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Encyclopedia > Chansonnier
Canadian singer-songwriter Dayna Manning.

The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. This distinguishes them from artists who are only singers, such as Elvis Presley, Dean Martin, Aretha Franklin, and Frank Sinatra; typically, such performers sing the material of professional songwriters (and of artists who are primarily songwriters), who normally do not perform their own work, such as Lorenz Hart, Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein II, Cole Porter, Irving Berlin, Jerry Leiber or Mike Stoller. Even in many cases where the performer and writer are one and the same, but the roles of songwriter and singer are essentially discrete (such as a rock musician writing a ballad for his band to play) the results are not considered singer-songwriter material. Dayna Manning sings. ... Dayna Manning sings. ... Dayna Manning. ... Elvis Aaron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), also known as The King of Rock and Roll, or as just simply The King, was an American singer who had an immeasurable effect on world culture. ... Dean Martin (June 7, 1917 - December 25, 1995) was an American film actor and singer, crooner. ... Aretha Franklin Aretha Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is a gospel, soul and R&B singer born in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Frank Sinatra in 1947 Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer who is considered one of the finest vocalists of all time, renowned for his impeccable phrasing and timing. ... Lorenz Hart (May 2, 1895 - November 22, 1943) was the lyricist half of the famed Broadway songwriting team Rodgers and Hart. ... (For work done with Oscar Hammerstein II, see Rodgers and Hammerstein) Richard Rodgers (June 18, 1902 - December 30, 1979) was one of the great composers of musical theater, best known for his song writing partnerships with Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein II. He received countless awards including Pulitzers, Tonys, Oscars... (For work done with Richard Rodgers, see Rodgers and Hammerstein) Oscar Hammerstein II ( July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was an American writer and producer of musical comedies for almost forty years. ... Cole Porter ( June 9, 1891 - October 15, 1964) was an American composer and songwriter. ... Irving Berlin (May 11, 1888–September 22, 1989) was an American composer and lyricist. ... Jerry Leiber (born April 25, 1933) and Mike Stoller (born March 13, 1933) are among the most important songwriters and music producers in post-World War II popular music. ... Jerry Leiber (born April 25, 1933) and Mike Stoller (born March 13, 1933) are among the most important songwriters and music producers in post-World War II popular music. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ...

This arrangement -- singer and songwriter as discrete artists -- was the standard in American popular music until about the 1960s. It was not unheard-of before: folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie did much of his work in the 1930s, and most blues singers from the 1930s-1950s such as Robert Johnson, John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters too performed their own work (which, however, was usually heavily influenced by earlier blues songs). Arguably, these performers were not yet mainstream. Meanwhile, icons in the francophone world such as Georges Brassens, Léo Ferré and Jacques Brel performed their own songs in the 1940s and 1950s; Brel's work, in particular, was widely translated into English. In the late 1960s, however, with the rise of new forms of folk music, and in particular the work of Bob Dylan, it became more common for artists to perform their own music, and for that music to be highly intertwined with the personality and viewpoint of the artist. Popular music, sometimes abbreviated pop music, is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are broadly popular. ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. ... Woodrow Wilson Guthrie (July 14, 1912 - October 3, 1967), known almost universally as Woody, was a folk singer and raconteur who wrote some of Americas best-loved songs. ... Blues is a vocal and instrumental musical form which evolved from African American spirituals, shouts, work songs and chants and has its earliest stylistic roots in West Africa. ... Robert Johnson Robert Leroy Johnson (May 8, 1911 – August 16, 1938) is probably the most famous Delta blues singer and guitarist in history. ... Categories: Musician stubs | 1917 births | 2001 deaths | Blues musicians | Blues singers | American guitarists ... McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1915 – April 30, 1983) is better known as Muddy Waters. ... Georges Brassens (October 22, 1921 - October 29, 1981) was a French singer and songwriter. ... Léo Ferré (August 24, 1916 - July 14, 1993) was a poet and a musician. ... Jacques Brel ( April 8, 1929 – October 9, 1978) was a Belgian French-speaking author-composer with such strong power of expression in his lyrics that many consider him a poet as well. ... Folk music, in the original sense of the term, is music by and of the people. ... Portrait photograph of Bob Dylan taken by Daniel Kramer Bob Dylan (born Robert Allen Zimmerman May 24, 1941, Duluth, Minnesota, USA) is widely regarded as one of Americas greatest popular songwriters. ...

The first recognition of the singer-songwriter as a musical genre occurred in the early 1970s when a series of folk- and country-influenced musicians rose to prominence and popularity. These early singer-songwriters included Jackson Browne, Joni Mitchell, Carly Simon and James Taylor. People who had been primarily songwriters, notably Carole King, also began releasing work as performers. In contrast to the storytelling approach of most prior country and folk music, these performers typically wrote songs from a highly personal (often first-person), introspective point of view. The adjectives "confessional" and "sensitive" were often used (sometimes derisively) to describe this early singer-songwriter style. Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ... Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... Country music, once known as country and western music, is a popular musical form developed in the southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, spirituals, and the blues. ... Jackson Browne Jackson Browne (born October 9, 1948) is an influential American singer-songwriter. ... Self portrait by Joni Mitchell, on the cover of her album Both Sides Now Joni Mitchell (born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7, 1943, in Fort Macleod, Alberta), is a Canadian musician and painter. ... Carly Elisabeth Simon (born June 25, 1945 in New York City) is an American musician who emerged as one of the leading lights of the early 1970s singer_songwriter boom. ... James Taylor (born March 12, 1948) is an American singer-songwriter, born in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Carole King (born February 9, 1942) is an American singer and songwriter, most active as a singer during the early to mid 1970s, but a successful songwriter for considerably longer both before and after this period. ...

By the late 1970s and early 1980s the original wave of singer-songwriters had largely been absorbed into a more general pop or soft rock format, but some new artists in the singer-songwriter tradition (notably Lucinda Williams) continued to emerge, and in other cases rock and even punk rock artists such as Peter Case and Paul Westerberg transitioned to careers as solo singer-songwriters. Soft rock, also referred to as lite rock, easy rock, and formally Mellow rock, is a style of music which uses the techniques of rock and roll to compose a softer, supposedly more ear-pleasing sound for listening, often at work. ... Lucinda Williams on the cover of her album Sweet Old World Lucinda Williams (born January 26, 1953) is an American rock, folk, and country music singer and songwriter. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Peter Case is an American singer-songwriter, born in New York. ... Paul Westerberg is the former lead singer and songwriter of The Replacements, one of the seminal indie rock bands of the 1980s. ...

In the late 1980s, the term was re-applied to a group of female singers and songwriters, beginning with Tracy Chapman, k.d. lang and P.J. Harvey. By the mid-1990s, the term was revived with the success of Alanis Morissette and her breakthrough album Jagged Little Pill. It had grown to encompass Sarah McLachlan, Sheryl Crow, Lisa Loeb, Joan Osborne and Tori Amos, and other performers associated with the Lilith Fair. In the 1990s artists such as Dave Matthews borrowed from the singer-songwriter tradition to create new acoustic-based rock styles. Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ... Tracy Chapman on the cover of her title album Tracy Chapman (born March 30, 1964) is an American singer-songwriter, best known for a small number of enduring hits, such as Fast Car and Give Me One Reason. Cleveland-born Chapman began playing guitar as a child, and eventually began... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Polly Jean Harvey, born October 9, 1969 in Weymouth, Dorset is a British singer and songwriter. ... Events and trends Technology Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft Windows operating system becomes virtually ubiquitous on IBM... Alanis Morissette Alanis Nadine Morissette (born June 1, 1974) is a successful Canadian- American singer-songwriter and occasional actress. ... Jagged Little Pill was Canadian singer/songwriter Alanis Morissettes third album, released on June 13, 1995 (see 1995 in music). ... Sarah McLachlan Sarah Ann McLachlan (born January 28, 1968) is a Canadian musician, singer and songwriter. ... The Very Best of Sheryl Crow album released October 2003 Sheryl Crow (born February 11, 1962 in Kennett, Missouri, USA) is an American blues rock singer, guitarist and song writer. ... Lisa Loeb on the cover of her album Cake and Pie Lisa Anne Loeb (born 11 March 1968 in Bethesda, Maryland, United States) is a singer-songwriter. ... Joan Osborne (born July 8, 1963) is an American singer-songwriter originally from Anchorage, Kentucky. ... Tori Amos Tori Amos (born Myra Ellen Amos on August 22, 1963) is an American singer, pianist and songwriter. ... Lilith Fair was a tour that featured female musicians that ran from 1997 to 1999. ... Events and trends Technology Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft Windows operating system becomes virtually ubiquitous on IBM... Dave Matthews, 2003 Dave Matthews (born January 9, 1967 in Johannesburg, South Africa) is the vocalist and guitarist from Dave Matthews Band. ...

Typically, a singer-songwriter will perform solo or with understated accompaniment, accompany him- or herself on an instrument (often guitar or keyboards), and be equally well-known for the songs they write as for the way they are performed. The classical guitar typically has 3 nylon and 3 nickel-wound strings. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

See also

Wikiquote quotations relating to:
  • List of singer-songwriters.

  Results from FactBites:
Chansonniers (1577 words)
The role of the chansonniers, in view of the profound changes that society was undergoing, was essential to social evolution and gradually assumed a collective meaning: that of presenting the spirit of one's native environment in song.
He was the first chansonnier, acknowledged as such, to be accompanied by the electric guitar or to sing with a group, and he was succeeded in this by Claude Dubois, Jean-Pierre Ferland, and Jacques Michel and a new generation of singer-songwriters.
Younger chansonniers of the group type of the 1970s, such as Harmonium, Les Séguin, Jim et Bertrand, Beau Dommage, and Garolou, recalled the early chansonniers by their vitality and abundant skills in performance.
Chansonnier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (184 words)
The most important chansonniers contain lyrics, poems and songs of the trouvères or troubadours of the Middle Ages.
Chansonniers were compiled primarily in France, but also in Italy and Germany; however, even when they were compiled elsewhere, the contain mostly French polyphonic chansons.
Chansonnier is equivalent to the Portuguese word Cancioneiro and the Italian word Canzoniere.
  More results at FactBites »



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