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Encyclopedia > Charisma

The word charisma (from the Greek word χάρισμα (kharisma), "gift" or "divine favor," from kharizesthai, "to favor," from kharis, "favor": see also charism, Charis) refers to a rare trait found in certain human personalities usually including extreme charm and a 'magnetic' quality of personality and/or appearance along with innate and powerfully sophisticated personal communicability and persuasiveness. Though very difficult or even impossible to define accurately (due to a lack of widely accepted criteria in regard to the trait), charisma is often used to describe an (elusive, even undefinable) personality trait that often includes the seemingly 'supernatural' or uncanny ability to lead, charm, persuade, inspire, and/or influence people. It refers especially to a quality in certain people who easily draw the attention and admiration (or even hatred if the application of such charisma is perceived to be negative) of others due to a 'magnetic' quality of personality and/or appearance. Similar terms/phrases related to charisma include: grace, exuberance, equanimity, mystique, positive energy, joie de vivre, extreme charm, personal magnetism, personal appeal, "electricity," and allure, among many others[1]. Usually many of these specific qualities must be present within a single individual for the person to be considered highly charismatic by the public and their peers. Look up Charisma and charisma in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A charism is a power, generally of a spiritual nature, believed to be a freely given gift by the grace of God. ... In Greek mythology, a Charis is one of several Charites (Χάριτες; Greek: Graces), goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility. ... Upeksa, also upekkha in Pali, is the Buddhist concept of equanimity. ... Mystique, as a name, can refer to: Mystique, a comic book character from the Marvel Comics universe. ... one translation being; enjoyment of life. ... Allure can have several meanings: Allure (group), an R&B music group, known for their 1998 hit All Cried Out. An alias for the disc jockey Tijs Verwest (best known as DJ Tiësto). ...


Despite the strong emotions they so often induce in others, charismatic individuals generally project unusual calmness, confidence, assertiveness, dominance, authenticity, and focus, and almost always possess superb communication and/or oratorical skills. Although the etymology of the word ("divine gift") might suggest that charisma can't be acquired, and despite the persistent inability to accurately define or even fully understand the concept, it is believed that charisma can be taught and/or learned (through hypnosis for example). Others [Who?] disagree with this assertion and maintain that it is an inborn trait and that it cannot be learned, taught, or 'gained.' Oratory is the art of eloquent speech. ...

Contents

The psychology of charisma

The term charisma, derived from Ancient Greek was introduced in scholarly usage by German sociologist Max Weber. [1] He defined charismatic authority to be one of three forms of authority, the other two being traditional (feudal) authority and legal or rational authority. According to Weber, charisma is defined thus: Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ... For the politician, see Max Weber (politician). ... Jesus is considered by historians such as Weber to be an example of a charismatic religious leader; The sociologist Max Weber defined charismatic authority as resting on devotion to the exceptional sanctity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained... Feudalism comes from the Late Latin word feudum, itself borrowed from a Germanic root *fehu, a commonly used term in the Middle Ages which means fief, or land held under certain obligations by feodati. ... Rational-legal authority (also known as rational authority, legal authority, rational domination, legal domination) is a form of leadership in which the authority of an organization or a ruling regime is largely tied to legal rationality, legal legitimacy and bureaucracy. ...

a certain quality of an individual personality, by virtue of which s/he is "set apart" from ordinary people and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities. These as such are not accessible to the ordinary person, but are regarded as divine in origin or as exemplary, and on the basis of them the individual concerned is treated as a leader.[2]

The study, recognition, and development of charisma in individuals is of particular interest to sociologists/psychologists, popular (usually national) politicians, public speakers, actors, movie-stars/movie-producers, casting directors, pop-music stars, trainers/coaches targeting the upper-echelons of the business community (CEOs), and academics or others involved in leadership studies or leadership development, among others. [3] Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ... A psychologist is a scientist or clinician who studies psychology, the systematic investigation of the human mind, including behavior and cognition. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A politician is an individual who is a formally recognized and active member of a government, or a person who influences the way a society is governed through an understanding of political power and group dynamics. ... It has been suggested that After dinner speaker be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. ... In the entertainment industry, a producer is generally in charge of, or helps to coordinate, the financial, legal, administrative, technological, and artistic aspects of a production. ... A Casting director is a person who is in charge of the casting of a film or other work requiring actors. ... Depending on context, pop music is either an abbreviation of popular music or, more recently, a term for a sub-genre of it. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ... The word leadership can refer to: The process of leading. ... In organizational development, leadership development is the strategic investment in, and utilization of, the human capital within the organization. ...


In some cases highly-extroverted and brutally controlling charismatic leaders have used their personal charisma in extremely destructive and damaging ways throughout human history, for example, Adolf Hitler and Jim Jones. Hitler redirects here. ... This article is about the cult leader. ...


Pierre Bourdieu did not have a very different position from that of Weber's, but he stressed that a leader has charisma only if other people accept that s/he has it. Bourdieu argued that charisma usually depends on an "inaugural act" such as a decisive battle or moving speech after which the charismatic person will be regarded as such[citation needed]. Pierre Bourdieu (August 1, 1930 – January 23, 2002) was an acclaimed French sociologist whose work employed methods drawn from a wide range of disciplines: from philosophy and literary theory to sociology and anthropology. ...


Theories of charisma

Charisma has also been studied as a set of behaviors/traits; for example, a modern psychological approach posits that charisma is basically aggregative[citation needed], a conglomeration of distinct personality traits that meld well in certain individuals to form the broad quality known as charisma or "personal magnetism."


Theatrically, charisma can sometimes be "performed" on-stage and in films, and is encapsulated in both verbal and non-verbal communication. Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Bold text This article does not cite any references or sources. ... http://members. ...


Professor Richard Wiseman says that a charismatic person has three attributes[4]: Uhm!? ...

  1. they feel emotions themselves quite strongly;
  2. they induce them in others;
  3. and they are impervious to the influences of other charismatic people.

The following are Professor Wiseman's general tips on how to be more charismatic:

  • General: Open body posture, hands away from face when talking, stand up straight, relax, hands apart with palms forwards or upwards
  • To an individual: Let people know they matter and you enjoy being around them, develop a genuine smile, nod when they talk, briefly touch them on the upper arm, and maintain eye contact
  • To a group: Be comfortable as leader, move around to appear enthusiastic, lean slightly forward and look at all parts of the group
  • Message: Move beyond status quo and make a difference, be controversial, new, simple to understand, counter-intuitive
  • Speech: Be clear, fluent, forceful and articulate, evoke imagery, use an upbeat tempo, occasionally slow for tension or emphasis. [4]

See also

As "divine favor"

Black and white Kirlian photo of a fingertip. ... For other uses, see Baraka. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... Baruch (בָּרוּךְBlessed, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew ) may refer to: Baruch College, part of the City University of New York Book of Baruch or 1 Baruch, a deuterocanonical book, considered by Jews and most Protestants to be apocryphal 2 Baruch, also called the Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch 3 Baruch, also called... The word Hebrew most likely means to cross over, referring to the Semitic people crossing over the Euphrates River. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In Christian theology, cessationism is the view that the charismatic gifts of the Holy Spirit, such as tongues, prophecy and healing, ceased being practiced early on in Church history. ... A charism is a power, generally of a spiritual nature, believed to be a freely given gift by the grace of God. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The charismatic movement began... Evangelicalism, in a strictly lexical, but rarely used sense, refers to all things that are implied in belief that Jesus is the savior. ... For the game of graces, see Game of graces. ... Darshan is a Sanskrit and Hindu (also used to some extent in Urdu) term meaning sight (in the sense of an instance of seeing something or somebody), vision, apparition, or a glimpse. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      In Christianity... Enlightenment (or brightening) broadly means the acquisition of new wisdom or understanding enabling clarity of perception. ... A genius is a person of great intelligence. ... Tongues redirects here. ... For other uses, see Guru (disambiguation). ... Satguru or Sadguru means true guru (Sanskrit सदगुरू sat=true), literally: true teacher. ... The term High Priest may refer to particular individuals who hold the office of ruler-priest in local regional or ethnic contexts. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Pentecostal can... For other senses of this word, see Prophet (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sanctification or in its verb form, sanctify, literally means to set apart for special use or purpose, that is to make holy or sacred (compare Latin sanctus holy). Therefore sanctification refers to the state or process of being set apart, i. ... The shaman is an intellectual and spiritual figure who is regarded as possessing power and influence on other peoples in the tribe and performs several functions, primarily that of a healer ( medicine man). The shaman provides medical care, and serves other community needs during crisis times, via supernatural means (means... “Gifts of the Holy Spirit” redirects here. ... Tzadik - צדיק (plural: Tzadikkim) is the Hebrew word for righteous one, and is a title which is generally given to those whom are considered to be righteous such as a spiritual master or Rebbe. ...

As "personal appeal"

Jesus is considered by historians such as Weber to be an example of a charismatic religious leader; The sociologist Max Weber defined charismatic authority as resting on devotion to the exceptional sanctity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained... Look up cool in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Crowd psychology is a branch of social psychology. ... A cult of personality or personality cult arises when a countrys leader uses mass media to create a larger-than-life public image through unquestioning flattery and praise. ... A demagogue (sometimes spelled demagog) is a leader who obtains power by appealing to the gut feelings of the public, usually by powerful use of rhetoric and propaganda. ... Ecstasy is a category of altered states of consciousness or trancelike states in which an individual transcends ordinary consciousness and as a result has a heightened capacity for exceptional thought, intense concentration on a specific task, extraordinary physical abilities or intense emotional experience. ... Eloquence (from Latin eloquentia) is fluent, forcible, elegant or persuasive speaking in public. ... Not to be confused with Pity, Sympathy, or Compassion. ... Hitler strongly emphasised the Führerprinzip Führerprinzip was the German name for leader principle, a system with a hierarchy of leaders that resembled a military structure. ... The word leadership can refer to: The process of leading. ... This article is about authority as a concept. ... This is a list of people whose leadership has been characterized as based on charismatic authority by listed sources. ... Jesus is considered by historians such as Weber to be an example of a charismatic religious leader; The sociologist Max Weber defined charismatic authority as resting on devotion to the exceptional sanctity, heroism or exemplary character of an individual person, and of the normative patterns or order revealed or ordained... The experimenter (V) orders the subject (L) to give what the subject believes are painful electric shocks to another subject (S), who is actually an actor. ... For other uses, see Monarch (disambiguation). ... Much of the recent sociological debate on power revolves around the issue of the constraining and/or enabling nature of power. ... Italic text:For other uses, see Rapport (disambiguation). ... ... Marilyn Monroe, one of the most iconic and famous female sex symbols of all time. ... The Three Types of Legitimate Rule is a book written by Max Weber, a German economist and sociologist. ...

Further reading

The following is a list of books that deal with the phenomenon known as charisma. ...

References

  1. ^ Thesaurus — alternate terms for "charisma"
  2. ^ * Dr David Boje, Charisma lecture notes, Leadership & Society course at New Mexico State University College of Business Administration & Economics, Retrieved 28 July 2005.
  3. ^ The Psychology of Charisma — from Psychology Today magazine
  4. ^ a b Charisma: a step-by-step guide -- from BBC News

is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cover of April 2004 issue of Psychology Today. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Charisma (horse) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (918 words)
Charisma was a horse ridden by New Zealander Mark Todd, and the gelding won many competitions in the sport of eventing.
Charisma, also known as "Podge" and "Stroppy," was born October 30, 1972.
Charisma was a bit fat at that time, and had to be bedded on newspaper strips, as he would try to eat other bedding.
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