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Encyclopedia > Chapel

A chapel is a private church, usually small and often attached to a larger institution such as a college, a hospital, a palace, or a prison. One of the best known is the Sistine Chapel in Vatican City, famous for Michelangelo's paintings on its ceilings. Another famous chapel is a part of King's College, Cambridge in England, which also has a renowned choir. However in certain places the word chapel has a wider usage, for instance in England and (especially) Wales many nonconformist church buildings are known as chapels, and in Scotland any Roman Catholic church building is known to many as "the chapel". A church building is a building used in Christian worship. ... A college (Latin collegium) can be the name of any group of colleagues; originally it meant a group of people living together under a common set of rules (con-, together + leg-, law). As a consequence members of colleges were originally styled fellows and still are in some places. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... The Sistine Chapel (Italian: Cappella Sistina) is a chapel in the Palace of the Vatican, the official residence of the Roman Catholic Pope in the Vatican City. ... Michelangelo (full name Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni) (March 6, 1475 - February 18, 1564) was a Renaissance sculptor, architect, painter, and poet. ... Full name The Kings College of Our Lady and St Nicholas Motto Veritas Et Utilitas Truth and usefulness Named after Henry VI Previous names - Established 1441 Sister College New College Acting Provost Dr Tess Adkins Location Kings Parade Undergraduates 397 Graduates 239 Homepage Boatclub Kings College, Cambridge... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... A choir or chorus is a musical ensemble of singers. ...


In canon law, a distinction is made between a chapel, an oratory, and a church. Churches are fully public buildings and anyone can attend services there. Oratories are semi-private as some people besides the owners can attend services with permission of the bishop, and chapels are completely private and are opened to public use only by permission of the owners. In Western culture, canon law is the law of the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches. ... Oratory is the art of eloquent speech. ... A church building is a building used in Christian worship. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ...

Contents


History

The earliest Christian places of worship are now often referred to as chapels, as they were not dedicated buildings but rather a dedicated chamber within a building, such as a room in an individual's house. However, the earliest chapels that were identified separate from a church or a presbytery were the memorials constructed for the Martyrs. However, even at this point they were not referred to as a chapel. Politics—see Chambers of parliament Firearms—see Chamber (weaponry) Heart chamber Combustion chamber Marvel Comics —see Chamber (comics) The Chamber was a short-lived game show on FOX. The Chamber is a suspense novel by John Grisham. ... A presbytery can be the residence of one or more presbyters, priests, or religious elders; or an area of a church or cathedral reserved for priests; or the collective college of priests in a diocese, archdiocese, or prelature; or the local unit in the polity of a Presbyterian church, consisting... Sculpture on the Discoveries Age and Portuguese Navigators in Lisbon, Portugal A memorial is an object served as a memory of something, usually a person (who has died) or an event. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for his or her religious faith. ...


That terminology came later from a relic of Saint Martin. He gave half of his military cloak to a beggar in need. The other half he wore over his shoulders as a cape (Latin capella). This cape came into the possession of the Frankish kings, and they kept the relic with them as they did battle. The tent which kept the cape was called the capella and the priests who said daily Mass in the tent were known as the capellani. From these words we get the names "chapel" and "chaplain". The word relic comes from the Latin reliquiae (remains) and there are many pre-Christian instances of some bone or other part of the corpse, or some intimately associated object, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial. ... St. ... Latin is the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... The Franks or the Frankish people were one of several west Germanic tribes who entered the late Roman Empire from Frisia as foederati and established a lasting realm (sometimes referred to as Francia) in an area that covers most of modern-day France and the region of Franconia in Germany... Then-Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger (now Pope Benedict XVI) presiding at the 2005 Easter Vigil Mass in place of the dying Pope John Paul II. Mass is the term used of the celebration of the Eucharist in the Latin rites of the Roman Catholic Church. ... A chaplain is a priest or a member of the clergy serving a group of people who are not organized as a mission or church. ...


In English history, "chapel" was formerly the required designation of the churches of nonconformist faiths, which is to say, any Protestant churches outside of the established Church of England. It was a word particularly associated with religious practice in Wales. Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK 50. ... Non conformism is the term of KKK ... Protestantism is a movement within Christianity, representing a split from the Roman Catholic Church during the mid to late Renaissance in Europe —a period known as the Protestant Reformation. ... Establishment of religion refers to investing political power in a particular religious faith or body. ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English(100%), Welsh(20. ...


This distinction had an impact in the Irish language in the Middle Ages, as Welsh people came with the Norman and Old English invaders to the island of Ireland. While the traditional Irish word for church was éaglais, a new word, ceipéal (from chapel) came into usage. Irish (Gaeilge in Irish), a Goidelic language spoken in Ireland, the UK, and the USA, is constitutionally recognised as the first official language of the Republic of Ireland. ... Norman may refer to: The Norman language The Norman people Norman architecture, the Romanesque architecture erected by the Normans. ... Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ...


Types of Chapel

  • Side Chapels - a chapel within a cathedral or larger church.
  • Lady Chapels - these are really a form of side chapel, but have been included separately as they are extremely prevalent in the Catholic church. They are dedicated to the veneration of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
  • Ambassador's Chapels - allow ambassadors from Roman Catholic countries to worship whilst on duty in Protestant countries.
  • Bishop's Chapels - Bishops are permitted the right to have a chapel in their own home, even when travelling.
  • Chapels of Ease - constructed in large parishes to allow parishoners easy access to a church or chapel.
  • Summer chapels - A small church in a resort area that functions only during the summer when vacationers are present.

A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy (such as the Roman Catholic Church or the Lutheran or Anglican churches), which serves as the central church of a bishopric. ... A church building is a building used in Christian worship. ... A Lady Chapel is a chapel inside a cathedral dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary. ... (Latin veneratio, Greek δουλια dulia) In traditional Christian churches (for example, Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy), veneration, or veneration of saints, is a special act of honoring a dead person who has been identified as singular in the traditions of the religion, and through them honoring God who made them and... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: For the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary, see Mary, the mother of Jesus. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... For other uses, see Bishop (disambiguation). ...

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

In the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, chapels are local church buildings. The name of the church is on the outside of the building, and there is usually a steeple without a cross. In the main room of the chapel used for the Sacrament meeting there are no paintings, flags, statues, carvings, or symbols. Although some chapels have pictures on stained glass. There are pictures or paintings in the hallways and in the classrooms and offices. There is an office for the Bishop or Branch President of the local "Ward" or "Branch" of the church. There are several classrooms used for Sunday School, Seminary classes, and youth groups on Sunday and throughout the week.


Stake Centers are also used for weekly services.


Related Links

A church building is a building used in Christian worship. ...

References

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Chapels

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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Chapel (5028 words)
chapels were separate from the dwelling, the bishop might permit service to be held there, but clerks were not to be ordained to these as "titles".
chapel, to the detriment of the mother-church and parochial clergy.
chapels radiating from the main apse was inconvenient, later builders devised the ambulatory, or passage behind the apse proper and connecting all the apsidal chapels with the "procession path".
The Rothko Chapel (135 words)
The Rothko Chapel, founded by John and Dominique de Menil, was dedicated in 1971 as an intimate sanctuary available to people of every belief.
The Rothko Chapel is a place alive with religious ceremonies of all faiths.
The Chapel has become a rallying place for all people concerned with peace, freedom, and social justice throughout the world.
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