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Encyclopedia > Charles IX of France
Charles IX
King of France
Reign 5 December 156030 May 1574
Coronation 1560
Full name Charles-Maximilien
Titles Duke of Orléans (15501560)
Born 27 June 1550
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died 30 May 1574
Vincennes, France
Predecessor Francis II
Successor Henry III
Consort Elisabeth of Austria
Royal House Valois Dynasty
Father Henry II (15191559)
Mother Catherine de' Medici (15191589)

Charles IX (June 27, 1550May 30, 1574) born Charles-Maximilien, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from 1560 until his death. His responsibility for the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre has been disputed. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Duke of Orléans is one of the most important titles in the French peerage, dating back at least to the 14th century. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Saint-Germain-en-Laye is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the city in France. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Henry III (French: Henri III; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), born Alexandre-Édouard, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from May 30, 1574 until his death. ... Portrait by François Clouet (1571) Elisabeth of Austria (June 5, 1554 – January 22, 1592), was born an Archduchess of Austria, and later became Queen of France. ... Main articles: France in the Middle Ages and Early Modern France The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Catherine de Medici, c. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Main articles: France in the Middle Ages and Early Modern France The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... 19th century painting by François Dubois The St. ...


Biography

He was born in the royal chateau at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, third son of King Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici, grandson of François I and Claude de France, and brother of François II and Henry III. The Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye. ... Saint-Germain-en-Laye is a commune in the western suburbs of Paris, France. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Catherine de Medici (April 13, 1519–January 5, 1589), born in Italy as Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici, and later queen of France under the French name Catherine de M dicis, was the wife of King Henry II of France, of the Valois branch of the kings... Francis I (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – July 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (French: le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Claude de France (14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524), French queen by marriage and duchess of Brittany in her own right, was the eldest daughter of King Louis XII of France and Anne, the heiress of Brittany. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Henry III (French: Henri III; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), born Alexandre-Édouard, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from May 30, 1574 until his death. ...

French Monarchy-
Capetian Dynasty, House of Valois
(Valois-Angoulême branch)

Francis I
Children
   Francis
   Henry II
   Madeleine of Valois
   Charles of Valois
   Margaret of Valois
Henry II
Children
   Francis II
   Elizabeth of Valois
   Claude of Valois
   Louis of Valois
   Charles IX
   Henry III
   Marguerite of Valois
   François, Duke of Anjou
   Joan of Valois
   Victoria of Valois
Francis II
Charles IX
Henry III

After the death of his elder brother, Francis II, in 1560, he inherited the throne and was crowned King of France in 1560 in the cathedral at Reims. The politics of that era was greatly influenced by the power of the ambitious Catherine de Medici and the Guises. The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Self-designed File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Francis (French: François), Dauphin of France, also Francis III, Duke of Brittany (September 28, 1518 – August 10, 1536), was the first son and heir of King Francis I of France and Claude of France, daughter of Louis XII of France. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Madeleine de Valois, born August 10, 1520 at St. ... Charles dAngouleme, Duc dOrleans, (1522 – 1545) was the 3rd son of King Francis I of France and Claude de France, daughter of Louis XII of France. ... Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry (June 5, 1523 - September 14, 1574) was the daughter of Francis I, King of France and his first wife, Claude of France, the daughter of Louis XII, King of France and Anne, Duchess of Brittany. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Elizabeth of Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565 Elizabeth of Valois (April 2, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Claude of Valois (November 12, 1547 _ February 21, 1575) was a daughter of King Henry II of France and the wife of Charles II, Duke of Lorraine Categories: Stub | 1547 births | 1575 deaths ... Henry III (French: Henri III; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), born Alexandre-Édouard, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from May 30, 1574 until his death. ... Marguerite de Valois [1] [2] (May 14, 1553 – May 27, 1615), Queen Margot (La reine Margot) was Queen of France and Navarre. ... Hercule François, Duke of Anjou and Alençon, (March 18, 1555 – June 19, 1584) was the youngest son of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catherine de Medici. ... Victoria of Valois, (June,1556 – June, 1556) was the last daughter (along with her twin sister, Joan of Valois who was born to King Henri II of France and his wife, Catherine de Medici. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Henry III (French: Henri III; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589), born Alexandre-Édouard, was a member of the Valois Dynasty, King of France from May 30, 1574 until his death. ... Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544 – December 5, 1560) was a King of France (1559 – 1560). ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Reims (English traditionally Rheims) (pronounced in French) is a city of northern France, 144 km (89 miles) east-northeast of Paris. ... The House of Guise was a French ducal family, primarily responsible for the French Wars of Religion. ...


During his reign a new product was introduced, designed to cure ulcers and heal wounds along with other such benefits. Tobacco soon gained wide acceptance. Species Nicotiana acuminata Nicotiana alata Nicotiana attenuata Nicotiana benthamiana Nicotiana clevelandii Nicotiana excelsior Nicotiana forgetiana Nicotiana glauca Nicotiana glutinosa Nicotiana langsdorffii Nicotiana longiflora Nicotiana obtusifolia Nicotiana paniculata Nicotiana plumbagifolia Nicotiana quadrivalvis Nicotiana repanda Nicotiana rustica Nicotianasuaveolens Nicotiana sylvestris Nicotiana tabacum Nicotiana tomentosa Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005...


He was made a knight of the order of the Garter on Sunday May 14, 1564 at St George's, Windsor, along with Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford and Sir Henry Sidney. That year, Charles IX issued the Edict of Roussillon fixing January 1 as the first day of the year. The insignia of a knight of the Order of the Garter. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... Events March 27 — Naples bans kissing in public under the penalty of death June 22 — Fort Caroline, the first French attempt at colonizing the New World September 10 — The Battle of Kawanakajima Ottoman Turks invade Malta Modern pencil becomes common in England Conquistadors crossed the Pacific Spanish founded a colony... Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford (c. ... Sir Henry Sidney (1529 - May 5, 1586), lord deputy of Ireland, was the eldest son of Sir William Sidney, a prominent politician and courtier in the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, from both of whom he received extensive grants of land, including the manor of Penshurst in Kent... The Edict of Roussillon (French: Édit de Roussillon) was a 1564 edict decreeing that the year would begin on January 1 in France. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ...


On November 26, 1570 he married Elisabeth of Austria. They had one daughter, Marie-Elisabeth (October 27, 1572April 9, 1578). Charles IX also had an illegitimate son, the Duc d'Angoulême, from his mistress, Marie Touchet. November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the bull Regnans in Excelsis May 20 - Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas. ... Portrait by François Clouet (1571) Elisabeth of Austria (June 5, 1554 – January 22, 1592), was born an Archduchess of Austria, and later became Queen of France. ... October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. ... January 16 - Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk is tried for treason for his part in the Ridolfi plot to restore Catholicism in England. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Events January 31 - Battle of Gemblours - Spanish forces under Don John of Austria and Alexander Farnese defeat the Dutch. ... Charles de Valois, duc dAngoulême (1573-1650), the natural son of Charles IX of France and Marie Touchet, was born on the 28th of April 1573, at the castle of Fayet in Dauphiné. His father dying in the following year, commended him to the care and favour of... Marie Touchet (born 1549 at Orleans and died March 28, 1638 in Paris), Dame de Belleville, was the only mistress, Charles IX of France ever had. ...


In 1572, Charles IX witnessed the massacre of thousands of Huguenots (Protestants) in and around Paris in what became known as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... 19th century painting by François Dubois The St. ...


Charles IX did not long survive the Masssacre. He had always been fragile, both emotionally and physically: Emotionally, his moods now swung from coarse boasting about the extremity of the Massacre, to claims that the screams of the murdered Huguenots kept ringing in his ears. Frantically he blamed his mother: "Who but you is the cause of all of this? God's blood, you are the cause of it all!" The Queen-mother responded by declaring she had a lunatic for a son. [1].


Physically, Charles had never been strong, tending towards tuberculosis. The strain following the Massacres weakened his body to the point where, by spring of 1574, the hoarse coughing turned bloody and the hemmorrhages grew more violent. He became bedridden and delusional,

"What blood shed! What murders!" he cried to his nurse. "What evil council I have followed! O my God, forgive me...I am lost! I am lost!" [2]

On his last day, 30 May 1574,at Vincennes, Val-de-Marne, Charles called for Henry of Navarre, embraced him, and said, "Brother, you are losing a good friend. Had I believed all that I was told, you would not be alive. But I always loved you...I trust you alone to look after my wife and daughter. Pray God for me. Farewell."[3] This article is about the city in France. ... Val-de-Marne is a French département, named after the Marne River, located in the Île-de-France région. ... By Frans Pourbus the younger. ...


Charles was not yet twenty-four years old. The crown of France now passed to his brother, Henri III. Henry III (French: Henri III; Polish: Henryk III Walezy; September 19, 1551 - August 2, 1589) was King of Poland (1573-1574) and subsequently King of France (1574-1589). ...

Young Charles IX
Young Charles IX

Download high resolution version (538x652, 72 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (538x652, 72 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Charles IX of France
House of Valois (Valois-Angoulême Branch)
Cadet Branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: June 27, 1550
Died: May 30, 1574
Preceded by
Francis II
King of France
December 5, 1560May 30, 1574
Succeeded by
Henry III

  Results from FactBites:
 
Charles IX of France - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (256 words)
Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) was born Charles-Maximilien, the son of King Henri II of France and Catherine de Medici.
Charles IX died at Vincennes, Val-de-Marne in 1574 and was succeeded by his brother, Henri III.
Charles IX had an illegitimate son from his mistress, Marie Touchet: the Duc d'Angoulême.
Charles IX (376 words)
Charles IX, King of France, was the third son of Henri II and Catherine de Medici.
Charles seems to have been a youth of good parts, lively and agreeable, but he had a weak, passionate and fantastic nature.
By his mistress, Marie Touchet, he had one son, Charles, Duke of Angoulême. Charles IX had a sincere love of letters, himself practiced poetry, was the patron of Pierre de Ronsard and the poets of the Pléiade, and granted privileges to the first academy founded by Jean-Antoine de Baïf (afterwards the Académie du Palais).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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