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Encyclopedia > Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I.
Coat of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Victor Amadeus I.

Charles Emmanuel II (Italian: Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia, June 20, 1634June 12, 1675) was the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine Marie of France until 1663. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The House of Savoy was a dynasty of nobles who traditionally had their domain in Savoy (a small region between Piedmont, Italy, and France). ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Year 1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Christine Marie of France, Regent of Savoy Christine Marie of France, fr. ... Year 1663 (MDCLXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Marquis has many different meanings: The French spelling of the title known in English as Marquess and Margrave. ... Saluzzo is a town in Cuneo province, Piedmont region. ... A count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl, whose wife is also still a countess (for lack of an Anglo-Saxon term). ... Aosta Cathedral. ... The title Count of Geneva originated in the tenth century, in the Kingdom of Burgundy; it was carried by Aymar of Geneva, who married Bertha of Flanders, daughter of Baudouin III, count of Flanders, and died in 1016. ... Categories: ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of Kings of Jerusalem, from 1099 to 1291, as well as claimants to the title up to the present day. ...

Carlo Emanuele II.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Biography

He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France. His maternal grandparents were Henry IV of France and his second wife Marie de' Medici. “Torino” redirects here. ... Vittorio Amedeo I., Duke of Savoy Victor Amadeus I (Italian: Vittorio Amedeo I di Savoia, May 8, 1587 – October 7, 1637) was the Duke of Savoy from 1630 to 1637. ... Henry IV of France, also Henry III of Navarre (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), ruled as King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. ... Portrait of Marie de Medici. ...


His mother governed in his place, and even after reaching adulthood, Charles Emmanuel continued a life of pleasure, far away from the affairs of state.


He became notorious for his persecution of the Vaudois (Waldensians) culminating in the massacre of 1655. The Canton of Vaud is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland located in the southwestern part of the country. ...


Only after the death of his mother in 1663, he really assumed power. He was not successful in gaining a passage to the sea at the expense of Genoa (Second Genoese-Savoyard War, 1672-1673), and had difficulties in retaining the influence of his powerful neighbour France. Genoa (Genova [] in Italian - Zena [] in Genoese) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria. ...


But he greatly improved commerce and wealth in the Duchy, developing the port of Nice and building a road through the Alps towards France. He also reformed the army, which until then was mostly composed of mercenaries: he formed instead five Piedmontese regiments and recreated cavalry, as well as introducing uniforms. He also restored fortifications. He constructed many beautiful buildings in Turin, for instance the Palazzo Reale. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Torino” redirects here. ... Palazzo Reale, Turin: the facade (1646–60). ...


Marriage and issue

Charles Emmanuel married

1. Françoise Madeleine of Orléans (b.1648-d.1664), daughter of his maternal uncle Gaston, Duke of Orléans and younger brother of his mother Christine Marie.
2. Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours (French) b.1644- d. March 15, 1724, regent 1675 to 1684 and had 1 child Vittorio Amedeo.

He also had a number of illegitimate children. Orléans (Latin, meaning golden) is a city and commune in north-central France, about 130 km (80 miles) southwest of Paris. ... Gaston Jean-Baptiste, duc dOrléans (April 25, 1608, Fontainebleau – February 2, 1660, Blois), was the third son of the French king Henry IV and of his wife Marie de Medici. ... Marie Jeanne Baptiste de Savoie-Nemours (Paris, April 11, 1644 - Turin March 15, 1724), was regent of Savoy. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... Year 1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events France under Louis XIV makes Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Empire and Spain. ... Victor Amadeus II (b. ...


References

  • (alleanza monarchica, Italian)
Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
House of Savoy
Born: 20 June 1634
Died: 12 June 1675
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Francis Hyacinth and Regent Christine Marie of France (1638 - 1663)
Duke of Savoy
1638-1675
Succeeded by
Victor Amadeus II

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