FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Charles I of Austria
Emperor Charles I of Austria

The Blessed Charles I (Karl Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria von Habsburg-Lothringen) (17 August 18871 April 1922) (Hungarian: IV. Károly (Károly Ferenc József)) was (among other titles) the last Emperor of Austria, the last King of Hungary and Bohemia, and the last monarch of the Habsburg dynasty. He reigned as Charles I as Emperor of Austria and Charles IV as King of Hungary from 1916 until 1918, when Austria was proclaimed a republic and he renounced this new form of government, but did not abdicate. He spent the remaining years of his life attempting to restore the monarchy until his death in 1922. His name is usually anglicised as "Charles". Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... A monarch (see sovereignty) is a type of ruler or head of state. ... The Lands of the Bohemian Crown (Czech Země koruny české, Latin Corona regni Bohemiae) (e. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A republic is a form of government maintained by a state or country whose sovereignty is based on popular consent and whose governance is based on popular representation and control. ...

Contents

Life

Charles I

Charles was the son of Archduke Otto Franz of Austria (1865–1906) and Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (1867–1944); he was also a nephew of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Este, whose assassination triggered World War I. In 1911, he was married to Princess Zita of Parma. Emperor Charles of Austria, circa 1915 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Otto Franz, Otto Franz Joseph Karl Ludwig Maria, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (April 21, 1865-November 1, 1906) was the second son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph) and his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of... Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony, Archduchess of Austria Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth Pia Angelika Margarete von Wettin), (31 May 1867 - 28 May 1944), was the mother of Emperor Karl I of Austria; she was never Empress herself. ... Franz Ferdinand links to here. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

King Charles taking his oath as part of the coronation ceremonies
Budapest, December 1916.
King Charles IV of Hunagary, with Zita and Crown Prince Otto. Coronation portrait Budapest, 1916.

Charles became heir-presumptive when his uncle Francis Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo in 1914, the event which precipitated World War I. Charles' reign began in 1916, with the death of his grand-uncle, Francis Joseph I. In 1916, he also became a Generalfeldmarschall in the Austro-Hungarian Army. On 2 December 1916, he took over the title of Supreme Commander to a whole army from Archduke Frederick. In 1917, Charles secretly entered into peace negotiations with France. Although his foreign minister, Ottokar Czernin, was only interested in negotiating a general peace which would include Germany as well, Charles himself, in negotiations with the French with his brother-in-law, Prince Sixtus of Bourbon-Parma, an officer in the Belgian army, as intermediary, went much further in suggesting his willingness to make a separate peace. When news of the overture leaked in April 1918, Charles denied all involvement until the French prime minister Georges Clemenceau published letters signed by him. This led to Czernin's resignation, forcing Austria-Hungary into an even more dependent position with respect to its seemingly wronged German ally. Image File history File linksMetadata Karloath. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Karloath. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Karlfamily. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Karlfamily. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... His Highness the Archduke of Austria Otto von Habsburg (as citizen of Germany) or Otto Habsburg-Lothringen (as citizen of Austria), sometimes known as Archduke Otto of Austria (Franz Josef Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xavier Felix René Ludwig Gaetano Pius Ignazius von Habsburg-Lothringen), born November... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria-Este (December 18, 1863 – June 28, 1914) was an Archduke of Austria, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, and from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. ... Nickname: Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Franz Joseph I (in Hungarian I. Ferenc József, in English Francis Joseph I) (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916 and a German prince (Deutscher Fürst). ... Shoulder boards of a Generalfeldmarschall Generalfeldmarschall ( â–¶(?)) (General Field Marshal, usually translated simply as Field Marshal, and sometimes written only as Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states, the Holy Roman Empire, and Austrian Empire. ... The Austro-Hungarian Army was the ground force of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Czernin at Laxenburg Ottokar Theobald Otto Maria Graf Czernin von und zu Chudenitz (or Count Ottokar Czernin). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Georges Clemenceau, by Nadar. ...


The Austro-Hungarian Empire was wracked by inner turmoil in the final years of the war, with much tension between ethnic groups. US President Woodrow Wilson demanded that the Empire allow for the self-determination of its peoples as part of his Fourteen Points. In response, Charles agreed to reconvene the Imperial parliament and allow for the creation of a confederation with each national group exercising self-governance. However, the reforms quickly spiraled out of control, with each national government declaring complete independence. Charles' political future quickly became uncertain. For a while it appeared as though he might reign as monarch of a newly independent Austria, but Austria's new republican government ultimately vetoed this idea. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924), was the 28th President of the United States. ... United States President Woodrow Wilson listed the Fourteen Points in a speech that he delivered to the United States Congress on January 8, 1918. ... A confederation is an association of sovereign states or communities, usually created by treaty but often later adopting a common constitution. ... Republicanism is the ideology of governing a nation as a republic, with an emphasis on liberty, rule by the people, and the civic virtue practiced by citizens. ...


On 11 November 1918, he proclaimed formally "I relinquish every participation in the administration of the State" but did not abdicate his thrones[1]. By this time, nearly all the nationalities of the empire had proclaimed their intention to secede from the monarchy[1]. He then fled to Switzerland and continued to pursue regaining power from exile. Encouraged by Hungarian nationalists, he sought twice in 1921 to reclaim the throne of Hungary but failed due to various factors including the lack of support of the Hungarian Regent Miklós Horthy. Horthy's failure to support Charles' restoration attempts is often described as "treasonous" by monarchists. Critics suggest that Horthy's actions were more firmly grounded in political reality than the King of Hungary and his supporters. He left Hungary from the city of Baja forever. (For a more detailed account of Charles' attempts to regain the throne, see Charles I of Austria's conflict with Miklós Horthy.) November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... “Horthy” redirects here. ... Baja (pronounced in Hungarian as ) is a city in southern Hungary. ... Miklós Horthy Charles IV of Hungary After Miklós Horthy had been chosen Regent of Hungary on 1 March 1920, Charles I of Austria (Charles IV of Hungary) returned to Hungary twice, trying to retake his throne: On 26 March 1921 On 21 October 1921 The former kings...


His brief rule is considered by the Roman Catholic Church to have expressed Catholic social teaching, and he created a social legal framework which survives in part to this day. After his failed attempts to regain the Hungarian Crown, he and his Queen were first imprisoned and then exiled to Madeira, together with their children, where they lived in impoverished conditions until his death [2] The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... Catholic social teaching comprises those aspects of Catholic doctrine which relate to matters dealing with the collective aspect of humanity. ...


He died of severe pneumonia (brought on after Charles, an already sickly man, walked into town on a freezing winter's day) on the Portuguese island of Madeira in 1922. His remains except for his heart are still kept on the island, in the Church of Our Lady of the Monte, in spite of several attempts to move them to the Habsburg Crypt in Vienna. His heart, and that of Empress Zita, repose in the Loreto Chapel of Muri Abbey. During his stay on the island, his personal chaplain was Priest Jorge de Faria e Castro. Pneumonia is an illness of the lungs and respiratory system in which the alveoli (microscopic air-filled sacs of the lung responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere) become inflamed and flooded with fluid. ... Motto Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres(Portuguese) Of all islands, the most beautiful and free Anthem A Portuguesa(national) Hino da Região Autónoma da Madeira(local) Capital (and largest city) Funchal Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Alberto João Jardim Establishment  -  Settled 1420   -  Autonomy... Monte (Portuguese meaning mountain) is a parish in the district and a suburb of Funchal in the Madeira Islands. ... An ornament of the sarcophagus of Emperor Karl VI: a deaths head with the crown of the Holy Roman Empire Tomb of Franz Josef I, flanked by wife Elisabeth and son Rudolf. ... Muri Abbey (Kloster Muri) was a Benedictine monastery dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours. ...


After his death

Historians have been mixed in their evaluations of Charles and his reign. One of the most critical has been Helmut Rumpler, head of the Habsburg commission of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, who has described Charles as "a dilettante, far too weak for the challenges facing him, out of his depth, and not really a politician." However, others have seen Charles as a brave and honorable figure who tried as emperor-king to halt World War I. The English writer, Herbert Vivian, wrote: "Karl was a great leader, a prince of peace, who wanted to save the world from a year of war; a statesman with ideas to save his people from the complicated problems of his empire; a king who loved his people, a fearless man, a noble soul, distinguished, a saint from whose grave blessings come." Furthermore, Anatole France, the French novelist, stated: "Emperor Karl is the only decent man to come out of the war in a leadership position, yet he was a saint and no one listened to him. He sincerely wanted peace, and therefore was despised by the whole world. It was a wonderful chance that was lost." “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


All of these various viewpoints give weight to the words of Pope Saint Pius X during an audience with a young Charles: "I bless Archduke Charles, who will be the future Emperor of Austria and will help lead his countries and peoples to great honor and many blessings--but this will not become obvious until after his death."


Beatification

Charles has been solemnly declared blessed in the ceremony of beatification by the Roman Catholic Church. The Church has praised Charles for putting his Christian faith first in making political decisions, and for his perceived role as a peacemaker during the war, especially after 1917. During the Mass of Beatification on 3 October 2004, Pope John Paul II stated: This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The decisive task of Christians consists in seeking, recognizing and following God's will in all things. The Christian statesman, Charles of Austria , confronted this challenge every day. To his eyes, war appeared as "something appalling". Amid the tumult of the First World War, he strove to promote the peace initiative of my Predecessor, Benedict XV.
From the beginning, the Emperor Charles conceived of his office as a holy service to his people. His chief concern was to follow the Christian vocation to holiness also in his political actions. For this reason, his thoughts turned to social assistance. May he be an example for all of us, especially for those who have political responsibilities in Europe today!

The cause or campaign began in 1949 when testimony of his holiness was collected in the Archdiocese of Vienna. In 1954, he was declared venerable, the first step on the process beatification. The League of Prayers established for the promotion of his cause has created this website. Christoph Cardinal Schönborn of Vienna has been the Church's sponsor for his beatification. 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... In some Christian churches, the diocese is an administrative territorial unit governed by a bishop, sometimes also referred to as a bishopric or episcopal see, though more often the term episcopal see means the office held by the bishop. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Stained Glass image of Venerable Father Samuel Mazzuchelli in St. ... Christoph Cardinal Schönborn. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ...


Recent milestones include:

  • On 14 April 2003, the Vatican's Congregation for the Causes of Saints in the presence of Pope John Paul II, promulgated Charles of Austria's "heroic virtues."
  • On 21 December 2003, the Congregation certified, on the basis of three expert medical opinions, that a miracle in 1960 occurred through the intercession of Charles. The miracle attributed to Charles was the scientifically inexplicable healing of a Brazilian nun with debilitating varicose veins; she was able to get out of bed after she prayed for his beatification.
  • On 3 October 2004, he was beatified by Pope John Paul II. The Pope also declared 21 October, the date of Charles' marriage in 1911 to Princess Zita, as Charles' feast day. The beatification has caused controversy because of the mistaken belief that Charles authorized his army's use of poison gas during World War I[2], when he was the first, and only, world leader during the war who banned its use.
  • Currently, several possible miracles attributed to his intercession are being investigated and documented. Another miracle is required for his canonization as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.

April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Congregation for the Causes of Saints (Congregatio de Causis Sanctorum) is the congregation of the Roman Curia which oversees the complex process which leads to the canonization of saints, passing through the steps of a declaration of heroic virtues and beatification. ... // Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II) born   [] (May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland – April 2, 2005, Vatican City) reigned as Pope of the Catholic... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Intercession of the saints is a Christian doctrine common to the Catholic and Orthodox Churches. ... For other uses, see Nun (disambiguation). ... Varicose veins are veins on the leg which are large, twisted, and ropelike, and can cause pain, swelling, or itching. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with a saint, and referring to the day as the saints day of that saint. ... Early detection of chemical agents Sociopolitical climate of chemical warfare While the study of chemicals and their military uses was widespread in China, the use of toxic materials has historically been viewed with mixed emotions and some disdain in the West (especially when the enemy were doing it). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...

Issue

The Emperor Charles had eight children (six boys and two girls):

  • Crown Prince Otto (1912–), married Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen and Hildburghausen and has issue
  • Archduchess Adelheid (1914–1971), unmarried
  • Archduke Robert (1915–1996), married Princess Margherita of Savoy-Aosta and had issue
    • Archduchess Marie Beatrice (b. 1954)
    • Archduke Lorenzo (b. 1955), married Princess Astrid of Belgium and has issue
      • Archduke Amedeo (b. 1986)
      • Archduchess Maria Laura (b. 1988)
      • Archduke Joachim (b. 1991)
      • Archduchess Luisa Maria (b. 1995)
      • Archduchess Laetitia Maria (b. 2003)
    • Archduke Gerhard (b. 1957)
    • Archduke Martin (b. 1959)
      A crowned King Charles on horseback on the coronation mound
      One of the traditional features of the coronation of Hungarian monarchs.
    • Archduchess Isabella (b. 1963)
  • Archduke Felix (1916–), married Princess Anna-Eugénie of Arenberg and has issue
  • Archduke Karl Ludwig (1918–), married Princess Yolande of Ligne and has issue
    • Archduke Rudolf (b. 1950)
    • Archduchess Alexandra (b. 1952)
    • Archduke Karl Christian (b. 1954), married Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg and has issue
      • Archduchess Marie Christine (b. 1983)
      • Archduke Imre (b. 1985)
      • Archduke Christoph (b. 1988)
      • Archduke Alexander (b. 1990)
      • Archduchess Gabriella (b. 1994)
    • Archduchess Maria Constance (b. 1957)
  • Archduke Rudolf (1919–), married firstly Countess Xenia Tschernyscheva-Besobrasova and secondly Princess Anna of Wrede, has issue by both
    • Archduchess Maria-Anne (b. 1954)
    • Archduke Carl Peter (b. 1955)
    • Archduke Simeon (b. 1958)
    • Archduke Johannes Carl (1962–1975)
    • Archduchess Catherine (b. 1972)
  • Archduchess Charlotte (1921–1989), married Count Georg of Carlow, Duke of Mecklenburg
  • Archduchess Elisabeth (1922–1993), married Prince Heinrich of Liechtenstein and had issue

Otto von Habsburg (referred to as Otto Habsburg-Lothringen by the Austrian government, although this is not his legal name, as he is a German citizen), sometimes known as Archduke Otto of Austria (Franz Josef Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xavier Felix René Ludwig Gaetano Pius Ignazius... His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Robert Karl Ludwig Maximilian Michael Maria Anton Franz Ferdinand Joseph Otto Hubert Georg Pius Johannes Marcus dAviano of Austria-Este (Schonbrunn, February 8, 1915 - Basel, February 7, 1996), Prince Imperial, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia was born as the second son of... Her Royal Highness Princess Margherita Isabella Maria Vittoria Emanuella Elena Gennara of Savoy-Aosta was born on April 7, 1930 in Naples, Italy as the first child of HRH Prince Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta and HRH Princess Anne dOrléans. ... Prince Lorenz Otto Carl Amadeus Thadeus Maria Pius Andreas Marcus dAviano of Belgium, Duke of Este, Duke of Modena, Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, was born on December 16, 1955 in Clinique du Belvédère, Boulogne-Billancourt, Hauts-de... Princess Astrid, Archduchess of Austria-Este (Astrid Joséphine-Charlotte Fabrizia Elisabeth Paola Maria), styled HI&RH Princess Astrid, (born June 5, 1962) is the only daughter and second child of King Albert II and his wife Queen Paola of Belgium. ... Archduke Amedeo of Austria-Este Prince Amedeo Marie Joseph Carl Pierre Philippe Paola Marcus dAviano of Belgium, (February 21, 1986) Imperial Prince and Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, is the first child of Prince Lorenz, Archduke of Austria-Este and Princess Astrid of Belgium. ... Princess Maria Laura Zita Beatrix Gerhard of Belgium, (August 26, 1988), Imperial Princess and Archduchess of Austria-Este, Royal Princess of Hungary and Bohemia, is the second child and oldest daughter of Prince Lorenz, Archduke of Austria-Este and Princess Astrid of Belgium. ... His Imperial and Royal Highness Prince Joachim Carl Maria Nikolaus Isabelle Marcus dAviano of Belgium (December 9, 1991), styled HI and RH Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia was born as the thirth child (second son) of Prince Lorenz, Archduke of Austria... Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Luisa Maria Anna Martine Pilar of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este, (October 11, 1995) was born in Bruxelles, Belgium as the fourth child (second daughter) of Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este and Princess Astrid of Belgium. ... Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Laetitia Maria Nora Anna Joachim Zita of Belgium (April 23, 2003), Imperial Princess and Archduchess of Austria-Este, Royal Princess of Hungary and Bohemia, was born as the fifth child (third daughter) of Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este and Princess Astrid of Belgium. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Karl_horse. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Karl_horse. ... Archduchess Marie-Astrid, Princess Imperial of Austria, Princess Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, Princess of Luxembourg, Nassau and Parma, Princess of Habsburg-Lorraine (Marie-Astrid Charlotte Léopoldine Wilhelmine Ingeborg Antoinette Elisabeth Anna Alberta von Habsburg-Lothringen) (born 17 February 1954 at Castle Betzdorf), is the oldest daughter and the... Duke Georg of Mecklenburg, Count of Carlow (5 October 1899-6 July 1962) was the morganatic born son of Duke George Alexander of Mecklenburg (1859-1909) and his wife Natalia Vanljarskaya, Countess of Carlow (1858-1921). ...

Quotes

  • "Now, we must help each other to get to Heaven."[3] Addressing Empress Zita on October 22, 1911, the day before their wedding.
  • "I am an officer with all my body and soul, but I do not see how anyone who sees his dearest relations leaving for the front can love war."[4] Addressing Empress Zita after the outbreak of World War I.
  • "I have done my duty, as I came here to do. As crowned King, I not only have a right, I also have a duty. I must uphold the right, the dignity and honor of the Crown... For me, this is not something light. With the last breath of my life I must take the path of duty. Whatever I regret, Our Lord and Savior has led me."[5] Addressing Cardinal Csernoch after the defeat of his attempt to regain the Hungarian throne in 1921. The British Government had vainly hoped that the Cardinal would be able to persuade him to renounce his title as King of Hungary.
  • "I must suffer like this so my people will come together again."[6] Spoken in Madeira, during his last illness.
  • "I can't go on much longer... Thy will be done... Yes... Yes... As you will it... Jesus!"[7] Reciting his last words while contemplating a crucifix held by Empress Zita.

October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The word cardinal comes from the Latin cardo for hinge and usually refers to things of fundamental importance, as in cardinal rule or cardinal sins. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... This is a list of all rulers of Hungary since Árpád. ... A crucifix amidst the cornfields near Mureck in rural Styria, Austria A handheld crucifix A crucifix in front of the Holy Spirit Church in KoÅ¡ice, Slovakia A crucifix is a cross with a representation of Jesuss body, or corpus. ...

Ancestors

Charles' ancestors in three generations
Charles I, Emperor of Austria Father:
Otto Franz of Austria
Father's father:
Karl Ludwig of Austria
Father's father's father:
Franz Karl of Austria
Father's father's mother:
Sophie of Bavaria
Father's mother:
Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies
Father's mother's father:
Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
Father's mother's mother:
Maria Theresa of Austria
Mother:
Maria Josepha of Saxony
Mother's father:
George of Saxony
Mother's father's father:
John I of Saxony
Mother's father's mother:
Amelia of Bavaria
Mother's mother:
Maria Anna of Portugal
Mother's mother's father:
Ferdinand II of Portugal
Mother's mother's mother:
Maria II of Portugal

Otto Franz, Otto Franz Joseph Karl Ludwig Maria, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (April 21, 1865-November 1, 1906) was the second son of Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph) and his second wife, Princess Maria Annunciata of... Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria (30 July 1833 – 19 May 1896) was the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose shooting occasioned the start of World War I. He was born at Schönbrunn in Vienna, the son of Archduke Franz Karl of Austria (1802-1878) and his wife... Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... Portrait of Archduchess Sophie by Joseph Stieler (1832) Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I of Bavaria and his second wife, Karoline of Baden. ... Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies was the 2nd wife of Franz Ferdinand Categories: | | | ... Ferdinand II (Ferdinando Carlo, January 12, 1810 – May 22, 1859) was the King of the Two Sicilies (Southern Italy) from 1830 until his death. ... Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony, Archduchess of Austria Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (Maria Josepha Luise Philippine Elisabeth Pia Angelika Margarete von Wettin), (31 May 1867 - 28 May 1944), was the mother of Emperor Karl I of Austria; she was never Empress herself. ... King George of Saxony by Franz Kops (1895) George I, King of Saxony (Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus) (8 August 1832 in Dresden - 15 October 1904 in Pillnitz) succeeded his brother Albrecht as King of Saxony on June 19, 1902. ... King John I of Saxony Johann I, King of Saxony (Johann Nepomuk Maria Joseph Anton Xaver Vincenz Aloys Franz de Paula Stanislaus Bernhard Paul Felix Damasus) (12 December 1801 – 29 October 1873) was the son of Maximilian, Duke of Saxony (1759-1838) and his first wife, Caroline of Bourbon-Parma... Maria Ana of Braganza, dona Maria Ana Fernanda Leopoldina Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Carlota Antónia Júlia Vitória Praxedes Francisca de Assis Gonzaga, pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1816 - December 15, 1885) was consort king of Portugal and Algarves following his marriage to Queen Maria II in 1836. ... Maria II da Glória, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ...

Official style of Charles I

Monarchical Styles of
Charles of Austria
Reference style His Imperial Majesty
Spoken style Your Imperial Majesty
Alternative style Sire
Styles of
Charles IV of Hungary
Reference style His Apostolic Majesty
Spoken style Your Apostolic Majesty
Alternative style Sire

His Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, Image File history File links Imperial Crown of Austria License:from German language version of Wikipedia. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... Is a cruise line. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1714x1401, 1081 KB) Hungarian National Crown auteur : toddjames source : http://www. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... His (Royal) Apostolic Majesty was a style style used by the Kings of Hungary since the time of Maria Theresa. ...


Charles the First,


By the Grace of God, Emperor of Austria, Apostolic King of Hungary, of this name the Fourth, King of Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, and Galicia, Lodomeria, and Illyria; King of Jerusalem etc., Archduke of Austria; Grand Duke of Tuscany and Cracow, Duke of Lorraine and of Salzburg, of Styria, of Carinthia, of Carniola and of the Bukovina; Grand Prince of Transylvania; Margrave of Moravia; Duke of Upper and Lower Silesia, of Modena, Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla, of Auschwitz and Zator, of Teschen, Friuli, Ragusa and Zara; Princely Count of Habsburg and Tyrol, of Kyburg, Gorizia and Gradisca; Prince of Trent and Brixen; Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia and in Istria; Count of Hohenems, Feldkirch, Bregenz, Sonnenberg, etc.; Lord of Trieste, of Cattaro, and in the Wendish Mark; Grand Voivode of the Voivodship of Serbia etc. etc. Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Dalmatia, highlighted, on a map of Croatia. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Coat-of-arms of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Galicia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: , German: , Hungarian: , Czech: , Yiddish: , Turkish: , Romanian: ) is an historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. ... Coat of arms of Lodomeria Lodomeria is the Latinized name of Volodymyr-Volhynia, a medieval Ruthenian principality, which was part of Halych-Volhynia in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... Illyria Illyria (disambiguation) Illyria (Anc. ... Official language Latin, French, Italian, and other western languages; Greek and Arabic also widely spoken Capital Jerusalem, later Acre Constitution Various laws, so-called Assizes of Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem was a Christian kingdom established in the Levant in 1099 by the First Crusade. ... Tuscany (Italian: )is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Motto: none Voivodship Lesser Poland Municipal government Rada miasta Kraków Mayor Jacek Majchrowski Area 326,8 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 757,500 (2004 est. ... Lorraine coat of arms location of the Lorraine province Lorraine (French: Lorraine; German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ... jgcfgdcfrtsrtfyguhjihgftrde Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km², located adjacent to the German border. ... Styria (Steiermark in German, Štajerska in Slovenian) can refer to: Styria - a federal state of Austria Styria - an informal province in Slovenia Styria - a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire and crownland of Austria-Hungary This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Carinthia, today state arms The Duchy of Carinthia (German language: Kärnten, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia. ... Carniola English and Latin; (Slovenian Kranjska, German Krain) is a name for a region in Slovenia. ... Bukovina (Ukrainian: , Bukovyna; Romanian: Bucovina; German and Polish: Bukowina; see also other languages) is a historical region on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and the adjoining plains. ... Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or ; Hungarian: ; German: ; Serbian: / Transilvanija or / Erdelj) is a historical region in central and western Romania. ... Flag of Moravia Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava; German: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ) is a historical region in the east of the Czech RepublicCzechia. ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... The Duchy of Modena (in full, the Duchies of Modena and Reggio) was a small Italian state that existed (with a break between 1796 and 1814) from 1452 to 1859. ... The Duchy of Parma was created in 1545 from that part of the Duchy of Milan south of the Po River, as a fief for Pope Paul IIIs illegitimate son, Pier Luigi Farnese, centered around the city of Parma. ... Piacenza (Placentia in Latin and old-fashioned English, Piasëinsa in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy. ... Guastalla is a town and commune in the province of Reggio Emilia in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... Arms of OÅ›wiÄ™cim View into part of the market square. ... Zator is a town in southern Poland. ... Divided city. ... Friulian Coats of Arms Friuli (Furlan: Friûl, German: Friaul, Slovenian: Furlanija) is an area in northeastern Italy, comprising the major part of the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 143. ... There are other articles with similar names; see Zadar (disambiguation). ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Coat of arms of Tyrol: *[1] The Tyrol is a historical region in Western Central Europe, which includes the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Tyrol) and the Italian regions known as the South Tyrol and Trentino. ... A palace Kyburg in Kyburg, Switzerland. ... Gorizia (Slovenian: Gorica, German: Görz, Friulian: Gurize) is a small town at the foot of the Alps, in northeastern Italy, on the border with Slovenia. ... Gradisca (also Gradisca dIsonzo) is a town in north-eastern Italy in the Friuli region. ... Panorama of Trento. ... Brixen (Bressanone) (Italian: Bressanone; German: Brixen; Ladin: Porsenù or Persenon; Archaic (827AD): Pressena, also Prichsna or Brixina; Latin: Bressanon; many of the regions Italian languages/dialects use Bressanon) is a town in the province of Bolzano-Bozen (part of the autonomous region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol) in Northern... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech Lužice) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern... Map of Istria Istria (Croatian and Slovenian: Istra, Italian: Istria) is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... Hohenems in Vorarlberg, Austria Hohenems is a town in the westernmost Austrian province of Vorarlberg, in the Dornbirn district. ... Feldkirch is a medieval city in the western Austrian state of Vorarlberg, at 47°15′ N 9°35′ E, on the border with Switzerland and Liechtenstein. ... Bregenz is the capital of Vorarlberg, the westernmost federal state of Austria. ... Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovenian and Croatian: Trst; German: Triest; Hungarian: Trieszt; Latin: Tergeste; Serbian: Трст or Trst) is a city and port in northeastern Italy right on the border with Slovenia. ... Coordinates Mayor Marija Ćatović (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 335 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 1,331 22,947 {{{density}}} No. ... Grosswojwod is the German version, official under the Habsburg monarchy in the case of the present Serbian autonomous region Vojvodina, of an original Slavonic (more precisely, Serbo-Croatian) title of the comparative semantic model (see Great King), augmenting the far more common Slavonic family of princely titles (including Wojwod) discussed... Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat and Principality of Serbia in 1849 The Voivodship of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat was a voivodship (duchy) of the Austrian Empire that existed between 1849 and 1860. ...


See also

Otto von Habsburg, born 20 November 1912 as Archduke Franz Joseph Otto Robert Maria Anton Karl Max Heinrich Sixtus Xaver Felix Renatus Ludwig Gaetan Pius Ignatius of Austria, is the current head of the Habsburg family and the eldest son of Karl of Austria, the last Emperor of Austria and... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Kings and Queens of Hungary & Princes of Transylvania, by István Gombás published by Corvina, Budapest, 2002 (ISBN 963-13-5152-1)
  2. ^ Blessed Emperor Charles, Prince of Peace for a United Europe, a Roman Catholic pamphlet, Nihil Obstat: Archdiocese of Vienna, 6.7.2005, K1238/05.
  3. ^ James and Joanna Bogle, "A Heart for Europe," page 35.
  4. ^ Bogle, "A Heart for Europe," page 54.
  5. ^ Bogle, "A Heart for Europe," page 137.
  6. ^ Bogle, "A Heart for Europe," page 143.
  7. ^ Bogle, "A Heart for Europe," page 144.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Karl I of Austria
Charles I of Austria
House of Habsburg-Lothringen
Born: 17 August 1887
Died: 1 April 1922
Regnal Titles
Preceded by
Franz Joseph I
Emperor of Austria
1916-1918
Succeeded by
Directory of the Council of State
King of Hungary
1916-1918
Succeeded by
Mihály Károlyi
Provisional President
King of Croatia, Slavonia, Dalmatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina
1916-1918
Succeeded by
National Council of
Slovenes, Croats and Serbs
King of Bohemia
1916-1918
Succeeded by
Tomáš Masaryk
President of Czechoslovakia
Head of the house of Habsburg
1916-1922
Succeeded by
Otto von Habsburg
Preceded by
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria-Este
1914-1917
Succeeded by
Archduke Robert

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zenit News Agency - The World Seen From Rome (554 words)
Charles of Austria was born August 17, 1887, in the Castle of Persenbeug in the region of Lower Austria.
Charles was given an expressly Catholic education and the prayers of a group of persons accompanied him from childhood, since a stigmatic nun prophesied that he would undergo great suffering and attacks would be made against him.
Charles was exiled to the island of Madeira.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m