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Encyclopedia > Charles, Prince of Asturias
Spanish and Portuguese Royalty
House of Habsburg

Charles I
Children
   Philip II of Spain
   Maria, Holy Roman Empress
   Juana, Crown Princess of Portugal
   Infante Juan (natural son)
   Margarita, Duchess of Parma (natural daughter)
Philip II
Children include
   Charles, Prince of Asturias
   Isabella, Archduchess of Austria
   Catalina, Duchess of Savoy
   Philip III of Spain
Philip III
Children include
   Anne, Queen of France
   Philip IV of Spain
   Maria Ana, Holy Roman Empress
   Infante Carlos
   Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand
Philip IV
Children include
   Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias
   Maria Theresa, Queen of France
   Margarita, Holy Roman Empress
   Charles II of Spain
Charles II
Don Carlos (1545-1568)


Don Carlos (July 8, 1545July 24, 1568), Prince of Asturias was the son of King Philip II of Spain by his first wife Maria Manuela of Portugal, daughter of John III of Portugal. During the reign of Emperor Charles V (Carlos I of Spain), who ascended the thrones of the kingdoms of Spain after the death of his grandfather Ferdinand, Habsburg Spain controlled territory ranging from Philippines to the Netherlands, and was, for a time, Europes greatest power. ... Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Maria of Spain (Madrid, June 21, 1528 - Villa Monte, February 26, 1603) was the oldest daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. ... Joan of Habsburg Joanna of Austria (in Castilian, Juana, 24 June 1535 - 7 September 1573), Infanta of Spain, of the Habsburg family. ... Don John of Austria (February 24, 1547 - October 1, 1578), also known as Juan De Austria and Don Juan de Austria, was the illegitimate son of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and a military leader whose most famous victory was at the Battle of Lepanto. ... Margaret of Parma (28 December 1522 - 18 January 1586), duchess of Parma and regent of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, was the illegitimate daughter of Charles V. Her mother, Johanna Maria von der Gheest, a servant of Charles de Lalaing, Seigneur de Montigny, was a Fleming. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Isabella Clara Eugenia, possibly around 1584 Isabella Clara Eugenia of Spain (Segovia 12 August 1566 – 1 December 1633) was Infanta of Spain, Archduchess of Austria and the joint sovereign of the Seventeen Provinces. ... Catherine Micaela of Spain was the daughter of King Philip II of Spain and Elizabeth of Valois, Princess of France. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Philip III of Spain Philip III (Spanish: Felipe III) (April 14, 1578 – March 31, 1621) was the king of Spain and Portugal (as Philip II Portuguese: Filipe II), from 1598 until his death. ... Louis XIII by Philippe de Champaigne Anne of Austria (September 22, 1601 - January 20, 1666) was Queen Consort of France and Navarre and Regent for her son, Louis XIV of France. ... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... Maria Anna (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), also known as Maria Anna of Austria, Infanta of Spain, was the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain. ... Infante Carlos of Spain Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón, Infante of Spain (1788-1855) was the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Louisa of Parma. ... Cardinale Infante Ferdinand of Austria as Hunter Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand (1609/16101 in Escorial near Madrid, Spain - 9 November 1641 in Brussels) (also known as Fernando and as Ferdinand von Österreich), Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands, Cardinal, Infante of Spain, Archbishop of Toledo (1619-41), and commander during the Thirty... Philip IV (), (April 8, 1605 – September 17, 1665) was King of Spain from 1621 to 1665 and also King of Portugal until 1640. ... The Prince Baltasar Carlos by Velazquez, 1635 Balthasar Charles of Spain, Prince of Asturias and Portugal (Spanish:Baltasar Carlos; Portuguese:Baltazar Carlos) was the eldest son of King Philip IV of Spain and III of Portugal and his first wife, Elisabeth of Bourbon. ... Marie Thérèse redirects here. ... Margaret of Spain in Mourning Dress 1666 by Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo. ... Charles II of Spain. ... Charles II of Spain. ... Image File history File links Don_Carlos_Spanien. ... Image File history File links Don_Carlos_Spanien. ... Don (usually preceded in English by the), derived from Latin Dominus, is a Spanish (pron. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... July 24 is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... HRH The Prince of Asturias The title Prince of Asturias is given to the heir apparent to the Spanish throne, and the earlier kingdom of León. ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Maria Manuela of Portugal Maria Manuela of Portugal (pron. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ...

Contents

Life

He was born at Valladolid, and his mother died a few days after his birth. The young Infante Carlos was delicate and deformed. He grew up proud, willful, and indolent, and soon began to show signs of mental instability as a young adult. It is believed that many of his physical and psychological afflictions stemmed from the extreme inbreeding common to the House of Habsburg and the royal houses of Portugal and Spain. Carlos had only four great-grandparents instead of the maximum of eight, and only six great-great-grandparents, instead of the maximum 16, his maternal grandmother and his paternal grandfather were brother and sister, his maternal grandfather and his paternal grandmother were as well brother and sister, and two of his great-grandmothers were sisters. His namesake, King Carlos II of Spain, was also highly inbred and consequently of seriously compromised health. Location Coordinates : ( ) Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Valladolid (Spanish) Spanish name Valladolid Nickname Pucela Founded 1072 Postal code 47001-47016 Website http://www. ... In the Spanish and former Portuguese monarchies, Infante (masc. ... Inbreeding is breeding between close relatives, whether plant or animal. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Charles II of Spain. ...


In 1559, Prince Carlos was betrothed to Elizabeth of Valois, a daughter of King Henry II of France, but a few months later she was wed instead to his father for political reasons. Other brides were then suggested for the prince: Mary Queen of Scots, Marguerite de Valois, another daughter of Henry II of France, and Anna of Austria, a daughter of Emperor Maximilian II, who was to later become Philip II's fourth wife. January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Elizabeth of Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565 Elizabeth of Valois (April 2, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Mary I (popularly known as Mary, Queen of Scots: French: ); (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587) was Queen of Scots (the monarch of the Kingdom of Scotland) from December 14, 1542, to July 24, 1567. ... Marguerite de Valois [1] [2] (May 14, 1553 – May 27, 1615), Queen Margot (La reine Margot) was Queen of France and Navarre. ... Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain Anna of Austria (Cigales, Valladolid, November 1, 1549 - Badajoz, October 26, 1580), was Queen of Spain and Portugal. ... Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II. His Coat of Arms Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor of the Habsburg dynasty (July 31, 1527 – October 12, 1576) was king of Bohemia from 1562, king of Hungary from 1563 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1564 until his death. ...


Although Carlos's mental derangement became more and more acute as he grew older, he was nonetheless recognized in 1560 as the heir to the Castilian throne, and three years later as heir to the crown of Aragon as well. The starting point of Crown of Castile can be considered when the union of the Kingdoms of Castile and Leon in 1230 or the later fusion of their Cortes (their Parlaments). ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ...


In 1562, he met with an unspecified accident which was followed by a serious illness. After his recovery, he is said to have become exceedingly wild and unpredictable in his behavior, engaging in violent outbursts and excessive drinking both in public and in private. He took a marked dislike to the Duke of Alba, possibly because he wished to proceed to the Netherlands instead of the duke. He also exhibited a morbid antipathy towards his father, whose murder he supposedly contemplated at one time. Carlos arranged at length in January 1568 to flee from Spain, but was placed in solitary confinement by Philip's orders before he could depart, and died in isolation that same year. It was long rumored that he was poisoned, but there is little evidence to support this claim and it is much more likely that the frail Carlos died of more natural causes. Year 1562 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ...


Ancestors

Carlos's ancestors in three generations
Charles, Prince of Asturias Father:
Philip II of Spain
Paternal Grandfather:
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Paternal Great-Grandfather:
Philip I of Castile
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Joanna of Castile
Paternal Grandmother:
Isabella of Portugal
Paternal Great-Grandfather:
Manuel I of Portugal
Paternal Great-Grandmother:
Maria of Aragon
Mother:
Maria Manuela of Portugal
Maternal Grandfather:
John III of Portugal
Maternal Great-Grandfather:
Manuel I of Portugal
Maternal Great-Grandmother:
Maria of Aragon
Maternal Grandmother:
Catherine of Habsburg
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Philip I of Castile
Maternal Great-Grandmother:
Joanna of Castile

Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King... Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands (1506-1555), King of Spain (1516-1556), King of Naples and Sicily (1516-1554), Archduke of Austria (1519-1521), King of the Romans (or German King), (1519-1556 but did not formally abdicate until 1558) and... Philip I of Castile Joanna of Castile Philip the Handsome redirects here. ... Joanna of Aragon and Castile (Spanish: Juana de Aragón y de Castilla) (November 6, 1479 – April 12, 1555), called Joanna the Mad (Juana La Loca), Queen regnant of Castile and mother of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, was the second daughter of Ferdinand, king of Aragon, and Isabella... Isabella of Portugal, Queen of Spain and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, by Titian. ... Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal Maria of Aragon (Mary of Aragon or Mary of Spain or even Mary of Castile) (June 29, 1482 - March 7, 1517) was an Aragonese princess, second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I and because of that queen consort of Portugal from 1500 until her... Maria Manuela of Portugal Maria Manuela of Portugal (pron. ... John III, King of Portugal KGF (Portuguese: João III pron. ... Manuel I of Portugal (pron. ... Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal Maria of Aragon (Mary of Aragon or Mary of Spain or even Mary of Castile) (June 29, 1482 - March 7, 1517) was an Aragonese princess, second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I and because of that queen consort of Portugal from 1500 until her... Catherine of Habsburg, also called Catherine of Austria, Catherine of Burgundy or Catherine of Castile (14 January 1507– 12 February 1578) was Queen consort of Portugal. ... Philip I of Castile Joanna of Castile Philip the Handsome redirects here. ... Joanna of Aragon and Castile (Spanish: Juana de Aragón y de Castilla) (November 6, 1479 – April 12, 1555), called Joanna the Mad (Juana La Loca), Queen regnant of Castile and mother of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, was the second daughter of Ferdinand, king of Aragon, and Isabella...

Legacy

The idea of king Philip confining and murdering his own son later played a minor role in establishing the anti-Spanish Black Legend. The Black Legend (Spanish: La Leyenda Negra) is the depiction of Spain and Spaniards as bloodthirsty and cruel, intolerant, greedy and fanatical. ...


The historical conflict between Carlos and his father formed the basis for the 1787 drama by Friedrich Schiller, which in turn inspired the opera Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi. Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Friedrich Schiller “Schiller” redirects here. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... This article refers to the opera Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi (and its revised Italian version, known as Don Carlo). ... Giuseppe Verdi Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (either October 9 or 10, 1813 – January 27, 1901) was an Italian Romantic composer, mainly of opera. ...


See also

  • La vida es sueño, a Spanish play by Calderón de la Barca about a king jailing his own son.
  • The Man in the Iron Mask, a legendary prisoner for life of the French government (and alleged heir to the French throne) during the time of Louis XIV.

La vida es sueño (Life is a Dream) is a comedy written by Spanish playwright Pedro Calderón de la Barca; it is perhaps his most well-known work. ... Pedro Calderon de la Barca Pedro Calderón de la Barca (January 17, 1600 – May 25, 1681), Spanish dramatist and poet, was born in Madrid. ... The Man in the Iron Mask was a prisoner believed to have been held in the Bastille prison from an unknown date to his death on November 19, 1703. ...

References

  • Abstracted from Encyclopedia Britannica 1911 and several other sources.
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

  • Don Carlos of Spain, the Crown Prince who liked to beat up girls - The Mad Monarchs Series.
Charles, Prince of Asturias
Spanish Habsburgs
Born: July 8, 1545
Died: July 24, 1568
Preceded by
Prince Philip
his father who had ascended the throne
Prince of Asturias
1556-1568
Vacant
Title next held by
Infante Fernando

 
 

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