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Encyclopedia > Charles H. Townes

Charles Hard Townes (born July 28, American physicist and educator. Townes is known for his work on the theory and application of the maser, on which he obtained the fundamental patent, and other work in quantum electronics connected with both maser and laser devices.


He shared the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physics with N. G. Basov and Aleksandr Prokhorov for contributions to this field, and in 1998 he was awarded the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship by the American Astronomical Society.


He received his bachelor's degrees in physics and modern languages from Furman University in 1935, and his Ph.D. in physics from Caltech in 1939. With Arthur Leonard Schawlow, he wrote the book Microwave Spectroscopy, published in 1955.


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Charles Hard Townes - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (688 words)
Townes is known for his work on the theory and application of the maser, on which he obtained the fundamental patent, and other work in quantum electronics connected with both maser and laser devices.
Townes came to the California Institute of Technology as a graduate student in 1937, and received his PhD in 1939.
Charlie Townes was the lead researcher in the construction of the Infrared Spatial Interferometer, the first astronomical interferometer to operate in the mid-infrared.
Charles H. Townes - Biography (953 words)
Charles Hard Townes was born in Greenville, South Carolina, on July 28, 1915, the son of Henry Keith Townes, an attorney, and Ellen (Hard) Townes.
Townes completed work for the Master of Arts degree in Physics at Duke University in 1936, and then entered graduate school at the California Institute of Technology, where he received the Ph.D. degree in 1939 with a thesis on isotope separation and nuclear spins.
Townes and his students coined the word "maser" for this device, which is an acronym for microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation.
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