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Encyclopedia > Charity
Allegorical personification of Charity as a mother with three infants by Anthony van Dyck
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Allegorical personification of Charity as a mother with three infants by Anthony van Dyck

Charity, meaning selfless giving, is one conventional English translation of the Greek term agapÄ“. Charity by Anthony van Dyck (circa 1627-1628), National Gallery, London. ... Charity by Anthony van Dyck (circa 1627-1628), National Gallery, London. ... An allegory (from Greek αλλος, allos, other, and αγορευειν, agoreuein, to speak in public) is a figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than and in addition to the literal. ... Self Portrait With a Sunflower Sir Anthony (Antoon) van Dyck (*March 22, 1599 - December 9, 1641) was a Flemish painter — mainly of portraits — who became the leading court painter in England. ... AgapÄ“ (in Greek written αγάπη; pronounced /aga̍pe/ or /a̍gape/) is the Greek word for divine, unconditional, self-sacrificing, actional, volitional, thoughtful love. ...

Contents


Etymology

In the 1400, charity meant 'the state of love or simple affection which one was in or out of regarding one's fellows; an occasion or body of people seeking to embody that state; the love of god, in both directions.' The fraternity was the embodiment of this ideal. In 1700, it meant 'an optimistic judgement about the good intentions of others; an act of benevolence towards the poor or needy; an institution erected as a result of such an act.' This according to Bossy.1 Look up fraternity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Religious charity

Virtue

Charity is a central part of most of the world's religions.

In Christian theology, for example, it is one of the three theological virtues, meaning loving kindness towards others; it is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it is said to both glorify and reflect the nature of God. In its most extreme form charity can be self-sacrificial. In modern times, this is often translated "love" to avoid confusion with almsgiving. However, confusion can arise from the multiple meanings of "love" not all of which indicate the supernatural virtue. Charity is distinguished by its origin, being Divinely infused into the soul, and by its residing in the will rather than the emotions, regardless of what emotions it stirs up. Supernatural charity is necessary for salvation, and with it no one can be lost. Download high resolution version (1915x3212, 1390 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1915x3212, 1390 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... William-Adolphe Bouguereau (1825-1905), self-portrait (1886) Dusks, 1863 William Adolphe Bouguereau (November 30, 1825 - August 19, 1905) was a French academic painter. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... Theology is reasoned discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, word or reason). It can also refer to the study of other religious topics. ... The three Theological Virtues listed in the Bible are: faith hope charity They are mentioned in 1 Corinthians 13:13 And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity (from the King James version) The New King James version and New International version translate...


It comprised two parts, love of God, and love of man, which includes both love of one's neighbor and one's self.


Paul describes it in the Letter to the Corinthians: Look up Paul in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, and have not charity, I am become as sounding brass, or a tinkling cymbal. And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. And though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it profiteth me nothing. Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things. Charity never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall fail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowledge, it shall vanish away. For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part shall be done away. When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child: but when I became a man, I put away childish things. For now we see through a glass, darkly; but then face to face: now I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known. And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity.

Almsgiving

Giving Alms
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Giving Alms

Almsgiving, the act of giving money, goods or time to the unfortunate, either directly or by means of a charitable trust or other worthy cause, is described as charity or charitable giving. The poor, particularly widows and orphans, and the sick and handicapped, are generally regarded as the proper objects of almsgiving. Some groups regard almsgiving as being properly directed toward other members of their group. Image File history File links Ravi_Varma-Lady_Giving_Alms_at_the_Temple. ... Image File history File links Ravi_Varma-Lady_Giving_Alms_at_the_Temple. ...


Donations to causes that would benefit the unfortunate indirectly, as donations to cancer research hope to benefit cancer victims, are also charity.


The name stems from the most obvious expression of the virtue of charity is giving the objects of it the means they need to survive.


Most forms of charity are concerned with providing food, water, clothing, and shelter, and tending the ill, but other actions may be performed as charity: visiting the imprisoned or the homebound, providing dowries for poor women, ransoming captives, educating orphans. A dowry (also known as trousseau) is a gift of money or valuables given by the groomss family to that of the bride to permit their marriage. ...


Although giving to those nearly connected to oneself is sometimes called charity -- as in the saying "Charity begins at home" -- normally charity denotes giving to those not related, with filial piety and like terms for supporting one's family and friends. Indeed, treating those related to the giver as if they were strangers in need of charity has led to the figure of speech "as cold as charity" -- providing for one's relatives as if they were strangers, without affection. Filial piety is extended into the afterlife. ...


The recepitent of charity may offer to pray for the benefactor; indeed, in medieval Europe, it was customary to feast the poor at the funeral in return for their prayers for the deceased. Institutions may commerate benefactors by displaying their names, up to naming buildings or even the institution itself after the benefactors. If the recepitent makes material return of more than a token value, the transaction is normally not called charity.

Missionaries of Charity, a religious order dedicated to caring for the poor
Missionaries of Charity, a religious order dedicated to caring for the poor

Originally almsgiving entailed the benefactor directly giving the goods to the receiver. People who could not support themselves -- or who feigned such inability -- would become beggars. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (912x1084, 178 KB) Summary First Annual (2005) Southeastern Eucharstic Congress Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Charity User:Judgesurreal777/Photos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (912x1084, 178 KB) Summary First Annual (2005) Southeastern Eucharstic Congress Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Charity User:Judgesurreal777/Photos Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Missionaries of Charity is a Catholic religious order established in 1950 by Nobel Peace Prize (1979) Winner Mother Teresa to tend to the sick and dying, especially, the poorest of the poor. Order has been founded in 1950. ... A religious order is an organization of people who live in some way set apart from society in accordance with religious devotion. ... Beggars in Samarkand, 1905 Begging includes the various methods used by persons to obtain money, food, shelter, drugs, alcohol, or other things from people they encounter during the course of their travels. ...


Institutions evolved to carry out the labor of assisting the poor, and these institutions are called charities. These include orphanages, food banks, religious orders dedicated to care of the poor, hospitals, organizations that visit the homebound and imprisoned, and many others. Such institutions allow those whose talents do not lend themselves to caring for the poor to enable others to do so, both by providing money for the work and supporting them while they do the work. Institutions can also attempt to more effectively sort out the actually needy from those who fradulently claim charity. Early Christians particularly recommended the care of the unfortunate to the charge of the local bishop. An orphanage is an institution dedicated to caring for orphans (children who have lost their parents). ... A religious order is an organization of people who live in some way set apart from society in accordance with religious devotion. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ...


In Sunni Islam this is called Zakat, and is one of the five pillars upon which the muslim religion is based. Charity is also used as a forename, intended to evoke the idea that one so named is a giving person. Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... Zakât (or Zakaat or Zakah) (English:tax, alms, tithe) (Arabic: زكاة, Old (Quran) Arabic: زكوة) is the third of the Five Pillars of Islam in Sunni Islam and one of the Branches of Religion in Shia Islam. ... The Five Pillars of Islam is the term given to what are understood among many Muslims to be the five core aspects of Sunni Islam. ... A given name is a word which specifies and differentiates between members of a group of individuals, especially a family, all of whose members usually share the same family name. ...


Charity fundraising on the Internet

With the advent of the Internet a new form of charity fundraising has come up where the person wanting to donate can do so for free by clicking on a banner ad displayed on a particular website. The sponsors then give a specific amount to the website every time a person clicks on their banner. The website subsequently donates the money collected for charitable causes. For more, see Click-to-donate site. Look up Free in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Free is an English language adjective, verb, and adverb. ... A web banner or banner ad is a form of advertising on the World Wide Web. ... This page as shown in the aol 9. ... Sponsors in the 12 step tradition help the addict to recover by bringing a personal experience of recovery on a one to one basis. ... Click to donate sites are web sites where users can click a button to generate a donation for a charity or cause. ...


Notes

  1. John Bossy, Christianity in the West 1400-1700 (Oxford 1985) 168.

See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Charity

Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo-en. ... Wikiquote logo Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Most castles around the world are in ruins. ... A charitable trust (or charity) is a trust organized to serve private or public charitable purposes. ... The Charity Commission is the non-ministerial government department that regulates registered charities (and hence to some extent most churches) in England and Wales. ... // Community Organization Community organizations are nonprofits that operate within a single local community. ... GiveMeaning is an online community created by The GiveMeaning Foundation, a nonprofit organization in Canada and the United States that benefits causes and charities everywhere. ... GlobalGiving (formerly known as DevelopmentSpace) is a unique service that directly connects donors with grassroots projects in the developing world. ... The Malian Foundation is an Australian non-profit organisation which aims to assist charitable organizations who through their respective specialties aid the world’s inhabitants to share their hopes and live their dreams. It achieves this goal by providing pro-bono services to non-profit organsations around the world. ... Tzedakah (Hebrew: צדקה) in Judaism, is the Hebrew term most commonly translated as charity, though it is based on a root meaning justice (צדק). According to Maimonides, there are eight levels of tzedakah in Jewish tradition, ranging from publicly giving funds, so that the donor and recipient both know who each other... Dān is the Hindi term for Charity. ... Charity fraud is the act of using deception to get money from people who are making donations to charities. ...

External Links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Charity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1145 words)
In the 1400, charity meant 'the state of love or simple affection which one was in or out of regarding one's fellows; an occasion or body of people seeking to embody that state; the love of god, in both directions.' The fraternity was the embodiment of this ideal.
Charity suffereth long, and is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily provoked, thinketh no evil; Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
Charity is also used as a forename, intended to evoke the idea that one so named is a giving person.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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