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Encyclopedia > Charing Cross Road
Charing Cross Road, London, looking North from its junction with Long Acre.
Charing Cross Road, London, looking North from its junction with Long Acre.

Charing Cross Road is a street in London, England which runs north from Trafalgar Square to St Giles' Circus (the intersection with Oxford Street) and then becomes Tottenham Court Road. It is so called because it leads from Charing Cross. The original Charing Cross was erected by Edward I as one of the crosses which marked the route of his wife's body, Queen Eleanor of Castile, to London. At its north end, it forms the border between Soho in the city of Westminster and St. Giles in the old Borough of Holborn. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1937 KB) Summary Charing Cross Road, London, looking North from its junction with Long Acre. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1937 KB) Summary Charing Cross Road, London, looking North from its junction with Long Acre. ... Long Acre is a street in central London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Trafalgar Square viewed from the northeast corner. ... St Giles Circus is the region of Londons West End located at the intersection of Oxford Street, New Oxford Street, Charing Cross Road and Tottenham Court Road. ... Oxford Street, from the top deck of a bus Oxford Street is a major thoroughfare in London, England in the City of Westminster, and one of the worlds most famous streets for shopping. ... Tottenham Court Road looking north with the Euston Tower in the distance Tottenham Court Road is a road in Central London running from St Giles Circus (the junction of Oxford Street and Charing Cross Road) north to Euston Road, near the border of the City of Westminster and the London... The Victorian Eleanor Cross at Charing Cross The name Charing Cross, now given to a district of central London in the City of Westminster, comes from the original hamlet of Charing, where King Edward I placed a memorial to his wife, Eleanor of Castile. ... Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks[1] and Hammer of the Scots,[2] achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and who kept Scotland under English domination during his lifetime. ... for others known sometimes by same name, see Leonora of Castile For other Eleanors of England, see Eleanor of England (disambiguation) Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was the first Queen consort of Edward I of England. ...


Charing Cross Road was developed by the Metropolitan Board of Works in conjunction with Shaftesbury Avenue. The two streets were one of several built in the Victorian and Edwardian eras to improve traffic flow through central London (other examples include the Thames Embankment, Northumberland Avenue, Kingsway and Aldwych). Charing Cross Road was developed under an 1877 Act of Parliament at a cost of £778,238. It incorporated part of the routes of some older streets.[1] The Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW) was the principal instrument of London-wide government from 1855 until the establishment of the London County Council in 1889. ... Shaftesbury Avenue is a major London street, named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, that runs in a north-easterly direction from Piccadilly Circus to New Oxford Street, crossing Charing Cross Road at Cambridge Circus. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her Ascension to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian Era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British industrial revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... The Edwardian period or Edwardian era in the United Kingdom is the period 1901 to 1910, the reign of King Edward VII. It is sometimes extended to include the period to the start of World War I in 1914 or even the end of the war in 1918. ... Victoria Embankment, London The Victoria Embankment, previously the Thames Embankment is a road and walkway along the north bank of the River Thames in London in the cities of Westminster and London. ... Northumberland Avenue is a London street, running from Trafalgar Square in the west to The Embankment in the east. ... Kingsway is a major road in central London. ... Aldwych is a place and road in the City of Westminster in London. ... In Westminster System parliaments, an Act of Parliament is a part of the law passed by the Parliament. ...


Charing Cross Road is renowned for its specialist and second-hand bookshops. The section from Leicester Square tube station to Cambridge Circus is home to specialist shops such as Zwemmer's (art books), Murder One (bookshop) (crime books and romances) and Comic Showcase (which closed in early 2006). Most of these shops are on the ground floor of a housing block owned by a housing association, and in around 2001, the association decided to raise the rents sharply to move them closer to the market level. This was opposed by the book dealers, who felt that they were providing a valuable service and contributing to the character of the area, and should not be treated in this way by a not-for-profit body such as a housing association. The association's counter argument was that if the booksellers did not pay a market rent they were being subsidized by its low-income tenants. The booksellers attracted considerable public support and a reduced rent increase was imposed, but several of the bookshops have closed nonetheless. One of the shops that closed was Silver Moon, apparently Europe’s largest women’s interest bookshop, which became part of Foyles. More second-hand bookshops can be found on the nearby Cecil Court. Categories: Bookstores | Stub ... Leicester Square tube station Leicester Square Tube Station is a station on the London Underground, located on Charing Cross Road, a short distance to the east of Leicester Square itself. ... Cambridge Circus is a busy London traffic intersection (not actually a roundabout) at the intersection of Shaftesbury Avenue and Charing Cross Road. ... Murder One is a book store in Londons Charing Cross Road which, in its original premises, had a large collection of crime books and a romance department (Heartlines) on the ground floor, and a science fiction/fantasy department (New Worlds, named after the magazine of the same name) in... Housing associations in the United Kingdom are independent not-for-profit bodies that provide low cost housing for people in housing need. ... Foyles W & G Foyle Ltd. ... Cecil Court is a short pedestrian street in London between Charing Cross Road and St. ...

The venerable Foyles bookshop on the west side of Charing Cross Road. (January 2006)
The venerable Foyles bookshop on the west side of Charing Cross Road. (January 2006)

The top section from Cambridge Circus has more generalist shops such as Borders, Blackwell's and Foyles. Also notable are the music shops on Denmark Street (known as Britain's Tin Pan Alley).The music venue the Astoria is also located here as is St Martin's Arts College. A number of theatres can also be found here such as the Phoenix Theatre - with its entrance to be found on the adjoining Phoenix Street. Image File history File links Soho_foyles_bookshop_1. ... Image File history File links Soho_foyles_bookshop_1. ... Borders Group (NYSE: BGP) is an international bookseller based in Ann Arbor, Michigan. ... Front of the original Blackwells bookshop Blackwells is a national chain of publishers and bookshops in the United Kingdom. ... Foyles W & G Foyle Ltd. ... Denmark Street is a short narrow road in central London, notable for its connections with British popular music, and is known as the British Tin Pan Alley. ... Tin Pan Alley was the name given to the collection of New York City-centered music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century. ... The London Astoria is a music venue at 157 Charing Cross Road in London. ... Central Saint Martins at Holborn The Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, (or Central Saint Martins) is one of the leading colleges of art and design in England. ... The Phoenix Theatre is a West End theatre in London, England, located on Charing Cross Road (at the corner with Flitcroft Street). ...


An interesting local feature can be found in the middle of Charing Cross Road - at its junction with Old Compton Street. Beneath the grill in the traffic island in the middle of the road, can be seen the old road signs for the now vanished Little Compton Street, which once joined Old Compton Street with New Compton Street. Old Compton Street street-sign Old Compton Street is located in Soho, London, England. ... Old Compton Street street-sign Old Compton Street is located in Soho, London, England. ...


A long-standing correspondence between New York based author Helene Hanff and the staff of a real-life bookstore located on the street, Marks & Co., was the inspiration for the book 84 Charing Cross Road (1970). In 1986 the novel was made into a film with Anne Bancroft and Anthony Hopkins. The book has also been produced as a play and a BBC radio drama. 84 Charing Cross Road has not been a bookstore for many years (the address is currently an All Bar One). There is however, a brass plaque marking the site where Marks & Co. used to be. Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... Helene Hanff was an American writer; born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, April 15, 1916; died New York City, New York, April 9, 1997. ... 84, Charing Cross Road is the title of a book by Helene Hanff, published in 1970 about the long correspondence (1949-1969) between Hanff, a resident of New York City, and Frank Doel of the Marks & Co. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anne Bancroft (September 17, 1931 – June 6, 2005) was an iconic Academy, Tony, and Emmy Award-winning American actress. ... Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins CBE (IPA: ) (born 31 December 1937) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe and Emmy Award-winning Welsh film, stage and television actor. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ... All Bar One is a chain of bars in the UK, owned and operated by Mitchells and Butlers plc which was part of the Six Continents group until 2003. ...


At the road's southern end is a statue of Edith Cavell. Towards the north end is the Phoenix Garden - a local environmental garden run by local residents. Edith Cavell Statue in memory of Edith Cavell, opposite the National Portrait Gallery, London A propaganda image of Edith Cavell Edith Louisa Cavell (December 4, 1865–October 12, 1915) is a World War I heroine. ... The Phoenix Garden is a local community garden in central London, England, established in 1985. ...


Charing Cross Road is also the site of The Leaky Cauldron in J K Rowling's fantastically popular Harry Potter series (mentioned in the 6th book). The pub, bartended by a man named Tom, is a gathering place for magical folk and provides housing as well. There is a passageway in the courtyard of the Leaky Cauldron that leads to Diagon Alley, where magical folk shop surreptitiously. In J. K. Rowlings Harry Potter novels and their filmed adaptations, Diagon Alley is a street in London, and is effectively a magical high street. ... Joanne Rowling OBE (born July 31, 1965 in Chipping Sodbury, South Gloucestershire), commonly known as J.K. Rowling (pronunciation: roll-ing; her former students used to joke with her name calling her the Rolling Stone), is a British fiction writer. ... Cover of the first book in J. K. Rowlings series: Harry Potter and the Philosophers Stone (British/Canadian/Australian/Irish/ Japanese/Taiwanese/African version) The Harry Potter books are a series of fantasy novels by British writer J. K. Rowling. ...


The street has also been immortalized in the song "Home For A Rest" by Canadian Celtic band Spirit of the West: "We arrived in December/And London was cold/We stayed in the bars/Along Charing Cross Road." Home For a Rest (sometimes abbreviated H4AR) is a song by Canadian folk rock band Spirit of the West, from their 1989 album Save This House. ... Celtic music is a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe. ... Spirit of the West are a Canadian folk rock band, who were popular on the Canadian folk music scene in the 1980s before evolving a blend of hard rock, pop and Celtic folk influences which made them one of Canadas most successful alternative rock acts in the 1990s. ...


References

  1. ^ The Buildings of England, London 6: Westminster, (2003) by Simon Bradley and Nickolaus Pevsner, page 401. ISBN 0-300-09595-3

Sir Nikolaus Pevsner CBE (January 30, 1902 – August 18, 1983) was a German-born British historian of art and, especially, architecture. ...

Further reading

  • Book Lovers' London
READER, Lesley (Metro Publications, paperback, 2nd edition 2002 ISBN 1-902910-13-3, 3rd edition 2005 ISBN 1-902910-26-5)

External links

  • List of Charing Cross Road bookshops by Evelyn C. Leeper
  • Website of Murder One bookstore

  Results from FactBites:
 
Charing Cross Road - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (510 words)
Charing Cross Road is a London street which runs north from Trafalgar Square to St Giles' Circus (the intersection with Oxford Street) and then becomes Tottenham Court Road.
The original Charing Cross was erected by Henry II as one of the crosses which marked the route of his wife's body - Queen Eleanor - to London.
At the road's southern end is a statue of Edith Cavell.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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