Clock is a Clock Tower situated at Queens Square, Belfast, Northern Ireland. ...


Sinclair Seaman's Presbyterian Church

Lanyon designed Sinclair Seaman's Presbyterian Church in 1856. Thomas Sinclair commissioned the church in memory of his father John Sinclair, who was a merchant from Belfast. Located on Corporation Square in Belfast's docks area, locally known as Sailortown, the church has a distinctive maritime theme. The lectern is made in the shape of a ship's prow. It also features a brass wheel and capstan from a World War I wreck, navigation lights from a Guinness barge, and the ship's bell from the World War II battleship HMS Hood. Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... Thomas Sinclair was the founder of J & T Sinclair Company, in Liverpool, England, in 1832. ... A late 18th century pulpit in a small Roman Catholic church in Spielfeld, Styria, Austria A pulpit (from Latin pulpitum scaffold, platform, stage) is a small elevated platform where a member of the clergy stands in order to read the Gospel lesson and deliver a sermon. ... Prow, the fore part of a ship, the stem and its surrounding parts, hence used like keel, by metonymy, of the ship itself. ... Wheel of the French carrier Clémenceau. ... Nautical capstan A capstan is a rotating machine used to control or apply force to another element, usually linear. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... Guinness logo World War II era advert. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... The second warship to be named HMS Hood was a modified Royal Sovereign-class battleship of the Royal Navy, and the last of the eight built. ...


Castle Leslie

Situated in Glaslough, County Monaghan Lanyon designed the castle in 1870 for John Leslie MP. Leslie was a descendant of Bishop Charles Leslie. Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Monaghan Code: MN Area: 1,294 km² Population (2006) 55,816 Website: www. ... Charles Leslie (July, 1650 - April 13, 1722), Anglican nonjuring divine, son of John Leslie (1571_1671), bishop of Raphoe and afterwards of Clogher, was born in July 1650 in Dublin, and was educated at Enniskillen school and Trinity College, Dublin. ...


Other works

Other works by Lanyon in Belfast include the Linenhall Library, Belfast Castle, the Palm House at the Belfast Botanic Gardens, Stranmillis House, The Assembly Rooms in Waring Street and both the Queen's Bridge and Ormeau Bridge. The Linenhall Library is situated in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... Belfast Castle Belfast Castle is set in the grounds of Cavehill Country Park, Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... The Palm House Belfast Botanic Gardens is a public park in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... Stranmillis University College Stranmillis University College is a university college of Queens University, Belfast and was established in 1922 to provide state-funded teacher training by the then newly created Government of Northern Ireland to ensure that their would be a non-denominational teacher training college within the new...


Outside of Belfast, Lanyon is famous for planting the Frosses Trees in 1839. Lanyon planted approximately 1,500 Scots Pine trees along the edge of what is now the A26 road, just north of the town of Ballymena. The overhanging trees are a well known landmark for tourists on route to the north Antrim coast. For safety reasons the majority of the original trees have been cut down, with just 104 remaining. Binomial name Pinus sylvestris L. The Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris; family Pinaceae) is a common tree ranging from Great Britain and Spain east to eastern Siberia and the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as Lapland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ...


Lanyon also designed Drenagh Estate, bridges, viaducts and mausoleums and over 50 churches in Belfast and throughout Ireland. Drenagh is a garden at Limavady, County Down, Northern Ireland in the United Kingdom, on the road to Coleraine. ...


Legacy

Alongside William Barre, Lanyon is considered Belfast's most important architect of the Victorian era. During this period Belfast was expanding greatly, becoming Ireland's most important industrial city, briefly becoming larger in population than Dublin.On a number of his works Lanyon was assisted by his son John and his partner, WH Lynn. Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian Era of Great Britain marked the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ...


A blue plaque commemorating Lanyon is displayed at his former offices in Wellington Place. The location of Belfast's Waterfront Hall was named Lanyon Place in his honour. The Sir Charles Lanyon Memorial Prize is awarded to a student from the School of Architecture at Queen's University each year. A blue plaque showing information about The Spanish Barn at Torre Abbey in Torquay. ... The Waterfront Hall The Auditorium Waterfront Hall is concert hall and exhibition centre in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ...


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