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Encyclopedia > Charles IV of Spain
Official portrait of Charles IV by Francisco Goya.
Official portrait of Charles IV by Francisco Goya.
Spanish Royalty
House of Bourbon

Philip V
Children
   Louis I
   Ferdinand VI
   Charles III
   Mariana Victoria, Queen of Portugal
   Philip, Duke of Parma
   Teresa, Dauphine of France
   Infante Louis
   Antonia, Queen of Sardinia
Louis I
Ferdinand VI
Charles III
Children
   Infanta Maria Josepha
   Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress
   Infante Felipe
   Charles IV
   Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
   Infante Gabriel
   Infante Antonio
Grandchild of cadet line
   Infante Pedro Carlos
Charles IV
Children
   Charlotte, Queen of Portugal
   Infanta Maria Amelia
   Maria Luisa, Queen of Etruria, Duchess of Parma
   Ferdinand VII
   Carlos, Count of Molina
   Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies
   Francis Paula, Duke of Cadiz
Grandchildren of cadet lines
   Infante Carlos, Count of Montemolin
   Juan, Count of Montizón
   Infante Fernando
   Francis, Duke of Cadiz, King Consort of Spain
   Henry, Duke of Sevilla
   Infanta Maria Cristina
   Amelia, Princess of Bavaria
Ferdinand VII
Children
   Isabella II
   Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier
Isabella II
Children
   Infante Ferdinand
   Isabella, Princess of Asturias
   Infanta Maria Christina
   Alfonso XII
   Maria de la Paz, Princess of Bavaria
   Eulalia, Duchess of Galliera
Alfonso XII
Children
   Maria de las Mercedes, Princess of Asturias
   Teresa, Princess of Bavaria
   Alfonso XIII
   Infanta Maria de la Concepcion
   Infanta Maria del Pilar
   Infanta Maria de la Paz
   Infanta Marie Eulalia
   Infante Francis
Alfonso XIII
Children
   Alfonso, Prince of Asturias
   Jaime, Duke of Segovia
   Infanta Beatriz
   Infanta Maria Cristina
   Juan, Count of Barcelona
   Infante Gonzalo
Grandchildren
   Alfonso, Duke of Cadiz
   Gonzalo, Duke of Aquitaine
   Infanta Pilar
   Juan Carlos I
   Infanta Margarita
   Infante Alfonso
Great Grandchildren
   Luis, Duke of Anjou
Juan Carlos I
Children
   Elena, Duchess of Lugo
   Cristina, Duchess of Palma
   Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Grandchild
   Infanta Leonor
Edit

Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. Image File history File linksMetadata Charles_IV_of_Spain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Charles_IV_of_Spain. ... Goyas self-portrait This article is about Francisco Goya, a Spanish painter. ... The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house. ... Image File history File links Escudo_de_España. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... King Louis of Spain ( August 25, 1707 - August 31, 1724) ruled less than one year between the time his father Philip V abdicated in his favor, and his death from smallpox, both in 1724. ... Ferdinand VI, (September 23, 1713 - August 10, 1759), king of Spain from 1746 until his death, second son of Philip V, founder of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty (as opposed to the French Bourbons), by his first marriage with Maria Louisa of Savoy, was born at Madrid on September 23 1713. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Marianne Victoria of Bourbon (March 31, 1718 – January 15, 1781) (in Portuguese Mariana Vitória, in Spanish Mariana Victoria) was the eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese. ... Philip of Parma (March 15, 1720 - July 18, 1765) was duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. ... may refer to: Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain, eldest daughter of Philip IV of Spain who married her first cousin Louis XIV of France Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain, daughter of Philip V of Spain who married her first cousins son Louis, dauphin de France, son and heir of... King Louis of Spain - Luis in Spanish (August 25, 1707 – August 31, 1724) was the eldest son of Philip V of Spain by his first Queen consort Maria Louisa of Savoy. ... Ferdinand VI, (September 23, 1713 - August 10, 1759), king of Spain from 1746 until his death, second son of Philip V, founder of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty (as opposed to the French Bourbons), by his first marriage with Maria Louisa of Savoy, was born at Madrid on September 23 1713. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (Vienna, May 5, 1747 – Vienna, March 1, 1792) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand-duke of Tuscany. ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... Mariana Vitória Josefa or Maria Ana Vitória Josefa (pron. ... Princesa dona Maria Teresa of Braganza (pron. ... Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April or 25 May 1775 - 6 January or 7 January 1830) was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). ... Louis of Etruria (1773-1803) was the first of only two Kings of Etruria. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Infante Carlos of Spain Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón, Infante of Spain (1788-1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Louisa of Parma. ... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... Don Juan Carlos Maria Isidro de Borbón, Count of Montizón (French: Jean Charles Marie Isidore de Bourbon, comte de Montizón) (May 15, 1822 – November 21, 1887) was the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain from 1860 to 1887, and the Legitimist claimant to the throne of... Francis of Assisi of Bourbon ( In Spanish: Francisco de Asís de Borbón), consort of Queen Isabella II of Spain, born Aranjuez, Spain, 13 May 1822; died Épinay-sur-Seine, France, 17 April 1902), titularly King of Spain. ... Sebastian Gabriel de Borbon y de Braganza, Infante of Portugal and Spain, was a royal of the 19th century and progenitor of the ducal lines of Hernani, Ansola, Durcal and Marchena. ... Louis Ferdinand (German: Ludwig Ferdinand; Spanish: Luis Fernando) (1859-1949), was a Bavarian prince and Spanish infante. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was queen of Spain. ... Infanta Doña María Luísa Fernanda of Spain (30 January 1832 - 2 February 1897) was Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. ... Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was queen of Spain. ... Infanta dona Isabel, Princess of Asturias (1851–1931), was twice the recognized heir to the throne of Spain. ... Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857–November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup détat restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. ... Louis Ferdinand (German: Ludwig Ferdinand; Spanish: Luis Fernando) (1859-1949), was a Bavarian prince and Spanish infante. ... Infanta Doña María Luísa Fernanda of Spain (30 January 1832 - 2 February 1897) was Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Montpensier. ... Alfonso XII of Spain (November 28, 1857–November 25, 1885), was king of Spain, reigning from 1875 to 1885, after a coup détat restored the monarchy and ended the ephemeral First Spanish Republic. ... Infanta Maria de las Mercedes of Spain (1880–1904), Princess of the Asturias, for all 24 years of her life the Heiress Presumptive of the Spanish royal crown, and for a period in 1885–1886, the extant Head of the State of Spain, was born as Doña María... Louis Ferdinand (German: Ludwig Ferdinand; Spanish: Luis Fernando) (1859-1949), was a Bavarian prince and Spanish infante. ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... Alfonso XIII of Spain (May 17, 1886 – February 28, 1941), King of Spain, posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain, was proclaimed King at his birth. ... Infante don Alfonso de Trastamare y Aviz, Prince of Asturias (1453-68) was the figurehead of rebelling magnates against his brother Henry IV of Castile. ... Jaime Luitpold Isabelino Enrique de Borbón y Battenberg, Infante of Spain, Duke of Segovia (June 23, 1908- March 20, 1975), was the second son of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and his wife Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. ... HRH Infante Don Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona, Juan Carlos Teresa Silvestre Alfonso de Borbón y Battenberg (June 20, 1913 – April 1, 1993), was the fourth son and designated heir of King Alfonso XIII of Spain, the monarch replaced by the Second Spanish Republic, and father of King... Alfonso de Borbón y de Dampierre (French citizen as Alphonse de Bourbon) (1936–1989), also known as the Duke of Cádiz (as he was mostly called in Spain) and Duke of Anjou, was a pretender to the French throne. ... The Infanta Pilar,1 Duchess of Badajoz (Doña María del Pilar Alfonsa Juana Victoria Luisa Ignacia de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias) (born July 30, 1936) is the eldest daughter of Juan de Borbon, Count of Barcelona and Maria Mercedes de Borb... Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias; pron. ... The Infanta Margarita, Duchess of Hernani and Soria (Doña Margarita María de la Victoria Esperanza Jacoba Felicidad Perpetua de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias) (born March 6, 1939), is the youngest daughter of Juan de Borbón, Count of Barcelona and Maria... Don Luis Alfonso Gonzalo Víctor Emanuel Marco de Borbón y Martínez-Bordiú, Duke of Anjou (French citizen as Louis de Bourbon) is considered to be the head of the French Royal House by royalists who consider the renunciation of Philip V of Spain as invalid. ... Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias; pron. ... Elena of Spain The Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo (Elena María Isabel Dominica de los Silos de Borbón y de Grecia); (born December 20, 1963, in Madrid), is the eldest daughter of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía, and third in the line of succession to the... The Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca (Cristina Federica Victoria Antonia de la Santísima Trinidad de Borbón y de Grecia, born June 13, 1965), is the younger daughter of King Juan Carlos of Spain and Queen Sofía. ... Prince Felipe, Prince of Asturias (Don Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia or The Honorable [Sir] Philip John Paul Alphonse of All the Saints of Bourbon and of Greece or simply Philip Alponse Bourbon; born January 30, 1968), is the third child... The Infanta Leonor of Spain (Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Ortiz, in English: Eleanor), born 31 October 2005, in Madrid, is the first and only child of Felipe, the Prince of Asturias and his wife Princess Letizia, and thus second in the succession line to the... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This is a list of Spanish monarchs—that is, rulers of the country of Spain in the modern sense of the word. ... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents


Early life

Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife Maria Amalia of Saxony. He was born at Portici, while his father was king of the Two Sicilies. His elder brother don Felipe was passed over for the two thrones as mentally retarded (deeper retardation than Charles') and epileptic. Charles had inherited a great frame and immense physical strength from the Saxon line of his mother, granddaughter of August II of Poland. When young he was fond of wrestling with the strongest countrymen he could find. He was considered by many to be intellectually sluggish and quite credulous. His wife Maria Luisa of Parma, on the other hand, was seen by many (including by the painter Francisco Goya) as a vicious and coarse woman who thoroughly dominated the king. During his father's lifetime he was led by her into court intrigues which aimed at driving the king's favourite minister, Count of Floridablanca, from office, and replacing him by Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda, the chief of the "Aragonese" party. Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Maria Amalia Maria Amalia Christina (November 24, 1724 - September 1760) was a princess of Saxony. ... Portici is a city of Campania, Italy, in the Province of Naples, 5 miles southeast of Naples by railway, on the shores of the bay, and at the foot of Vesuvius. ... The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration of his power in 1816. ... Mental retardation (also called mental handicap[1] and, as defined by the UK Mental Health Act 1983, mental impairment and severe mental impairment[2]) is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal global intellectual... Epilepsy in animals and List of people believed to have epilepsy cover topics complementary to this article, which deals with epilepsy in the general human population. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Reign From 1697, until 1706 and from 1709, until February 1, 1733 Elected In 1697 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents John George III Wettin Anne Sophie Consorts  ? Children August III Sas Maurice de... Maria Louise of Parma (December 9, 1751-January 2, 1819) was queen of Spain and consort of King Charles IV of Spain. ... Goyas self-portrait This article is about Francisco Goya, a Spanish painter. ... José Moñino, conde de Floridablanca, painted by Goya José Moñino, conde de Floridablanca Don José Moñino y Redondo, Count of Floridablanca (es: José Moñino y Redondo, conde de Floridablanca) (October 21, 1728 - December 30, 1808), Spanish statesman. ... Don Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda (es: Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, conde de Aranda) (1718-1798), was an eminent Aragonese statesman. ...


Children

Charles IV and his queen Maria Louisa, from The Family of Charles IV by Goya.
Charles IV and his queen Maria Louisa, from The Family of Charles IV by Goya.

Charles IV married his first cousin Maria Luisa of Parma (daughter of Philip, Duke of Parma) in 1765. They had 14 children, but only seven reached adulthood: Family of Charles IV, by Goya (detail) The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Family of Charles IV, by Goya (detail) The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years. ... Goyas self-portrait This article is about Francisco Goya, a Spanish painter. ...

Carlota Joaquina Teresa of Spain (25 April or 25 May 1775 - 6 January or 7 January 1830) was the eldest daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain (1748-1819) and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma (1751-1819). ... John VI (Portuguese João), the Clement (Port. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Louis of Etruria (1773-1803) was the first of only two Kings of Etruria. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Infante Carlos of Spain Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón, Infante of Spain (1788-1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Louisa of Parma. ... Carlism is a traditionalist, legitimist political movement in Spain seeking, among other things, the establishment of a separate line of the Bourbon family on the Spanish throne. ... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... Francis I (August 14, 1777 - November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... Francis of Assisi of Bourbon ( In Spanish: Francisco de Asís de Borbón), consort of Queen Isabella II of Spain, born Aranjuez, Spain, 13 May 1822; died Épinay-sur-Seine, France, 17 April 1902), titularly King of Spain. ... Isabella II (October 10, 1830 – April 10, 1904), Isabel II in Spanish, was queen of Spain. ...

Reign

After he succeeded to the throne in 1788 his one serious occupation was hunting. Affairs were left to be directed by his wife and her lover Manuel de Godoy. Although Godoy essentially took over his wife and his office, the king was favourable towards him for all his life. When terrified by the French Revolution he turned to the Inquisition to help him against the party which would have carried the reforming policy of Charles III much further. But he never took more than a passive part in the direction of his own government. He simply obeyed the impulse given him by the queen and Godoy. In 1803, after smallpox had affected his daughter María Luísa, the king commissioned his doctor Francisco Javier de Balmis to bring the vaccine to the Spanish colonies on state expenses. 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... A hunter on horseback shoots at deer or elk with a bow. ... Manuel de Godoy (May 12, 1767 – October 7, 1851), Duke of Alcudia, was a Spanish statesman. ... Liberty Leading the People, a painting by Delacroix commemorating the July Revolution of 1830 but which has come to be generally accepted as symbolic of French popular uprisings against the monarchy in general. ... The term Inquisition (Latin: Inquisitio Haereticae Pravitatis Sanctum Officium) refers broadly to a number of historical movements orchestrated by the Roman Catholic Church aimed at securing religious and doctrinal unity through the conversion, and sometimes persecution, of alleged heretics. ... In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ... Louis I of Etruria, a. ... Bust of Francisco Javier Balmis at the Universidad Miguel Hernández de San Juan de Alicante, Spain Francisco Javier de Balmis (December 2, 1753, Alicante, Spain—1819, Madrid) was a Spanish physician who headed an 1804 expedition to New Spain and other Spanish colonies to vaccinate the populations against smallpox. ... Balmis Expedition was a three year mission to the Americas led by Dr Francisco de Balmis with the aim of giving thousands the smallpox vaccine. ...


He had a profound belief in his divine right and the sanctity of his person. He thought it very important to seem a very powerful monarch, although his kingdom was treated as a mere dependency by France and his throne was dominated by the queen and her lover. Spain allied with France and supported the Continental Blockade, but withdrew after the Battle of Trafalgar. When Napoleon won from Prussia in 1807, Godoy returned to the French side, but France no longer considered Spain a worthy ally. But even the alliance with France, as it was, made Godoy's rule unpopular and fueled the partido fernandista, the supporters of Ferdinand, who favored a close relationship with Great Britain. The Continental Blockade was a blocking of European ports for trade with Britain. ... Combatants United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland First French Empire, Spain Commanders The Viscount Nelson † Pierre Charles Silvestre de Villeneuve Strength 27 ships of the line France: 18 ships of the line Spain: 15 ships of the line Casualties 449 killed 1,214 wounded Total: 1,673 4,480... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: Prūsa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Abdication

When he was told that his son Ferdinand was appealing to the emperor Napoleon against Godoy, he took the side of the favourite. When the populace rose at Aranjuez in 1808 he abdicated on March 19 to save the minister, who had been taken prisoner. Ferdinand took the throne but was distrusted by Napoleon, who had 100,000 soldiers in Spain by that time. For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Aranjuez is a town in the southern part of Autonomous Community of Madrid in central Spain and is the southernmost, and 48 km south of the city of Madrid. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ...


He took refuge in France, and was the prisoner of Napoleon. He had a difficult time restraining himself from assaulting his son. Then he abdicated in favour of Napoleon's brother Joseph. He accepted a pension from the French emperor and spent the rest of his life between his wife and Godoy. He died in Rome on January 20, 1819. Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Naples, King of Spain (January 7, 1768 – July 28, 1844) was the elder brother of the French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples (1806–1808) and King of Spain (1808–1813). ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) coordinates: 41°54′N 12°29′E Time Zone: UTC+1 Administration Subdivisions 19 municipi Province Rome Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni ( The Union ) Characteristics Area 1,285 km² Population 2,547,677 (2005 estimate) Density 1983... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Reference

  • Historia del Reinado de Carlos IV, by General Gomez de Arteche (5 vols.), in the Historia General de España de la Real Academia de la Historia (Madrid, 1892, etc.).
House of Bourbon
Born: 11 November 1748; Died: 20 January 1819
Preceded by:
Charles III
King of Spain
17881808
Succeeded by:
Joseph Bonaparte

The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This is a list of Spanish monarchs—that is, rulers of the country of Spain in the modern sense of the word. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Naples, King of Spain (January 7, 1768 – July 28, 1844) was the elder brother of the French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples (1806–1808) and King of Spain (1808–1813). ...

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

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