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Encyclopedia > Charles Barry
The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster, Barry's most famous building.
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The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster, Barry's most famous building.

Sir Charles Barry (23 May 179512 May 1860) was an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster (perhaps better known as the Houses of Parliament) in his home city of London during the mid 19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens. Download high resolution version (640x853, 58 KB)Palace of Westminster - Clock Tower and New Palace Yard from the west - 240404 Photo taken by Tagishsimon on the 24th April 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (640x853, 58 KB)Palace of Westminster - Clock Tower and New Palace Yard from the west - 240404 Photo taken by Tagishsimon on the 24th April 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect, also known as a building designer, is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction, whose role is to guide decisions affecting those building aspects that are of aesthetic, cultural or social concern. ... The Palace of Westminster lies on the bank of the River Thames in the heart of London. ... This may refer to the: British Houses of Parliament. ... St. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


Training

Born in Bridge Street, Westminster, Barry was educated privately before being apprenticed to a Lambeth surveyor at the age of 15. Upon the death of his father (a stationer), he inherited a sum of money that allowed him to travel extensively around the Mediterranean and Middle-East (1817-20). His travels in Italy exposed him to Renaissance architecture and apparently inspired him to become an architect. Westminster is the area located immediately to the west of the ancient City of London, in the centre of the wider conurbation of London. ... Lambeth is a place in the London Borough of Lambeth. ... By Region: Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance *French Renaissance *German Renaissance *English Renaissance The Renaissance was an influential cultural movement which brought about a period of scientific revolution and artistic transformation, at the dawn of modern European history. ...


Early career

His first major civil commission came in 1824 when he won a competition to design the new Royal Manchester Institution for the promotion of Literature, Science & Arts (now part of the Manchester Art Gallery). Also in north-west England, he designed Buile Hill House in Salford (1825-27) and two churches in Manchester (The Church of All Saints' Stand, Whitefield and Ringley Church, 1827, partially demolished in 1854). His church designs also include one in Brighton, East Sussex (St Andrew's in Waterloo Street, Brunswick, 1828). The Royal Manchester Institution was an English learned society founded on 1 October 1823 at a public meeting held in the Exchange Room by Manchester merchants, local artists and others keen to dispel the image of Manchester as a city lacking in culture and taste. ... Originally the Manchester Royal Institution, designed by Sir Charles Barry, the Manchester Art Gallery houses the civic art collection of Manchester, England. ... Salford is a city in Greater Manchester, in North West England. ... Manchester is a city in the north-west of England. ... Whitefield is a town in Bury Metropolitan Borough in Greater Manchester, England. ... Brighton on the southern Sussex coast is one of the largest and most famous seaside resorts in England. ... East Sussex is a county in South East England. ...


Houses of Parliament

Following the destruction by fire of the existing Houses of Parliament on 16 October 1834, Barry won the commission in 1836 to design the new Palace of Westminster, working with Pugin on the Gothic-influenced building. Work on site began with the laying of a foundation stone on 27 April 1840 by Barry’s wife Sarah. The House of Lords was completed in 1847 and the House of Commons finished in 1852. In the meantime, Barry also served on the learned committee developing plans for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Although Parliament gave Barry a prestigous name in architecture it near enough finished him off. The building was overdue in its construction and was well over budget making Barry tired and stressed. On his grave stone are the parts of the building that he designed which he felt were his and his only. October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in Leap years). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Palace of Westminster lies on the bank of the River Thames in the heart of London. ... Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (March 1, 1812 - September 14, 1852) was an English-born architect, designer and theorist of design now best remembered for his work on churches and on the Houses of Parliament. ... Notre-Dame Cathedral seen from the River Seine. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the British House of Lords. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The Great Exhibition was an international exhibition held in Hyde Park London, from 1 May to 15 October 1851 and the first in a series of Worlds Fair exhibitions of culture and industry that were to be a popular 19th century feature. ...


Other major projects

Cliveden as seen from its lawn.

Barry also designed: Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1185 KB) Cliveden, Taplow, Buckinghamshire, England. ... Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1185 KB) Cliveden, Taplow, Buckinghamshire, England. ...

Overview The Travellers Club is a gentlemens club standing at 106 Pall Mall, London. ... The Royal College of Surgeons of England is an independent professional body committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients. ... This 1840s drawing shows the corridors around the central saloon at first floor level. ... Kingston Lacy Kingston Lacy is a stately home and estate near Wimborne Minster in Dorset, England, owned by the National Trust. ... Dorset (pronounced Dorsit, sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the southwest of England, on the English Channel coast. ... Trafalgar Square is a square in central London that commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), a British naval victory of the Napoleonic Wars. ... Trentham Gardens are formal Italianate gardens, and an English landscape park, on the southern fringes of the city of Stoke on Trent, England. ... Staffordshire (abbreviated Staffs) is a landlocked county in the West Midlands region of England. ... Highclere Castle is a Victorian country house in high Elizabethan style, with park designed by Capability Brown, located in Hampshire in England in a 2,400 ha estate south of Newbury, Berkshire. ... Hampshire (abbr. ... Harewood House from A Complete History of the County of York by Thomas Allen (1828–30), showing the house before Barry altered the facades and added an extra storey to the pavilions. ... Yorkshire as a traditional county. ... The new eastern entrance to HM Treasury HM Treasury (Her/His Majestys Treasury) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for and putting into effect the UK Governments financial and economic policy. ... Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. ... Cliveden is a mansion in Berkshire (though until the county borders changed in 1974 it was in Buckinghamshire) with an intriguing history. ... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (Latin: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the UK Languages with Official Status1 English Scottish Gaelic Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Suffolk (pronounced suffuk) is a large traditional and administrative county in the East Anglia region of eastern England. ... Location within the British Isles. ... Halifax is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, northern England, with a population of about 90,000. ... West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England, corresponding roughly to the core of the West Riding of the traditional county of Yorkshire. ...

The next generation

Three of Sir Charles Barry's four sons followed in his career footsteps. Eldest son Charles Barry (junior) designed Dulwich’s New College and Park in south London and rebuilt Burlington House (home of the Royal Academy) in central London’s Piccadilly; Edward Middleton Barry completed the Parliament buildings and designed the Royal Opera House in Covent Garden; Sir John Wolfe-Barry was the engineer for Tower Bridge and Blackfriars Railway Bridge. Edward and Charles also collaborated on the design of the Great Eastern Hotel at London’s Liverpool Street station. Charles Barry (junior) (1823-1900) was an English architect of the mid-late 19th century, and eldest son of Sir Charles Barry. ... Dulwich is a generally prosperous settlement in the London Borough of Southwark and which has the post code London SE21. ... This article refers to an art institution in London. ... Piccadilly is a major London street, running from Hyde Park Corner in the west to Piccadilly Circus in the east. ... Edward Middleton Barry (1830 - 27 January 1880) was an English architect of the 19th century. ... The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is a performing arts venue in London. ... Covent Garden is a shopping and entertainment complex in central London. ... Sir John Wolfe-Barry (1836-1919) was an English civil engineer of the late 19th and early 20th century. ... Tower Bridge Sequence showing the bridge opening Tower Bridge is a bridge in London, over the River Thames. ... Blackfriars Railway Bridge, London, with remains of old bridge in foreground Blackfriars Railway Bridge is a railway bridge crossing the River Thames in London, between Blackfriars Bridge and the Millennium Bridge. ... Liverpool Street station Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, in the heart of the financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ...


His second son, Alfred, became a noted clergyman.


Sir Charles’ nephew Charles Hayward designed several buildings at Pembroke College, Oxford. Pembroke College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ...


Sir Charles lived and died at a house, 'The Elms', in Clapham Common North Side, London SW4 (blue plaque), and his ashes were interred in Westminster Abbey. For the village in Bedfordshire, see Clapham, Bedfordshire. ... A Greater London Council blue plaque at Alexandra Palace, commemorating the launch of BBC Television there in 1936. ... Westminster Abbeys western facade The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to as Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral, in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ...


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