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Encyclopedia > Charles Coughlin
Father Coughlin

Charles Edward Coughlin (October 25, 1891October 27, 1979) was a Canadian-born Roman Catholic priest at Royal Oak, Michigan's National Shrine of the Little Flower Church. He was one of the first political leaders to use radio to reach a mass audience, as more than forty million tuned to his weekly broadcasts during the 1930s. This radio program included commentary about Jews that was widely regarded as antisemitism, as well as rationalizations of some of the policies of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini[1] that many people found objectionable. The broadcasts have been called "a variation of the Fascist agenda applied to American culture".[2] His chief topics were political and economic rather than religious, with his slogan being Social Justice, first with, then against, the New Deal. Despite criticism of his methods Fr Coughlin still has his admirers in Catholic Traditional church people in Australia. Fr John George, a retired priest in Sydney Australia, on his True Catholic [1] has this to say [2]:- Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Fatherc2. ... Image File history File links Fatherc2. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Star Dream by Marshall Fredericks in downtown Royal Oak Royal Oak is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Shrine of the Little Flower National Shrine of the Little Flower Catholic Church in Royal Oak, Michigan is a Catholic Church completed in two stages, from 1931 to 1936, and funded by the proceeds of the radio ministry of the controversial Father Charles Coughlin. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... Antisemitism (alternatively spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism, also known as judeophobia) is prejudice and hostility toward Jews as a religious, racial, or ethnic group. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Mussolini redirects here. ... Fascist redirects here. ... Social justice refers to the concept of an unjust society that refers to more than just the administration of laws. ... This article is about Franklin D. Roosevelts 1930s political reforms in the United States. ...


Others in Australian Catholicism take a different view of Father Coughlin . Cliff Baxter, a famous Australian Journalist, writes in Catholica:


[3]


There is no doubt that the astounding popularity of Father Coughlin with Irish Catholics in the United States was due to his honest outrage over the betrayal of the American worker. While industrialists grew rich the workers starved. Unlike Marxists, however, he did not blame the ruling class, but concentrated upon blaming the Jews. He also criticised the Jews for failing to oppose communism rigorously. This mindset resonated with American working people who were seeking the perpetrators of their plight. Father Coughlin's philosophy also appealed to American isolationism. The Marxists had said war was the working class of one nation killing the working class of another. Father Coughlin was determined to keep Americans out of a future war. We need to realise that the slaughter of the working class in World War I over Britain's imperial interests remained a vivid memory for many families who had lost sons in that gigantic conflict. This enormous grief was not confined to America. In Australia there had been the successful anti-conscription campaign in WWI led by Archbishop Daniel Mannix of Melbourne. Father Coughlin's immensely popular broadcasts had a special appeal to the huge isolationist, anti-war movement of the USA. So powerful was it that President Roosevelt had to provide only sub rosa help to Britain in response to Winston Churchill's appeals.. Only Pearl Harbour brought America into World War II. If we can accept Father Coughlin as being of good intent we also need to recognize his terrible mistakes. His philosophy and world view fitted perfectly with Hitler's Nazis. His tirades against President Roosevelt's New Deal as some kind of Bolshevism must have been like manna to the Nazis, as were his "Jewish conspiracy" theories. The history of anti-Semitism in the United States is a long one, despite the fact that Jews fought both for American independence and for Abraham Lincoln and the Union in the Civil War. .Today's pro-Israel, pro-Zionist lobby in Washington can to some extent be traced as a reaction to this antiJewishness. Aside from his misplaced "blame the Jews for our woes " tirades, Father Coughlin misread the new Nazi Germany. Like so many of his time (including many in Britain) he saw it as a young, vigorous bulwark against Soviet Communism, which he saw as being either promoted or not effectively opposed by Jews. (Remember, Jews were still regarded as Christ-killers who stubbornly refused to accept Christ as Savior.) Father Coughlin was not alone. The Sydney Morning Herald in an editorial saw Kristallnacht as merely "youthful excesses" in the young Germany. Hindsight is a great thing and we need to be fair to Father Coughlin, although there remains the image of a pro-Nazi demagogue. Perhaps a Catholic dupe is fairer.


Father Coughlin is still a fascinating figure.

 "Fr Charles Coughlin was a good priest who had the interests of workers at heart. Sadly in North America, particuarly the USA, the Americanist heresy was rife and poor Fr Charles had many opponents. 

In Canada workers had more rights and wins in the workplace. The USA was a difficult battle ground for social doctrinally aware Fr Coughlin."

Contents

Early broadcasts and political activism

Coughlin was born in Hamilton, Ontario, to Irish Catholic parents, and was ordained in Toronto in 1916. He taught at Assumption College in Windsor, Ontario, before moving to Detroit in 1923. He began his radio broadcasts in 1926 over station WJR, broadcasting weekly sermons on a regular program. In 1931 the CBS radio network dropped free sponsorship, so he raised money to create his own national network, which soon reached millions of listeners. He strongly endorsed Franklin D. Roosevelt during the 1932 Presidential election. He was an early supporter of Roosevelt's New Deal reforms, and coined the phrase "Roosevelt or ruin," famous during the early days of the first FDR administration, as well as "The New Deal is Christ's Deal."[3] However, Coughlin's focus changed during the 1930s as he preached more and more about the negative influence of "international bankers" and of Wall Street on the general welfare and about the need for monetary reform. Coughlin claimed that the Depression was a cash famine (modern economic historians, in part, agree[4]), and proposed monetary reforms, including the elimination of the Federal Reserve System, as the solution. Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Assumption University of Windsor, Ontario has a heritage reaching back to 1857 and is the parent of the University of Windsor, administered by the Congregation of St. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... WJR is a radio station in Detroit, Michigan, United States. ... FDR redirects here. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... This article is about Franklin D. Roosevelts 1930s political reforms in the United States. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... Elaborate marble facade of NYSE as seen from the intersection of Broad and Wall Streets For other uses, see Wall Street (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The Fed redirects here. ...


By 1934 Coughlin was perhaps the most prominent Catholic spokesman on political and financial issues, with a radio audience that reached millions of people every week. When he began criticizing the New Deal that year, Roosevelt sent Joseph P. Kennedy and Frank Murphy, prominent Irish Catholics, to try to tone him down. Ignoring them, Coughlin began denouncing Roosevelt as a tool of Wall Street. He supported Huey Long until Long was killed in 1935, and then supported William Lemke's third party in 1936. Thus, as Coughlin turned into a bitter opponent of the New Deal, his radio talks escalated in vehemence against Roosevelt, capitalists and Jewish conspirators. Kennedy, who strongly supported the New Deal, warned as early as 1933 that Coughlin was "becoming a very dangerous proposition" as an opponent of Roosevelt and "an out and out demagogue." Kennedy worked with Roosevelt, Bishop Francis Spellman and Eugenio Cardinal Pacelli (the future Pope Pius XII) in a successful effort to get the Vatican to shut Coughlin down in 1936.[5] In 1940-41, reversing his own views, Kennedy attacked the isolationism of Coughlin (and aviator Charles Lindbergh).[6] Joseph Joe Patrick Kennedy, Sr. ... For the Australian rules footballer, see Frank Murphy (footballer). ... Huey Pierce Long, Jr. ... William Frederick Lemke (August 13, 1878 – May 30, 1950), was a United States politician. ... Capitalism generally refers to in philosophy and politics, a social system based on the principle of individual rights, including property rights. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... A demagogue (sometimes spelled demagog) is a leader who obtains power by appealing to the gut feelings of the public, usually by powerful use of rhetoric and propaganda. ... Francis Joseph Cardinal Spellman, (4 May 1889–2 December 1967) was an American prelate, the ninth bishop and sixth archbishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of New York. ... Pope Pius XII (Latin: ), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (March 2, 1876 – October 9, 1958), reigned as the 260th pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City, from March 2, 1939 until his death. ... Charles Augustus Lindbergh (4 February 1902 – 26 August 1974), known as Lucky Lindy and The Lone Eagle, was an American pilot famous for the first solo, non-stop flight across the Atlantic, from Roosevelt Field, Long Island to Paris in 1927 in the Spirit of St. ...


Coughlin in 1935 proclaimed, "I have dedicated my life to fight against the heinous rottenness of modern capitalism because it robs the laborer of this world's goods. But blow for blow I shall strike against Communism, because it robs us of the next world's happiness."[7] He accused Roosevelt of "leaning toward international socialism or sovietism on the Spanish question." Coughlin founded the National Union for Social Justice, an organization with a strong following among nativists and opponents of the Federal Reserve, especially in the Midwest. As Kazin notes, Coughlinites saw Wall Street and Communism as twin faces of a secular Satan. They defended a "people" who cohered more through piety, economic frustration, and a common dread of powerful, modernizing enemies than through any class identity.[8] This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Religious socialism Key Issues People and organizations Related subjects Socialism refers to a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ...


One of Coughlin's campaign slogans was: "Less care for internationalism and more concern for national prosperity" which went well with the isolationist movement in the United States. Coughlin's organization appealed especially to Irish Catholics. In 1936, Coughlin helped found a short-lived political party, the Union Party, which nominated William Lemke for President. Coughlin promised to retire if Lemke did not get 9 million votes, and when he received only 900,000 Coughlin stopped broadcasting briefly. He resumed in 1937. Isolationism is a diplomatic policy whereby a nation seeks to avoid alliances with other nations. ... Irish Catholics are persons of predominantly Irish descent who adhere to the Roman Catholic faith. ... The Union Party was a short-lived political party in the United States, formed in 1936 by a coalition of radio priest Father Charles Coughlin, old-age pension advocate Francis Townsend, and Gerald L. K. Smith, who had taken control of Huey Longs Share Our Wealth movement after Long... William Frederick Lemke (August 13, 1878 – May 30, 1950), was a United States politician. ...


Antisemitism

After the 1936 election, Coughlin increasingly expressed sympathy for the fascist policies of Hitler and Mussolini, as an antidote to Bolshevism. His CBS radio broadcasts became suffused with themes regarded as overtly antisemitic. He blamed the Depression on an "international conspiracy of Jewish bankers", and also claimed that Jewish bankers were behind the Russian Revolution. On 27 November 1938, he said "There can be no doubt that the Russian Revolution ... was launched and fomented by distinctively Jewish influence." Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Mussolini redirects here. ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... The CBS Radio Network provides news, sports and other programming to more than 1,000 radio stations throughout the United States. ... Antisemitism (alternatively spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism, also known as judeophobia) is prejudice and hostility toward Jews as a religious, racial, or ethnic group. ... The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political and social upheavals in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the tsarist autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal and moderate-socialist Provisional Government, resulting in the establishment of Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


He began publication of a newspaper, Social Justice, during this period, in which he printed antisemitic polemics such as The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Like Joseph Goebbels, Coughlin claimed that Marxist atheism in Europe was a Jewish plot. The 5 December 1938 issue of Social Justice included an article by Coughlin which closely resembled a speech made by Goebbels on 13 September 1935 attacking Jews, atheists and communists, with some sections being copied verbatim by Coughlin from an English translation of the Goebbels speech. At a rally in the Bronx in 1938, he gave a Nazi salute and said, "When we get through with the Jews in America, they'll think the treatment they received in Germany was nothing." [9] For the 2005 documentary film by Marc Levin, see Protocols of Zion (film). ... Paul Joseph Goebbels (German pronunciation: IPA: ; English generally IPA: ) (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was a German politician and Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda during the National Socialist regime from 1933 to 1945. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...

On November 20, 1938, two weeks after Kristallnacht, when Jews across Germany were attacked and killed, and Jewish businesses, homes and synagogues burned, Coughlin blamed the Jewish victims,[10] saying that "Jewish persecution only followed after Christians first were persecuted." After this speech, and as his programs became more antisemitic, some radio stations, including those in New York and Chicago, began refusing to air his speeches without pre-approved scripts; in New York, his programs were cancelled by WINS and WMCA, leaving Coughlin to broadcasting on the Newark part-time station WHBI. This made Coughlin a hero in Nazi Germany, where papers ran headlines like: "America is Not Allowed to Hear the Truth." On December 18, 1938 two thousand of Coughlin's followers marched in New York protesting potential asylum law changes that would allow more Jews (including refugees from Hitler's persecution) into the US, chanting, "Send Jews back where they came from in leaky boats!" and "Wait until Hitler comes over here!" The protests continued for several months. Donald Warren, using information from the FBI and German government archives, has also argued that Coughlin received indirect funding from Nazi Germany during this period.[11] Image File history File links CharlesCoughlin222. ... Image File history File links CharlesCoughlin222. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Reichspogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of the Broken Glass, was a pogrom that occurred throughout Nazi Germany on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... WINS (1010 kHz. ... WMCA, 570 AM, is a radio station in New York City, most known for its Good Guys Top 40 era in the 1960s. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Right of asylum (or political asylum) is an ancient judicial notion, under which a person persecuted for political opinions or religious beliefs in his or her country may be protected by another sovereign authority, a foreign country, or Church sanctuaries (as in medieval times). ... F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ...


Additionally, after 1936, Coughlin began supporting an organization called the Christian Front, which claimed him as an inspiration. In January, 1940, the Christian Front was shut down when the FBI discovered the group was arming itself and "planning to murder Jews, communists, and 'a dozen Congressmen'"[12] and eventually establish, in J. Edgar Hoover's words, "a dictatorship, similar to the Hitler dictatorship in Germany." Coughlin publicly stated, after the plot was discovered, that he still did not "disassociate himself from the movement," and though he was never linked directly to the plot, his reputation suffered a fatal decline[13]. John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. ...


Cancellation of radio show

At its peak in the early 1930s, Coughlin's radio show was phenomenally popular: his office received up to 80,000 letters per week from listeners, and his listening audience was estimated to rise at times to as much as one-third of the nation. Coughlin is often credited as one of the major demagogues of the 20th century for being able to influence politics through broadcasting, without actually holding a political office himself. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


Boyea (1995) shows that the Catholic Church did not approve of Coughlin. The Vatican, the Apostolic Delegation in Washington, D.C., the archbishop of Cincinnati, and the chairman of the National Catholic Welfare Conference (NCWC) all wanted the priest silenced. They recognized that only Coughlin's superior, Detroit Bishop Michael Gallagher, had the canonical authority to curb him; and Gallagher supported the "Radio Priest." Therefore, due to Gallagher's autonomy and the prospect of Coughlin leading a schism, the Catholic leadership was impotent. The flag of Vatican City and the Holy See flies above the Nunciature to the United States. ... The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cincinnati covers the Cincinnati metropolitan area, the greater Dayton area and other communities in the southwest region of the state of Ohio in the United States. ...


A radio battle was fought in the late 1930s between The Reverend Walton E. Cole, a Unitarian minister in Toledo, Ohio, and Coughlin, who became far more controversial when his broadcasts took a political turn toward Nazism and antisemitism. Rev. Cole tried to prevail upon the Catholic hierarchy to have his inflammatory broadcasts stopped. Walton Cole’s widow, Lorena M. Cole, donated Cole's papers to the Claremont School of Theology with personal notes and reminiscences about this tense episode. The Claremont School of Theology is a graduate school located in Claremont, California, offering Master of Art, Masters of Divinity, Doctorate of Ministry and Ph. ...


In spite of his early support for FDR, Coughlin's populist message contained bitter attacks on the Roosevelt administration. They decided that although the First Amendment protected free speech, it did not necessarily apply to broadcasting, because the radio spectrum was a "limited national resource" and regulated as a publicly-owned commons. New regulations and restrictions were created to force Coughlin off the air. For the first time, operating permits were required of those who were regular radio broadcasters. When Coughlin's permit was denied, he was temporarily silenced.


Unwilling to give up without a fight, Coughlin worked around the restriction by purchasing air time and having his speeches played via record. However, having to buy the time on individual stations seriously reduced his reach and strained his resources. And while Coughlin's voice grew dimmer, the voices of his critics grew louder.


According to Marcus' book, Coughlin's opposition to the repeal of a neutrality-oriented arms-embargo law triggered more successful efforts to force him off the air. In October 1939, one month after the invasion of Poland, the Code Committee of the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) adopted new rules which placed "rigid limitations on the sale of radio time to spokesman of controversial public issues." Manuscripts were required to be submitted in advance. Radio stations were threatened with the loss of their licenses if they failed to comply. This ruling was clearly aimed at Coughlin due to his leadership in opposition to prospective American involvement in the Second World War. As a result, the September 23, 1939 issue of Social Justice stated that he had been forced from the air "...by those who control circumstances beyond my reach" (pp 173-177). A neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties, and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by either of them. ... An arms embargo serves one or more purposes. ... For the Soviet Unions military action against Poland under the same alliance, see Soviet invasion of Poland (1939). ... The National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) is a US trade association that advocates on behalf of over 8,300 radio and television stations and networks before Congress, the Federal Communications Commission and various judicial bodies. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Coughlin reasoned that although the government had assumed the right to regulate any on-air broadcasts, the First Amendment still guaranteed and protected freedom of the written press. He could still print his editorials without censorship in his own newspaper, Social Justice. However, FDR's administration stepped in again, this time revoking his mailing privileges and making it impossible for Coughlin to deliver the papers to his readers. He had the right to publish whatever he wanted, but not the right to use the United States Post Office Department to deliver it. The lack of a conduit to his followers seriously reduced his influence, and after the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war in December 1941, the anti-interventionist movement (such as the America First Committee) began to sputter out, and isolationists like Coughlin were seen as being sympathetic to the enemy. In 1942, the new bishop of Detroit ordered Coughlin to stop his controversial political activities and confine himself to his duties as a parish priest. Coughlin complied and remained the pastor of the Shrine of the Little Flower until retiring in 1966. He refused numerous interview opportunities, and continued to write pamphlets denouncing Communism until his death in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan in 1979, at the age of 88. Social justice refers to the concept of an unjust society that refers to more than just the administration of laws. ... The America First Committee was the foremost pressure group against American entry into the Second World War. ... Bloomfield Hills is a city located in Oakland County, Michigan. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...


Coughlin was reported by an occasional parish visitor to have kept his rectory in Hazel Park, Michigan.


References in popular culture

The producers of the HBO television series Carnivàle have said that the character of Brother Justin Crowe was inspired by Coughlin.[14] For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... Carnivàle, pronounced // (“car-nih-VAL”), was an American dramatic television series produced by HBO. Created by Daniel Knauf, it starred Nick Stahl and Clancy Brown. ... Clancy Brown as Brother Justin Brother Justin Crowe is a fictional character in the American television series Carnivàle. ...


Coughlin was mentioned in a verse of Woody Guthrie's pro-interventionist song "Lindbergh": "Yonder comes Father Coughlin, wearin’ the silver chain, Cash on his stomach and Hitler on the brain." Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912–October 3, 1967) was a prolific American songwriter and folk musician. ...


Coughlin was vilified in the press by cartoonist Theodor Seuss Geisel, best known for his children's books written under the pen name of Dr. Seuss, as a nazi sympathiser. [15] Theodor Seuss Geisel (March 2, 1904 – September 24, 1991) was an American writer and cartoonist best known for his classic childrens books under the pen name Dr. Seuss, including The Cat in the Hat, Green Eggs and Ham, How the Grinch Stole Christmas and One Fish Two Fish Red...


Notes

  1. ^ John Shelton Lawrence and Robert Jewett The Myth of the American Superhero (2002), Wm B. Eerdmans Publishing, page 132
  2. ^ Lawrence DiStasi. Una storia segreta: The Secret History of Italian American Evacuation and Interment During World II, Heyday Books, page 163
  3. ^ Peter C. Rollins and John E. O'Connor. Hollywood's White House: The American Presidency in Film and History (2005), University Press of Kentucky, page 160
  4. ^ Milton Friedman and Anna J. Schwartz. A Monetary History of the United States, 1867-1960 (1963), Princeton University Press (for the National Bureau of Economic Research
  5. ^ Thomas Maier, The Kennedys: America's Emerald Kings (2003) pp 103-107
  6. ^ Amanda Smith, Hostage to Fortune.(2002) pp 122, 171, 379, 502; Alan Brinkley, Voices of Protest (1984) p 127; Michael Kazin, The Populist Persuasion (1995) pp 109, 123.
  7. ^ Kazin p 109
  8. ^ Kazin p 112
  9. ^ William Manchester, "The Glory And The Dream", 1974, Bantam Books, p. 176.
  10. ^ Marc Dollinger (2000): Quest for Inclusion. Princeton University Press. p.66
  11. ^ Warren, Radio Priest: Charles Coughlin, The Father of Hate Radio, 1996.
  12. ^ Father Charles Edward Coughlin (1891-1971) by Richard Sanders, Editor
  13. ^ New York Times, January 22, 1940
  14. ^ Carnivale press conference
  15. ^ http://orpheus.ucsd.edu/speccoll/dspolitic/Frame.htm

This Article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Glory and the Dream is a 1400-page volume by William Manchester, describing the history of the United States between 1932 and 1972. ...

Sources

  • Athans, Mary Christine. "A New Perspective on Father Charles E. Coughlin". Church History. 56:2 (June 1987), pp. 224-235.
  • Athans, Mary Christine. The Coughlin-Fahey Connection: Father Charles E. Coughlin, Father Denis Fahey, C.S. Sp., and Religious Anti-Semitism in the United States, 1938-1954. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1991. ISBN 0820415340
  • Boyea, Earl. "The Reverend Charles Coughlin and the Church: the Gallagher Years, 1930-1937." Catholic Historical Review. 81:2 (1995), 211-225.
  • Brinkley, Alan. Voices of Protest: Huey Long, Father Coughlin, and the Great Depression. New York: Knopf Publishing Group, 1982. ISBN 0394522419
  • General Jewish Council. Father Coughlin: His "Facts" and Arguments. New York: General Jewish Council, 1939.
  • Hangen, Tona J. Redeeming the Dial: Radio, Religion and Popular Culture in America. Raleigh, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. ISBN 0807827525
  • Kazin, Michael. The Populist Persuasion: An American History. New York: Basic Books, 1995. ISBN 0465037933
  • Marcus, Sheldon. Father Coughlin: The Tumultuous Life Of The Priest Of The Little Flower. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1972. ISBN 0316545961
  • O'Connor, John J. "Review/Television: Father Coughlin, 'The Radio Priest.'" The New York Times. December 13, 1988.
  • Schlesinger, Jr., Arthur M. The Age of Roosevelt: The Politics of Upheaval, 1935-1936. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003. (Originally published in 1960.) ISBN 0618340874
  • Sherrill, Robert. "American Demagogues." The New York Times. July 13, 1982.
  • Smith, Geoffrey S. To Save A Nation: American Counter-Subversives, the New Deal, and the Coming of World War II. New York: Basic Books, 1973. ISBN 046508625X
  • Tull, Charles J. Father Coughlin and the New Deal. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1965. ISBN 0815600437
  • Warren, Donald. Radio Priest: Charles Coughlin The Father of Hate Radio. New York: The Free Press, 1996. ISBN 0684824035

Other references

  • Pirodsky, Richard (2003). The Demigod. PublishAmerica. ISBN 1-59129-386-3.  This book is a fictionalized account of Coughlin's career.

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Charles Coughlin
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Charles Coughlin
  • [4]True Catholic Web site
  • [5]Fr John George statement
  • [6] Catholica Web Site
  • Father Coughlin information at Religious Movements at UVA.
  • Brief information on Coughlin, including an audio excerpt
  • Find-A-Grave profile for Charles Coughlin
  • Video of Father Coughlin attacking Roosevelt
  • History Channel Audio File- Father Coughlin denouncing the New Deal
  • American Jewish Committees extensive archive on Coughlin; includes contemporay pamphlets and correspondence
  • Am I An Anti-Semite? by Charles Coughlin at archive.org
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Charles Coughlin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (851 words)
Coughlin asserted that the Depression was a cash famine, and he proposed unorthodox monetary policies and the elimination of the Federal Reserve as the solution.
Coughlin later returned to broadcasting, however, though the popularity of his broadcasts fell rapidly as his radicalism grew, and, in 1942, church authorities ordered Coughlin to stop his radio broadcasts and return to his duties as a parish priest.
Coughlin is often credited as one of the major demagogues of the 20th century for being able to influence politics through a wide audience, without actually holding a political office himself.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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