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Encyclopedia > Charles II of Spain
Charles II
King of Naples and Sicily, Sovereign of the Netherlands, Duke of Milan, Duke of Burgundy, King of Spain
Reign September 17, 1665November 1, 1700
Born November 6, 1661(1661-11-06)
Madrid
Died November 1, 1700 (aged 38)
Madrid
Predecessor Philip IV of Spain
Successor Philip V of Spain
Consort Maria Luisa of Orléans
Maria Anna of Neuburg
Father Philip IV of Spain
Mother Mariana of Austria

Charles II of Spain (Carlos Segundo) (November 6, 1661, Madrid - November 1, 1700, Madrid) was King of Spain, Naples, Sicily, nearly all of Italy (except Piedmont, the Papal States and Venice), and Spain's overseas Empire, stretching from Mexico to the Philippines. Charles was the only surviving son of his Habsburg predecessor, King Philip IV of Spain and his second Queen (and niece), Mariana of Austria, another Habsburg. His birth was greeted with joy by the Spaniards, who feared the disputed succession which could have ensued if Philip IV had left no male heir. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1665 (MDCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Marie Louise of Orléans, Queen of Spain Marie Louise of Orléans (April 26, 1662- February 12, 1689) became Queen Consort of Spain. ... Maria Anna of Pfalz-Neuburg Maria Anna of Pfalz-Neuburg (28 October 1667–16 July 1740) was Queen consort of Spain. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Mariana of Austria, 1652, portrayed by Diego Velázquez Mariana or Maria-Anna of Austria (Vienna, 23 December 1634 - Madrid, 16 May 1696), daughter of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III and Infanta Maria Ana of Spain, was the second wife of her maternal uncle Philip IV of Spain. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms Map of the Papal States; the reddish area was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1860, the rest (grey) in 1870. ... Borders of the Republic of Venice in 1796 Capital Venice Language(s) Venetian, Latin, Italian Religion Roman Catholic Government Republic Doge  - 1789–97 Ludovico Manin History  - Established 697  - Treaty of Zara June 27, 1358  - Treaty of Leoben April 17, 1797 * Traditionally, the establishment of the Republic is dated to 697. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Mariana of Austria, 1652, portrayed by Diego Velázquez Mariana or Maria-Anna of Austria (Vienna, 23 December 1634 - Madrid, 16 May 1696), daughter of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III and Infanta Maria Ana of Spain, was the second wife of her maternal uncle Philip IV of Spain. ...


Charles II is known in Spanish history as El Hechizado ("The Bewitched") from the popular belief — to which Charles himself subscribed — that his physical and mental disabilities were caused by "sorcery" rather than the much more likely cause: centuries of inbreeding within the Habsburg dynasty (in which first cousin and uncle/niece matches were commonly used to preserve a prosperous family's hold on its multifarious territories). Charles' own immediate pedigree was exceptionally populated with nieces giving birth to children of their uncles: Charles' mother was niece of Charles' father, being daughter of Maria Ana of Spain (1606-46) and Emperor Ferdinand III. Thus, Empress Maria Anna was simultaneously his aunt and grandmother. Still, the king was exorcised, and the exorcists of the kingdom were called upon to put straight questions to the devils they cast out. His great-great-great grandmother, Joanna I, (Joanna the Mad), mother of the Spanish King Charles I who was also Holy Roman Emperor Charles V — became completely insane early in life; the fear of a taint of insanity ran through the Habsburgs. Charles descended from Joanna a total of 14 times — twice as a great-great-great grandson, and 12 times further. Inbreeding is breeding between close relatives, whether plant or animal. ... Maria Anna (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), also known as Maria Anna of Austria, Infanta of Spain, was the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain. ... Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (July 13, 1608 - April 2, 1657), ruled February 15, 1637 - 1657. ... Saint Francis exorcised demons in Arezzo, fresco of Giotto Exorcism (from Late Latin exorcismus, from Greek exorkizein - to adjure, correctly pronounced exercism) is the practice of evicting demons or other evil spiritual entities from a person or place which they are believed to have possessed (taken control of). ... Joanna of Aragon and Castile (Spanish: Juana de Aragón y de Castilla) (November 6, 1479 – April 12, 1555), called Joanna the Mad (Juana La Loca), Queen regnant of Castile and mother of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, was the second daughter of Ferdinand, king of Aragon, and Isabella... Charles (February 24, 1500 – September 21, 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles V) from 1519-1558; he was also King of Spain from 1516_1556, officially as Charles I of Spain, although often referred to as Charles V (Carlos Quinto or Carlos V) in Spain and Latin America. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ...


Charles II was the last of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty, physically disabled, mentally retarded and disfigured (possibly through affliction with mandibular prognathism — he was unable to chew). His tongue was so large that his speech could barely be understood, and he frequently drooled. He may also have suffered from the bone disease acromegaly. He was treated as virtually an infant in arms until he was ten years old. Fearing the frail child would be overtaxed, he was left entirely uneducated, and his indolence was indulged to such an extent that he was not even expected to be clean. When his half-brother John of Austria the Younger, a natural son of Philip IV, obtained power by exiling the queen mother from court, he insisted that at least the king's hair should be combed. Mental retardation (abbreviated as MR), is a term for a pattern of persistently slow learning of basic motor and language skills (milestones) during childhood, and a significantly below-normal intellectual capacity as an adult. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Acromegaly (from Greek akros high and megas large - extremities enlargement) is a hormonal disorder that results when the pituitary gland produces excess growth hormone (hGH). ... Don Juan José de Austria, Count of Oñate (1629 - 17 September 1679) was a Spanish general and political figure. ...


The only vigorous activity shown by Charles was shooting, which he occasionally indulged in the preserves of the Escorial. The facade of the chapel, in the baroque style of Jesuit churches, is integrated with the palatial facade El Escorial is an immense palace, monastery, museum, and library complex located at San Lorenzo de El Escorial (also San Lorenzo del Escorial), a town 45 kilometres northwest of Madrid in the...

Contents

Reign

The years of Charles II were agonizing for Spain. The economy was stagnant, there was hunger in the land, and the power of the monarchy over the various Spanish provinces was extremely weak. Charles' unfitness for rule meant he was often ignored and power during his reign became the subject of court intrigues and foreign, particularly French, influence.

The tree of Charles II's ancestors shows a large amount of inbreeding

His mother was his regent during much of his reign. Though she was exiled by the king's illegitimate brother John of Austria the Younger, she returned to the court after John's death in 1679. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 777 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (783 × 604 pixel, file size: 36 KB, MIME type: image/png) The Ancestry of King Charles II of Spain (1661-1700) Created by user:Lec CRP1 Title edited by Cfvh on November 16th, 2006. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 777 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (783 × 604 pixel, file size: 36 KB, MIME type: image/png) The Ancestry of King Charles II of Spain (1661-1700) Created by user:Lec CRP1 Title edited by Cfvh on November 16th, 2006. ... Regent, from the Latin, a person selected to administer a state because the ruler is a minor or is not present or debilitated. ... Don Juan José de Austria, Count of Oñate (1629 - 17 September 1679) was a Spanish general and political figure. ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ...


During Charles' reign, the decline of Spanish power and prestige that had begun due to the policies of Count-Duke of Olivares was accelerated. Although the peace Treaty of Lisbon with Portugal in 1668 ceded the North African enclave of Ceuta to Spain, it was little solace for the loss of Portugal and the Portuguese colonies by Philip IV to the Duke of Braganza's successful revolt against more than 60 years of Habsburg rule. Equestrian portrait of the Count-Duke of Olivares by Diego Velázquez. ... The Treaty of Lisbon was signed on February 13, 1668 between Afonso VI of Portugal and Carlos II of Spain, by mediation of Charles II of England. ... 1668 (MDCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Capital Ceuta City Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked  28 km²   Population  â€“ Total (2006)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked  75,861    2,709. ... Portuguese Restoration War (Portuguese: guerras da restauração) is the war between Portugal and Spain after the revolt of December 1640. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ...


Charles also presided over the greatest auto de fe in the history of the Spanish Inquisition in 1680, in which one hundred twenty prisoners were judged and twenty-one burnt to death. A large, richly adorned book was published celebrating the event. Toward the end of his life, in one of his few independent acts as King, Charles created a Junta Magna (Great Council) to examine and investigate the Spanish Inquisition. The report was so damning to the "Holy Office" (as the Spanish Inquisition was commonly known) that the Inquisitor General convinced the decrepit monarch to "consign the 'terrible indictment' to the flames" (Durants, 1963). When Philip V took the throne, he called for the report but no copy could be found. Representation of an Auto de fe, (1475). ... This article is about one of the historical Inquisitions. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ...


The Succession: Failure and Aftermath

Charles II in his twenties
Maria Anna of Neuburg

In 1679, the 18-year-old Charles II married Marie Louise of Orléans (1662-1689), eldest daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, the only sibling of Louis XIV, and his first wife Princess Henrietta of England. At that time, she was known as a lovely young woman. It is likely that Charles was impotent, and no children were born. Marie Louise became deeply depressed and died at 27, ten years after their marriage, leaving 28-year-old Charles heartbroken. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (674x880, 124 KB) Painting of King Charles II of Spain, from the 1670s or 1680s. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (674x880, 124 KB) Painting of King Charles II of Spain, from the 1670s or 1680s. ... Image File history File links Maria_Anna_Pfalz_Neuburg_Spain. ... Image File history File links Maria_Anna_Pfalz_Neuburg_Spain. ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ... Marie Louise of Orléans, Queen of Spain Marie Louise of Orléans (April 26, 1662- February 12, 1689) became Queen Consort of Spain. ... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... Year 1689 (MDCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Philippe I, Duc dOrléans (September 21, 1640 – June 8, 1701) was the son of the Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria, and younger brother of Louis XIV of France. ... Louis XIV redirects here. ... Henrietta Anne Stuart (June 16, 1644 - June 30, 1670), sometimes known familiarly as Minette, was the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England and Queen Henrietta Maria of France. ... Impotence or, more clinically, erectile dysfunction is the inability to maintain an erection of the penis for satisfactory sexual intercourse regardless of the capability of ejaculation. ...


Still in desperate need of a male heir, the next year he married the 23-year-old Palatine princess Maria Anna of Neuburg, a daughter of Philip William, Elector of the Palatinate and sister-in-law of his uncle Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. However, this marriage was no more successful than the first in producing the much desired heir. Maria Anna of Pfalz-Neuburg Maria Anna of Pfalz-Neuburg (28 October 1667, Düsseldorf, - 16 July 1740, Guadalajara, Spain) was Queen consort of Spain. ... Philip William (German: ) of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690), was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. ... Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor Silver coin of Leopold I, 3 Kreuzers, dated 1670. ...


Towards the end of his life Charles became increasingly hypersensitive and strange, at one point demanding that the bodies of his family be exhumed so he could look upon the corpses. He reportedly wept upon viewing the body of his first wife, Marie Louise.


As the American historians Will and Ariel Durant put it, Charles II was "short, lame, epileptic, senile, and completely bald before thirty-five, he was always on the verge of death, but repeatedly baffled Christendom by continuing to live."[citation needed] Will Durant William James Durant (November 5, 1885–November 7, 1981) was an American philosopher, historian, and writer. ... Ariel Durant, born Chaya Kaufman, (May 10, 1898_October 25, 1981) was the co-author of The Story of Civilization. ... This article is about the neurological disorder as it affects humans. ...


When Charles II died in 1700, the line of the Spanish Habsburgs died with him. He had named a great-nephew, Philippe de Bourbon, Duke of Anjou (a grandson of the reigning French king Louis XIV, and of Charles' half-sister, Maria Theresa of Spain - Louis himself was an heir to the Spanish throne through his mother, daughter of Philip III), as his successor. He had named his blood cousin Charles (from the Austrian branch of the Habsburg dynasty) as alternate successor. Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... The Spanish Habsburgs House was started by Philip II of Spain. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Louis XIV redirects here. ... Marie Thérèse redirects here. ...


The spectre of the multi-continental empire of Spain passing under the effective control of Louis XIV provoked a massive coalition of powers to oppose the Duc d'Anjou's succession. The actions of Louis heightened the fears of the English, the Dutch and the Austrians, among others. In February of 1701, the French King caused the Parlement of Paris (a court) to register a decree that should Louis himself have no heir that the Duc d'Anjou--Phillip V of Spain--would surrender the Spanish throne for that of the French, ensuring dynastic continuity in Europe's greatest land power. This article is for the Ancien Régime institution. ...


However, a second act of the French King "justified a hostile interpretation": pursuant to a treaty with Spain, Louis occupied several towns in the Spanish Netherlands (modern Belgium and Nord-Pas-de-Calais). This was the spark that ignited the powder keg created by the unresolved issues of the War of the League of Augsburg (1689-97) and the acceptance of the Spanish inheritance by Louis XIV for his grandson. This article or section should be merged with Seventeen Provinces The Spanish Netherlands was a portion of the Low Countries controlled by Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. ... Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron ( PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais The administrative region of Nord-Pas-de...


Almost immediately the War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713) began. After eleven years of bloody, global warfare, fought on four continents and three oceans, the Duc d'Anjou, as Philip V, was confirmed as King of Spain on substantially the same terms which the powers of Europe had agreed to before the war. Thus the Treaties of Utrecht and Rastatt ended the war and "achieved little more than...diplomacy might have peacefully achieved in 1701." A proviso of the peace perpetually forbade the union of the Spanish and French thrones. Combatants Habsburg Empire England (1701-6) Great Britain (1707-14)[1] Dutch Republic Kingdom of Portugal Crown of Aragon Duchy of Savoy [2] Kingdom of France Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Bavaria Hungarian Rebels [3] Commanders Eugene of Savoy Margrave of Baden Count Starhemberg Duke of Marlborough Marquis de Ruvigny... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Year 1713 (MDCCXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Spanish and Portuguese Royalty
House of Habsburg

Charles I
(Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor)
Children
   Philip II of Spain
   Maria, Holy Roman Empress
   Juana, Crown Princess of Portugal
   Infante Juan (natural son)
   Margarita, Duchess of Parma (natural daughter)
Philip II
(Philip I of Portugal)
Children include
   Carlos, Prince of Asturias
   Isabella, Archduchess of Austria
   Catalina, Duchess of Savoy
   Philip III of Spain
Philip III
(Philip II of Portugal)
Children include
   Anne, Queen of France
   Philip IV of Spain
   Maria Ana, Holy Roman Empress
   Infante Carlos
   Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand
Philip IV
(Philip III of Portugal)
Children include
   Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias
   Maria Theresa, Queen of France
   Margarita, Holy Roman Empress
   Charles II of Spain
Charles II

The Bourbon dynasty (see House of Bourbon) founded by Philip V has intermittently occupied the Spanish throne ever since, and sits today on the throne of Spain in the person of Juan Carlos I of Spain (1975-present). During the reign of Emperor Charles V (Carlos I of Spain), who ascended the thrones of the kingdoms of Spain after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand, Habsburg Spain controlled territory ranging from Philippines to the Netherlands, and was, for a time, Europes greatest power. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 366 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (854 × 1397 pixel, file size: 403 KB, MIME type: image/png) {{Information File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Philip II of Spain Philip... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the... Maria of Spain (Madrid, June 21, 1528 - Villa Monte, February 26, 1603) was the oldest daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. ... Joan of Habsburg Joanna of Austria (in Castilian, Juana, 24 June 1535 - 7 September 1573), Infanta of Spain, of the Habsburg family. ... Don John of Austria (February 24, 1547 - October 1, 1578), also known as Juan De Austria and Don Juan de Austria, was the illegitimate son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and a military leader whose most famous victory was at the Battle of Lepanto. ... Margaret of Parma (28 December 1522 - 18 January 1586), duchess of Parma and regent of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, was the illegitimate daughter of Charles V. Her mother, Johanna Maria von der Gheest, a servant of Charles de Lalaing, Seigneur de Montigny, was a Fleming. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the... Don Carlos (1545-1568) Don Carlos (July 8, 1545 – July 24, 1568), Prince of Asturias was the son of King Philip II of Spain by his first wife Maria Manuela of Portugal, daughter of John III of Portugal. ... Isabella Clara Eugenia, possibly around 1584 Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (Segovia 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was Infanta of Spain, Archduchess of Austria and the joint sovereign of the Seventeen Provinces. ... Infanta Catalina Micaela and her older sister in 1570 Catherine Michelle (Spanish:Infanta Catalina Micaela), Duchess of Savoy, was the younger daughter of King Philip II of Spain and Elisabeth of Valois, Princess of France. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Louis XIII by Philippe de Champaigne Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Navarre and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Maria Anna (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), also known as Maria Anna of Austria, Infanta of Spain, was the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. ... Infante Carlos of Spain Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón, Infante of Spain (1788-1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Louisa of Parma. ... Cardinale Infante Ferdinand of Austria Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand (1609/16101 in Escorial near Madrid, Spain - 9 November 1641 in Brussels) (also known as Fernando and as Ferdinand von Österreich), Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands, Cardinal, Infante of Spain, Archbishop of Toledo (1619-41), and commander during the Thirty Years War... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... The Prince Baltasar Carlos by Velazquez, 1635 Balthasar Charles of Spain, Prince of Asturias and Portugal (Spanish:Baltasar Carlos; Portuguese:Baltazar Carlos) was the eldest son of King Philip IV of Spain and III of Portugal and his first wife, Elisabeth of Bourbon. ... Marie Thérèse redirects here. ... Margaret of Spain in Mourning Dress 1666 by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Juan Carlos I (baptized as Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón-Dos Sicilias; born January 5, 1938, Rome, Italy) is the reigning King of Spain. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ancestors

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Philip II of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Isabella of Portugal
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Philip III of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Anna of Austria (1549-1580)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Maria of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Philip IV of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Margaret of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Albert V, Duke of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Anna of Austria (1528-1590)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Charles II of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. = 10. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. = 11. Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. William V, Duke of Bavaria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574-1616)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Renata of Lorraine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Mariana of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. = 8. Philip II of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. = 4. Philip III of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. = 9. Anna of Austria (1549-1580)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Maria Anna of Spain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. = 10. Charles II, Archduke of Inner Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. = 5. Margaret of Austria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. = 11. Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608)
 
 
 
 
 
 

For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the... Image:Isabel of Portugal (Karl V.).jpg Isabel of Portugal, Queen of Spain and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, by Titian. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II. His Coat of Arms Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor of the Habsburg dynasty (July 31, 1527 – October 12, 1576) was king of Bohemia from 1562, king of Hungary from 1563 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1564 until his death. ... Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain Anna of Austria (Cigales, Valladolid, November 1, 1549 - Badajoz, October 26, 1580), was Queen of Spain and Portugal. ... Maria of Spain (Madrid, June 21, 1528 - Villa Monte, February 26, 1603) was the oldest daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Ferdinand in 1531, the year of his election as King of the Romans Ferdinand I (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was an Austrian monarch from the House of Habsburg. ... Charles II of Austria, (Vienna June 3, 1540 – Graz July 10, 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from the House of Habsburg from 1564. ... Anna Jagellonica of Bohemia and Hungary (July 23, 1503 - January 27, 1547) was queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Queen-consort of the Romans and heiress of Bohemia and Hungary. ... Philip III of Spain Margaret of Austria, 1609, by Bartolomé González y Serrano Margaret of Austria (December 25, 1584-October 3, 1611), Queen of Spain and Portugal, was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria, and the sister of the Emperor Ferdinand II... Albert V, Duke of Bavaria (29 February 1528 - 24 October 1579), (German: ), was Duke of Bavaria from 1550 until his death. ... Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608) was daughter of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria. ... Anna of Austria (Prague, July 7, 1528 - München, October 16, 1590) was the daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (1503-1547). ... Charles II of Austria, (Vienna June 3, 1540 – Graz July 10, 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from the House of Habsburg from 1564. ... Emperor Ferdinand II Ferdinand II (July 9, 1578 – February 15, 1637), of the House of Habsburg, reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1620-1637. ... Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608) was daughter of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria. ... Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (July 13, 1608 – April 2, 1657), ruled February 15, 1637 – 1657. ... William V, Duke of Bavaria. ... Maria Anna of Bavaria (8 December 1574 - 8 March 1616) was daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria. ... William V, Duke of Bavaria and his wife, Renata of Lorraine Renata of Lorraine (April 20, 1544, Nancy – May 22, 1602, Munich) was the daughter of Francis I, Duke of Lorraine and Christina of Denmark. ... Mariana of Austria, 1652, portrayed by Diego Velázquez Mariana or Maria-Anna of Austria (Vienna, 23 December 1634 - Madrid, 16 May 1696), daughter of Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III and Infanta Maria Ana of Spain, was the second wife of her maternal uncle Philip IV of Spain. ... Philip II (Spanish: ; Portuguese: ) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England (as husband of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, Lord of the Seventeen Provinces (holding various titles for the... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain Anna of Austria (Cigales, Valladolid, November 1, 1549 - Badajoz, October 26, 1580), was Queen of Spain and Portugal. ... Maria Anna (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), also known as Maria Anna of Austria, Infanta of Spain, was the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. ... Charles II of Austria, (Vienna June 3, 1540 – Graz July 10, 1590) was an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from the House of Habsburg from 1564. ... Philip III of Spain Margaret of Austria, 1609, by Bartolomé González y Serrano Margaret of Austria (December 25, 1584-October 3, 1611), Queen of Spain and Portugal, was the daughter of Archduke Charles II of Austria and Maria Anna of Bavaria, and the sister of the Emperor Ferdinand II... Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551-1608) was daughter of Albert V, Duke of Bavaria. ...

Trivia

  • In the episode Black Tie of 30 Rock features a fictional prince from the Habsburg family who also has become deformed due to centuries of inbreeding amongst his family.

Charleroi (Walloon: Tchålerwè) is the first city and municipality of Wallonia in population. ... Namur (Nameûr in Walloon, Namen in Dutch) is a city and municipality, capital of the province of Namur and of the region of Wallonia in southern Belgium. ... This article or section should be merged with Seventeen Provinces The Spanish Netherlands was a portion of the Low Countries controlled by Spain from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century. ... Sunset at Colonia on Yap The Caroline Islands form a large archipelago of widely scattered islands in the western Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Guinea. ... ‹ The template below (Unreferenced episode) is being considered for deletion. ... This article is about the TV series. ...

References

  • Will Durant The Reformation (1957)
  • Will and Ariel Durant, The Age of Louis XIV (1963)
  • Henry Kamen, The Spanish Inquisition (1997)
  • NNDB: Charles II

Links

http://www.xs4all.nl/~kvenjb/madmonarchs/carlos2/carlos2_bio.htm A biography of Charles II of Spain in Joan's Mad Monarchs Series

Charles II of Spain
Born: November 6 1661 Died: November 1 1700
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Philip IV
King of Spain, Naples, and Sicily
Duke of Brabant, Guelders, Limburg, Lothier and Luxembourg
Count of Flanders, Hainaut and Namur

16651700
Succeeded by
Philip V
Count of Burgundy
16651678
to France
Vacant
Title last held by
Philip Prospero
Prince of Asturias
1661-1665
Vacant
Title next held by
Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Kings of Spain and the Spanish Colonial Era in America Philip II, Philip III, Philip IV. Philip V, Charles II, ... (2023 words)
Philip III, 1578–1621, king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily (1598–1621) and, as Philip II, king of Portugal (1598–1621); son and successor of Philip II of Spain.
Charles II Charles II (Carlos Segundo) of Spain (November 6, 1661–November 1, 1700) was king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily, nearly all of Italy (except Piedmont, the Papal States and Venice), and Spain's overseas Empire, stretching from Mexico to the Philippines.
Spain prospered under the rule of Charles, who is regarded as the greatest Bourbon king of Spain and one of the “enlightened despots.” His reign is noted for economic and administrative reforms and for the expulsion of the Jesuits (1767).
Charles II of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1289 words)
Charles II (Carlos Segundo) of Spain (November 6, 1661 – November 1, 1700) was king of Spain, Naples, and Sicily, nearly all of Italy (except Piedmont, the Papal States and Venice), and Spain's overseas Empire, stretching from Mexico to the Philippines.
Charles' own immediate pedigree was exceptionally loaded with nieces giving birth to children of their uncles: Charles' mother Maria Anna was niece of Charles' father, being daughter of Maria Ana of Spain (1606-46) and Emperor Ferdinand III - Thus, Empress Maria Anna was simultaneously his aunt and grandmother) — especially the Spanish Habsburgs.
Charles II was the last of the Spanish Habsburg dynasty, physically disabled, mentally retarded and disfigured (possibly through affliction with mandibular prognathism).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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