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Encyclopedia > Charles Carroll of Carrollton
Charles Carroll (1737-1832)
Charles Carroll (1737-1832)

Charles Carroll of Carrollton (September 19, 1737November 14, 1832) was a lawyer and politician from Maryland who was a delegate to the Continental Congress and later a United States Senator. He was the last surviving and only Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence. c File links The following pages link to this file: Charles Carroll of Carrollton Categories: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress images | U.S. history images ... c File links The following pages link to this file: Charles Carroll of Carrollton Categories: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress images | U.S. history images ... September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... The Continental Congress is the label given to these two girls that i know. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is... A copy of the 1823 William J. Stone reproduction of the Declaration of Independence The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies were independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain. ...

Contents

Biography

He was born on September 19, 1737 at Annapolis, Maryland, the son of Charles Carroll of Annapolis (1702–1800) (his grandfather was Irish Daniel Carroll) and Elizabeth (Brooke) Carroll. His reputed attendance at the Jesuit preparatory school at Bohemia in Cecil County cannot be confirmed from contemporary records, and he may have been schooled at home before departing for Europe, where he attended the College of St. Omer in France, and graduated from the College of Louis the Grand in 1755. He continued his studies in Europe, and read for the law in London before returning to Annapolis in 1765. September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... “Annapolis” redirects here. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... The College of St. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Charles Carroll of Annapolis granted Carrollton Manor to his son, Charles Carroll of Carrollton. It is from this tract of land that he took his title, “Charles Carroll of Carrollton.” This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Carroll was a voice for independence in Maryland. In 1772 he engaged in a debate conducted through anonymous newspaper letters and maintained the right of the colonies to control their own taxation. As a Roman Catholic, he was barred from entering politics, practicing law, and voting. However, writing in the Maryland Gazette under the pseudonym "First Citizen," he became a prominent spokesman against the governor's proclamation increasing legal fees to state officers and Protestant clergy. Carroll served on various committees of correspondence.[1] Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Capital is a daily newspaper published in Annapolis, Maryland. ...


He was commissioned with Benjamin Franklin and Samuel Chase in February 1774 to seek aid from Canada.[1] He was a member of Annapolis' first Committee of Safety in 1775. In early 1776, while not yet a member, the Congress sent him on a mission to Canada. When Maryland decided to support the open revolution, he was elected to the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, and remained a delegate until 1778. He arrived too late to vote in favor of it, but was able to sign the Declaration of Independence. Benjamin Franklin (January 17 [O.S. January 6] 1706 – April 17, 1790) was one of the most well known Founding Fathers of the United States. ... Samuel Chase (April 17, 1741 – June 19, 1811), was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Maryland. ... Many Committees of Safety were established throughout Colonial America at the start of the American Revolution. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... Year 1776 (MDCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... U.S. Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is the document in which the Thirteen Colonies declared themselves independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain and explained their justifications for doing so. ...


His signature reads "Charles Carroll of Carrollton," which is why he has gone down in history this way. At the time he was one of the richest men in America. As he signed, an observer stated "There go a few millions." Throughout his term in Congress, he served on the board of war.


Carroll returned to Maryland in 1778 to assist in the drafting of a constitution and forming a state government. Carroll was re-elected to the Continental Congress in 1780, but he declined. He was elected to the state senate in 1781 and served there continuously until 1800. The Continental Congress is the label given to these two girls that i know. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF...


When the United States government was created, the Maryland legislature elected him to the first United States Senate. In 1792 Maryland passed a law that prohibited any man from serving in the State and national legislatures at the same time. Since he preferred to be in the Maryland Senate, he resigned from the U. S. Senate on November 30, 1792. A legislature is a type of deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Carroll retired from public life in 1801. After Thomas Jefferson became president, he had great anxiety about political activity, and was not sympathetic to the War of 1812. After both Jefferson and Adams died on July 4, 1826, he became the only surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence. He came out of retirement to help create the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1827. His last public act, on July 4, 1828, was the laying of the cornerstone of the B&O's Carrollton Viaduct, named in his honor and still in use today.[2] He died on November 14, 1832 in Baltimore, and is buried in his Doughoregan Manor Chapel at Ellicott City, Maryland. This article is becoming very long. ... Combatants United States Britain Canadian militia Eastern Woodland Indians Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn Jacob Brown Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:6 •Other vessels... John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826) served as the nations first President of the United StatesPresident (1789–1797) and as its second President (1797–1801). ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1876 map The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) is one of the oldest railroads in the United States, with an original line from the port of Baltimore, Maryland, west to the Ohio River at Wheeling and Parkersburg, West Virginia. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Carrollton Viaduct in 1971 The Carrollton Viaduct, located over Gwynns Falls near Carroll Park in Baltimore, Maryland, is the first stone masonry bridge designed for railroad use in the United States. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town[1][2], B-more Motto: The Greatest City in America,[3] Get in on it. ... Doughoregan Manor, 1936 Doughoregan Manor is a mansion located on Manor Lane near Ellicott City, Maryland at 39° 16′ 36″ N 76° 53′ 36″ W. It is a National Historic Landmark. ... Main Street, Ellicott City Ellicott City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Howard County, Maryland, United States. ...


Carroll funded the building of what is known today as Homewood House, a 140 acre (570,000 m²) estate in northern Baltimore, Maryland as a wedding gift to his son, Charles Jr. and Harriet Chew. Charles Jr. then oversaw the design and construction of the house, which began construction in 1801 and had mostly finished by 1808. Research shows that he incorporated suggestions from his wife. It took five years to build and cost $40,000, four times the budgeted expense. The house never really fulfilled any of their expectations, as it did nothing to cure Charles Jr.'s idleness and alcoholism or prevent the couple from separating years later. Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town[1][2], B-more Motto: The Greatest City in America,[3] Get in on it. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Homewood was donated to Johns Hopkins University in 1876 and later became its main campus. Today, Johns Hopkins operates Homewood House as a museum, and its beautiful Georgian architecture serves was the inspiration for the Hopkins' architecture. The Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876, is a private institution of higher learning located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Monuments and memorials

The bronze statue located in the Hall of Columns in the Capitol Building
The bronze statue located in the Hall of Columns in the Capitol Building

Named in his honor are counties in Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, Ohio, and Virginia, as well as East and West Carroll Parishes, Louisiana. Also named for him is the Carroll Gardens neighborhood in Brooklyn. Image File history File links Carrollnshc. ... Image File history File links Carrollnshc. ... Photo of the U.S. Capitol Building, Washington, DC, December 2003. ... Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Indiana. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Iowa. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Kentucky. ... Carroll County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of New Hampshire. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Virginia. ... East Carroll Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... West Carroll Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Carroll Gardens is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, USA named for Charles Carroll, a revolutionary war veteran who was also the only Roman Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... Brooklyn (named for the Dutch city Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ...


In 1903 the state of Maryland added a bronze statue to the Capitol Building's National Statuary Hall Collection. It is located in the Hall of Columns. [1] Photo of the U.S. Capitol Building, Washington, DC, December 2003. ... Part of the National Statuary Hall Collection The National Statuary Hall Collection in the United States Capitol is comprised of statues donated by individual states to honor persons notable in their history. ...


Family life

Charles of Carrollton's grandfather, Charles Carroll known as Charles Carroll the Settler, was an Irishman from Littemourna, who was a clerk in the office of Lord Powis [3]. Around the year 1659 [4], during the reign of King James II, he emigrated from England to America, thus establishing one of the most influential families in American politics. [5] Irish ethnicity is common in the world, as many people are descended from Ireland or share an Irish heritage. ... William Herbert, 3rd Baron Powis PC (1626 – June 2, 1696) was created Earl of Powis in 1674 by King Charles II of England. ... James II of England/VII of Scotland (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701) became King of Scots, King of England, and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685, and Duke of Normandy on 31 December 1660. ...


Charles' sole son was born in 1702 and named Charles. To distinguish himself from his father he was known as Charles Carroll of Annapolis [6], but is not to be confused with his son of the same name (the subject of this article).


Charles married Mary Darnall, known as Molly, on June 5, 1768. They had seven children before Molly died in 1782, but only three survived infancy: Mary, Charles Jr., and Kitty. Mary married to Richard Caton. From 1820 to 1832, Carroll would winter with the Catons in Baltimore. Charles Jr. (sometimes known as Charles Carroll of Homewood because he oversaw its design and construction) married Harriet Chew and lived in Philadelphia. Harriet was the daughter of Benjamin Chew, the chief justice of Pennsylvania, and her sister married John Eager Howard who had served in the Senate with Charles Carroll of Carrollton. Charles Jr. was an alcoholic who reportedly consumed up to two quarts of brandy a day. This led to erratic behavior that resulted in his separation from Harriet. June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Benjamin Chew (November 19, 1722 – January 20, 1810) was the Chief Justice of colonial Pennsylvania. ... Official language(s) English, Pennsylvania Dutch Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... John Eager Howard, portrait by Chester Harding. ...


Today, Carroll's descendants own the largest parcel of land in Howard County, Maryland, with over 1000 acres (4 km²) of valuable, but historically preserved land in Ellicott City, Maryland. Howard County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Maryland, between Baltimore and Washington, D.C. The county was named for John Eager Howard, an officer in the American Revolutionary War and Governor of Maryland. ... Main Street, Ellicott City Ellicott City is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Howard County, Maryland, United States. ...


Carroll in Fiction

Charles Carroll was portrayed by actor Terrence Currier in the 2004 film National Treasure starring Nicolas Cage. He is accurately described as the last living signatory of the Declaration of Independence. Carroll is inaccurately described as a Freemason in the film; Catholics are not permitted to be Freemasons. Though the film does not explicitly state Carroll's location of death as being Washington, D.C., it inaccurately implies it.[7] 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... National Treasure is a 2004 movie from Walt Disney Pictures written by Jim Kouf, Cormac Wibberley and Marianne Wibberley, produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, and directed by Jon Turteltaub. ... Nicolas Cage (born January 7, 1964) is an Academy Award-winning American actor and nephew of director Francis Ford Coppola. ... A copy of the 1823 William J. Stone reproduction of the Declaration of Independence The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies were independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... American Square & Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D...


Carroll's signature

In the 1940s, newspaper journalist John Hix's syndicated column "Strange As It Seems" published an interesting (though unverified) explanation for Charles Carroll's distinctive signature on the Declaration of Independence. Every member of the Continental Congress who signed this document automatically became a criminal, guilty of sedition against King George III. Carroll, because of his wealth, had more to lose than most of his companions. Some of the signators, such as Caesar Rodney and Button Gwinnett, had unusual and distinctive names which would clearly identify them to the King; other signators, with more commonplace names, might hope to sign the Declaration without incriminating themselves. George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738–29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain, and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... Caesar Rodney (October 7, 1728 – June 26, 1784), was an American lawyer and politician from St. ... Button Gwinnett. ...


According to Hix, when it was Carroll's turn to sign the Declaration of Independence, he rose, went to John Hancock's desk where the document rested, signed his name "Charles Carroll" and returned to his seat. At this point another member of the Continental Congress, who was prejudiced against Carroll because of his Catholicism, commented that Carroll risked nothing in signing the document, as there must be many men named Charles Carroll in the colonies, and so the King would be unlikely to order Carroll's arrest without clear proof that he was the same Charles Carroll who had signed the Declaration. Carroll immediately returned to Hancock's desk, seized the pen again, and added "of Carrollton" to his name. For other persons named John Hancock, see John Hancock (disambiguation). ...


However, some believe that Carroll was using the "of Carrollton" suffix signature at least as early as September 15, 1765, in a letter written to a friend in England. [8] September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area...


References

  1. ^ a b c aoc.gov
  2. ^ J.E. Hagerty. Catholic Encyclopedia: Charles Carroll of Carrollton. Retrieved on 2006 April 24.
  3. ^ http://www.adherents.com/people/pc/Charles_Carroll.html
  4. ^ http://www.colonialhall.com/carroll/carroll.php
  5. ^ http://www.mdisfun.org/press_room/evergreen_Irish.asp
  6. ^ http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/faculty/hodgson/Courses/City/philadelphia/PHILADELPHIA_ih.html#chapter%2029
  7. ^ Christopher Plummer (playing John Adams Gates). (2004). National Treasure. Scene occurs at 00:01:54.
  8. ^ Hoffman, Ronald, Sally D. Mason and Eleanor S. Darcy, Eds. Dear Papa, Dear Charley: Vol. I, p. 375. Chapel Hill, NC. The University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (115th in leap years). ...

Further reading

  • Hoffman, Ronald, in collaboration with Sally D. Mason. Princes of Ireland, Planters of Maryland: A Carroll Saga, 1500-1782. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

External links

Preceded by
Matthew Tilghman
President of the Maryland State Senate
1783
Succeeded by
Daniel Carroll
Preceded by
Daniel Carroll
President of the Maryland State Senate
1783
Succeeded by
George Plater
Preceded by
None
United States Senator (Class 1) from Maryland
1789–1792
Served alongside: John Henry
Succeeded by
Richard Potts
Preceded by
Thomas Sumter
Oldest living U.S. Senator
June 1, 1832 - November 14, 1832
Succeeded by
Paine Wingate

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Charles Carroll of Carrollton (1524 words)
Charles Carroll, emigrated from England to Maryland because of the persecution of Catholics, 1 October 1688.
Charles Carroll of Carrollton, was born in 1703, and died in 1783.
Charles Carroll of Carrollton was Elizabeth Brooke, the daughter of Clement Brooke and Jane Sewall, and was a near relation of her husband.
Charles Carroll of Carrollton - Academic Kids (672 words)
Charles Carroll of Carrollton (September 19 1737–November 14 1832) was a lawyer and politician from Maryland who was a delegate to the Continental Congress and later a United States Senator.
The Carroll family manor is preserved as a museum, and its beautiful Georgian architecture serves as a model for the university halls.
Carroll was also described as a Freemason in the film; however, as a Catholic, was not a member of the fraternity in real life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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