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Encyclopedia > Chancellor of China

Chancellor of China 丞相 (Cheng Xiang) or 宰相 (Zai Xiang), was the highest rank in the imperial government in former China after the emperor (685 BC-6 BC, 189-1380). In the Spring and Autumn Period, Guan Zhong was the first person who became chancellor under the state of Qi in 685 BC. The title was once cancelled by Emperor Ai of Han; it was restored under the powerless Emperor Xian of Han, and Dong Zhuo became the first chancellor in 189. Cao Cao succeeded him and for a short period, until March 15, 220, the power of Chancellor was greater than that of the emperor. Later this often happened when a dynasty became weak, usually some decades before the fall of a dynasty. Chancellor (Latin: cancellarius), an official title used by most of the peoples whose civilization has arisen directly or indirectly out of the Roman empire. ... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 730s BC 720s BC 710s BC 700s BC 690s BC - 680s BC - 670s BC 660s BC 650s BC 640s BC 630s BC Events and Trends 689 BC - King Sennacherib of Assyria sacks Babylon 687 BC - Gyges becomes king of... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC - 0s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 11 BC 10 BC 9 BC 8 BC 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC 4 BC 3 BC 2 BC 1 BC 1... Events Pope Victor I succeeds Pope Eleuterus The Prince of Hongnong succeeds Han Lingdi as Chinese emperor of Han Dynasty Dong Zhuo has the Prince of Hongnong poisoned and installs Han Xiandi as emperor. ... Events September 8 - Battle of Kulikovo - Russian forces under Grand Prince Dmitrii Ivanovich defeat a mixed army of Tatars and Mongols (the Golden Horde), stopping their advance at Kulikovo. ... The Spring and Autumn Period (Chinese: 春秋時代; Pinyin: ) represented an era in Chinese history between 722 BC and 481 BC. The period takes its name from the Spring and Autumn Annals, a chronicle of the period whose authorship was traditionally attributed to Confucius. ... State of Qi (small seal script, 220 BC) See Qi (disambiguation) for other meanings of Qi. Qi (齊; pinyin: qi2) was a relatively powerful state during the Spring and Autumn Period and Period of the Warring States. ... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 730s BC 720s BC 710s BC 700s BC 690s BC - 680s BC - 670s BC 660s BC 650s BC 640s BC 630s BC Events and Trends 689 BC - King Sennacherib of Assyria sacks Babylon 687 BC - Gyges becomes king of... Emperor Ai of Han (27 BC–1 BC) was an emperor of the Chinese Han Dynasty. ... Format of naming convention in English is under discussion at Wikipedia talk:Naming conventions (Chinese). ... Dong Zhuo (? – 192) was a warlord during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms Period in ancient China. ... Events Pope Victor I succeeds Pope Eleuterus The Prince of Hongnong succeeds Han Lingdi as Chinese emperor of Han Dynasty Dong Zhuo has the Prince of Hongnong poisoned and installs Han Xiandi as emperor. ... Cao Cao (155 – 220) was a regional warlord and the last Chancellor of Eastern Han Dynasty who rose to great power during the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty in ancient China. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... Events Han Xiandi abdicates his throne to Cao Pi, symbolizing the end of the Han Dynasty and the beginning of the Three Kingdoms period in China. ...


Since the Qin Dynasty, the office of chancellor was sometimes divided into two positions, the "Left Chancellor"(左丞 zuo cheng) and "Right Chancellor"(右丞 you cheng). The term "Chancellor" (丞相 cheng xiang) often refers to the more powerful "Right Chancellor," while the "Left Chancellor" was known as the vice-Chancellor; the latter was at times called "Rusi Dafu"(御史大夫 yushi daifu, or Great Censor/Censor General, charged with defending against corruption). The Qin Dynasty (秦朝 Pinyin Qín, Wade-Giles Chin; 221 BC - 207 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China. ...


During the Sui Dynasty, the executive officials of the three highest departments of the empire were called "Chancellors" together. In the Tang Dynasty, the government was divided into three branches: Executive (尚書省 shang shu sheng), Delibration (門下省 men xia sheng) and Policy-making (中書省 zhong shu sheng); the term "chancellor" referred to the head of the ministry (同中書門下二品 or 同中書門下三品 tongzhongshu menxia erpin or sanpin, respectively) of the executive branch from 643. The Executive Ministry was divided into six sections, Personnel Section (吏部 shi bu, had the power to appoint and dismiss offcials), Population and Financial Section (户部 hu bu), Examination and Foreign Section (禮部 li bu), Military Section(兵部 bing bu), Section for Justice (刑部 xing bu) and Section of Engineering (工部 gong bu). The Sui Dynasty (隋朝 Hanyu Pinyin: Suí, 581-618) followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. ... The Tang Dynasty (唐朝 pinyin: tángcháo) (June 18 Jarryd Gleesons Birth Date who is part of this dynasty, 618 – June 4, 907) followed the Sui Dynasty and preceded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. ... Events Rothari, King of the Lombards, issues the Lombard law code. ...


In the Song Dynasty, the post of Chancellor was also known as the "Tongpingzhangshi" (同平章事), while the vice-chancellor was known as the "Jijunsi". Some years later, the post of Chancellor was changed to "Prime Minister" (首相 shou xiang) and the post of vice-Chancellor was changed to "Second Minister" (次相 ci xiang). In the late Southern Song Dynasty, the system changed back to the Tang naming conventions. The Song Dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... A prime minister may be either: the chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives... Alternative meaning: Song Dynasty (420-479) The Song dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ...


During the Mongolian Occupation (Yuan Dynasty), the Chancellor was not the head of the Executive Ministry, but the crown prince was the executive head. After the establishment of the Ming Dynasty, the post became the head of the Executive Ministry again. The post was abandoned after the execution of the final Chancellor of China, Hu Weirong, who was accused of treason (though his conviction is still strongly disputed in present times because of a lack of evidence to prove his guilt). Still, appointments of the people who held the highest post in the government were called "Appointment of Prime Minister" (拜相) until 1644. The Yuan Dynasty (Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus; Chinese: 元朝 or 大元帝國) lasting officially from 1271 to 1368, also called the Mongol Dynasty, was the name given to the significant ruling family of Borjigin in Asia. ... The Ming Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644. ... // Events February to August - Explorer Abel Tasmans second expedition for the Dutch East India Company maps the north coast of Australia. ...

Contents


List of Chancellors of China

List of Chancellors of Qin Dynasty since 251 BC

# Name Took Office Left Office
1 Lü Buwei 251 BC 246 BC
2 Li Si 246 BC 208 BC
3 Zhao Gao 208 BC 207 BC

Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC - 250s BC - 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC Years: 256 BC 255 BC 254 BC 253 BC 252 BC - 251 BC - 250 BC 249 BC... Lü Buwei (Chinese: 呂不韋; pinyin: lÇš bù wéi) - according to Chinese beliefs, he was the real father of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC - 250s BC - 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC Years: 256 BC 255 BC 254 BC 253 BC 252 BC - 251 BC - 250 BC 249 BC... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC - 240s BC - 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC Years: 251 BC 250 BC 249 BC 248 BC 247 BC - 246 BC - 245 BC 244 BC... Li Si (Chinese: 李斯; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Li Ssu) (ca. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 290s BC 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC - 240s BC - 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC Years: 251 BC 250 BC 249 BC 248 BC 247 BC - 246 BC - 245 BC 244 BC... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 213 BC 212 BC 211 BC 210 BC 209 BC - 208 BC - 207 BC 206 BC... Zhao Gao 趙高 (died end of October 207 BC) was the chief eunuch during the Qin Dynasty of China, who played an instrumental role in the downfall of the Qin Dynasty. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 213 BC 212 BC 211 BC 210 BC 209 BC - 208 BC - 207 BC 206 BC... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 212 BC 211 BC 210 BC 209 BC 208 BC - 207 BC - 206 BC 205 BC...

List of other famous Chancellors and (since 1052) Prime Ministers

Events Births Milarepa Deaths Heads of state Holy See - Leo IX pope (1049-1054) Categories: 1052 ... Guan Zhong (管仲) (died in 645 BC) was a politician in the Spring and Autumn Period. ... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 690s BC 680s BC 670s BC 660s BC 650s BC - 640s BC - 630s BC 620s BC 610s BC 600s BC 590s BC Events and Trends Assyrian king Ashurbanipal founds library, which includes our earliest complete copy of the Epic... Xiao He (蕭何) was a key figure in Liu Bangs rise to power after the fall of the Qin Dynasty. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC - 200s BC - 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC Years: 211 BC 210 BC 209 BC 208 BC 207 BC - 206 BC - 205 BC 204 BC... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 240s BC 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC - 190s BC - 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC Years: 198 BC 197 BC 196 BC 195 BC 194 BC - 193 BC - 192 BC 191 BC... Dong Zhuo (? – 192) was a warlord during the late Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms Period in ancient China. ... Events Pope Victor I succeeds Pope Eleuterus The Prince of Hongnong succeeds Han Lingdi as Chinese emperor of Han Dynasty Dong Zhuo has the Prince of Hongnong poisoned and installs Han Xiandi as emperor. ... Events The kingdom of Champa begins to control south and central Vietnam (approximate date). ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC - 0s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s 8 BC 7 BC 6 BC 5 BC 4 BC 3 BC 2 BC 1 BC 1 2 3 Events Births Seneca, Roman... Cao Cao (155 – 220) was a regional warlord and the last Chancellor of Eastern Han Dynasty who rose to great power during the last years of the Eastern Han Dynasty in ancient China. ... For other uses, see number 200. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... Events Han Xiandi abdicates his throne to Cao Pi, symbolizing the end of the Han Dynasty and the beginning of the Three Kingdoms period in China. ... An artist impression of Zhuge Liang holding his trademark feather fan. ... Events June 26 - Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopts Alexander Severus as his heir. ... Events Wei Yan revolts against the kingdom of Shu Han Births Emperor Wu of Jin China (approximate date) Deaths Li Yan, general of the Shu Kingdom Wei Yan, Shu general, executed by Ma Dai Zhuge Liang of the Shu Kingdom in China, dies on the Wu Zhang Plains in a... Lu Yi was a general of the Kingdom of Wu, during the Three Kingdoms period of China. ... Events Roman Emperor Gordian III dies under unclear circumstances while in war against Shapur I of Persia. ... Events Roman emperor Philip the Arabian entrusted future emperor Gaius Messius Quintus Trajanus with an important command on the Danube Trieu Thi Trinh Vietnamese warrior women begins her three year resistance against the invading Chinese. ... The Kingdom of Wu (Chinese: 吳, pinyin: wú) refers to a historical nation and several states in a region of China. ... Di Renjie 狄仁傑 (630-700) twice served as the Chancellor of Tang China. ... Events The building of the Dome of the Rock is completed People Theuderic III succeeded by Clovis III Wilfrid, Bishop of Northumbria, expelled to Mercia See also Unterseeboot 691 Categories: 691 ... Events Births Deaths Categories: 693 ... Events End of the reign of Empress Jito of Japan Emperor Mommu ascends to the throne of Japan Approximate date of the Council of Birr, when the northern part of Ireland accepted the Roman calculations for celebrating Easter. ... // Events Saint Adamnan convinces 51 kings to adopt Cáin Adomnáin defining the relationship between women and priests. ... Zhang Jiuling (张九龄, styled Zishou 子寿) (678 - 740) was a prominent minister, noted poet and scholar of the Tang Dynasty. ... Events Births Emperor Junnin of Japan Deaths Categories: 733 ... Events The Kegon school of Buddhism arrives in Japan via Korea, when Rōben invites the Korean monk Simsang to lecture, and formally founds Japans Kegon tradition in the Tōdaiji temple. ... Wáng Ānshí (王安石) (1021 - 1086) was a Chinese economist, statesman and poet of the Song Dynasty who attempted some controversial, major socio-economic reforms. ... Events Hereward the Wake begins a Saxon revolt in the Fens of eastern England. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Events All year - People fucked each other ALOT! February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events May 25 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors. ... Sima Guang (py. ... Events May 25 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain back from the Moors. ... Events Domesday Book is completed in England Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule Imam Ali Mosque is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I after being destroyed by fire. ... Wen Tianxiang (Wade-Giles: Wen Tien-hsiang) (文天祥, June 6, 1236–January 9, 1283), titled Duke of Xinguo, the last resisting Prime Minister of the Southern Song Dynasty, was captured by Kublai Khan, and was brought back to Beijing under house arrest, in the company of musicians and female entertainers. ... Events May 6 - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albanss Abbey dies. ... Events June 1 - Treaty of Rheinfelden - Duke Rudolph II of Austria has to waive his right to the Duchies of Austria and Styria Teutonic Knights subjugate Prussia Sopot comes under the control of Gdańsk Gregory Cyprius becomes Patriarch of Constantinople Northern section of the Grand Canal of China is completed... Yan Song (Chinese: 嚴嵩; pinyin: Yán Sōng) (1481 - 1568) was a corrupt Ming Chinese prime minister who became a homeless pauper. ... Events May 3 - Mehmed II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Beyazid II. May 21 - Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway dies and is succeeded by his son John (1481-1513) With the death of Duke Charles IV of Anjou, Anjou was reverted... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Zhang Juzheng or Chang Chü-cheng Born 1525, Jiangling, Hubei province, China, died 1582, Beijing. ... Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other in the home of Manzs mother on Neustadt-Gasse, Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union. ... Events January 15 - Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland February 24 - Pope Gregory XIII implements the Gregorian Calendar. ...

Premiers after 1644/1911

This is a list of the Premiers of China since 1911. ...

See Also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chancellor of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (600 words)
Chancellor of China 丞相 (Cheng Xiang) or 宰相 (Zai Xiang), was the highest rank in the imperial government in former China after the emperor (685 BC-6 BC, 189-1380).
During the Mongolian Occupation (Yuan Dynasty), the Chancellor was not the head of the Executive Ministry, but the crown prince was the executive head.
The post was abandoned after the execution of the final Chancellor of China, Hu Weirong, who was accused of treason (though his conviction is still strongly disputed in present times because of a lack of evidence to prove his guilt).
Li Linfu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (248 words)
752), born as Li Genu (李哥奴), a member of the imperial family, was the Chancellor of Tang China under Emperor Xuanzong.
In 737, under Li's influence, the emperor dismissed Zhang Jiuling and appointed him as chancellor.
Li tried to suppress the influence of the emperor's consort Yang Guifei, but was unsuccessful.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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