A chapter house is a building or room attached to a cathedral or collegiate church in which meetings are held. A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy (such as the Roman Catholic Church or the Anglican churches), which serves as the central church of a bishopric. ... A collegiate church was a church served and administered by a body of canons or prebendaries, similar to a cathedral, although they were not the seat of a bishop. ...
When attached to a cathedral, the cathedral chapter meets there. When attached to a collegiate church, the dean, prebendaries and canons of the college meet there. In religious terminology, a dean is a title accorded to persons holding cartain positions of authority within a religious heirarchy. ... A prebendary is a post connected to a cathedral or collegiate church and is a type of canon. ... Canon can mean: A rule adopted by an ecumenical council of the Catholic or Eastern Orthodox churches. ...
Categories: Cathedrals | Architecture stubs The Basilica di Santa Croce (Basilica of the Holy Cross) is the principal Franciscan church of Florence, Italy, and a minor basilica of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Beauchief Abbey is an abbey in Sheffield, England. ... Beverley Minster, in Beverley, East Riding of Yorkshire, is generally regarded as the most impressive (architecturally speaking) church in England that is not a cathedral. ... The founding of the cathedral at Exeter, dedicated to Saint Peter, dates from 1050, when the seat of the bishop of Devon and Cornwall was transferred from Crediton because of a fear of sea-raids. ... Gloucester Cathedral Gloucester Cathedral from a photo ca. ... Margam Abbey was a Cistercian monastery, located near the present-day town of Port Talbot. ... York Minster is an imposing Gothic cathedral in York, northern England. ...
In monasteries the chapterhouse was used daily after Prime (and sometimes after Terce), for the reading of the "Martyrology" and the "Necrology", for the correction of faults, the assigning of the tasks for the day, and for the exhortation of the superior, and again for the evening Collation or reading before Complin.
In England the chapterhouse was the object of very careful designing and elaborate ornamentation; the polygonal-shaped chapterhouse is a triumph of English thirteenth-century architecture, and no single instance of it is found either in France or Germany.
The ingenious theory which seeks to identify the polygonal shape with secular foundations, and the rectangular shape with monastic foundations, breaks down in presence of the circular chapterhouse of Worcester, and the octagonal chapterhouse of Westminster Abbey, both Benedictine in origin.
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