FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Charity (virtue)
Allegorical personification of Charity as a mother with three infants by Anthony van Dyck
Allegorical personification of Charity as a mother with three infants by Anthony van Dyck

Contents

Charity by Anthony van Dyck (circa 1627-1628), National Gallery, London. ... Charity by Anthony van Dyck (circa 1627-1628), National Gallery, London. ... An allegory (from Greek αλλος, allos, other, and αγορευειν, agoreuein, to speak in public) is a figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than (and in addition to) the literal. ... Self Portrait With a Sunflower Sir Anthony (Anton) van Dyck (22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish artist who became the leading court painter in England. ...

Etymology

The word "charity" entered the English language through the O.Fr word "charite" which was derived from the Latin "caritas".[1] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Religious charity

Caritas: selfless love

In Christian theology charity, or love (agapē), is the greatest of the three theological virtues: It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christianity. ... Theology (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογια, logia, words, sayings, or discourse) is reasoned discourse concerning religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... This page contains religious views on topic oflove. ... AgapÄ“ (in Greek written αγάπη; pronounced /aga̍pe/ or /a̍gape/) is the Greek word for divine, unconditional, self-sacrificing, actional, volitional, thoughtful love. ... The three Theological Virtues listed in the Bible are: faith hope charity They are mentioned in 1 Corinthians 13:13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity (from the King James version) The New King James version and New International version translate...

Deus caritas est - "God is love".

Love, in this sense of an unlimited loving-kindness towards all others, is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. In its most extreme form such love can be self-sacrificial. Confusion can arise from the multiple meanings of the English word "love." The love that is caritas is distinguished by its origin, being Divinely infused into the soul, and by its residing in the will rather than emotions, regardless of what emotions it stirs up. This love is necessary for salvation, and with it no one can be lost.

It comprised two parts, love of God, and love of man, which includes both love of one's neighbor and one's self. Download high resolution version (1915x3212, 1390 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1915x3212, 1390 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... William-Adolphe Bouguereau, self-portrait (1886) William-Adolphe Bouguereau (November 30, 1825 – August 19, 1905) was a French academic painter. ...


Paul describes it in the Letter to the Corinthians (chapter 13 (KJV)): Paul of Tarsus (b. ... 1 Corinthians: 13 is the thirteenth chapter of the First Epistle to the Corinthians. ... This page is about the version of the Bible; for the Harvey Danger album, see King James Version (album). ...

Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing.
Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away.
When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known.
And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.

Note that the King James Version uses both the words charity and love to translate the idea of caritas / ἀγάπη: sometimes it uses one, sometimes the other, for the same concept. Most other English translations, both before and since, do not; instead throughout they use the same more direct English word love, so that there should be no doubt as to the unity of the teaching. Love can have other meanings in English, but as used in the Bible it almost always refers to the virtue of caritas. This page is about the version of the Bible; for the Harvey Danger album, see King James Version (album). ...


The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints refers to the word charity as the "pure love of Christ, and it endureth forever." The Book of Mormon prophet Mormon urges the followers of Christ to "pray unto the Father with all the energy of heart, that ye may be filled with this love, which he hath bestowed upon all who are true followers of his Son, Jesus Christ;" (Moroni 7:47,48) thus it is the most sought after of virtues. Joseph Smith taught, "Let thy bowels also be full of charity towards all men..." (Doctrine and Covenants 121:45) The three-fold meaning of charity encompasses the unconditional love Christ has for all men, the motivating love all men should have for Christ as the Savior, Redeemer, and Light of the world, and the compassionate love we should seek to have for all of our fellow men on earth presently and throughout time. The Book of Mormon prophet Nephi taught that such love is "the most joyous to the soul." (1 Nephi 11:23) It is evident from the scriptures and experience that serving others with this selfless feeling of caritas offers a renewing, invigorating, joyous taste to the soul that is lasting and memorable, and is a foundation for happiness. The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ...


Almsgiving

Giving Alms
Giving Alms

Almsgiving, the act of giving money, goods or time to the unfortunate, either directly or by means of a charitable trust or other worthy cause, is described as charity or charitable giving. The poor, particularly widows and orphans, and the sick and disabled, are generally regarded as the proper objects of almsgiving. Some groups regard almsgiving as being properly directed toward other members of their group. Image File history File links Ravi_Varma-Lady_Giving_Alms_at_the_Temple. ... Image File history File links Ravi_Varma-Lady_Giving_Alms_at_the_Temple. ...


Donations to causes that would benefit the unfortunate indirectly, as donations to cancer research hope to benefit cancer victims, are also charity.


The name stems from the most obvious expression of the virtue of charity is giving the objects of it the means they need to survive.


Most forms of charity are concerned with providing food, water, clothing, and shelter, and tending the ill, but other actions may be performed as charity: visiting the imprisoned or the homebound, providing dowries for poor women, ransoming captives, educating orphans. A dowry (also known as trousseau) is a gift of money or valuables given by the brides family to the grooms at the time of their marriage. ...


Although giving to those nearly connected to oneself is sometimes called charity -- as in the saying "Charity begins at home" -- normally charity denotes giving to those not related, with filial piety and like terms for supporting one's family and friends. Indeed, treating those related to the giver as if they were strangers in need of charity has led to the figure of speech "as cold as charity" -- providing for one's relatives as if they were strangers, without affection. Filial piety is extended into the afterlife. ...

Missionaries of Charity, a religious order dedicated to caring for the poor
Missionaries of Charity, a religious order dedicated to caring for the poor

The recipient of charity may offer to pray for the benefactor; indeed, in medieval Europe, it was customary to feast the poor at the funeral in return for their prayers for the deceased. Institutions may commemorate benefactors by displaying their names, up to naming buildings or even the institution itself after the benefactors. If the recipient makes material return of more than a token value, the transaction is normally not called charity. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (912x1084, 178 KB) Summary First Annual (2005) Southeastern Eucharstic Congress Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Charity User:Judgesurreal777/Photos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (912x1084, 178 KB) Summary First Annual (2005) Southeastern Eucharstic Congress Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Charity User:Judgesurreal777/Photos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Missionaries of Charity is a Catholic religious order established in 1950 by Nobel Peace Prize (1979) laureate Mother Teresa to tend to the poorest of the poor. ... A religious order may mean any of the following: // In Buddhist societies such as Sri Lanka, Thailand, Korea and Tibet, a religious order is one of the strikingly large number of monastic orders of monks and nuns. ...


Originally almsgiving entailed the benefactor directly giving the goods to the receiver. People who could not support themselves -- or who feigned such inability -- would become beggars. Beggars in Samarkand, 1905 Begging includes the various methods used by persons to obtain money, food, shelter, drugs, alcohol, or other things from people they encounter during the course of their travels. ...


Institutions evolved to carry out the labor of assisting the poor, and these institutions are called charities. These include orphanages, food banks, religious orders dedicated to care of the poor, hospitals, organizations that visit the homebound and imprisoned, and many others. Such institutions allow those whose talents do not lend themselves to caring for the poor to enable others to do so, both by providing money for the work and supporting them while they do the work. Institutions can also attempt to more effectively sort out the actually needy from those who fraudulently claim charity. Early Christians particularly recommended the care of the unfortunate to the charge of the local bishop. An orphanage (historically an orphans asylum before the latter word took on its modern insane asylum connotation) is an institution dedicated to caring for orphans (children who have lost their parents) and abused, abandoned, and neglected children. ... A religious order may mean any of the following: // In Buddhist societies such as Sri Lanka, Thailand, Korea and Tibet, a religious order is one of the strikingly large number of monastic orders of monks and nuns. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ...


In Sunni Islam this is called Zakat, and is one of the five pillars upon which the Muslim religion is based. Charity is also used as a forename, intended to evoke the idea that one so named is a giving person. Sunni Muslims are by far the largest denomination of Islam. ... This is a sub-article of Islamic economical jurisprudence. ... The Five Pillars of Islam is the term given to what are understood among many Muslims to be the five core aspects of Sunni Islam. ... A given name is a name which specifies and differentiates between members of a group of individuals, especially a family, all of whose members usually share the same family name. ...


Notes

  1. John Bossy, Christianity in the West 1400-1700 (Oxford 1985) 168.

See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Charity (virtue)

Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo-en. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... A charitable trust (or charity) is a trust organized to serve private or public charitable purposes. ... Charity fraud is the act of using deception to get money from people who are making donations to charities. ... A Foundation is a type of philanthropic organization set up by either individuals or institutions as a legal entity (either as a corporation or trust) with the purpose of distributing grants to support causes in line with the goals of the foundation. ... Tzedakah (Hebrew: צדקה) in Judaism, is the Hebrew term most commonly translated as charity, though it is based on a root meaning justice .(צדק). In Arabic, charity is sadakah (صدقه) and an obligatory type of it, the Arabic term zakat, is considered to be one of the five pillars of Islam. ... Dān is the Hindi term for Charity. ... According to the Canonical Gospels, the Ministry of Jesus began when Jesus was around 30 years old, and lasted a period of 1-3 years, with the Synoptic Gospels generally being considered to argue for it having been a period of 1 year, and the Gospel of John arguing for... The Expounding of the Law (KJV:Matthew 5:17-48), sometimes called the Antithesis of the Law, is a less well known but highly structured (Ye have heard . ... This is a sub-article of Islamic economical jurisprudence. ...

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m