FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Chaozhou" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Chaozhou

Chaozhou (Chinese: 潮州 lit. "Tide Prefecture"; pinyin: Cháozhōu; Wade-Giles: Ch'ao²-chou¹, Postal Romanization: Chiuchow, Teochew, Tiuchiu, Teochiu Minnan: Diō-jiu, Teō-chiu, ) is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong Province, China. Its population is approximately 1.24 million. Pinyin (拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard Mandarin. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... In the early twentieth century, China (starting with the dying Qing Empire) used Postal (Office) System Pinyin (郵政式拼音 Hanyu Pinyin: Yóuzhèngshì PÄ«nyÄ«n) (unrelated to the modern Hanyu Pinyin), based on Wade-Giles (in particularly, Herbert Giless A Chinese-English Dictionary) for postal purposes, especially for placenames... Mǐn Nán (Chinese: 閩南語), also spelt as Minnan or Min-nan; native name Bân-lâm-gú; literally means Southern Min or Southern Fujian and refers to the local language/dialect of southern Fujian province, China. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: d , literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Guangdong (Simplified Chinese: 广东; Traditional Chinese: 廣東; pinyin: Guǎngdōng; Wade-Giles: Kuang-tung; Kwangtung in older transliteration; Cantonese: gwong2 dung1), is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

Contents


Location

Chaozhou is located in the easternmost part of Guangdong Province, north of the coastal Shantou City. It is located in the north of the delta of the Hanjiang River (韓江), which flows through the city. The historic quarter of Shantou, which features both Western and Chinese architecture Shantou (Simplified: 汕头, Traditional: 汕頭 Pinyin: Shàntóu; Min Chinese: Swátōw or Suátāo) is a city of 784,000 in coastal eastern Guangdong Province, China. ...


History

In 214 BC, Chaozhou was an undeveloped and unnamed part of Nanhai Commandry (南海郡) of the Qin Dynasty. In 331 during the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Haiyang (海陽縣) was established as a part of Dongguan Commandry (東官郡). Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC - 210s BC - 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC Years: 219 BC 218 BC 217 BC 216 BC 215 BC - 214 BC - 213 BC 212 BC... Commandry (British English), or commandery (American English), was the smallest division of the European landed estate or manor under the control of a commendator, or commander, of an order of knights. ... The Qin Dynasty (秦朝 Pinyin Qín, Wade-Giles Chin; 221 BC - 207 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China. ... Events Gregory the Illuminator withdraws from the world; his death occurs sometime in the next couple of years. ... The Jin Dynasty (晉 pinyin jìn, 265-420) followed the Three Kingdoms and preceded the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China. ...


Dongguan Commandry was renamed to Yi'an Commandry (義安郡) in 413. The commandry became a prefecture in 590 in the early Sui Dynasty; first as Xun Prefecture (循州, Xunzhou), then as Chao Prefecture (潮州, Chaozhou) in the following year. In 1914, the Republic of China government combined Chao and Xun prefectures into Chaoxun Prefecture or Chaoxun Circuit (潮循道). Events May 8 - Honorius signs an edict providing tax relief for the provinces of Italy that have been plundered by the Visigoths. ... The term prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) indicates the office, seat, territorial circonscription of a Prefect; consequentally, like that word, is its applied in English in relation to actual Prefects, whose title is just that (or the forms it takes in other, especially Romance, languages), in the broadest sense in... Events September 3 - St. ... The Sui Dynasty (隋朝 Hanyu Pinyin: suí cháo, 581-618) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ... Circuits in the common law In law, a circuit is an appellate judicial district commonly seen in the court systems of many nations. ...


For a short while in the Sui and early Tang Dynasties, Haiyang District was called Yi'an District (義安縣). The district's name remained Haiyang until 1914, when it was renamed to Chao'an County (潮安縣) to avoid ambiguity with the Haiyang County of Shandong Province. The Sui Dynasty (隋朝 Hanyu Pinyin: suí cháo, 581-618) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... The Tang Dynasty (唐朝 pinyin: tángcháo) (June 18, 618 – June 4, 907) followed the Sui Dynasty and preceded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Shandong (Simplified Chinese: 山东; Traditional Chinese: 山東; pinyin: Shāndōng; Wade-Giles: Shan-tung) is a coastal province of eastern Peoples Republic of China. ...


The seat of the 1951 Guangdong People's Government was at Chao'an County, a part of it was created as Chao'an City in 1953 and later that year renamed to Chaozhou City (county-level). In 1955, the provincial seat moved to Shantou. Chaozhou City was abolished five years later, and reestablished again in 1979. In 1983, the situation was reversed, with Chao'an abolished and made a part of Chaozhou City. Chaozhou was made a provincially-administered city in January 1989, and a vice-prefecture-level city in January 1990. 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... The historic quarter of Shantou, which features both Western and Chinese architecture Shantou (Simplified: 汕头, Traditional: 汕頭 Pinyin: Shàntóu; Min Chinese: Swátōw or Suátāo) is a city of 784,000 in coastal eastern Guangdong Province, China. ... 1983 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Together, Chaozhou and the nearby city Shantou are called "Chao-Shan" (潮汕); Chaoshan was used as the name of the joint political-administrative area which encompassed the two cities from 1958 until 1983. For the next five years, Shantou City was a higher-level city containg Chaozhou within it. Currently, Chaozhou and Shantou are equal in status. The historic quarter of Shantou, which features both Western and Chinese architecture Shantou (Simplified: 汕头, Traditional: 汕頭 Pinyin: Shàntóu; Min Chinese: Swátōw or Suátāo) is a city of 784,000 in coastal eastern Guangdong Province, China. ... Chaoshan (潮汕) is distinct linguistic and cultural region in eastern Guangdong Province. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Chaozhou Prefecture (in yellow)
Chaozhou Prefecture (in yellow)

Image File history File links 内容介绍:潮州在广东的位置 原创者:zhuwq 创作日期:2005年1月 创作方法:将广东地图用扫描仪输入电脑,再将图片导入FLASH,用画笔描出轮廓,着填充,导出JPG图像。 zhuwq授权,任何人都可以使用 http://zh. ... Image File history File links 内容介绍:潮州在广东的位置 原创者:zhuwq 创作日期:2005年1月 创作方法:将广东地图用扫描仪输入电脑,再将图片导入FLASH,用画笔描出轮廓,着填充,导出JPG图像。 zhuwq授权,任何人都可以使用 http://zh. ...

Administration

In December 1991, Chaozhou expanded to include:

  • The newly established county-level Xiangqiao District (湘桥区)
  • The revived Chao'an County.
    • Chao'an's capital was Fengxi (枫溪), then Anbu (庵埠).
  • Raoping County, formerly governed by Shantou City, came to be administered by Chaozhou.

Raoping is a county in eastern Guangdong Province, to the west of Fujian Province, near South China Sea. ...

Miscellanea

Ch'ao-chou Township (潮州鎮), or Chaochou, of Pingtung County, Taiwan is named after Chaozhou. The township is 42.4331 km². Pingtung County (屏東縣, pinyin: Píngdōng Xiàn) is a county in Southern Taiwan. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


See also

Chiuchow cuisine or Teochew cuisine [[Chiuchow is the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese characters 潮州。In Southeast Asia where a large number of ethnic Chinese are of Chaozhou descent,the term Teochew, the pronuciation of the same Chinese characters in the Chaozhou dialect, is more commonly used. ... The Teochew dialect (Diō-jiu-oē, Chinese:潮州话, Hanyu Pinyin: Cháozhōuhuà, Teochiu or Tiuchiu), is a Chinese language and dialect of Minnan spoken in a region of eastern Guangdong refered to as Chaoshan. ...

External link

  • Official government website


Prefecture-level divisions of Guangdong
Sub-provincial cities: Guangzhou | Shenzhen
Prefecture-level cities: Chaozhou | Dongguan | Foshan | Heyuan | Huizhou
Jiangmen | Jieyang | Maoming | Meizhou | Qingyuan | Shantou | Shanwei
Shaoguan | Yangjiang | Yunfu | Zhanjiang | Zhaoqing | Zhongshan | Zhuhai
List of Guangdong County-level divisions

  Results from FactBites:
 
Chaozhou - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (413 words)
Chaozhou is located in the easternmost part of Guangdong Province, north of the coastal Shantou City.
Chaozhou was made a provincially-administered city in January 1989, and a vice-prefecture-level city in January 1990.
Together, Chaozhou and the nearby city Shantou are called "Chao-Shan" (潮汕); Chaoshan was used as the name of the joint political-administrative area which encompassed the two cities from 1958 until 1983.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m