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Encyclopedia > Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia
Medal of Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia.

Charles Emmanuel III (April 27, 1701 - February 20, 1773) was the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia from 1730 until his death. Image File history File links Karel_Emmanuel_III_van_Sardinië.jpg File links The following pages link to this file: Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia ... Image File history File links Karel_Emmanuel_III_van_Sardinië.jpg File links The following pages link to this file: Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1773 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy (a small region between Piedmont, Italy, and France). ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy, a region between Piedmont, Italy, France and French-speaking Switzerland. ...

Contents

Biography

Early years

He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia and his first wife Anne Marie of Orléans. His maternal grandparents were Philippe I, Duke of Orléans and his first wife Henrietta Anne, the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England and Henrietta Maria of France. Torino redirects here. ... Victor Amadeus II (b. ... Anne Marie of Orléans (Saint Cloud, August 27, 1669 - Turin, August 26, 1728), was a Queen of Savoy and Sardinia and maternal grandmother of Louis XV of France. ... Philippe I, duc dOrléans (September 21, 1640 – June 8, 1701), known as Monsieur--as the French Kings eldest brother was traditionally called--at the French court from 1660, was the son of Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria, and younger brother of Louis XIV of... Henrietta Anne Stuart (June 16, 1644 - June 30, 1670), sometimes known familiarly as Minette, was the youngest daughter of King Charles I of England and Queen Henrietta Maria of France. ... Charles I King of England, Scotland and Ireland Charles I (19 November 1600–30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625, until his death. ... Queen Henrietta Maria (November 25, 1609 – September 10, 1669) was Queen Consort of England, Scotland and Ireland (June 13, 1625 - January 30, 1649) through her marriage to Charles I. The U.S. state of Maryland (in Latin, Terra Mariae) was so named in her honour by Cæcilius Calvert, son...


Savoy had been successful in the War of Spanish Succession, gaining the title of king of Sicily but later exchanging it with Sardinia. However, Victor Amadeus in his late year was dominated by shyness and sadness, probably under the effect of some mental illness. In the end, on September 3, 1730, he abdicated, leaving the throne to Charles (nicknamed "Carlino" for his gracile and unpleasant building). He has been not loved by Victor Amadeus, and has consequently received an uncomplete education. He however acquired noteworthy knowledge in the military field along his father. Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: ; Sardinian: or Sardinna) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births April 16 - Henry Clinton, British general (d. ...


After some time spent in his residence of Chambéry, however, Victor Amadeus started again to intervene in Charles' government, although this did not impede the latter to reintroduce the feasts and the general gay atmosphere that had been abolished from Turin in the former years. In the summer 1731, after having recovered from a potentially fatal illness, Victor Amadeus returned to the throne. He accused his son of incompetence and established himself in Moncalieri: however, Charles Emmanuel managed to have Victor Amadeus arrested by the Crown's Council, in order to prevent him from attacking Milan and probably causing an invasion of Piedmont. The old king was confined to the Castle of Rivoli, where he later died without any further harm to Charles. The city and arrondissement of Chambéry in Savoie, France, has been the historical capital of Savoy since the 13th century, when Amadeus V of Savoy made it his seat. ... One of the towers of the castle. ... Milan (Italian: ; Lombard: Milán (listen)) is one of the biggest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. ... The unifinished façade by Filippo Juvarra. ...

Portrait of Carlo Emanuele III.
Portrait of Carlo Emanuele III.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

The War of Polish Succession

In the War of the Polish Succession Charles Emmanuel sided for the French- backed king Stanislaw I. After the treaty of alliance signed in Turin, on October 28, 1733 he marched on Milan and occupied Lombardy without significant losses. However, when France tried to convince Philip V of Spain to join the coalition, he asked to receive Milan and Mantua in exchange. This was not acceptable for Charles Emmanuel, as it would recreate a Spanish domination in Italy as it had been in the previous centuries. While negotiations continued about the matter, the Savoy-French-Spanish troops attacked Mantua under the supreme command of Charles Emmanuel himself. The War of the Polish Succession (1733-1738) was a European war and a Polish civil war, with considerable interference from other countries, to determine the succession to Augustus II, King of Poland, as well as an attempt by the Bourbon powers to check the power of Austria in western... Reign From 1704 until 1709 and from 1733 until 1736 Elected In 1704 and 1733 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On October 4, 1705 in the St. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 64 days remaining. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... The Duchy of Milan was a state in northern Italy from 1395 to 1797. ... The Duchy of Mantua was an Italian state that was ruled by the Gonzaga family from 1328 to 1708. ...


Sure that in the end Mantua would be assigned to Spain, he voluntarily thwarted the expedition. The Piedmontese army was victorious in two battles at Crocetta and Guastalla. In the end, when Austria and France signed a peace, Charles was forced to leave Lombardy. In exchange, he was given some territories, including Langhe, Tortona and Novara. The Langhe is the an hilly area in southern Piedmont, Italy. ... For the medieval scholar Tortona, see Marziano da Tortona Tortona is a comune of Piedmont, in the Province of Alessandria, Italy. ... Novara is a city of Piedmont, in North-west Italy, to the west of Milan. ...


The War of Austrian Succession

Coat of Arms of Kings of Sardinia of House of Savoy after 1720.
Coat of Arms of Kings of Sardinia of House of Savoy after 1720.

Charles Emmanuel was involved in the War of Austrian Succession, which he sided for Maria Theresa of Austria, with financial and naval support from England. After noteworthy but inconclusive initially successes, he had to face the French-Spanish invasion of Savoy and, after a failed allied attempt to conquer the Kingdom of Naples, the county of Nizza. When the enemy army invaded Piedmont, in 1744 he personally defended Cuneo by the Spanish-French besiegers. The following year, with some 20,000 men was facing and invasion of two armies for a total of some 60,000 troops. The important strongholds of Alessandria, Asti and Casale fell. In 1746, after received reinforces from Austria, he was able to capture back the first two. In 1747 he obtained a crushing victory over the French at the battle of Assietta, and his territories were saved when the main battleground moved northwards to the Netherlands. Image File history File links Armoiries_Sardaigne_1720. ... Image File history File links Armoiries_Sardaigne_1720. ... The War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). ... Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia The worlds most famous coin, a silver thaler of Maria Theresa, dated 1780. ... The Kingdom of Naples was born out of the division of the Kingdom of Sicily after the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. ... For the Alessandria meteorite of 1860, see Meteorite falls. ... Asti is a city and comune in the Piemonte or Piedmont region, in north-western Italy, about 80 kilometres east of Turin in the plain of the Tanaro River. ... Casale Monferrato is a town in the Piedmont region of north-west Italy, part of the province of Alessandria. ... Year 1747 (MDCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants France Kingdom of Sardinia Commanders Louis Charles Armand Fouquet Count of Bricherasio Casualties c. ...


The outcome of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle showed his qualities as negotiator also, as he was returned the lost provinces of Nice and Savoy, and obtained Vigevano as well as other lands in the Pianura Padana. The second Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (Aachen) of 1748 ended the War of the Austrian Succession. ... For the Unix program, see nice_(Unix) This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Flag of Savoy This article is about the historical region of Savoy. ... Vigevano is an ancient town in the province of Pavia, Lombardy, northern Italy, which possesses many artistic treasures and runs a huge industrial business. ... The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ...


He declined to participate in the Seven Years' War (1756-83), preferring to concentrate on administrative reforms, to maintain a well-disciplined army and to strengthen his fortresses. In an attempt to improve the poor condition of the newly acquired Sardinia, he also founded the Universities of Sassari and Cagliari. Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland Electorate of Hanover Kingdom of Portugal Brunswick Hesse-Kassel Holy Roman/Austrian Empire Kingdom of France Russian Empire Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and Sicily Kingdom of Sardinia The Seven Years War (1754... Sassari (in Italian and Sassarese, a Corsican dialect; either Sassari or Tathari in southern Sardinian), is a town and a province in Sardinia, Italy. ... Càgliari is the capital of the island of Sardinia, an autonomous region of Italy. ...


Charles Emmanuel died in Turin in 1773. He was buried in the Basilica of Superga. The Basilica of Superga is a church in the vicinity of Turin. ...


Family

He married

1. Anne Christine Louise of Bavaria (b. 1704- d. 1723), a member of the Wittelsbach dynasty. She died a few days later after giving birth to a son:
1. Vittorio Amedeo (b.1723-d.1725).
2. Polyxene (Felicia?) Christine of Hesse-Rheinfels (b.1706-d.1735), with whom he had six children:
1. Victor Amadeus III of Savoy (b.1726-d.1796).
2. Eleonora Maria Teresa (b.1728-d.1781), unmarried.
3. Maria Luisa Gabriella, a nun (b.1729-d.1767).
4. Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta (b.1731-d.1735).
5. Carlo Francesco Romualdo, Duke of Chablais (1733)
6. Maria Felicita (b.1730-d.1801), unmarried.
3. Elisabeth Teresa of Lorraine (b.1711-d.1741), younger sister of Francis I, with whom he had three children:
1. Carlo Francesco Maria Augusto, Duke of Aosta (1738-1745).
2. Maria Vittoria Margherita (b.1740-d.1742).
3. Benedetto Maria Maurizio (b.1741-d.1808), Duke of Chablais (-1796) and Marchese of Ivrea (1796-1808). He married his niece Maria Anna, Princess of Savoy (b.1757-d. 1824), daughter of his older half-brother Victor Amadeus.
Preceded by
Victor Amadeus II
King of Sardinia
1730-1773
Succeeded by
Victor Amadeus III
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
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Charles IV (1480 words)
He was the eldest son of Vittorio Amadeo di Savoia, Duke of Savoy (later King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia) and of his wife, the Infanta Maria Antonia of Spain (daughter of King Philip V of Spain).
When he was born, Charles Emanuel was also fifth in line to the English and Scottish thrones - after Charles, Prince of Wales, Henry, Cardinal Duke of York, King Charles Emanuel III of Sardinia, and the Duke of Savoy (later King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia).
Charles Emanuel's sister Giuseppina suggested a match with her sister-in-law Princess Marie-Clothilde of France, daughter of the late Dauphin Louis and of his wife, Princess Maria Josefa of Saxony.
Victor Emmanuel II - Britannica Concise (384 words)
Victor Emmanuel III - king of Italy whose reign brought the end of the Italian monarchy.
Charles Emmanuel II - duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675, during a period of restoration and consolidation in the whole of Piedmont.
Charles Emmanuel III - king of Sardinia–Piedmont and an extremely skilled soldier whose aid other European countries often solicited for the many wars of his time.
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